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they have presented us, they have made a division to the best of their judgment, and given a share to each. Herein they were mistaken : but this does not invalidate their testimony in respect to the chief point. Babylon was certainly in the possession of the Chaldeans: and though the names of the kings, as they are transmitted by Africanus, be not genuine; yet a dynasty of kings did exist. They were moreover descended from Chus and Ham: and after a succession of princes, whose duration cannot be found, they were at last ejected by the Assyrians. For this there is the evidence of the best profane history; and it is in a great degree confirmed by the Scriptures.

Such was the original of the Chaldeans. But had they been derived from any other source; yet it could never have been such, as the learned Hyde supposes. For as to Chesed being their common father, it is not only, as I have shewn, preposterous in itself; but absolutely impossible: for he was never, that we know, in Chaldea, nor had any connection with it. The Scripture itself will prove what I assert. It is said, when Terah left that part of the world, that he « took Abram his son, and " Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai " his daughter-in-law, his son Abram's wife ; and

they went forth with them from Ur of the Chal

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6 Gen. 11. v. 31.

dees, to go into the land of Canaan ; and they

came unto Haran.Abram, Lot, and Sarai, together with Terah, are the only persons specified: yet there were certainly more. In the next chapter (12. v. 1.) we are informed, that 7" the Lord “ said (or had said) unto Abram, Get thee out of

thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy

father's house, unto a land, that I will shew “ thee :" and (v. 4.) “ So Abram departed, as the “ Lord had spoken to him; and Lot went with “ him: and Abram was seventy and five years “ old, when he departed out of Haran.The command given was not only to leave his country, but his kindred, and his father's house : and he obeyed; that is, he went from Haran, and left them: so that others besides Abram and Lot followed Terah to Haran. For unless we suppose Nahor and others to have resided there; Terah being dead, and Lot going with him, there was nothing left for Abram to quit; no kindred, no fa

? Soine difference has been observed in the interpretation of this passage. See Acts 7. v. 2. Whichever be the true reading, it affects not my argument: for whether the command were given in Chaldea, or at Haran, the completion of it was certainly at the latter place: and so it was understood by Eusebius. 'Ews óv na fer Αβρααμ εκ Μεσοποταμιας, εκ πολεως Χαρβαν, και τα δικά το πατρος αυτε, κατα κελευσιν Θεε, εις γην Χανααν, η εσι Παλαισινή, ετη χιο. Hist. Euvæywy. pag. 373. See also Euseb. Epitome Chron.

pag. 228.

mily, no father's house to leave : and the command is introduced unnecessarily, and out of its place, if it is where Abram could not act in consequence of it. We may therefore be assured, that Nahor went with Terah to Haran, and dwelt there. Milcah, his wife, was with Bethuel and Laban, when * Abram sent his servant to the city of Nahor. In process of time Isaac sends Jacob to the same place, to the house of Bethuel : 9" Arise, go to Padan-aram, to " the house of Bethuel thy mother's father-And " Isaac sent away Jacob : and he went to Padan" aram unto Laban son of Bethuel.And this house of Bethuel, the place of residence of Laban, is past contradiction specified by Rebecca, when she lays her pressing injunctions on Jacob : 10“ Now " therefore, my son, obey my voice: and arise, flee “ thou to Laban my brother, to Haran :" by which we find, that the city of Haran, the city of Nahor, and the house of Bethuel were the same place. It is plain then, that Nahor resided, at Haran after the death of Terah, and after the departure of Abram to Canaan : and that his children lived there after him. These children were eight in number, born after Abram had left the place: for above sixty years afterwards, when

8 Gen. 24. v. 53. 9 Ibid. 28. v. 2. 30 Ibid. 27. v. 43.

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Abram was about 140 years old, it had been told him; "" Behold Milcah, she hath also born chil“ dren unto thy brother Nahor.” The names of them are mentioned in the passage ; and Chesed was the third of the eight. Out of this family Abraham sent to take a wife for his son Isaac; who married Rebecca the grand-daughter of Nahor. And Jacob afterwards upon a like occasion went to the same city, to Haran in Mesopotamia; and married Leah and Rachel, who were the descendants of the same person in the third degree. This then was the city of Nahor; and here was Chesed born: and we have no more reason to think that he went and dwelt in Chaldea, than that he travelled to India, or Ethiopia. So that he could have no personal knowledge of the country, nor any connection with it: much less can he be esteemed the father of the Chaldeans, who were constituted a nation before he was born, and before the birth of his grandsire.

" Gen. 22. v. 20.

SOME

OBSERVATIONS

ON

THE DISPERSION OF MANKIND,

IN REFERENCE TO PAGE 190.

I have taken notice before, that, some generations after the flood, there was a partition of the earth among the sons of Noah, which was done by divine appointment. It is a subject, which has been canvassed by several writers;' many of whom do not allow, that there was any particular division; but only a general dispersion. Bochart is of this opinion; who after mentioning many passages out of the Scriptures, which he did not sufficiently weigh, concludes with this corollary; that “all lands may “ be said to be by allotment, and all the free gift

of God: and where the Scriptures are silent, it “ is idle to form surmises.” Scripturå tacente,

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· Hyde Relig. Vet. Persar. pag. 61. 65.
* Geogr. Sacr. pars prior. lib. 1. cap. 16.

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