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also we have received the atonement.” Secondly: The joy of reciprocated love. Antecedent to reconciliation with God, His love to us is love of pity and compassion; but atoned in Christ, God's love to us is that of moral esteem, and our love to Him is the re-percussion of His love to us. “We love him because he first loved us.” “If any man love me,” &c. (John xiv. 23.) Thirdly : Joy of assimilated character. As an element of the kingdom of God joy is a Divine attribute, inherited by those who are “One with Christ.” That they might have my joy fulfilled.” (John xvii. 13.) “ That they all may be one,” &c. (John xvii. 21.) Divine strength and joy are our everlasting inheritance.

II. HUMAN STRENGTH IS GENERATED BY DIVINE JOY. First : As experienced in freedom from man-fear. “Only fear the Lord,” is one of the first lessons of Christian manliness. God-fear annihilates man-fear, which ever“bringeth a snare.” Secondly: As experienced in freedom from death-fear. Really in birth we take up death; but in Christian decease death dies. “That through death he might destroy,” &c. (Heb. ii. 14, 15.) Thirdly; As developed in all holy action and endurance. The strength of health must be operative. To use is to gain strength. “They go from strength to strength.” (Ps. Ixxxiv. 7.)

W. R. P.

Theological Notes and Queries.

OPEN COUNCIL.

[The utmost freedom of independent thought is permitted in this department. The reader must therefore use his own discriminating faculties, and the Editor must be allowed to claim freedom from responsibility.]

BISHOP BUTLER'S IDEA OF THE

sor Vinet,” referred to by your INEXPLICABLE CHARACTER

Querist No. 6, p. 102, “to the OF THE ATONEMENT.

effect that the scripture has left REPLICANT. In answer to QUER- | the efficacy of the sacrifice of IST, No. 6, p. 102. “The dictum Christ unexplained,” appears to of Bishop Butler and of Profes- ) me at variance with the arguVol. IX.

2 D

ment of Hebrews ix. 13, 14. Secondly : To this end it was a There the author of that epistle, prerequisite, that they should apinstitutes a comparison between proach God, and occupy a parthe sacrifices of the Mosaic ticular standing “ near to God." economy and the sacrifice of

Psalm cxlviii. 14. Amos iii. 3. Christ. Assuming, as a matter Thirdly : But as unclean, they well known to his readers, that were unfit to appear before God, the former did cleanse to the and unable to stand in His sight. purifying of the flesh, he argues, Psalm xxiv. 3, 4. Fourthly: To *How much more," &c. i.e., If | remedy this defect sacrifice with you see as a matter of fact (whe various accompaniments was apther you understand the link of pointed. Micah vi. 8. Fifthly : connexion or not), that the exter- | Animal sacrifices sufficed for this nal things of the blood of bulls end, so far as the flesh, or outer and of goats (Lev. xvi.), and of

man, was concerned, but were the sprinkling of the water con inadequate to cleanse the containing the ashes of the red heifer science or inner man. The rela(Num. xix.), did sanctify to the tive nearness of Israel after the purifying of the flesh, much more flesh was still a real distance from obviously efficacious for the purg- | God. Heb. ix. 8. Their services ing of the conscience is the internal

were unsatisfactory. Rom. viii. 3. thing of the blood of Christ, who

The law made nothing perfect. through the eternal spirit, offered Heb. viii. 19. himself without spot unto God.

But now, in contrast to its defiA recent writer, * indeed, while he admits this to be the natural

ciency, Christ has by this “one of

fering perfected for ever them that meaning of the verses, denies

are sanctified." Heb. x. 14. First: that in either case “the fitness

The end He proposed to gain was of the offerings to produce such effects is explained ;” and alleges

that men should “worship the

Father in spirit and in truth." that “in both cases alike it is

John iv. 23.' Or “serve Him in presupposed as a matter of Divine

newness of the spirit and not in arrangement.” But conscience is

the oldness of the letter.” Rom. not a matter of arrangement.

vii. 6; xii. 1; 1 Peter ii. 5 ; Phil. Nor can it be cleansed by any

iii. 3. Secondly : For this end arbitrary arrangement. If it

he brings them near unto God. I could, where would be the argu

Pet. iii. 18 ; Eph.ii. 13,18. Thirdly: ment for the necessity of Christ's

To this spiritual nearness cleanssacrifice ? A “Divine appointment” could have made the blood

ing of the conscience from dead

works is indispensable ;-for fools of beasts efficacious for the cleans

shall not stand in God's sight. Psa. ing of the conscience, contrary to

v. 5. Fourthly : To effect this Hebrews x. 4 ; or at least something less than the death of Christ

cleansing, Christ's sacrifice is ade

quate, because it is not a mere exmight have sufficed. Let us look at the two sides of

ternal thing but the embodiment of

absolute truth in human nature. the comparison in Heb. ix. 13,

Christ is a priest having in him 14. In regard to the Jewish sacrifices. First: The end to be

the power of an endless life," and

through the eternal spirit he offered gained was that the people might 5 Serve God” hat Petely-worship).

himself without spot unto God."

He is in this respect “the way" * Donnellan Lectures for 1857, by John

unto the Father, because he is Cotter Macdonnell, B D., p. 46. London: | Rivingtons.

" the truth;" who as the repre

a

more

sentative head of a new humanity, Lord our Righteousness" - and has borne witness to the truth by it is “by his blood.” Clearly the his obedience unto death. John conscience cannot be reached by xvii. 37. As “ the Amen, the material blood. It is reached and faithful, and true witness”-Rev. cleansed only by the truth, which iii. 14; Deut. xxvii. 15—26-He has found its practical realizahas practically justified God in tion in no man, but only in Christ His judgment against sin, has Jesus ;-i.e. by the spiritual im"condemned sin in the flesh,” and port of His sacrifice. This was " put it away by the sacrifice of beautifully figured by the ashes himself.” Fifthly : The modus of the red heifer put into water. operandi by which he clears the Compare Ephesians, v. 26. It was conscience may be understood if promised by Christ; John viii. 31 we consider what a clean con- -36. It was confirmed and science is. It is not an oblitera- explained by His testimony ; tion of the memory of past deeds, John xvii. 19. “For their sakes for that is impossible. It is not, I sanctify myself, that they althen, a guileful conscience, -Psa. so might be sanctified through xxxii,—which either denies the the truth”- the word "sanctify” fact of sin, or seeks to extermi- being used here in nate its guilt; but it is a conscience strict, and at the same time which ratifies and accepts God's more comprehensive sense, than judgments, and is in unison with the technical theological one, them. Psal, li. 3-6; 2 Cor. i. 9. -to include, in short, justificaNow the believer who receives tion in foro conscientiae as the first “the truth as it is in Jesus,” be- step ; from which flows the recticomes thereby conformed in his fication of the mental judgments mental judgments to the mind of and the bringing of them into Christ. By the spirit of Christ accordance with those of God. dwelling in him he is one ( a Psalm li. 6. Accompanied, as it mental or spiritual unity) with is, by the apprehension of God's the Lord. " He that is joined to mercy and new-quickening love, the Lord is one spirit.” 1 Cor. vi. there follows naturally the return 17. Baptised into Christ's death of the affections to God; and he is mentally one with Christ in thence proceed new volitions, his death, or has mentally died and the activities of new obewith Christ. Roman vi. 11 ; 2 dience. 2 Cor. v. 14 ; Gal. ii. 19, Cor. v. 14. And therefore, as one 20 ; v. 6; Heb. viii. 10 ; x. 16. dead, is “freed (justified) from With the elaborate demonstrasin." Rom. vi. 7. “And is raised tions of the epistle to the Romans to newness of life in Christ Jesus.”

in view;

Romans v. vi. vii. viii., The contents of his intelligence and the analogical reasonings of correspond to the mind of God, the Epistle to the Hebrews, or as it is bodied forth in the doing even the emphatic hint of Isaiah and dying of the son of His love, liii. 11; it seems a strange thing John iii. 33, and so meet the that at this time of day it should approbation of God. Thus is be a matter of doubt whether or justification by faith, and not by not we have in scripture a revelaworks of righteousness which we tion of the nexus between the have done ; thus is it a grace

sacrifice of Christ and our salvaand not a debt ; thus is it found tion, from justification through in Jesus Christ, who is “made of sanctification up to glorification. God unto us righteousness”—“the Heb. y. 12.

WM. Scott. TEMPTATION. LORD maketh or worketh." The REPLICANT. In answer to QUERtext does not mean that God IST, No. 16, p. 270. The propormakes a man wicked; but that tion which the power of temptahe being wicked, God orders or tion bears to man's power of recontrols him so as to display His sistance depends altogether upon own perfections. The Septuagint the moral condition of the inversion is remarkable, and though dividual. We

REPROBATION.

TRIBUTE MONEY.

Biblical usage, we observe that REPLICANT in answer to QUER

the word in the substantive form ist No. 13, p. 177. For a reply

occurs once in the Bible ; Acts

XV. 3. The sense of the verb to this question, we beg to refer E. J. J. to an article on a very

may be ascertained from the similar subject which appeared study and comparison of such in our April number.

If we
passages as Psa. xix. 7; Matt.

Acts agree with the doctrine there

xviii. 3; Luke xxii. 32.

iii. 19. taught, we can hardly find further difficulty.

To turn to another point. It is a question worth asking whether the text of Mr. Pigg's excel

lent Homily might not be renREPLICANT in answer to QUER

dered “ Every family,” more corIst No. 14, p. 269. Prov. xvi. 4.

rectly than " the whole family." The verb translated in the past tense may with equal propriety be

MAN'S POWER OF RESISTING translated by the present. “The

are taught by not literal, is right as to the spirit St. James (ch. i., 14, 15,) that of the passage.

6 All the works temptation owes all its strength of the Lord are with righteous- to the corruption within us ; our ness, and the ungodly is reserved depraved affections are the germs for the evil day."

The verse of evil, which outward temptateaches the supremacy of God, tions only fructify, and develop to which even the rebel is no into overt sins. The remedy for exception; the writer never this lies, not in man's vaunted dreamed of the abominable heresy free agency and self-control, but of attributing the origination of in the grace of Him, who, Himself wickedness to the Holy One. having“ suffered being tempted, Were such doctrine in the Bible, is able to succour them that are its claim on us were destroyed; tempted.” The child of God has we should be not only justified a shield wherewith he is "able to in neglecting it, but bound to re- quench all the fiery darts of the pudiate it altogether.

wicked ;” and he has the sure

word of promise;—"God is faithCONVERSION.

ful, who will not suffer you to be REPLICANT in answer to QUER- tempted above that ye are able ; IST No. 15, p. 270. If F. T. will but will with the temptation also define the sense in which he uses make a way to escape, that ye the word conversion, he will be in may be able to bear it." With a position to judge without assist respect to the unbelieving, on the ance whether or not it is “ merely contrary, we know that a cona change of purpose.". For our- tinued course of sin will so sear selves, we have little anxiety the conscience, blind the judg. about technical phraseology of ment, and infatuate the soul, that this sort. With regard to the the moral nature becomes power.

an

18.--"

less to resist evil impulse ; while tion. In one sense, we think a that impulse by repetition and man may be thus tempted, but indulgence acquires over- in another not. whelming force. This is the beginning of hell (2 Tim. iii. 13). At what point the renewed

Queries to be answered in our next will of the saint is merged into

number. the controlling energy of Him, 17.-Who was the first person “who worketh in him both to

that entered Heaven ? E. S. will and to do of his good pleasure” and when the reprobate

-“Though I walk through mind of the impenitent becomes the helpless agent of “the spirit

the valley of the shadow of death

I will fear no evil.” When David that now worketh in the children

used these words, did he allude of disobedience;' and how these antagonistic forces act upon the

to his own death, or to those millions of our race, who are un

scenes which had recently been

visited by death, and with which acquainted with the gospel ; and

in his varied life the Psalmist how all this is to be reconciled with the liberty of the creature

was constantly coming in conand the holiness of the Creator,

tact ? In the psalm, in which

the exulting remark occurs, it are questions which, I fear; will

will be found that the walk not be satisfactorily solved until " that day, when God shall judge

through the valley is not placed

as if it were the climax of the the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.”

Psalmist's life.
E. J. J.

JE VIS EN ESPOIR. [We insert also another reply.]

19.--Who was the author of REPLICANT in answer to QUER- Ecclesiastes ?

LAYMAN. ist No. 16, p. 270. Without pretending a dogmatic reply to P. M. 20.-"Father if it be possible H., perhaps we can make a few let this

cup pass from me." suggestions, which, attended to, Whence was this figurative exwould aid him in settling the pression of the cup derived ? question. First, as to power.

Socrates was condemned to drink Power here needs definition. Then poison on account of his alleged we advise our friend to consider disloyalty to the Heathen deities. what he means by joining the Is the idea of the cup obtained pronoun his with power, since from its penal use by the anthis may greatly affect the ques- cients ?

P. H.

The Pulpit and its Three Handmaids.

HISTORY, SCIENCE, ART.

DR. ARNOLD ON THE REVISION

OF THE LITURGY.

“ As to the repetitions in our service, they arise chiefly from Laud's folly in joining two services into one ; but the repetition

of the Lord's Prayer I can hardly think objectionable. Not that I would contend for it ; but neither would I complain of it. Some freedom in the service the minister certainly should have ; some

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