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sentative head of a new humanity, Lord our Righteousness" — and has borne witness to the truth by it is “by his blood.” Clearly the his obedience unto death. John conscience cannot be reached by xviii. 37. As “the Amen, the material blood. It is reached and faithful, and true witness”–Rev. cleansed only by the th, which iii. 14 ; Deut. xxvii. 15—26–He has found its practical realizahas practically justified God in tion in no man, but only in Christ His judgment against sin, has Jesus ;-i.e. by the spiritual im"condemned sin in the flesh," and port of His sacrifice. This was "put it away by the sacrifice of beautifully figured by the ashes himself.” Fifthly : The modus of the red heifer put into water. operandi by which he clears the Compare Ephesians, v. 26. It was conscience may be understood if promised by Christ; John viii. 31 we consider what a clean con- -36. It was confirmed

and science is. It is not an oblitera- explained by His testimony ; tion of the memory of past deeds,

John xvii. 19. “For their sakes for that is impossible. It is not, I sanctify myself, that they althen, a guileful conscience,—Psa. so might be sanctified through xxxii,-which either denies the the truth”—the word "sanctify” fact of sin, or seeks to extermi- | being used here in nate its guilt; but it is a conscience strict, and at the same time which ratifies and accepts God's more comprehensive sense, than judgments, and is in unison with the technical theological one, them. Psal, li. 3–6 ; 2 Cor. i. 9. -to include, in short, justificaNow the believer who receives tion in foro conscientiae as the first “the truth as it is in Jesus," be- step; from which flows the recticomes thereby conformed in his fication of the mental judgments miental judgments to the mind of and the bringing of them into Christ.

By the spirit of Christ accordance with those of God. dwelling in him he is one (a Psalm li. 6. Accompanied, as it mental or spiritual unity) with is, by the apprehension of God's the Lord. " He that is joined to mercy and new-quickening love, the Lord is one spirit.” 1 Cor. vi. there follows naturally the return 17. Baptised into Christ's death of the affections to God; and he is mentally one with Christ in thence proceed new volitions, his death, or has mentally died and the activities of new obewith Christ. Roman vi. 11; 2 dience. 2 Cor v. 14; Gal. ii. 19, Cor. v. 14. And therefore, as one 20 ; v. 6; Heb. viii. 10 ; x. 16. dead, is “freed (justified) from With the elaborate demonstrasin.” Rom. vi. 7. "And is raised tions of the epistle to the Romans to newness of life in Christ Jesus." in view ; Romans v. vi. vii. viii., The contents of his intelligence and the analogical reasonings of correspond to the mind of God, the Epistle to the Hebrews, or as it is bodied forth in the doing even the emphatic hint of Isaiah and dying of the son of His love, liii. 11; it seems a strange thing John iii. 33, and so meet the that at this time of day it should approbation of God. Thus is be a matter of doubt whether or justification by faith, and not by not we have in scripture a revelaworks of righteousness which we tion of the nexus between the have done ; thus is it a grace

sacrifice of Christ and our salvaand not a debt ; thus is it found tion, from justification through in Jesus Christ, who is “made of sanctification up to glorification. God unto us righteousness”—“the Heb. v. 12.





Biblical usage, we observe that REPLICANT in answer to QUER

the word in the substantive form ist No. 13, p. 177. For a reply

occurs once in the Bible ; Acts

xv. 3. The sense of the verb to this question, we beg to refer E. J. J. to an article on a very

may be ascertained from the similar subject which appeared study and comparison of such in our April number.

If we
passages as Psa. xix. 7; Matt.

Acts agree with the doctrine there xviii. 3; Luke xxii. 32.

iii. 19. taught, we can hardly find further difficulty.

To turn to anotber point. It is a question worth asking whether the text of Mr. Pigg's excel

lent Homily might not be renREPLICANT in answer to QUER

dered “ Every family,” more corist No. 14, p. 269. Prov. xvi. 4.

rectly than “the whole family.” The verb translated in the past

MAN'S POWER OF RESISTING tense may with equal propriety be translated by the present. “The LORD maketh or worketh.The REPLICANT. In answer to QUERtext does not mean that God

IST, No. 16, p. 270. The propormakes a man wicked; but that tion which the power of temptahe being wicked, God orders or tion bears to man's power of recontrols him so as to display His sistance depends altogether upon own perfections. The Septuagint the moral condition of the inversion is remarkable, and though dividual. We

are taught by not literal, is right as to the spirit St. James (ch. i., 14, 15,) that of the passage. 6 All the works

temptation owes all its strength of the Lord are with righteous- to the corruption within us ; our ness, and the ungodly is reserved depraved affections are the germs for the evil day.” The verse of evil, which outward temptateaches the supremacy of God, tions only fructify, and develop to which even the rebel is no into overt sins. The remedy for exception ; the writer

this lies, not in man's vaunted dreamed of the abominable heresy free agency and self-control, but of attributing the origination of in the grace of Him, who, Himself wickedness to the Holy One. having " suffered being tempted, Were such doctrine in the Bible, is able to succour them that are its claim on us were destroyed; tempted.” The child of God has we should be not only justified a shield wherewith he is “able to in neglecting it, but bound to re- quench all the fiery darts of the pudiate it altogether.

wicked ;” and he has the sure word of promise;—“God is faith

ful, who will not suffer you to be REPLICANT in answer to QUER- tempted above that ye are able ; IST No. 15, p. 270. If F. T. will but will with the temptation also define the sense in which he uses make a way to escape, that ye the word conversion, he will be in may be able to bear it." With à position to judge without assist

respect to the unbelieving, on the ance whether or not it is “merely | contrary, we know that a cona change of purpose.”. For our- tinued course of sin will so sear selves, we have little anxiety the conscience, blind the judg. about technical phraseology of ment, and infatuate the soul, that this sort. With regard to the the moral nature becomes power




less to resist evil impulse; while tion. In one sense, we think a that impulse by repetition and man may be thus tempted, but indulgence acquires

over- in another not. whelming force. This is the beginning of hell (2 Tim. iii. 13). At what point the renewed

Queries to be answered in our next will of the saint is merged into

number. the controlling energy of Him, “who worketh in him both to

17.-Who was the first person

that entered Heaven ? E. S. will and to do of his good pleasure” and when the reprobate 18.—“Though I walk through mind of the impenitent becomes the helpless agent of “the spirit

the valley of the shadow of death

I will fear no evil.” When David that now worketh in the children

used these words, did he allude of disobedience;' and how these

to his own death, or to those antagonistic forces act upon the millions of our race, who are un

scenes which had recently been

visited by death, and with which acquainted with the gospel ; and

in his varied life the Psalmist how all this is to be reconciled with the liberty of the creature

was constantly coming in con

tact ? In the psalm, in which and the holiness of the Creator,

the exulting remark occurs, it are questions which, I fear; will

will be found that the walk not be satisfactorily solved until " that day, when God shall judge

through the valley is not placed

as if it were the climax of the the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.

Psalmist's life.
E. J. J.

JE VIS EN ESPOIR. [We insert also another reply.]

19.--Who was the author of REPLICANT in answer to QUER- Ecclesiastes ?

LAYMAN. ist No. 16, p. 270. Without pretending a dogmatic reply to P. M. 20.-—"Father if it be possible H., perhaps we can make a few let this cup pass from me.' suggestions, which, attended to, Whence was this figurative exwould aid him in settling the pression of the cup derived ? question. First, as to power.

Socrates was condemned to drink Power here needs definition. Then poison on account of his alleged we advise our friend to consider disloyalty to the Heathen deities. what he means by joining the Is the idea of the cup obtained pronoun his with power, since from its penal use by the anthis may greatly affect the ques

cients ?

P. H.

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to men.

power of insertion to suit the particular times and places ; some

There is not a hamlet where power of explaining on the spot whatever is read from the Scrip

poor peasants congregate, but by one

or another, a tures which may require explana

Church apparatus, has been got tion, or at any rate of stating

together, roofed edifice, with rethe context. It does seem to me

venues and belfries, pulpit, readthat the reforms required in our

ing desk, with books and methods, Liturgy and Service are so ob

possibly in short and strict vious, and so little affect the sys

prescription, that a man stand tem itself, that their long omis

there and speak of spiritual things sion is doubly blameable.


It is beautiful;—even in more remains behind, and of far

its great obscuration and decagreater difficulty :-to make the Church at once popular and dig

dence, it is among the most beautinified ; to give the people their

ful, most touching, objects one

sees on the earth. This speaking just share in its government,

man has indeed in these times, without introducing a democrati

wandered terribly from the point; cal spirit ; to give the clergy a

has alas, as it were, totally lost thorough sympathy with their flocks, without altogether lower

sight of the point; yet at bottom,

whom have we to compare with ing their rank and tone.

him ? But altogether, taking their ser

Of all public functionvice as it is, and ours as it is, I industry of modern Europe, is

aries, boarded and lodged on the would far rather have our own ;

there one worthier of the board how much more, therefore, with

he has ; a man even professing, the slight improvements which

and never so languidly making we so easily might introduce

still some endeavor, to save the if only But even to the

souls of men ? Contrast him eleventh hour we will not reform, and therefore we shall be, not,

with a man professing to do little

but shoot partridges for men ! I fear, reformed, but rudely man

wish he could find the point again, gled, or overthrown by men as ig

this Speaking One ; and stick to norant in their correction of

it with tenacity, with deadly abuses, as some of us are in the maintenance of them. Periodical

energy, for there is need of

him yet! visitations of extreme severity

The speaking funchave visited the Church and the

tion, this of truth, coming to us

with a living voice, nay, in a liv. world at different times, but to no human being is it given to

ing shape, and as anticipate which will be the final

practical exemplar ; this with all one of all. Only the lesson in all

our writing and printing func

tions, has a perennial place, could of them is the same :

• If the

he but find the point again; righteous scarcely be saved,

take the old spectacles off his where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear ?' And in each of

nose and looking up discover these successive comings' of our

almost in contact with him, what Lord, how little is the faith which

the real Satanas, and soul-devourHe has found even among His

ing, world-devouring, Devil

, Now

is. professed followers! May He increase this faith in me, and those AN ASTRONOMER'S PRAYER. who are dearest to me, ere it be It remains only that I should too late for ever!”

lift up to heaven my eyes, and Yet one man will outlive many steam engines. The power of force is greater to look at, but the power of life is greater in reality. Yea, the power in the simplest plant is more wonderful in its kind than the most powerful machinery.




hands from the table of pursuits, God be preached by unworthy and humbly and devoutly suppli- men, though their example may cate the Father of lights.

very much limit its reception. O thou, who by the light of

H. WILLIAMSON. nature dost enkindle in us a desire after a light of grace, that by this thou mayest translate us into

Man's downward course is made the light of glory ; I give thee

by very imperceptible steps, and thanks O Lord and Creator, that he does not become aware of the thou hast gladdened me by thy rapid strides he has made until creation, when I was enraptured some dread calamity bursts upon by the work of thy hands. Be

him like a storm-cloud ; just as hold I have here completed a the minute hand of the clock work of my calling, with as

glides noiselessly along, and we much of intellectual strength as

are only informed that an hour thou hast granted me.

I have

is passed by the loud stroke of declared the praise of thy works the bell.

IBID. to the men who will read the evidences of it, so far as my finite spirit could comprehend them in their infinity. My

When the evening is waning mind endeavored to its ut

and twilight appears, and the most to reach the truth by philo

stars are beginning to emit their sophy ; but if anything unworthy

uncertain light, how indistinct of thee has been taught by me

are the objects which surround -a worm born and nourished in

How readily our imaginasin,—do thou teach me that I may

tion works them up into hideous correct it. Have I been seduced

monsters of all shapes and sizes !

This is the result of a little light. in presumption by the admirable

So it is with a little knowledge, beauty of thy works, or have I sought my own glory among men,

which is the light of the soul. In in the construction of a work de

such an uncertain light-a light signed for thy honor ? O then

shaded and obscured by the masgraciously and mercifully forgive

sive barriers of pride and sin, me; and finally grant me this how can the grand economies of favor, that this work may never

nature and grace appear other

wise than a confused system, posbe injurious, but may conduce to thy glory and the good of souls. sessing no beauty of arrangement


—a ghastly monster of contradictions ?


us !




The messengers of truth are very often styled in the word of God Vessels," as bearing the Gospel—the "water of life ;” and as very pure water is often carried in an unclean and paltry vessel, without doing any harm beyond producing a dislike on the part of those who would receive it, so may the pure word of

How ponderous is a steam engine! With what ease it performs the labor of many hun. dred men !


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