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to shew us that if we say that we have fellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth.
In the three following verses the Lord kindly directs Moses to the line of conduct he should pursue : He commands him first to obtain the support of his brethren, and then, with the elders of Israel to petition the king of Egypt to let them go.
V. 19-21. “And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go.” If Moses had gone in to Pharaoh with the expectation of being successful, the disappointment might perhaps have quite cast him down, and he might have given up the attempt to deliver Israel in despair. But God foretold him exactly how it would be, that when he met with a repulse from Pharaoh, he might feel no surprise, and wait patiently for the God of Israel to plead the cause of His people, overcome His enemies, and shew that none can harden himself against Him and prosper.
V. 22. “Shall borrow of her neighbour." There was no deceit or injustice in the thing. The Egyptians gave without any expectation of a return, and the Israelites had a right to demand “ jewels of silver, jewels of gold, and raiment," as the wages of their toil, the hard-earned recompense for all the service wherewith they had served the Egyptians.—To borrow, here, means the same as to ask ;"- this was common in the east; what was thus given, was considered in the light of "a present.”
T. B. P. .
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ADVICE TO TEACHERS OF SUNDAY-SCHOOLS,
AS WELL AS TO PARENTS AND CHILDREN, MR. EDITOR, .. As some of your readers are teachers in Sunday. Schools; as several of them are parents of children
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Advice to Teachers of Sunday-Schools. 103 who receive instruction in such establishments; and, às a large proportion of your young readers are Sunday-scholars, I think you will do an essential service to persons of each of these classes, if you will admit into your Magazine a few extracts from a Sermon by the Rev. Joseph Jones, M.A., recently published, and which was preached at St. Helen's, Lancashire, in September last, intituled “ The Employment, Encouragement, and Duty of SundaySchool Teachers briefly considered.” The preacher thus addresses the former class,--teachers. “Consider your employment in a Sunday-School. You have a field to cultivate and sow. It is evident that, in the natural world, a field, to be productive of what is useful and valuable, must be cultivated with great care and labour. If this be not done, it will soon shew that it is the field of a slothful man. It will be overrun with weeds and thistles, brambles and briers. In order to be lovely, fruitful, and useful, the toil of man must be expended upon it, and it must be broken up, and it must be fenced ; and the stones thereof must be gathered out of it, and the good seed must be cast upon its bosom, and the vigilant eye of the owner must often look to it. All this applies to man in a spiritual view, whether we regard the heart of an individual, or whether we regard a collection of individuals : and what I now say is, that a Sunday-school may be considered as a . field, and as one that needs long and careful and laborious cultivation. A Sunday-school is to do much for the rising generation, both as to this world, and as to that which is to come. As to this world :
It is undoubtedly of great consequence that children should be so brought up, from their tender years, as to make useful, respectable, virtuous, and orderly members of this world's society. Train up the children to decent manners, to cleanliness, to neatness, as to their person. Teach them to hate a lie, as mean and wicked ; to love truth, as what is
lovely and honourable. Caution them against all profane and filthy language. Inculcate upon them the strictest honesty. Press upon them respect, submission, and obedience towards their parents, their king, their minister, their superiors,' their teachers. Endeavour to inspire them with respect for the Day of God, and the House of God. There is a great deal to be done in a Sunday-school, by familiar conversation with the children, as to the mere man, as to the member of civil and Christian society. All that is lovely and of good report forms the wide range of subjects, from which you may be continually giving the children valuable information. Shew them in a plain, simple, affectionate manner, the loveliness, the respectability, the comfort, the advantage of a decent, virtuous, and orderly behaviour in the world. On the contrary, shew them, and illustrate the subject by examples, the mean, ness, the hatefulness, and the misery of an idle, wicked, and disorderly life. Tell them over and over, in a kind and affectionate manner, that idleness, and disobedience, and vain company, and slo, venly habits, and pride and levity, lead to contempt and wretchedness; and that, so far as we are dili. gent and virtuous, we secure to ourselves much happiness., Now touch on one point, and then on another, as the occasion may suggest; always careful that the child may understand you, and may have time to reflect on what you say.--
"As to the world to come. The soul is the great and most noble part of man; and the salvation of the soul is the object which you are always most sacredly to keep in view. Hence, upon the field that is spread before you, your great and holy task is to sow the good seed of the Divine word ; that seed which alone can spring up here in the lovely harvest of Christian holiness, and hereafter in the blessed harvest of perfection and glory. Talk then to the children, of the glorious God, of the Lord
Advice to Teachers of Sunday-Schools. 105 Jesus, of the Holy Spirit, of repentance, of the evil of sin, of faith in atoning blood, of the new heart, of loving God, of keeping his commandments, of God's constant presence, of death, of judgment to come, of hell's torments and of heaven's happiness Familiar with these great things of God's word, in the thoughts of your own minds, in the delightful and tender feelings of your own hearts; labour continually to make the children familiar with them : tell them to love their Bible, to read it, to study it: teach them how to reflect upon what they read: with all, and above all, teach them, and exhort them; and beseech them “to pray.” Constantly remind them of this most weighty and sacred duty; and set it before them in all its importance, loveliness, and blessedness. All this is not to be done in a day, a month, or a year; but these are the things which you are always to keep in mind. Every Sunday must be your sowing day; a day in which you sow the seeds of divine instruction, and of moral virtue, among the children. Form, I beseech you, a clear and well-defined idea of your employment, as to this world, and as to that which is to come. Consider the seed: seeds of virtue and seeds of religion : tutor and discipline the mere man; prune it, guide it, and labour to direct its growth, and to form its habits; but above all, keep solemnly in view the immortal soul, the word of God, and the everlasting world, that lies out-spread in boundless prospect before us all.
"Merely to hear the children of your class repeat the Catechism every Sunday, and merely to hear them read a chapter of the Old and a chapter of the New Testament every Sunday is comparatively to do but little. This is your duty; a part of it, I should have said : for the harder part, and that in which you are called upon to shew your piety, and your kind affection, and your skill, is to talk to the ehildren; to ask them here and there proper questions ; to get to their hearts; to interest their feelings on the side of piety, and against sin; to speak plainly and tenderly to them of some of the great truths of religion; to teach them to reflect on what they read ; to urge them to daily private prayer; to tell theni of sin and holiness in reference to God, to their own souls, to the residue of life, and to Eternity. Speak to them in the winning simplicity of an affectionate heart of the love of Christ in dying for man's redemption. Point out striking passages as you read the Scriptures. Refer to examples; to Enoch, to Abraham, to Moses, to Samuel, to Daniel, to Timothy. Never be weary; for these things, when feelingly dwelt upon, are always new and interesting. I do not say that you are to dwell long and largely on such things : a few kind expressions now and then, a habit of remarking, and of sending truth to the heart, at least of awakening attention and reflection, are what is desirable.
" I proceed to offer a few remarks to the parents of the children. I would exhort every parent most seriously to consider what his duty is, and to perform it. Here is a Church, and here is a Sundayschool, and here is a minister, and here are teachers, and here is a Sabbath, and here are Bibles. These are the gifts of God to you, for your own benefit, and for the benefit of your children. Use and improve your blessings and your talents. Make no silly excuses; talk not about dress; take no foolish affront when any little unpleasant circumstance may occur. Think of the souls of your children. Remember the cares, the sorrows, and the dangers of this world ; and remember the solemnities of the world to come ; and, so far as in you lies, secure to them the shield of religion for their defence, and the consolations of religion for their happiness. Bring them up as young Christians. Send them regularly to Church and school, and send them at the proper hour. If you do not thus joyfully, thankfully, and