History of the Concept of Mind: Volume 1: Speculations About Soul, Mind and Spirit from Homer to Hume
Routledge, 2017 M09 29 - 478 páginas
In the 20th century theorists of mind were almost exclusively concerned with various versions of the materialist thesis, but prior to current debates accounts of soul and mind reveal an extraordinary richness and complexity ?which bear careful and impartial investigation. This book is the first single-authored, comprehensive work to examine the historical, linguistic and conceptual issues involved in exploring the basic features of the human mind - from its most remote origins to the beginning of the modern period. MacDonald traces the development of an armature of psychical concepts from the Old Testament and Homer's works to the 18th century advocacy of an empirical science of the mind. Along the way, detailed attention is paid to the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics and Epicurus, before turning to look at the New Testament, Neoplatonism, Augustine, Medieval Islam, Aquinas and Dante. Treatment of Renaissance theories is followed by an unusual (perhaps unique) chapter on the words "soul" and "mind" in English literature from Chaucer to Shakespeare; the story then rejoins the mainstream with analyses of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Chapter-focused bibliographies.
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according active actual agent intellect anima animal body animus argued argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's Augustine Augustine's Averroes Avicenna basic bodily breath Christian CHRP claim Claus cognitive composite concept Dante death Descartes distinct divine doctrine earthly elements ensouled Epicurus essence eternal existence faculty Ficino flesh functions Gnostic God's Greek heart Hebrew Hobbes Homeric human body human nature human soul ideas immaterial immortal individual insofar intelligible interpretation Irenaeus kind knowledge Latin Leibniz life-force living things Lucretius material matter means metaphysical mind monads moral mynde Neo-Platonic nepesh notion objects Onians organic original ousia passages perceptions perfection person Petrarch Phaedrus philosophical physical Platonic Platonist Plotinus pneuma principle Proclus properties psychē psychical rational soul reason refers says sense separate Socrates sōma soul soul and body soul's specific spirit Stoic substance texts theory thinkers thinking thought thymos Timaeus translation understanding unity whole words world-soul Zalmoxis