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NOTE III. JEREMIAH AS A TYPE OF CHRIST. St Jerome (Commentary on Jer. xxiii. 9) speaks of this prophet as one who (i) as leading a single life, (ii) as a prophet, (iii) as sanctified from the womb (compare Luke i. 15) and (iv) in his very name, the Lord's exalted one, prefigured Christ. To state the parallel more fully in the words of a modern writer: “In both there is the same early manifestation of the consciousness of a Divine mission (Luke ii. 49). The persecution which drove the prophet from Anathoth has its counterpart in that of the men of Nazareth (Luke iv. 29). His protests against the priests and prophets are the forerunners of the woes against the scribes and Pharisees (Matt. xxiii.). His lamentations over the coming miseries of his country answer to the tears that were shed over the Holy City by the Son of Man. His sufferings come nearest, of those of the whole army of martyrs, to those of the Teacher against whom princes and priests and elders and people were gathered together. He saw more clearly than others that New Covenant, with all its gifts of spiritual life and power, which was proclaimed and ratified in the death upon the cross." (Professor Plumptre, Sm. Bibl. Dict., Art. Jeremiah.)

NOTE IV.

APPROXIMATION TO A CHRONOLOGICAL ARRANGEMENT OF THE

CONTENTS OF THE BOOK.
CHAPS.

1-12 ... ... ... ... Josiah.
14–20............ Jehoiakim.
26... .... ist year of Jehoiakim.

4th

146–49.

45...

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28..

do. 35, 36... do.

do.

.Jehoiachin.
29...............

(? ist year of) Zedekiah.
27 ......... do.
50, 51 .............4th year of Zedekiah.

.do.
221—24......... .9th
34..........

.do. 37.....

.9th (10th) , 30—33............ 10th

........loth 52....

................Iith

39—44............ Period of exile.
· Except 46, 13—28.................. Period of exile.

49, 34-39..... ......... 1st year of Zedekiah 2 But originally spoken at various times. See 22, I.

- INDEX

*** Italics are used in modern names of places, the less familiar foreign words,
and in cases where words or phrases, or particular serses of them there noted, are
wholly or partially obsolete.

Abarim, 156
Abdeel, 245
Abner, 268
access to God shall be direct, 215
Achbor, 184, 243
Adaiah, 102
Ahab, 196
Ahikam, 185
Ai, 307
Aichah, 353, 361
Alexandria, Jews at, 281
almond tree, see Jeremiah, visions con-

nected with
alphabetical arrangement, 330
Amasis, 282, 290
ambassadors, 345
Ammonites, bands of, 97
Amon (Ammon), see No Amon
Anata, xii
Anathoth, xi.; Jeremiah conspired a

gainst by people of, 95; their punish-
ment, 96, 97
Apis, 289
appendix to Jeremiah (chap. lii.), genuine-

ness of, 344
apple (of the eye), 373
Apries, 247, 282
Ar, 301
Ararat, 336
ark, 30; see also footstool
arm, emblem of authority, 301
Armenia, 336
Arnon, 295
Aroer, 300
Arpad, 313
Asa, 267
asceticism of Rechabites, 236; of Naba-

thaeans, 238
Ashdod, 175
Ashkelon, 175, 295
Ashkenaz, 336
ass, the burial of, 15
Assyria=Babylon, 19; vacillation of the

Jews between Egypt and, ib.
Assyrians, cruelty of, 59; battle axe of

the, 291
Atbash, 176, 330
Athens, crowded during invasion of At-

tica, illustration from, 36; the plague
at, 121
Aven, 275
avenger of blood, 327
Azariah, 269

Azekah, 233
Azriel, 245
Azur, 189
Azzah (=Gaza), 175
Paal, 15, 69, 224; = Bosheth, 32
Baalim, 21
Baalis, 264, 268
Baasha, 267
Babylon, presumption of, 326; date of

prophecy (1. li) regarding, 317; capture
of, 322, 325, 337, 339; Zedekiah's visit
to, 192, 343; = Assyria, 19; = Baby-
lonia, 322; likened to a golden cup,
331; to a battle axe, 334; called a
destroying mountain, 335; a burnt
mountain, 336; exiles commanded to
pray for, , 193; see also canals, and

gates, and walls
Babylonia, fertility of, 323
baker, 250
baldness, 18, 304, 306; see mourning
balm, 76, 332
Baruch, minister to Jeremiah, 221, 241;
lesson of humility taught him, xxxiii.

282; did he write chap. 1. etc. ? 317
Barzillai, 269
bases, 189, 348
basons, 349
battle-axe, Assyrian, 291, 334; Babylon

likened to a, 334
beard, shaving the corners of, 82; cut

in mourning, 122, 266, 304
beauty, figures expressive of, 385
Bedaween, 26, 390
Bel, 319, 340
Ben-hadad, 314
Benjamin, territo
Beth-aven, 39
Beth-diblathaim, 301
Bethel, 39, 299
Beth-gamul, 301
Beth-haccerem (Beth-acharna), 53
Beth-lehem, 269; see also Ephrath
Beth-meon, 301
Beth-shemesh, 275
bird, the people likened to a, 100; bird-

catchers, ib.
bondmen, house of, 234
Book of the Law, discovery of, xv. xvii
Boscath, 102
Bosheth, see Baal
bottle, 104, 299

bowels, 212, 367, 371
bowls, 349
bowmen, 43; of Elam, 316
Bozrah, 301, 310, 311
Branch, the, 159
brasen bulls, 349
bread, cake of, 250; scarcity of, 252
breath of our nostrils,” 388
brick-kiln, 196, 273
brigand, 285
brigandine, 285
brightness, gleams of, in Jeremiah, 193
bruit, 89
buckler, 285
built (=established), 102, 206, 270
bullocks (=choice youths), 325; merce-

nary troops likened to, 290
bulls, see brasen bulls
burden, 166
burial, lack of, as punishment, 112, 155
Buz, 176

Cleopatra's Needle," 275
clothes rent in mourning, 266
clouds, enemy likened to, 38
clouts, 253
cockatrice, 75
Commandment, bearing of Jeremiah's

teaching on Second, 356; breach of
Fourth, 131; Rabbinic view of the

Fourth, ib.
compass, 212
Coniah, see Jehoiachin
consolation, the cup of, 122
correct, 20
counting. Heb. mode of, 234
court of law, figure taken from, 178
court of the Temple, 180
covenant, ceremonies attendant on, 235;

superseding of the legal, 214, illustra-

tion of certainty of God's, 230
crane, 72
C'thubhim, 353
cunning, so
cup, Babylon likened to a golden, 331
cups, 349
Cushi, 243
Cyaxares, xx
Cyrus, 187, 322, 323, 334

cabins, 249
cage, 50
cakes (sacrificial), 65, 279
caldrons, 348, 349; see also Jeremiah,

visions connected with
canals about Babylon, 328, 339
candlesticks, 349
cane, the sweet, 58
cannibalism, 140, 374
Caphtor, 294
captivities, Nebuchadnezzar's successive,

351

caravanserai, 76, 269
Carchemish, 284, 286, 297 ; turning point

in history, 170
Carmel, 13, 290, 324
carpenters, 168, 193
Cassandra, Jeremiah likened to, xxvii
cast about, 268
caterpillars, 333, 336
cedars (=chief men), 152
celibacy, 121
ceremonial, if heartless, useless, 58, 90,

94; comes second to the moral law, 66
Chaldaean army composed of many dis-

tinct nations, 231
chapiters, 349
Chemosh, 297
childhood, stages of,
children bear the sins of their parents,

356; much prized by the Jews, 60, 117,

121, 153, 158, 246
children of the people, 130
Chimham, 268
Chittim, 15
Christ typified by Jeremiah, see Je-

remiah
Chuzistan, 316
cistern, 16, 17, 109
cleansing (forgiveness), a distinctive fea.

ture of the new covenant, 214, 227

Damascus, 313
Dan, town of, 39, 74
Daniel, date of his captivity, xx.; his

dumbness removed by touching: 4
Dante, Jeremiah likened to, xxvii.; quo-

tation from, 46
Daphnae Pelusii, see Tahapanes
darkness, symbol of ignorance or of mise.

ry, 105, 376
days come, 159
Dedan, 175, 309
deed of purchase, 220
defaming, 145
Delaiah, 243, 245
delicately, 384
delicates, 338
desperately wicked, 128
Dhiban, 300
diamond, 125
Dibon, 299
disaster, likened to a bitter draught, 174
discovered, 372
divorce, 25
doings, see ways
dragons, 78
draught, see disaster
dreams, 163, 187, 193
dress, importance attached to, 352
door, keeper of the, 237
dote, 327
double, 130, 324
drought, 26, 50, 98, 108, 109, 140, 197,

328, 346, and often in Lamentations;
joined with sword and pestilence, 111,

115, 195, 271. See also famine
dungeon, 249, 252, 381, etc.

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eagle, 305
eagles, enemy swifter than, 39, 387
ears, tingling of, 138
eat, 119
Ebedmelech, 252, 260
eclipse, 117
Edom, 82, 175, 308; king of, 186
Eglath, 304
Egypt, Jewish colonists in, 281; study

of medicine in, 287; mercenary troops
of, 290; the Holy Family's fight into,

275, 394
Ekron, 175
Elam, 316; bowmen of, ib.
Elasah, 193
el-Busaireh, 310
“ elders of Israel," 183
Elealeh, 304
Elishama, 245, 265
Elnathan, 184, 243, 245
Emims, 295
ending, fear of an ill-omened, 352, 391
enemies of Israel, their punishment to

be temporary, 101, 292, 306, 308, 317
enfranchisement of slaves, 233
English history, illustration from, il
Ephai, 263
Ephraim, 65, 208; position of mount, 39
Ephrath (? Euphrates=), 103
equal, 371
Ethiopia, 107
Ethiopians, 107, 286; see also Ebed.

melech
Et Teim, 295
eunuch, 252
Euphrates, 103, 337
Evil-merodach, 157, 172, 352
exiles commanded to pray for Babylon,
eyelid-staining, 43
Ezekiel, special revelation to, 346; al-

leged quotation from in Lamentations,

356
fallow ground, simile from, 34
falsehood=idolatry, 108, 112
false prophets, 189
fame, 59
familiars, 145, 255
family, 29
family feuds, 77
famine, cannibalism produced by, 140,

374 ; see also drought
fan, 116
fasts, 242, 265, 347
fatness, a mark of prosperity, 51
fear, 380
fear is on every side, 59, 374
ferries, 337
fet, 184
field, 219, 225
fire, a signal, 52; a part of Moloch.

worship, 69, 139; a strong motive
power, 144; a punishment, 48, 118,

127, 149, 150, 152, 223, 306, 314, 326,
342, 365, 369, 386; on the hearth, 244 :
God's Word likened to a, 165; roast

in the (as a punishment), 196
fire-pans, 349
firstfruits at Passover, 50; at Feast of

Weeks, ib.
fishing, metaphor from, 124
flow, used of the tribes, 209
folds, 159,
folly=idolatry, 161 ; see also vain (vanity)
footstool, 368
forest, 150, 291; forest of Lebanon, 152
forgiveness, see cleansing
former rain, 26, 50
fountain, 16, 76, 129
foxes, 391
fray, 70
fruit dedicated, 207
funerals, distribution of bread and wine

at, 122,
furnace, the iron, 91
furniture of Temple, 348
gadily, 290
gall, 74, 162, 375, 377
Gamaliel, parallel to argument of, 182
Gareb, 217
gate, 116;=inhabitants of city, 109; the

seat of justice, etc. 8, 109, 150, 390 ;
gates of the Temple, 62, 142, 182,;'
gates of the city, 138, 217, 249, 258;

gates of Babylon, 342
Gath, 175, 294
Gaza, 293, see also Azzah
Gedaliah, son of Ahikam, 195, 260, etc.;

= lgdaliah, 237; son of Pashur, 251
Gehenna, 22, 69; see Hinnom
Gemariah, son of Shaphan, 185, 242,

245; son of Hilkiah, 193
ghetto, 296
Gibeon, 189, 268
Gilead, 76, 152, 287, 324
gird up thy loins, 9
give glory, 105
give the hand, 322
glaziers, diamond used by, 126
Goath, 217
Goel, 327
gold, the people likened to, 383
Gomorrah, 162, 311, 328
grapes, sour, 214
grasshopper, 291
groves, 126

193

habitation, 228, 312, 323, 368
hadariye, 315
hair cut in mourning, 122, 266, 304; in

ceremonial uncleanness, 68
Hamath, 258, 313, 346, 351
Hammelech, 245
hammer, God's Word likened to a, 165;

Babylon likened to a, 324
Hamutal (Hamital), 345

Hanameel, 219

in those days, 30, 324
Hanan, 237

Isaiah, list of quotations from, 84
Hananeel, 217

Ishmael, 263, etc.
Hananiah, son of Azur, 189 : father ofisles, 175

Zedekiah, 243: grandfather of Irijah, 249
hand ( = palm), 99, 121; stretched out in Jaazaniah, 1, 236
prayer, 373

jackals, 78, 328, 383
hanging, 390

Jahaz, 304
harvest, a proverb taken from, 101

ahazah, 300
hasten, 6, 281

Jazer, 303
Hazor, 315

Jeconiah, see Jehoiachin
head covered in mourning, 109

Jedidah, 102
heap, 204, 212, 339

Jehoahaz, other name of, 153; Jeremiah's
heard, 234

grief at his fate, 152
heart, seat of the intellect, or of the will, Jehoiachin, xxi., 157; childless, 158
37; of the emotions, 373

Jehoiada, 197
hearth, 244

Jehoiakim, character of, xviii, 151, 154,
heath, 127, 297

156; murder of Urijah, 184; burning of
heavenly bodies, worship of, 71, 140 the Roll, 244; his end, 155, 246; mis-
hedges, 307

reading for Zedekiah, 185
Heliopolis, 275

Jehucal (= Jucal), 247, 251
Heshbon, 296, 304, 306, 307

Jehudi, 243, 244
Hezekiah, quoted as a precedent, 183 serahmeel, 245
Hierapolis, 285

jeremiad, xvi
high places (as a seat of idolatry,) 26, 110; Jeremiah, meaning of name, ix.; paren-
see also mourning

tage, x.; family dwelling place, xi.;
Hilkiah, x., 1

dedicated before birth, 3; distinctive
hind, careful of its young, 110

features of his call, xvi.; age when
Hinnom, 21, 69, 138, 139, 217, 224

called, 4; parallels in secular history,
hissing, 136, 139, 172, 195, 339, 372

xxvii.; visions connected with, 5-7,
Holon, 300

167; opposition to him, xxvi., 145; he
honey, fowing with milk and, 92

advises submission to Chaldaea, xvii.,
hope, gleams of in Jeremiah, 193

19; symbol of the potter's clay, 132;
hope of Israel, a title of God, 110

of the broken vessel, 138-140; of the
Hophra, see Pharaoh-Hophra

linen girdle, 102; of the yoke, 186,
horn, as emblem, 301, 369, 373

191; of the wine cup, 174; the prophet's
horns of altar), 126

Roll, 240; its burning ineffectual, illus-
Horonaim, 296, 304

tration of this, xx.; letter to the exiles,
Hosannah, meaning of, 208

192; charged with desertion, 249; buys
Hoshaiah, 269

a field, xxiii., 219: rescued by Ebed.
hospice, see caravanserai

melech, 253; Nebuchadnezzar friendly,
host of heaven, see heavenly bodies

103, 259; in Egypt, 273: traditions con-
houses thrown down to make room for cerning him, 393; Grotto of, 354; a
defensive works, 227

type of Christ, 396; other prophecies
humbled, 277

ascribed to him, 395; other portions of
hunting, metaphor from, 124, 325, 362, 0. T. ascribed to hiin, ib. ; references
365, 380, 387, 338

to him in N. T., 394 ; other Jeremiahs, i
husband, the word used of God, 215 Jeremiah, Book of, language of chap. x.

1-16; unlike the rest, 83, Chaldee
Igdaliah, see Gedaliah

verse.' 86; parallels with Deut. xv.:
image and thing imaged blended, see with Lamentations, 357; repetitions of
Book of Jeremiah

language, or thought or an image,
imagination, 30, 67, 79, 92, 104, 123, 135, xxviii., 63; examples of image and

thing imaged blended, xxix.; use of
Immer, see Pashur

cypher (Atbash), xxx., 176; analysis
imprecations, 137, 146

of contents, xxxi.; clue to their ar.
inanimate objects spoken of as sympa. rangement, xxxii.; prophecies chrono-
thizing with sorrow, 363

logically arranged, 396; Septuagint,
incense, 58

xxxiv., 173, 284, 316; differences in
incurable, 128

Heb. and Sept. order discussed, xxxvi.;
iniquity of fathers visited on children, 214 Table shewing the two orders, xxxviii
Innocents, slaughter of, 210

Jerusalem, name of street in, 250; be-
instruct, 211

lieved impregnable, 386; called God's
interest, see usury

throne, 30, 114; called a mountain.

163

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