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NOTE III.

Jeremiah As A Type Of Christ.

St Jerome (Commentary on Jcr. xxiii. 9) speaks of this prophet as one who (i) as leading a single life, (ii) as a prophet, (iii) as sanctified from the womb (compare Luke i. 15) and (iv) in his very name, the Lord's exalted one, prefigured Christ. To state the parallel more fully in the words of a modern writer: "In both there is the same early manifestation of the consciousness of a Divine mission (Luke ii. 49). The persecution which drove the prophet from Anathoth has its counterpart in that of the men of Nazareth (Luke iv. 29). His protests against the priests and prophets are the forerunners of the woes against the scribes and Pharisees (Matt, xxiii.). His lamentations over the coming miseries of his country answer to the tears that were shed over the Holy City by the Son of Man. His sufferings come nearest, of those of the whole army of martyrs, to those of the Teacher against Whom princes and priests and elders and people were gathered together. He saw more clearly than others that New Covenant, with all its gifts of spiritual life and power, which was proclaimed and ratified in the death upon the cross." (Professor Plumptre, Sm. Bibl. Diet., Art. Jeremiah.)

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INDEX.

*** Italics are used in modem names of //aces, the less familiar foreign words,
and in cases where words or phrases, or particular senses of them there noted, are
wholly or partially obsolete.

Abarim, 156
Abdeel, 245
Abner, 268

access to God shall be direct, 21s
Achbor, 184, 243
Adaiah, 102
Abab, 196
Ahikam, 185

Ai, 307 »
Aicftak, 353, 361
Alexandria, Jews at, 281
almond tree, see Jeremiah, visions con-
nected with
alphabetical arrangement, 330
Amasis, 282, 290
ambassadors, 345
Ammonites, bands of, 97
Amon (Ammon), see No Amon
Anata, xii

Anathoth, xi.; Jeremiah conspired a-
gainst by people of, 95; their punish-
ment, 96, 97

Apis, 289

appendix to Jeremiah (chap, lii.), genuine-
ness of, 344
apple (of the eye), 373
Apries, 247, 282
Ar, 301
Ararat, 336

ark, 30; see also footstool

arm, emblem of authority, 301

Armenia, 336

Arnon, 295

Aroer, 300

Arpad, 313

Asa, 267

asceticism of Rechabites, 236; of Naba-

thaeans, 238
Ashdod, 175
Ashkelon, 175, 293
Ashkenaz, 336
ass, the burial of, 155
Assyria=Babylon, 19; vacillation of the

Jews between Egypt and, ib.
Assyrians, cruelty of, 59; battle axe of

the, 291
Atbash, 176, 330

Athens, crowded during invasion of At-
tica, illustration from, 3d; the plague
at, Z2i

Aven, 275

avenger of blood, 327
Azariah, 269

Azekah, 233
Azriel, 245
Azur, 189

Azzah (=Gaza), 175

Baal, 15, 69, 224; =Bosheth, 32
Baalim, 21
Baal is, 264, 268
Baasha, 267

Babylon, presumption of, 326; date of
prophecy (1. li) regarding, 317; capture
of, 322, 325, 337, 339; Zedekiah's visit
to, 192, 343; =Assyria, 19; = Baby-
lonia, 322; likened to a golden cup,
331; to a battle axe, 334; called a
destroying mountain, 335; a burnt
mountain, 336; exiles commanded to
pray for, 193; see also canals, and
gates, and walls

Babylonia, fertility of, 323

baker, 250

baldness, 18, 304, 306; see mourning
balm, 76, 332

Barucn, minister to Jeremiah, 221, 241;

lesson of humility taught him, xxxiii.

282; did he write chap. L etc.? 317
Barzillai, 269
bases, 189, 348
basons, 349

battle-axe, Assyrian, 291, 334; Babylon

likened to a, 334
beard, shaving the corners of, 82; cut

in mourning, 122, 266, 304
beauty, figures expressive of, 383
Bedaween, 26, 390
Bel, 319, 340
Ben-hadad, 314
Benjamin, territory of, I
Beth-aven, 39
Beth-diblathaim, 301
Bethel, 39, 299
Beth-gamul, 301

Beth-haccerem (Beth-acharna), 53
Beth-lehem, 269; see also Ephrath
Beth-meon, 301
Beth-shemesh, 275

bird, the people likened to a, 100; bird-
catchers, ib.
bondmen, house of, 234
Book of the Law, discovery of, xv. xvii
Boscath, 102
Bosheth, see Baal
bottle, 104, 299

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cabins, 249
cage, 50

cakes (sacrificial), 65, 279

caldrons, 348, 349; see also Jeremiah,

visions connected with
canals about Babylon, 328, 339
candlesticks, 349
cane? the sweet, 58
cannibalism, 140, 374
Caphtor, 294

captivities, Nebuchadnezzar's successive,

caravanserai, 76, 269

Carchemish, 284, 286, 297; turning point

in history, 170
Carmel, 13, 290, 324
carpenters, 168, 193
Cassandra, Jeremiah likened to, xxvii
cast about) 268
caterpillars, 333, 336
cedars (=chief men), 152
celibacy, 121

ceremonial, if heartless, useless, 58, 90,
94; comes second to the moral law, 66

Chaldaean army composed of many dis-
tinct nations, 231

chapiters, 349

Chemosh, 297

childhood, stages of, 384

children bear the sins of their parents,
356; much prized by the Jews, 60, 117,
121, 153, 158, 246

children of the peoplet 130

Chimham, 268

Chittim, Ts

Christ typified by Jeremiah, see Je-
remiah
Chuzistan, 316
cistern, 16, 17, 109

cleansing (forgiveness), a distinctive fea-
ture of the new covenant, 214, 227

"Cleopatra's Needle," 275
clothes rent in mourning, 266
clouds, enemy likened to, 38
clouts 253
cockatrice, 75

Commandment, bearing of Jeremiah's
teaching on Second, 356: breach of
Fourth, 131; Rabbinic view of the
Fourth, ib.

compass, 212

Comah, see Jehoiachin

consolation, the cup of, 122

correct, 20

counting. Heb. mode of, 234

court of law, figure taken from, 178

court of the Temple, 18a

covenant, ceremonies attendant on, 235;
superseding of the legal, 214; illustra-
tion of certainty of God's, 230

crane, 72

C'thubhim, 353

cunnhtg, 80

cup, Babylon likened to a golden, 331

cups, 349

Cushi, 243

Cyaxares, xx

Cyrus, 187, 322, 323, 334

Damascus, 313
Dan, town of, 39, 74

Daniel, date of his captivity, xx.; his
dumbness removed by touching, 4

Dante, Jeremiah likened to, xxvii.; quo-
tation from, 46

Daphnae Pelusii, see Tahapanes

darkness, symbol of ignorance or of mise-
ry, 105, 376

days come, 159

Dedan, 175, 309

deed of purchase, 220

defaming, 145

Delaiah, 243, 245

delicately, 384

deticates, 338

desperately wicked, 128

Dhiban, 300

diamond, 125

Dibon, 299

disaster, likened to a bitter draught, 174

discovered, 372

divorce, 25

doings, see ways

dragons, 78

draught, see disaster

dreams, 163, 187, 193

dress, importance attached to, 35a

door, keeper of the, 237

dote, 327

double, 130, 324

drought, 26, 50, 98, 108, ioq, 140, 190,
328, 346, and often in Lamentations;
joined with sword and pestilence, tis,
115, 195, 271. See also famine

dungeon, 249, 252, 381, etc.

eagle, 305

eagles, enemy swifter than, 39, 387
ears, tingling of, 138
eat, 119

Ebedmelech, 252, 260
fes eclipse, I17

s Edom, 82, 175, 308; king of, 1S6
Eglath, 304 _

Egypt, Jewish colonists in, 281; study
of medicine in, 287; mercenary troops
of, 290; the Holy Family's flight into,
=75i 394

Ekron, 175

Elam, 316; bowmen of, ib.
Elasah, 193
el-Bitsaireh, 310
"elders of israel," 183
Elealeh, 304
Elishama, 245, 265
Elnathan, 184, 243, 245
Emims, 295

ending, fear of an ill-omened, 352, 391
enemies of israel, their punishment to

be temporary, 101, 292, 306, 308, 317
enfranchisement of slaves, 233
English history, illustration from, 1i
Ephai, 263

Ephraim, 65, 208; position of mount, 39
Ephrath (?Euphrates=), 103
equal, 371
Ethiopia, 107

Ethiopians, 107, 286; see also Ebed-

melech
Et Teim, 295
eunuch, 252
Euphrates, 103, 337
Evil-merodach, 157,172, 352
exiles commanded to pray for Babylon,

*93

eyehd-stainmg, 43

Ezekiel, special revelation to, 346: al-
leged quotation from in Lamentations,

356

fallow ground, simile from, 34
falsehood=idolatry, 108, 112
false prophets, 189
fame, 59

familiars, 145, 255
family, 29
family feuds, 77

famine, cannibalism produced by, 140,

374; see also drought
fan, 116

fasts, 242, 265, 347

fatness, a mark of prosperity, 51

fear, 380

fear is on every side, 59, 374
ferries, 337
fet, 184
field, 219, 225

fire, a signal, 52; a part of Moloch-
worship, 69, 139; a strong motive-
power, 144; a punishment, 48, 1i8,

127, 149, 150, 152, 223, 306, 314, 326,
342, 365* 369, 386; on the hearth, 244;
God's Word likened to a, 165; roast
in the (as a punishment), 196
fire-pans, 349

first fruits at Passover, 50; at Feast of

Weeks, tb.
fishing, metaphor from, 124
flow, used of the tribes, 209
folds, 159

folly —idolatry, 161; see also vain (vanity;
footstool, 368

forest, 150, 291; forest of Lebanon, 152
forgiveness, see cleansing
former rain, 26, 50
fountain, 16, 76, 129
foxes, 391
fray, 70

fruit dedicated, 207

funerals, distribution of bread and wine

at, 122
furnace, the iron, 01
furniture of Temple, 348

gadfly, 290

gall, 74, 162, 375, 377

Gamaliel, parallel to argument of, 182

Gareb, 217

gate, 116; = inhabitants of city, 109; the
seat of justice, etc. 8, 109, 150, 390:
gates of the Temple, 62, 142, 182;'
gates of the city, 138, 217, 249, 258;
gates of Babylon, 342

Gath, 175, 294

Gaza, 203, see also Azzah

Gedaliah, son of Ahikam, 185, 260, etc.;
= igdaliah, 237; son of Pashur, 251

Gehenna, 22, 69 ; see Hinnom

Gemariah, son of Shaphan, 185, 242,
245; son of Hilkiah, 193

ghetto, 296

Gibeon, 189, 268

Gilead, 76, 152, 287, 324

gird up thy loins, 9

give glory, 105

give the hand, 322

glaziers, diamond used by, 126

Goath, 217

Goel, 327

gold, the people likened to, 3S3
Gomorrah, 162, 311, 328
grapes, sour, 214
grasshopper, 291
groves, 126

habitation, 228, 312, 323, 368
hadariye, 315

hair cut in mourning, 122, 266, 304; in

ceremonial uncleanness, 68
Hamath, 258, 313, 346, 351
Hammelech, 245

hammer, God's Word likened to a, 165;

Babylon likened to a, 324
Hamutal (Hamital), 345

Hanameel, 219
Hanan, 237
Hananeel, 217

Hananiah, son of Azar, 189; father of
Zedekiah. 243; grandfatherof irijah, 249

hand { = palm/, 99, 121; stretched out in
prayer, 373

hanging, 390

harvest, a proverb taken from, 101
hasten, 6, 281
Hazor, 315

head covered in mourning, 109
heap, 204, 212, 339
heard, 234

heart, seat of the intellect, or of the will,

37; of the emotions, 373
hearth, 244
heath, 127, 297

heavenly bodies, worship of, 71, 140

fudges, 307

Heliopofis, 275

Heshbon, 296, 304, 306, 307

Hezcktah, quoted as a precedent, 183

Hierapolis, 285

high places (as a seat of idolatry,) 26,1 to;

see also mourning
Hilkiah, x., 1

hind, careful of its young, no
Hinnom, a1, 69, 138, 139, 217, 224
hissing, 136, 139, 172, 195, 339, 372
Holon, 300

honey, flowing with milk and, 92

hope, gleams of in Jeremiah, ig3

hope of israel, a title of God, no

Hophra, see Pharaoh-Hophra

horn, as emblem, 301, 369, 373

horns (of altar), 126

Horonaim, 296, 304

Hosannah, meaning of, 208

Hoshaiah, 269

hospice, see caravanserai

host of heaven, see heavenly bodies

houses thrown down to make room for

defensive works, 227
humbled, 277

hunting, metaphor from, 124, 325, 362,

365, 380, 387, 338
husband, the word used of God, 215

igdaliah, see Gedaliah

image and thing imaged blended, see

Book of Jeremiah
imagination, 30, 67, 79, 92, 104, 123,135*

163

immer, see Pashur
imprecations, 137, 146
inanimate objects spoken of as sympa-
thizing with sorrow, 363
incense, 58
incurable, 128

iniquity of fathers visited on children, 214
innocents, slaughter of, 210
instruct, 211
interest, see usury

in those days, 30, 324

isaiah, list of quotations from, 84

ishmael, 263, etc.

isles, 175

Jaazaniah, 1, 236
jackals, 78, 328, 383
Jahaz, 304
Jahazah, 300
Jazer, 303

Jeconiah, see Jehoiachin
Jedidah, 102-

Jehoahaz, other name of, 153; Jeremiah's

grief at his fate, 152
Jehoiachin, xxi., 157; childless, 158
Jehoiada, 197

Jehoiakim, character of, xviii, 154,
156; murder of Urijah, 184; burning of
the Roll, 244; his end, 155, 246; mis-
reading for Zedekiah, 1S5

Jehucal (—Jucal), 247, 251

Jehudi, 243, 244

Jerahmeel, 245

jeremiad, xvi

Jeremiah, meaning of name, ix.; paren-
tage, x.; family dwelling place, xi.;
dedicated before birth, 3; distinctive
features of his call, xvi.; age when
called, 4; parallels in secular history,

xxvii.; visions connected with, 5—7,
167; opposition to him, xxvi., 145; he
advises submission to Chaldaea, xvii.,
19; symbol of the potter's clay, 132;
of the broken vessel, 138—140; of the
linen girdle, 102; of the yoke, 186,
191; of the wine cup, 174; the prophet's
Roll, 240; its burning ineffectual, illus-
tration of this, xx.; letter to the exiles,
192 ; charged with desertion, 249: buys
a field, xxiii., 219: rescued by Ebed-
melech, 253; Nebuchadnezzar friendly,
103, 259; in Egypt, 273: traditions con-
cerning him, 393; Grotto of, 354; a
type of Christ, 396; other prophecies
ascribed to him, 395; other portions of
O. T. ascribed to him, ib.; references
to himin N. T., 394 ; other Jeremiahs, 1

Jeremiah, Book of, language of chap. x.
1—16; unlike the rest, 83, Chaldee
verse, 86; parallels with Deut. xv.;
with Lamentations, 357; repetitions of
language, or thought or an image,

xxviii. , 63; examples of image and
thing imaged blended, Xxlx.; use of
cypher (Atbashy, xxx., 176; analysis
of contents, xxxi.; clue to their ar-
rangement, xxxii.; prophecies chrono-
logically arranged, 396; Septuagint,
xxxiv., 173, 284, 316; differences in
Heb. and Sept. order discussed, xxxvi.;
Table shewing the two orders, xxxviii

Jerusalem, name of street in, 250; be-
lieved impregnable, 386; called God's
throne, 30, 114; called a mountain,

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