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H U DI B R A S.

PART II.

CANTO 1.

THE

ARGUMENT.

The Knight, by damnable Magician,
Being cast illegally in prison,
Love brings his action on the case,
And lays it upon Hudibras.
How he receives the Lady's visit,
And cunningly solicits his suit,
Which she defers ; yet, on parole,
Redeems him from th' inchanted hole..

UT now, t' observe Romantique method,

B

And

Arg. Ver. 1, 2.) Thus altered, 1674,
The Knight being clapp'd by th' heels in prison,
The last unhappy expedition.

Restored 1704

Arg. Ver. 5.] How he receives, &c. How he revi's, &c. In the two first editions of 1663. Ver. 1.] The beginning of this Second Part may

perhaps

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And all those harsh and rugged sounds
Of baftinados, cuts, and wounds,
Exchang'd to love's more gentle style,
To let our reader breathe a while :
In which, that we may be as brief as
Is possible, by way of preface,
Is 't not enough to make one strange,
That some men's fancies should ne'er change,
But make all people do and say
The same things still the self-fame way?

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perhaps seem strange and abrupt to those who do not know that it was written on purpose in imitation of Virgil, who begins the Fourth Book of his Æneids in the very fame manner, At regina gravi, &c. And this is enough to satisfy the curiosity of those who believe that invention and fancy ought to be measured, like cafes in law, by precedents, or else they are in the power of the critic.

Ver. 2.] Let bloody feel, &c. Altered to let rusty feel, 1674, 1684, &c. To trusty feel, 1700. Restored 1704

Ver. 5.) And the three following lines, stood in the two first editions of 1663, as follow:

And unto love turn we our style,
To let our readers breathe a while,
By this time tir'd with the horrid sounds

Of blows, and cuts, and blood, and wounds. Ver. 10.] That some men's fancies, &c. That a man's fancy, in the two first editions of 1664. .

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Some writers make all ladies purloin'd,
And knights pursuing like a whirlwind :
Others make all their knights, in fits
Of jealousy, to lose their wits;
Till, drawing blood o' th' dames, like witches,
They ’re forthwith cur'd of their capriches.
Some always thrive in their amours,
By pulling plaisters off their fores;
As cripples do to get an alms,
Just so do they, and win their dames.
Some force whole regions, in despite
O geography, to change their site;
Make former times shake hands with latter,
And that which was before come after.
But those that write in rhyme still make
The one verse for the other's fake;
For one for sense, and one for rhyme,
I think, 's sufficient at one time.

But we forget in what sad plight
We whilom left the captiv'd Knight
And pensive Squire, both bruis’d in body,
And conjur'd into safe custody.
Tir'd with dispute, and speaking Latin,
As well as basting and Bear-baiting,
And desperate of any course,
To free himself by wit or force,

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30

35

His

Ver. 32.] Whilom. Formerly, or, some time ago. Altered to lately, 1674. Restored 1704.

3

45

His only folace was, that now
His dog-bolt fortune was so low,
That either it must quickly end,
Or turn about again, and mend,
In which he found th' event, no less
Than other times, beside his guess.

There is a tall long-lided dame,
(But wondrous light) ycleped Fame,
That like a thin camelion boards
Herself on air, and eats her words i
Upon her shoulders wings she wears
Like hanging sleeves, lin’d through with ears,
And

eyes, and tongues, as poets list,
Made good by deep mythologist :
With these the through the welkin flies,
And sometimes carries truth, oft lies;
With letters hung, like eastern pigeons,
'And Mercuries of furthest regions ;
Diurnals writ for regulation
Of lying, to inform the nation,
And by their public use to bring down
The rate of whetstones in the kingdom.
About her neck a pacquet-mail,
Fraught with advice, some fresh, some stale,

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55

60

Of

Ver. 48.] The beauty of this consists in the double meaning; the first alludes to Fame's living on Report. The second is an infinuation, that if a report is narrowly enquired into, and traced up to the original author, it is made to contradict itself.

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70

Of men that walk'd when they were dead,
And cows of monsters brought to bed ;
Of hailstones big as pullets' eggs,
And puppies whelp’d with twice two legs;
A blazing-star seen in the west,
By fix or seven men at least.
Two trumpets she does found at once,
But both of clean contrary tones ;
But whether both with the fame wind,
Or one before, and one behind,
We know not, only this can tell,
The one sounds vilely, th’ other well;
And therefore vulgar authors name
Th' one Good, th’ other Evil Fame.

This tattling gossip knew too well
What mischief Hudibras befel,
And straight the spiteful tidings bears
Of all, to th' unkind Widow's ears.
Democritus ne'er laugh'd so loud,
To fee bawds carted through the crowd,
Or funerals, with stately pomp,
March slowly on in folemn dump,
As she laugh'd out, until her back,
As well as sides, was like to crack.
She vow'd she would go see the light,
And visit the distressed Knight;

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Ver. 77.] This tattling gosip, &c. Twattling gosip, in the two first editions of 1663. Altered, as it Itands iere, 1674.

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