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MANUAL OF ELOCUTION

FOUNDED UPON THE

PHILOSOPHY OE THE HUMAN VOICE.

WITH

d^Iassifi^d Jllitsfpliflns.

SUGGESTED BY AND ARRANGED TO MEET THE PRACTICAL
DIFFICULTIES OF INSTRUCTION.

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PHILADELPHIA:
ELDREDGE & BROTHER,

17 & I9 SOUTH SIXTH STREET.

NEW YORK : J. W. SCHERMERHORN 4 CO. ROSTON: WOODMAN 4 HAMMETT.
CHICAGO: W. B. KEEN 4 CO.

l 8 69.

the reading of any long selection, until, by thorough study and diligent practice upon the shorter illustrations, each principle is clearly understood. The reading of a single poem might serve to develop the whole theory of elocution; the examples under each successive division may therefore be used, not only to secure a clear apprehension of the special point under consideration, but also to review the lessons previously explained and illustrated.

Great care has been taken to consult the authorized editions of the various writers here represented, that the extracts from their works may be relied upon as accurate; though, in some instances, preference has been given to an early edition, when, in later issues, the alterations have not been deemed improvements. Many poems have been introduced which have never before found their way into any book of selections, some few being now for the first time published in this country.

The compiler cannot conceal the hope that this glimpse of our general literature may tempt to individual research among its treasures, so varied and inexhaustible;— that this text-book for the school-room may become not only teacher, but friend, to those in whose hands it is placed, and while aiding, through systematic development and training of the elocutionary powers of the pupil, to overcome many of the practical difficulties of instruction, may accomplish a higher work in the cultivation and refinement of character.

Philadelphia, June 4, l867.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

pin

INTRODUCTION I3

Movements. I8

Breathings 18

ARTICULATION 20

Vowels, Sub-vowels, &c 20

Table Of .elements 21

Exercises 2I

Concrete And Discrktk Sounds 24

Radical And Vanishing Movements 24

Vowel Sounds: Monothongs, Ac. 24

Defects In Articulation 26

PRONUNCIATION 26

Orthoepy 26

Phonetic Analysis Of Words 26

Syllabication 27

Monosyllables, Dissyllables, Ac 27

Quantity 27

Immutable, Mutable, And Indefinite Syllables. 27

Accent 28

Primary And Secondary Accent.. 28

EMPHASIS 29

Absolute And Antithetic Emphasis 29

Illustrations.—Absolute Emphasis. Robertson, Raskin, Mrs. Child,

Whittier, KingsUy, CarlyU. 30

Illustrations. — Antithetic Emphasis. Robertson, Thomas d Kem-

pis, Shakespeare, Landor, Emerson, Carlyle, Jifiss Greenwell, Ware,

Miss Procter, QiUs 33

Remarks On Distinct Enunciation 36

SELECTIONS 39

MODULATION 63

Pitch, Tones, Ac , 53

Scale, Interval, Ac. 63

Natural Or Diatonic Scale 53

Radical, Concrete And Discrete Pitch 54

Melody Of Speech 54

Intonation 54

Long Quantity 54

Illustrations. Oarlyle, Richter, Giles, Campbell, Percival, Holmes,

Miss Greenwell, Mrs. Browning 54

MELODY OF SPEECH, Continued 57

Diatonic Melody. 57

ILLUStRATIONS. — De Quincey, Mrs. Browning, Margaret Fuller Os-

soli, Shelley, Goldsmith, Tennyson.. 57

Semitonic Melody 60

Illustrations. Shakespeare, Tennyson, Randolph, Coleridge, Mrs.

Browning 60

Monotone 62

Illustrations.Keats, Coleridge, Shakespeare, Poe, Sthiller, De Vers,

Mrs. Howell, Tennyson 63

SELECTIONS. — Diatonic Melody 66

Semitonic Melody 71

Monotone .. 77

(v)

PAS1

PITCH, Continued 8I

Degrees Of Pitch 81

Examples. Bryant, Mrs. Hemans, Byron, Cranch, Tennyson, Cole-

ridge, Wolfe, Shakespeare, Campbell, Byron 8I

Illustrations. — High Pitch. Shakespeare, Arnold, Spenser, Ten-

nyson 84

Illustrations. — Medium Pitch. Mrs. Browning, Miss Procter, Rob-

ertson, Brooke, Tennyson 86

Illustrations.— Low Pitch. Shakespeare, Shelley, Byron, Bryant,

Lowell, Miss Greenwell, Burns 88

MODULATION, Continued 92

Qualitiks Op Tone 92

Pure Tone 92

Examples.Whipple, Richter, Mrs. Child, Martineau, Emerson 92

Orotund Quality.

Effusive Orotund.

Examples. Schiller, Coventry Palmare, Pope, Wldtiier, Mrs. Brown-

ing, Mrs. Soulhey 95

'expulsive Orotund.

Examples.Webster, Patrick Henry, Sheridan Knowles,Mrs.Browning 97

Explosive Orotund.

Examples. Byron, Shakespeare, Scott, Moore, Halleck 99

Aspiration. I01

Examples. Tennyson,Byron, Shakespeare I0I

Guttural Quality 102

Examples. Shakespeare, Milton, Croly 103

Falsf.tto. *

Examples.Sfiakespeare, Longfellow I04

Tremor I06

Examples.Tennyson, Mrs. Browning, Keats, Milton, Mrs. Barbauld I06

Characteristics Of Tones I08

Errors In Modulation I08

SELECTIONS. —Poetical Illustrations Of Pure Tone II3

"Prose Illustrations Of Effusive Orotund II6

"Poetical Illustrations Of Orotund Quality I22

"Illustrations Of The Different Qualities Of Tone I33

INFLECTIONS I75

Rising, Falling, Circumflex Or Wave I75

Rising Octave I76

Examples. Sheridan, Bulwer, Taylor, Shakespeare I76

Rising Fifth I77

Examples. Scott, Patrick Henry, Tennyson, Owen Meredith I77

Rising Third 179

Examples.Coleridge, Leigh Bunt, Spenser I79

Downward Octave I8I

Examples.Knowles, Shakespeare, Croly I8I

Downward Fifth I82

Examples. Shakespeare, Addison, Tennyson I82

Downward Third 183

Examples. Milton, Kingsley, Emerson, Doddridge, Browning, Ten-

nyson, Longfellow* I83

Interval Of The Second I86

Examples. Reed, Ruskin, Hawthorne, Emerson, Robertson, Mitt.... I87

The Wave I88

Examples. Franklin, Taylor, Knowles, Shelley, Milton I89

SELECTIONS. —The Wave. Humorous Illustrations I9I

INFLECTIONS, Continued 20fi

Rules For Inflections 206

Examples. Landor, Bacon, Shakespeare, Milton, Robertson, Curtis,

Rush, Southey 206

Illustrations. — Affirmative Sentences. Robertson, Shakespeare,

Clay, Bailey. L'Airni Martin, Emerson, Whipple, Von Humboldt 208

Illustrations. — Negative Sentences. Robertson, Emerson, Thomas

d Kempis, Whipple. Locke, Owen Meredith 209

Illustrations.— Interrogative Sentences beginning with a Pronoun

or Adverb. Bartol, Sir Wm. Jones, H. Bonar 2II

Illustrations.—Interrogative Sentences beginnii g with a Verb.

WhUtvr, Carlyle. 2I2

Illustrations.— Suspension of Sense. Emerson, Reed, De Quincey 2I2

Illustrations. — Parenthetical Phrases. Shakespeare, Tennyson,

Webster 2I3

Illustrations. — Contrasted Sentences. Shakespeare, Tennyson,

Emerson, Kingsley, Longfellow 2I3

Illustrations. — Concessions. De Quincey, Mrs. Browning 214

Illustrations. — Exclamatory Sentences. Dante, Browning, Miss

GreenweU, Campbell, Carlyle.. 215

Illustrations. — Exclamations in the Form of Interrogative Sen-

tences beginning with a Pronoun or Adverb. Browning, De

Quincey 216

Illustrations. — Exclamations in the Form of Interrogative Sen-
tences beginning with a Verb. Miss QreenweU, Emerson 2I6

Illustrations.—Declarations in the Form of Negative Sentences.

Robertson, Giles, Emerson, Tennyson, Miss Muloch. 2I7

SERIES 2I8

Simple And Compound Series, Series Op Series 2I8

Commencing And Concluding Series 2I9

Examples.Shakespeare, Martineau, Tennyson 2I9

Illustrations.—Commencing Series. Wirt, Hiilard, Shakespeare,

Goldsmith 220

Illustrations. — Concluding Series. Shakespeare, Tennyson, Mont-

gomery, Ruskin 220

Illustrations. — Series of Series. Hooker, Taylor, Whipple 22I

CADENCE 222

Partial And Distinct Cadence 222

Examples.Scott, Shakespeare, Massey, Taylor 223

Errors In Cadence 223

Illustrations.—Partial and Distinct Cadence. Ruskin, Kingshy,

Carlyle, Sterling, Wliittier, Fiber, If. Coleridge, Wordsworth,

Bailey, Miss Gnenwell, Mrs. Browning, Milnes, Miss Procter,

Miss Waring, Browning, Owen Meredith 225

FORCE 230

Exercises Degrees Of Force 23I

Illustrations. — Loud Force. Shakespeare, Gray, Patrick Henry,

Crofy 233

Illustrations. — Moderate Force. Wordsworth, Tennyson, Thacke-

ray, Shakespeare, Stoddard, Robertson, Lowell 231

Illustrations.— Soft Force. Shakespeare, Shelley, Byron, Southey,

Milton, F. Tennyson, Prentice, Mrs. Browning, Aytoun, Kings-

ley, Keats, Tennyson, Spenser 237

FORCE, Continued 242

Varieties Op Stress 242

Radical Stress 242

Examples.Shakespeare, Ruskin, Webster, Lord Brougham, Milton 243

Median Stress 244

Kxamplks. Miss GreenweU, Mrs. Browning, Miss Ingelow 245

Vanishing Stress 246

Examples. Shakespeare, Webster, Otis 247

Compound Stress 247

Ex Amples..Shakespeare, Whittier, Knowles 248

Toonnuriii Stress 248

Examples.Pitt, Shakespeare, Milton 248

SELECTIONS.— Median Stress 25I

Varieties Of Stress 263

PAUSES 295

Grammatical And Rhetorical Pauses 295

Rules For Pauses 295

Examples. Francis de Sales, Keats, Lowell, Mrs. Browning, Bailey,

Emerson, Hood, Shakespeare, Mill 295

Length Of Pauses, Ac 297

Illustrations. — Very Short Panses. Scott, Browning, Byron 298

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