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Ælian, in describing the Libyans of interior Afri*ca, says that they bordered upon the Indi ;

Λιβυων των γειτνιωντων τους Ινδοις, by which were meant the Ethiopians. And Apollonius of Tyana, in a conference with these southern Ethiopians, finding that they spoke much in praise of the Indians in general, tells them, 23 Tx per Ivdw επηνειτε, ΙΝΔΟΙ το αρχαιον ταλαι οντες : You speak much in favour of every thing relating to the Indians ;' not considering that originally you were Indians yourselves. In short, Egypt itself was in some degree an Indic nation ; having received a colony of that people, by whom it was named Aït or Aëtia. 24 Eκληθη δε και Μυζαρα, και Αερια, και Ποταμία, και Αετία, απο τινος ΙΝΔΟΥ Αετά Hence it is said, 19 Οσιριδα Ινδον ειναι το γενος,

That

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22 Ælian de Aniinalibus. l. 16. c. 33.
23 Philostrati Vit. Apollon. Tyanai. I. 6. c. 6. p. 277.

There are some remains of an antient city between the Tigris and Euphrates, near the ruins of antient Babylon, which still retains the name of Sindia, mentioned by Gaspar Balbi. See Purchas. v. 2. I. 10. c. 5. p. 1723. 24 Stephanus Byzantinus.

Ναι μην και Αετια, εκ τινος ΙΝΔΟΥ, Αετε καλεμενε. Εustath. in Dionys. Perieg. v. 241.

26 Diodor. Sic. I. 1. p. 17. Add to the above a remarkable passage, concerning the people about the Palus Mæotis, who were a colony of Cuthites :

Osiris was an Indian by extraction : because the Cuthite religion came from the Tigris.

Thus have I endeavoured to shew, from the names of places, and of men, but more particularly from various parts of antient history, that the Scythic Indians were in reality 27 Cuthic; as were all people of that denomination. They were divided into various casts, most of which were denominated from their worship. The principal of these names I have enumerated, such as Ery. thræi, Arabes, Oritæ, Æthiopes, Cathei, Indi: and, however various in title and characteristic, I have shewn they were all one family, the Cuthites from Babylonia and Chaldea. There is a remarkable passage in the Chronicon Paschale, which must not be omitted. This author tells us, Εν τοις χρονόις της Πυργοποιϊας εκ τε γενες τα Αρφαξαδ ανηρ τις Ινδος ανεφανή σοφος αστρονομος, ονοματι Ανδεβαριος, ος και συνεγραψε τρωτος Ινδοις αγρονομιαν. At the time, when the tower of Babel was erected, a certain person made his appearance in the world,

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Σαυροματας δ' επεχεσιν επασσυτεροι γεγατες
ΣΙΝΔΟΙ, Κιμμέριοι τε, και οι σελας Ευξεινοιο

Kepxetion , Opera. Th. Dionys. Perieg. v. 680. 27. Hence Hesychius : Endis, or, as Albertus truly reads it, Σινδια, η Σκυθια.

2: Chron. Pasch: p. 36.

who was (Indus) an Indian, and said to have been of the race of Arphaxad. He was famed for his wisdom, and for his skill in astronomy, and named Andoubarios. He first delineated schemes of the heavens, and instructed the Indi in that science. The same history occurs in 29 Cedrenus. Why these writers' make this personage of the race of Arphaxad, I know not. This astronomer is probably Chus, the father of the Magi, who is said to have first observed the heavens, and to have paid an undue reverence to the celestial bodies. The name Andoubarios seems to be a compound of Andou-Bar, Indi filius. Hence the original Indus must have been Ham.

I cannot conclude this account of the Cuthites in India Limyrica, without taking notice of the great character they bore in the most early times for ingenuity and science, Traditions to this purpose prevailed, wherever they settled : and I have given many instances of their superiority herein. They were, like the Egyptians, divided into seven orders; of which the philosophers were the most honourable. Each tribe kept to the profession of its family, and never invaded the department of another. 30 Dneu de (Meya ofers)

29 Cedren. Hist. p. 14.
30 Strabo. l. 15. p. 1025.'

το των Ινδων γενος εις επτα μερη διηρησθαι. Nilus the Egyptian tells Apollonius Tyanæus, that the Indi, of all people in the world, were the most knowing; and that the Ethiopians were a colony from them, and resembled them greatly. " Σοφωτατοι μεν ανθρωπων ΙΝΔΟΙ: αποικοι δε Ινδων ΑΙΘΙΟΠΕΣ· πατριζεσι δε ετοι την σοφιαν, The Indi are the wisest of all mankind. The Ethiopians are a colony from them : and they inherit the wisdom of their forefathers.

The philosophy of this ** people was greatly celebrated : insomuch that Alexander visited the chief persons of the country, who were esteemed professors of science. Among the Persians they . were styled Magi : but among the Indo-Cuthites they had the title of Sophim and Sophitæ. Many regions in different parts were denominated from them Sophitis, Sophita, Sophene. 33 Strabo mentions an Indian province of this name; and Diodorus Siculus speaks largely of their institutions. The march of Alexander through their country is particularly taken notice of by 34 Curtius. Hinc

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31 Philostrati Vit. Apollon. 1. 6. p. 287. So p. 125. A.C.OTES— γενος

Ινδικον. .

Lofou elow or Exubav o podga. Antiphanes Comicus apud Athenæum. 1. 6.

226. 33 Strabo. I. 15. p. 1024.

34 Quint. Curtius. 1.9. c. 1. See Vossius de Philosophorum Sectis. 1. 2. c. 2. $. 2.

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in regnum Sophitis perventum est. Gens, ut Barbari credunt, sapientià excellit, bonisque moribus regitur. They were formed into societies, and resided in colleges as recluses: others lived at large, like su many mendicants. Their religion, like that of all the Anionians, consisted in the worship of the sun, and adoration of fire. Hence they were denominated, from Cham the Sun, Chamin and Chomin; and their wise men Chomini Sophite, and Sophitim : but the Greeks from the term Choinin and Chominus formed rupvos, and rendered this people Γυμνο-σοφειται and Γυμνο0001506; as if they were naked philosophers. Suidas seems to have been aware of the mistake, and owns that ruuvos was the Indian name of a philosopher. Consequently, it had no relation to Greece. The people of this sacred character were divided into different societies, which were deno. minated from the Deity Manes, whom they served. He was sometimes compounded Achmanes and Oro-Manes; and was well known in Persis, and in Egypt. From him these priests in

Kabala 245 Todoen. Steph. Byzantin.
Pliny mentions Magi among the Arabians.

The people are styled Catheans by Strabo: and he supposes one Sopeithes to have been the chief person of the country. Καθεαν (read with Berkelius Καθαιαν) τινες την Σωπειθες κατα Τη δε την Μεσοποταμιαν τιθεασιν. 1. 15. p. 1024.

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