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testimony which he says is

Note: If Christ's brief taste of "absent.

glory on the Mount of TransThe list is closed with a refer. figuration, His intercourse with ence to "every passage in which Moses and Elijalı, the appearance these subjects are referred to,” as of an Angel in Gethsemane, proof that “wherever the future strengthened Him for the conflict blessedness affirmed of the believ- of death, and made the burden ers is spoken of it is with refer. easier to bear ; likely enough the ence to a time subsequent to the taste Lazarus had got of Paradise resurrection."

made these troubles comparatively This, I have shown, is not the light to bear for all the time he case, except in reference to the ulti

had to endure them; and death mate blessedness. There is some was no longer a mystery to him. blessedness enjoyed by the de- And it was not to Mary and parted saints before the resurrec- Martha only that this transaction tion. His own remarks about was a kindness ; it was a kindMoses and Elijah also are in con- ness to the WHOLE WORLD. And tradiction of it, (a theory should as well might it be called an un. be self-consistent) and the follow- kindness to keep in this world of ing passages indicate sufficiently troubles, those who have tasted clear that between death and the the powers of the world to come resurrection, the spirits of the and the good gift of God. “Kind dead are in a state of conscious to the world" might L. C. exclaim existence :-Rev. v. and sequel ; “ to keep the salt so long in it ; Rev. vi. 9-11; 2 Cor. v. 1, 6, 8 ; kind to the world, but cruel to the Philip. i. 21; 23, 24; Heb. ix. 28; saints, to keep them so long in xii. 22, 23; Luke xvi. and sequel; troubles, when from these they Rom. viii. 38; Matt. xxii. 33. might be emancipated by being

plunged into the forgetfulness of VII. It is not made to appear total unconsciousness.-" If we how “The solemn transactions of suffer, we shall also reign with the judgment-day are virtually him.” ignored by those who hold this Ayr.

JAMES VIRTUE. doctrine. The saints of God “have," and

“ know that they have, eternal life," before this death. Does this ignore the trans

REPLICANT. In answer to QUERactions of judgment? The unbe- IST, No. 4, p. 101. A reply to a lieving are “condemned already;" question sufficiently resembling does this ignore these transac

THE USE OF THE JUDGMENT DAY.

this will be found on page 152 of tions ?

our last volume, to which we

therefore beg to refer our corres VIII. The silence of Lazarus, pondent. &c. is well accounted for by Paul, 2 Cor. xii. 4. It would appear that “It is not lawful to utter' the things heard there.

REPLICANT. In answer to QUER

IST, No. 5, p. 101. “He that is IX. As to its being remark- without sin among you, let him ably unkind and cruel to bring cast the first stone at her.” Did back to this world of troubles, our Saviour here allude to sin in those who had entered into the general, or to its particular phase joys of their Lord :

then brought under notice ? No

THE ACCUSERS OF THE WOMAN

TAKEN IN ADULTERY.

66

GIVE US THIS

DAY

OUR DAILY

BREAD.

qualifying word occurs in the Conscience was responsive to the narrative to supply an incontro- charge, saying to every one of vertible interpretation. All we them, thou art the man." Concan do, therefore, is to explain science made them cowards. They "sin" in the sense which best felt afraid that if they spoke agrees with the circumstances of again, Jesus Christ would fully the case. Whitby, Henry, Clarke, expose their wickedness to the and other Commentators, inter- people. Confounded and self-conpret it as meaning adultery. We demned they silently went away. think they are right :

P. J. W. (1) Because it is an historical fact, that adultery, at that time, was exceedingly prevalent among the Jews. Christ denounced them

REPLICANT. In answer to QUERas an “adulterous generation ;'

IST, No. 6,

101. The precise and Paul put this remonstrance meaning of the word επιούσιος, , before them, “Thou that sayest translated daily in our version, is a man should not commit adul- a vexed question with intertery, dost thou commit adultery ?” preters. Origen says that the Hence, it is quite reasonable to word is not used by any of the believe that the hypocrites, who Greeks, neither by their wise men, sought occasion against Jesus nor in ordinary discourse, but Christ by a pretence of zeal for seems to have been formed by the social morality, were themselves Evangelists. As there is no usage adulterers.

for guidance, we are thrown on (2) Because such skilful casuists

etymology, and this is uncertain.

Three derivations are admissible; as the Scribes and Pharisees would have turned aside the arrow

one, which would make the word shot at their conscience, had it

coming, that is, to-morrow's, bread been sin in general, and not a

for to-morrow, daily bread ; the specific sin. They would have

second, substantial, bread sufficonclusively reasoned that if

cient for sustaining existence;

and the third, super-substantial, every one had committed any kind of sin must be precluded ritualists, of course, refer to the

bread of a higher nature;—which from punishing an adultress, jus-. tice would never be administered :

Eucharist, others to the Word of —for all are sinners.

God, or His will; according to the

words of Christ, “My meat is to (3) Because it was requisite to do the will of Him that sent me." make the accusers of the woman The first of these prevails among feel that Jesus Christ was omni- the Fathers, the second, which cient, and knew what was in by moral interpretation, is capathem. Nothing else would have ble of the advantages of the third, covered them with shame, and is adopted by Origen and Theocompelled them to depart. Allu- phyclact. On the whole, we incline sion to sin in general would not with Grotius, to prefer the first; have done this; for common since, according to Jerome, the sagacity, without supernatural reading of the Hebrew Gospel of insight, could have made such a Matthew was machar, to-morrow, reference. But the charge of while the ancient Vulgate read adultery startled them to a con- quotidianum, daily; and since also viction that they were in the pre- the petition is thus quite as much sence of the Heart Searcher.

in harmony as on the second

THE SECOND DAY OF CREATION.

hypothesis with the precept of apostle ascribes to husbands in verse 34th.

Eph. v. 23, 24?-and, What is the analogy between it and the Headship of the Lord Jesus over His

Church? REPLICANT. In answer to Quer

F.R. Y. 187, No. 7, p. 101. There is cer-tainly nothing in the Hebrew, as 10.-"By grace are ye saved it now stands, which does not ap- through faith; and not that of pear in the translation. But, as

yourselves; it is the gift of God.” the missing clause referred to by

Eph. ii. 8. Biblicus appears in the Sep- This verse is often quoted as a tuagint, it may have dropped out.

proof that faith is the gift of God. This, however, is a small matter. If faith is the gift of God, Where The Creator's complacency with is man's free agency? Does not all His works is declared in the

our believing on God depend upon 31st verse.

ourselves ? Is it not simply the

exercise of the power or faculty (J. M. L. will see that the above has

which our Maker has given us ? answered his question --Ed)

BETA.

. 11.-Is the account of John

leaning upon our Saviour's breast Queries to be answered in our next

at supper to be taken literally, or Number.

is not rather the Jewish mode of

expressing the place of honor or 8.-The word “while's

head of the table next to Christ? mences the 18th ver. of 2 Cor.

H. C. iv.ch. What is the precise force of that word? Does it mean, con- 12.-How can we explain the necting it with the preceding difficulty that sin must have exverse, as long as ?”

isted in heaven before the CreaF. R. Y. tion of this world, since Satan

and his angels rebelled, and were 9.-What are the nature and cast out? extent of that headship which the

H. C.

com

The Pulpit and its Three Handmaids.

HISTORY, SCIENCE,

ART.

cal art, and cannot submit to use SOCIAL BENEFITS OF CIVILIZA

these, as regardless of how they TION

are produced, as a horse is regardIt is for such reasons then, that less of how the corn falls into his NATURAL PHILOSOPHY is becom

manger. A general diffusion of ing daily more and more a part of knowledge, owing greatly to the common education. In our cities increased commercial intercourse now, and even in an ordinary of nations, and therefore to the dwelling-house, men sur- improvements in the Physical derounded by prodigies of mechani- partments of astronomy, naviga

are

tion, &c.—is changing everywhere bridges, to bear the coal for my the condition of man, and ele- winter fire; nay, I have protectvating the human character in all ing fleets and armies around my ranks of society. In remote times happy country, to secure my enthe inhabitants of the earth were joyments and repose. Then, I have generally divided into small states editors and printers, who daily or societies, which had few rela- send me an account of what is tions of amity among themselves, going on throughout the world, and whose thoughts and interests among all these people that serve were confined very much within me. And in a corner of my house, their own little territories and I have BOOKS ! the miracle of all rude habits. In succeeding ages, my possessions, more wonderful men found themselves belonging than the wishing-cap of the Arato larger communities, as when the bian tales; for they transport me English heptarchy was united ; instantly, not only to all places, but still distant kingdoms and but to all times. By my books, I quarters of the world were of can conjure up before me, to vivid no interest to them, and were existence, all the great and good often totally unknown. Now, how- men of antiquity; and for my inever, every one feels that he is a dividual satisfaction, I can make member of one vast civilized them act over again the most resociety, which covers the face of nowned of their exploits: the the earth; and no part of the orators declaim for me; the hisearth is indifferent to him. In torians recite; the poets sing ; England, for instance, a man of and from the equator to the pole, small fortune may cast his looks or from the beginning of time around him, and say with truth until now, by my books, I can be and exultation, “I am lodged in a where I please.”—This picture is house that affords me conveniences not overcharged, and might be and comforts which, some cen.

much extended; such being God's turies ago, even a king could not goodness and providence, that command. Ships are crossing the each individual of the civilized seas in every direction, to bring

millions that cover the earth, may me what is useful to me from all have nearly the same enjoyments parts of the earth. In China, men as if he were the single lord of are gathering the tea leaf for me;

Dr. Arnott. in America, they are planting cotton for me; In the West India islands, they are preparing my Yes, friends, not our logical sugar and my coffee; in Italy, mensurative faculty, but, our imthey are feeding silk-worms for aginative one, is king over us ; me; in Saxony, they are shearing I might say, priest and prophet the sheep to make me clothing; to lead us heavenward, or magiat home, powerful steam-engines cian and wizard to lead us hell. are spinning and weaving for me, ward. Nay, even for the basest and making cutlery for me, and sensualist, What is sense but the pumping the mines, that minerals implement of fantasy, the vessel useful to me may be procured. it drinks out of ? Ever in the

Although my patrimony was dullest existence there is a sheen small, I have post-coaches run- either of inspiration or of madning day and night on all the ness (thou partly hast it in thy roads to carry my correspondence; choice, which of the two) that I have roads, and canals, and gleams in from the circumambient

ALL.

THE SWAY OF SYMBOLS.

Eternity, and colors with its own when Kaiser Joseph pocketed hues our little islet of time. The their iron crown; an implement, understanding is indeed thy won- as was sagaciously observed, in der, so clear thou canst not make size and commercial value little it ; but fantasy is thy eye, with differing from a horse shoe? It is its color-giving retina, healthy or in a thorough symbol that man, diseased. Have not I myself consciously or unconsciously lives, known five hundred living soldiers works, and has his being ; those sabred into crow's meat for a piece ages, moreover, are accounted the of glazed cotton, which they call noblest which can the best recogtheir flag; which had you sold it nize symbolic worth, and prize it at any market cross, would not the highest. For is not a symbol have brought above three gros- ever to him who has eyes for it, chen? Did not the whole Hun- some dimmer or clearer revelation garian nation rise like some of the God-like ? tumultuous moon-stirred Atlantic,

CARLYLE.

Literary Notices.

(We hold it to be the duty of an Editor either to give an early notice of the books sent to him for remark, or to return them at once to the Publisher. It is unjust to praise worthless books; it is robbery to retain unnoticed ones.]

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PEDEN THE PROPHET : A TALE OF THE COVENANTERS. By the Rev.

A. MORTON BROWN, LL.D. John Snow. IONA ; OR, THE EARLY STRUGGLES OF CARISTIANITY IN SCOTLAND.

By JAMES H. WILSON. Judd and Glass. PEDEN the Prophet is an historical novel of some interest, but no great skill. A graver charge is that it is one-sided in spirit. A reader otherwise uninformed would receive the impression, that, during the religious commotions in Scotland, with which the scenes of the tale are connected, the virtue was almost on one side. This, however, would be a false idea. Doubtless, there was amongst the Covenanters an ennobling enthusiasm, but there were also great ignorance, superstition, uncharitableness. The Episcopalians had their faults-we are not about undertaking their advocacy--but neither is James Sharpe, Archbishop of St. Andrew's, a fair representative of the party, nor was he the devil as painted by this author. Besides, it should be remembered, that the final triumph of Presbyterianism

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