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ring the reader to the title page, I publith my discourse on Rom. xi. 5, 6, as a guarded fermon, delivered in my church on Sunday April the 18th, &c. 1773, exactly eleven – years after I had preached upon the fame text a fermon ufeful upon the whole, but in some places unguarded, and deficient with respect to the variety of arguments and motives, by which the capital doétrines of free græce and gospel obedience ought to be enforced.

fr. With regard to the SCRIPTURAE ESSAY upon the rewardablenefs, or evangelical worthiness of works, I fall just observe, that it attacks the grand mistake of the Solifidians, countenanced by three or four words of my old fermon. I pour a flood of fcriptures upon ir; and after receiving the fire of my objector, I return it in a variety of fcriptural and rational answers, about the folidity of which the public must decide.

IV. The EssAY ON TRUTH will, I hope, reconcile judicious moralifts to the doctrine of falvation by faith, and cor.fiderate folifidians to the doctrine of salvation by the works of faith ; reason and scripture concurring, to show the confant dependance of works upon faith ; and the wonderful agreement of the doctrine of presept falvation by TRUE faith, with the doctrine of eternal falvation by GOOD works.

I hope, that I do not diffent, in my obfervation's upon faith, either from our Church, or approved gofa pel-minifters. In their highest definitions of that grace, they confider it only according to the fulness of the christian dispenfation ; but my subject has obliged me to consider it also according to the difpenfations of John the Baptift, Mofes, and Noah. Believers, under thefe inferior difpenfations, have not always affurance ; nor is the affurance they fometines have so bright as that of adult christians, Mat. xi. 1 1. But undoubted. ly assurance is inseparably connected with the faith of the christian difpenfation, which was not fully opened,


+ My old sermon was preached on Sunday April 18, 1762, and not

-2764, as Mr, H, thro' some mistake informs the public.

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till Christ opened his glorious baptism on the day of pentecost, and till his fpiritual kingdom was set up with power in the heart of his people. No body therefore can truly believe, according to this dispensation, without being immediately conscious both of the forgiveness of fins, and of peace and joy in the Holy Ghost. This is a most important truth, derided indeed by fallen churchmen, and denied by Laodicean Dislenters; but of late years gloriously revived by Mr. Wesley and the ministers connected with him : - A eruch chis, which cannot be too strongly, and yet too warily infifted upon in our lukewarm and speculative age : And as I would not obscure it for the world, I particularly intreat the reader to mind the last erratum ; without omitting the last but one, which guards the doctrine of initial salvation by absolute free grace..

I do not desire to provoke my able Opponents; but I must own, I thould be glad to reap the benefit of my Checks, either by finding an increase of religious fobriety and mutual forbearance among those, who make a peculiar profession of faith in Christ; or by seeing, my mistakes { if I am miftaken ) brought to light, that I might no longer recommend them as gospel-truths. With this view only, I humbly intreat my brethren and fathers in the church, to point out by scripture or argument the doctrinal errors, that may have crept into the Equal Check. But if, upon close examination, they should find, that it holds forth the two gospel-axioms in due conjunction, and marks out the evangelical mean with strict impartiality; I hope, the moderate and judicious, in the Calvinistic and anti-Calvinistic party, will so far unite upon this plan, as to keep on terms of reciprocal toleration, and brotherly kindness together ; rising with redoubled indignation, not one against another, but againit those peits of the religious world, prejudice and bigotry, the genuine parents of implacable fanaticism, and bloody persecution. Madeley, May 21, 1774.


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I 2

1 2

The guarded Discourse

29 The Scriptural Essay

92 The Epille to Lady Huntingdon

138 The Essay on Truth


* Believe and obey, the sum of the gospel Primary and secondary causes of final fal- 108 vation

p. 5: -63, Note % 119 The doctrine of the antinomians, phari

6 sees, and Gallios Bible-believers properly join faith and

9 works, in doctrine and practice s The idle works of superstition prevailed,

before the reformation Luther restored the doctrine of faith to its splendor

inadvertently introduced, and then opposed antinomianism Calvin, and the synod of Dort, added to his mistake

14 The Remonftrants and Quakers bore their

testimony against antinomianism The antinomian and pharisaic spirit run The mischief done by pharifaism

by antinomianism How antinomianism opposes practical

christianity Good is done only by the pure gospel High Calvinism runs into Fatalism

23 Even pious Papists are deluded into anti

nomian dotages What engaged the author to guard his

* 26 sermon

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into one









Page The fubftance of the fermon in Baxter's


Theofd botance of the fermon in Baxter's}


29, Note 3o, Note

$ 47, Note


38 38, Note

43, Note

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In what sense we are saved merely by Chrift
The author's doctrine of Election
The difference between the works of the 31, Note

law, and those of faith
The doctrine of original merit and derived

Note worthiness stated An account of the covenant of works

34 of the covenant of grace

-of the everlafing gospel The difference between the two covenants

40 A mistake that leads good men into anti- } 40, Note nomianism

41,Note The doctrine of the atonement by Chrift's

blood is peculiar to the complete, chrif

tian gospel The self-righteous are strangers to the

way of falvation by faith That way is scriptural

47 It is pointed out in our Articles

48 It is rational

50 No salvation but by the covenant of grace 52 The honour of the Redeemer and of free?

grace is maintained The mixt way of falvation by the works

60 of the law, and by faith, is exploded s The author does not point out that way

61, Note The gofpel way described

62 The law is eftablihed by faith, and made

65 void by Solifidianism Gospel minifters mult decry the pharisaic

66 works of unbelief Those, who de it prudently, are unjuftly

censured An account of external good works .68 Preaching againft the proper merit of good

works, is not preaching against good 72 v works


§ 54


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74 77

The author's teftimony against the pha

risaic doctrine of the proper merit of

The perniciousness of that doctrine
Ten arguments againt it
Why we are to do good works
Believers afcribe their salvation to Christ's

Chrift afcribes it to their works of faith
How difficult it is to do justice to faith

and works


84 87


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How heaven can be the reward of the works of faith ; and yet the gift of God

93 thro' Chrift An enumeration of the works, to which

the Seriptores annex the croryn of life' S Bad works are the cause of damnation 100 Some believers, who negle&t the works of

101 faith, die by bad works The absurd manner, in which the Solifi.

dians set aside the scriptures, which af. sert that heaven is the reward of good

104 works, and hell the wages of fin The frivolousness and mischief of the dis

tinction between our full title to, and $105 our meetness for glory The full effect of the primary causes of our 108

salvation, depends upon jecondary causes 119 Our opponents themselves allow a secon

109 The Scripture-doctrine of free will


113 In what sense the obedience of faith does, ? 81

and does not make us to differ A scriptural account of diftinguishing grace

-of free grace


Free ganacer uppe per for anyonce her blefings } 119

upon our free


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