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Theological Notes and Queries. .



[The utmost freedom of independent thought is permitted in this department. The reader must therefore use his own discriminating faculties, and the Editor must be allowed to claim freedom from responsibility.)


head of a family to his children REPLICANT. In answer to E.

and servants. First the family, J. J., p. 375. We think that the

then the clan or tribe, then the article on Matt. xvii. 24-27, in

kingdom. Christ restores the the general principles which it

representation of the Divine readvocates, as set forth in its lead

lation to its original pure form. ing divisions, constitutes a suf

He, almost uniformly, calls God ficient reply to the original ques

“Father.” Again, it is evident tion of E. J.J. The passage in

that paternity involves governMatt. xxii. 21, records a reply of ment; that the father is of neour Lord, which appears to be

cessity a kind of king, that He conceived in the same spirit.

must have righteous laws imCæsar was in possession of the

partially administered, to preimperial throne. He was at the

serve the order and peace of His

household. Yet these laws themhead of civil government. Without advocating the Divine right

selves are dictates of love, of of kings, we may say that to

which righteousness is only a civil government it is the duty of

certain aspect. Thus it appears

that “ The Father" is the most individuals to submit, and that one mode of this submission is

comprehensive name of God in paying taxes. Not the subject,

His relation to us; that it includes but the government, is respon

all which is necessary for the

heart and the conscience. sible for the purpose to which taxes are appropriated.

[We also insert another reply.] REPLICANT. In answer to QUERIST No. 21, page 377. Accord



ing to the vulgar notion every REPLICANT. In answer to QUER- calamity that men experience, IST 21, p. 377. In early Old is a "judgment;" that is, a Testament times, God is unques- penal infliction. But we learn tionably represented as a King. from this, one of the earlier reThe temple was His palace, the cords of the Divine disposition priests His domestics, the Israel- towards man, that our Divine ites His subjects, and their country Father inflicts calamity on His His territory. But it is an easy

human children not as a puninference, that kingship itself in ishment” but actually to preancient times grew out of pater- serve them from punishment. nity, out of the relation of the i His “scourge” is not a penal,



but a corrective, one. Man is as in the patriarchal times, when “ chastened by pain.” He does Noah was both father and ruler not expiate sin therewith. The ob- over all living, yet the Divine ject of the infliction is to save Magistracy in this life is exer. his soul and to preserve his life cised not to condemn but to from the steel of the military or save."—W. FRASER WALLE. other executioner. See Job v. 18. Whatever expiation is ne- Queries to be answered in our next cessary God Himself will provide.

Number. (v. 24.) So long as man deviates

23.-If self-sacrifice, in order from the “light of the living," and persists in walking according the sublime of virtue or spiritual

to obtain felicity for another, be to the darkness of human uncer

excellence, is it as such, an attainties, the rod, the corrective

tribute of good ? If so, was it rod of calamity, will be used “ to withdraw him from his purpose,”

to remain eternally unmanifested ?

Would not the creature, in the until he repents and returns. (v. latter case, have at least mani22 ) This is plainly the expe- fested a higher degree of excelrience of the oldest time and the

lence than his creator ? language of its most ancient re

H. F. HALLE. cord. It is also in perfect accord with the last scriptural doctrine, 24.-When redeemed souls are which declares that

translated to that house in which "scourged,” “ chastened,” “cor- there are many mansions, are we rected,” not to expiate our offences to conclude that they can never but “for our profit.” (Heb. xii. again fall into sin ? If so upon 10.) Hence we may exactly in- what grounds can such a faith be fer that punishment in the strict intelligently entertained ?

In sense of the term is never in. Heaven there are angels of many flicted by the Divine Magistrate degrees. Redeemed souls bein this life, and can only commence come angels. Angelic beings are after death. This is certainly free agents—their adoration and the general principle.

service being voluntarily renobjector can adduce any scrip- dered. Angels of the highest tural exanıple of a divinely in. order having fallen, may not the flicted calamity of a temporal redeemed ? Or are we to infer kind, where the object was cer- that redemption has necessarily tainly penal and not simply cor- and clearly effected such a change rective, I should be obliged by or development in the angelic its full exhibition.

economy, that the man-angel unThough the paternal relations like other spiritual beings, can of God to Man include, and are never transgress, fall away, or inseparable from, the magisterial, rebel ?

P. M. H.



If any

The Pulpit and its Three Handmaids.



A PRAYER OF SIR WILLIAM JONES. power, before time began, creat

edst innumerable worlds for Thy Eternal and incomprehensible glory, and innumerable orders of Mind, who by Thy boundless beings for their happiness, which

Thy infinite goodness prompted pain, and Thy celestial aid to those Thee to desire, and Thy infinite who are in danger; comfort the wisdom enabled Thee to know ! afflicted, relieve the distressed, We, Thy creatures, vanish into supply the hungry with salutary nothing before Thy supreme food, and the thirsty with a plenMajesty; we hourly feel our tiful stream. Impute not our weakness ; we daily bewail our doubts to indifference, nor our vices; we continually acknow- slowness of belief to hardness of ledge our folly. Thee only we heart ; but be indulgent to our adore with awful veneration ; imperfect nature, and supply our Thee we thank with the most fer- imperfections by Thy heavenly vent zeal ; Thee we praise with favour. Suffer not, we anxiously astonishment and rapture; to Thy pray, suffer not oppression to prepower we humbly submit; of Thy vail over innocence, nor the might goodness we devoutly implore of the avenger over the weakness protection; on Thy wisdom we of the just. Whenever we address firmly and cheerfully rely. We do Thee in our retirement from the but open our eyes and instantly

vanities of the world, if our praywe perceive Thy divine exis- ers are foolish, pity us ; if pretence; we do but exert our reason, sumptuous, pardon us; if acceptand in a moment we discover Thy able to Thee, grant them, all. divine attributes. But our eyes powerful God, grant them; and, could not behold Thy splendor, as with our living voice, and with nor could our minds comprehend our dying lips, we will express Thy divine essence-we see Thee our submission to Thy desires, only through Thy stupendous and adore Thy providence, and bless all-perfect works; we know Thee Thy dispensations, so in all future only by that ray of sacred light states, to which we reverently which it has pleased Thee to hope Thy goodness will raise us, reveal. Nevertheless, if creatures grant that we may continue too ignorant to conceive, and too praising, admiring, venerating, depraved to pursue, the means of worshipping, Thee more and more, their own happiness, may without through worlds without number, presumption express their wants and ages without end !- Jan. 1st, to their Creator, let us humbly 1782. * supplicate Thee to remove from us * The following is transcribed from a that evil which Thou hast permit- paper in the handwriting of Sir William ted for a time to exist, that the

Jones :-LANGUAGES. Eight languages ultimate good of all may be com

studied critically: English, Latin, French,

Italian, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Sanscrit. plete, and to secure us from that Eight studied less perfectly, but all intelvice which Thou sufferest to spread ligible with a dictionary: Spanish, Portusnares around us, that the tri

guese, German, Runick, Hebrew, Bengali,

Hindu, Turkish, Twelve studied least perumph of virtue may be more con- fectly, but all attainable: Tibetian, Pali, spicuous. Irradiate our minds Pha-lavi, Deri, Russian, Syriac, Ethiopic, with all useful truth ; instil into

Coptic, Welsh, Swedish, Dutch, Chinese,

Twenty-eight Languages. our hearts a spirit of general benevolence; give understanding to THE MISCHIEF OF RIVAL SECTS, the foolish, meekness to the proud,

AN ILLUSTRATION. temperance to the dissolute, for titude to the feeble-hearted, hope A brig was on the sands withto the desponding, faith to the in three miles of the shore at unbelieving, diligence to the sloth- Yarmouth, in that tremendous ful, patience to those who are in hurricane which will make the

28th of May, 1860, memorable in ' pointments were right or wrong ; the register of storms. The life whether Mulligan's claim to the boat was got out. with sufficient command of the boat was well or promptness, but the beachmen ill-founded is nothing to the purwhose appointed turn it was to pose. Men were perishing within man her, and the coxswain ap view-was that a time to settle pointed to take permanent charge rival pretensions ? If the desire of her.disputed on his right to com had been to save life and not to mand the boat. The men would win reward, would not the Yarnot go with Mulligan, Mulligan mouth men have acted more like would not quit the boat; and a those of Ramsgate, who, arriving precious hour was lost in the too late, threw their “ water. squabble, which ended in the proofs" to the men in the boat who beachmen quitting the boat, Mul were without them? Would not ligan remaining without a crew, Mulligan have yielded to the enuntil a lieutenant and some of the treaties of those on the shore to coast guard, and a few volunteers quit the boat ? or would not the found him, and then they put to crew have submitted to his direcsea. But it was now too late. The tions, and to every cry of “ 'Tis brig had drifted too far into the my right,” “It is our turn,” have breakers to be followed, according answered—“But men are perishto the evidence of Lieutenant ing !"_Times," June 6th, 1860. Betts, and, strange to say, they could see no persons on board ;

KEVENGE ILLUSTRATED. the boat rode at anchor for hours, Tragedies substantially similar at some distance from the brig. are of frequent occurrence in our The thousands on the beach saw own day, wherever violent tem. the crew, supposed to be eleven pers are allowed to gain the masin number, climb the rigging and tery. There are several towns wildly gesticulate for help. Be in Great Britain of the name of tween one and two o'clock-that Newport. I refer to one of these, is about four hours after she and purposely avoid mentioning struck, the ship began to break the County in which it is situated. up, and one by one the poor In the suburb of that town there fellows were swept from the rig were some cottages with small ging till the masts went over, the gardens in the front of them. ship and crew had disappeared. Two of these were, at the time Mulligan and the men who re referred to, occupied by men who mained on shore agreed that but worked together; the one as forefor the delay the crew of the brig man, and the other as an artisan. might have been saved. Mr. One Monday morning each rePalmer, who presided at the en paired to the scene of early toil. quiry before the Life-Boat Com In the meanwhile their wives mittee, threw the primary blame were engaged in preparing breakfor this catastrophe on the ap fast against the period of their pointment of coxswains; and by expected return. In each dwella strange piece of reasoning, made ing the fire was lighted, and the the Board of Trade answerable meal prepared, and the table for those appointments by the spread. But anger had been National Life Boat Association, aroused, and had already ensured because the Board of Trade re days of darkness, and adversity warded the men for their exer- | for both these women. He who

it whether these ap- 1 acted as foreman had deemed it

needful to administer rebuke to So with stones also. The poor the other. This was resisted, and pebble lies unnoticed by the ill-tempered recrimination fol- water's edge ; soft rains come lowed. The foreman seems to and loosen the bands that held have preserved something like him together ; refined, almost self-command ; but the other spiritualized, he rises with the aroused to fury by some remark gentle water, drops into the deliwhich was made, seized a hammer cate roots of the plants, with the which was near, and struck him grass he passes into the grazing on his head; he sank down at cattle, and through vein and aronce to the ground. In a short tery, until at last he becomes time the busy housewives learnt part and portion of the being that one of them had been made into which God himself has a widow, and that the other was breathed the breath of life ! And the wife of one regarded as a

when dust returns to dust, he felon. In a few days the man.

also is restored once more to his slayer was taken to prison, and first home, after having served the body of his victim was laid in his great purpose in the housethe grave. The neighbours cea- hold of nature—not to rest or sed to talk about the sad event ; perish for ever, but to begin again but those two women and the the eternal course through death children dependent on them, were and life.-M. S. DE VERE. left to struggle as they could through this cold and stormy

A SPIRITUAL BODY. world.-Smith.

As spirit serving the flesh is

not unsuitably named carnal, so LIFE IN DEATH.

flesh serving the spirit is rightly But there is life in death. Not named spiritual; not because in God's inspired writings only, changed into spirit, as some supbut in every lineament, in every pose from the words of Scripture, movement, of our great mother —“It is sown a natural body, it is earth all around us, all over this raised a spiritual body,”—but globe, death seems to staik tri- because, with. perfect and most umphant. The summer passes

wonderful facility of obedience, it away, flowers fade and fruits will be subject to the spirit, so as decay ; field and meadow are completely to fulfil the serenely buried in deep slumber. Broad calm volitions of a never-ending lands are swallowed up by the immortality—all feeling of unhungry ocean, and gigantic moun- easiness, all possibility of decay, tains sink to be seen no more. everthing that clogs its motions But death has found his con- being done away.-Augustine, queror in nature also. What book xiii., chap. 23. perishes rises again ; what fades away changes but form and DEATH IN EVERY PART OF US. shape. Sweet spring follows So many members as we have, winter, new life blossoms out of so many deaths have we. Death the grave,

peeps out at every limb. LUTHER.

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