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THE

MIND

COMPARED

TO

A

into her bosom the heavenly One. night, is overcome by the beams Dream not of a descent of the of the sun when he has become Divinity, for He does not migrate warm, so death reigned till the from place to place, like beings in- appearance of Christ ; but when vested with bodies. Do not ima- the saving grace of God was regine that the Divinity is changed vealed, and the Sun of righteousinto flesh and altered in nature, ness arose, death was swallowed for Heis immutableand immortal, up in victory. It could not abide

Is it asked how the Divine the presence of the true light. Word was not affected with hu- Oh the depth of the goodness and man weakness ? We reply :

love of God!”-Sermon on the fire does not take on the proper- Nativity. --Basil. ties of the iron heated by it. Iron is black and cold, but when heated, assumes the aspect of

PAINTER the fire; it acquires the glow of “Like a painter, the mind dethe fire without darkening the lineates its thoughts on the tafire ; it emits flame without ex- blet of the soul. Possessed of tinguishing that of the fire. In free will, it is unconfined and like manner, our Lord's flesh was unfettered, and on account of its received into union with Divinity, incorporeality there are no limits without communicating to Di

to the exercise of its love for devinity its own infirmities. You picting, for it finds as much space are not to ascribe to this mortal for the delineation of its ideas as nature an effect analogous to that

it chooses. of the fire, and imagine that it Again, just as the painter, imacts on the Divine, but only that mediately after filling his canvass it is acted on by it in accordance with the various figures that make with the analogy which, on ac- up the picture, produces it, and count of human weakness, you removing its coverings, exhibits make use of. Nor need you be it to the gaze of the multitude, at a loss to conceive how the in- no longer requiring to explain corruptible nature can remain what he has painted, but allowing unaffected, having the familiar the painting

to explain itself : so spectacle before you—for I still also the soul on its departure keep by the same image—of the from this life is stripped of the fire unconsumed and unaffected veil of the body which covered by the rust of the iron which is the tablet within during the whole heated by it.

of life, while the process of paintLearn the mystery why God | ing it with ideas was going on ; is in the flesh. It is that He it shows in distinct outline what may slay death, who lies lurking has been depicted on it; and the in human nature. For as poisons

tablet of the soul filled with its lodged in the body are neutralised varied tale lies uncovered for the by introducing antidotes into it, inspection of the universe. and as the darkness which reigns If sacred lessons and virtuous in the house is dissipated at the thoughts have been the subjects entrance of light, so death, which of the pencil, then the mind which tyrannized in human nature, van- drew, and the tablet which conished at the advent and entrance tains the picture, are judged worof Divinity. And as the conge- thy of the highest encomiums. lation, which binds in rigidity Fascinated with its beauty, the the particles of water during spectators are unwilling to with

draw their eyes from the spec. when I love my God, the light, tacle, but all admire the loveliness the voice, the fragrance, the food, of the picture--the figures, the the embrace of my inner man; divinely graceful forms of the where there gleams on my soul objects depicted, and felicitate what is not contained by place, that divine painter on the noble and where there sounds what time use to which he has turned this does not grasp, and where a fragearthly life, by employing it in rance is emitted which is not painting on the tablet of the soul, scattered by the breeze, and where with beauty-loving hand, pictures there is a savor which is not lessurpassing in loveliness the loftiest sened by eating, and where there ideals of the beholders' minds. adheres that which satiety does

But if these paintings turn not tear away. It is this I love, out unseemly and disgraceful, when I love my God. And what then the painter will manifestly is this? I asked the earth and deserve shame and derision. Far it said, it is not I; and whatever different, perhaps, were the hopes is in it admitted the same. I he cherished previous to the un- asked the sea and its depths, covering of his picture. His fond and the living things that creep expectations are all dissipated there, and they answered, we when the veil is removed and his

are not thy God ; seek above us. work is shown to the spectators. I asked the blasts of wind, and

Whither, then, shall that artist the universal air with its inhabiflee, who is weighed in the balance tants said, Anaximenes is in error, with the other, is found wanting, I am not God. I asked the heaand is condemned by all, his own ven, the sun, the moon, the stars, thoughts the meanwhile accusing, and they said, neither are we the or else excusing one another? God you seek. And I said to all Where shall that tablet of the

those things which surround the soul be placed that has filled the gateways of sense, ye have said beholders' eyes with every shame- to me concerning my God, that ful sight and monstrous idea ?”. ye are not he; tell me something Treatise on True Virginity. Ibid. of him ? And they all exclaimed

with a loud voice, He made us.”Confessions, x. 6.-AUGUSTINE.

WHAT WE LOVE WHEN WE LOVE

GOD.

“ With no doubtful, but with WHAT MAKES A PREACHER ? certain consciousness, O Lord, I love Thee !

But "And so that eloquent preacher what do I love when I love Thee ? of ours labors when he speaks Not the beauty of corporeal form, what is just, and holy, and good nor the gracefulness of time, nor --for he ought to deliver nothing the brightness of light so grateful that is not so,-he labors, I say, to these eyes, nor the sweet melo- to the utmost when he speaks dies of songs of every measure,

those things, that he may be nor the pleasant fragrance of heard intelligently, willingly and flowers, and ointments, and spices, obediently ; and if he is able to not manna and honey, not mem- do this, let him not doubt that bers acceptable to corporeal em- the degree in which he is able to braces. It is not these I love do it is to be ascribed rather to when I love my God ; and yet I the piety of his prayers than to love a light, and a voice, and a the power of his oratory ; so that fragrance, and a nourishment, he must be a pleader by praying for himself and those whom he is | spoken by us in the right way to address before he is a preacher. but He in whose hands both we On the approach of the hour in and our sermons are ? And thus which he is to speak, let him raise let him who wishes both to know his thirsting soul to God, that he and to teach learn all that he may send forth what he has drunk

requires to teach, and acquire the in, and pour out that with which faculty of speaking as becomes he has replenished his spirit. For an ecclesiastic; but at the hour since on every subject which has of preaching let him think that to be treated in relation to faith more suitable to a pious mind is and love, there are many things what our Lord says : 'Take no to be said, and many ways in thought how or what ye shall which they are expressed, by those speak ; for it shall be given you who know them; who knows in that hour what ye shall speak; what is best for us to say, or to for it is not ye that speak, but be said through us, but He who the spirit of your Father that scans the hearts of all ? And speaketh in you.'”Treatise on who makes the right word to be Christian Doctrine, iv. 52.-Ibid.

Literary Notices

(We hold it to be the duty of an Editor either to give an early notice of the books sent to him for remark, or to return them at once to the Publisher. It is unjust to praise worthless books; it is robbery to retain unnoticed ones.]

THE REVIEWER'S CANON.

In every work regard the author's end,

Since none can compass more than they intend. Travels, RESEARCHES, AND MISSIONARY LABORS, during an Eigh

teen Years' Residence in Eastern Africa. By the Rev. Dr. J. LEWIS KRAPF. London: Trübner and Co.

This work, translated from the German, is interesting not only from its relation to the Missionary enterprize and to geographical discovery, but also from the character of the author. He appears to be uncommonly simple-hearted, and consecrated to his work with an unusual entireness of zeal and affection. He makes a very unnecessary apology for plainness of style—but in these days of fluent and pedantic scribbling and schoolboy rhetoric, such plain ness is very much to our taste, and almost as great a curiosity as a black swan.

His way of writing is manly and business-like, and he has so much to say that he has no time or thought to bestow on mere rigmarole, but rushes at once into his subject.

The work is autobiographical, and the first chapter deals wholly with personal details. Ludwig Krapf was born in 1810, at the village of Derendingen, near Tübingen. He early displayed a relish for Scripture story, and the saying was current, “Mark my words, Ludwig will some day be a parson.” “ The child is father of the man." He soon desired Missionary work, and offered himself to the English Church Missionary Society. In 1837, he departed for Abyssinia. Here he was opposed and even frustrated by the Roman Catholics. His second attempt was made in the kingdom of Shoa, the account he gives of which is exceedingly interesting. He desired however, to penetrate further, and to evangelize the tribes of the interior, about the equator. His plan was to work towards the interior from the Eastern Coast. While sojourning at Takaungu, he obtained a useful acquaintance with the localities and tribes of Eastern Africa. In January, 1844, he reached Mombaz and Tanzibar. One of the best parts of the book is that wherein he gives an account of the Wanika, who pour wine over graves, and worship a mysterious being called the Muansa, who, on great occasions of Church and State, indicates his will by unearthly noises. They also worship a deity called Mulungu, who regulates the “skiey influences." Their modes of trying persons suspected of crime are different from those which prevail in England. One method is to bring red-hot iron into contact with the hand of the prisoner. If the iron does not burn him, it is taken for granted that he is innocent, and he is let go.

Dr. Krapf, in co-operation with Rebmann, another German missionary, founded a station at Mombaz. The remarks that he makes in this connexion on the best modes of spreading Christianity in Africa, are full of “ truth and soberness.” In the second part of this work, Rebmann gives an account of various journies into the interior. Then Krapf resumes his narrative, from which it appears that Livingstone and he approached each other in their progress, the one from the south, the other from the north, towards Cape Delgado, leaving only about 300 miles between them.

Krapf and his fellows have afforded no mean assistance to eminent explorers, such as Captain Speke, in the discovery of inland lakes. Such missionaries as they, are, of course, pioneers of both civilization and Christianity. The remarks which fall incidentally from Krapf on the capabilities of Eastern Africa, the Suez Canal, and kindred topics, are worthy of serious attention.

The volume is embellished with a portrait of the Author, who has a characteristically German physiognomy. We think that both his face and his book manifest a zeal combined with coolness—if such an association of words is admissible-practical "good sense, and great powers of endurance. There are also some excellent maps, and colored sketches of scenery. As a companion volume to Livingstone's, this has our most cordial recommendation.

CASSELL'S ILLUSTRATED FAMILY BIBLE. From the Autho

rised Version, with Notes, &c. Cassell, Petter, and Galpin.

London, The name of Cassell is now so identified with wholesome popular literature as to be itself a recommendation. The services already rendered by the owner of it to the cause of the education of the people, have laid multitudes of young and mature age, and of both sexes, under great obligation. We are glad that this enterprizing publisher has undertaken an illustrated and annotated Family Bible. The present instalment comprises the portion from Genesis to the first of Samuel, inclusively. The size is very fitted for the family, neither so large as to be cumbersome, nor so small as to be insignificant. The type is clear, the paper good, and the price remarkably low. We have looked with care at the notes, and find them full of trustworthy information, precisely of that kind which is most needed by the ordinary English reader. Difficulties are removed, and the meaning of this ancient and Oriental Book, the most precious inheritance for all times and countries, is in innumerable cases made evident. The Theology is remarkably free from sectarianism ; many of the illustrations are highly to be commended for the light they throw on manners, customs, natural history, and the like. Had some of the more fanciful been omitted, the value of the work would perhaps not have been diminished. But there is time for improvement in this respect, as the publication proceeds. We hope that this most praiseworthy effort will meet with extensive encouragement, and we urgently press it on the attention of Heads of families, Village Preachers, Sunday School Teachers, and intelligent young persons generally.

LETTERS OF ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT. Tübner and Co. The honored name of Humboldt has for many years past been associated with scientific travel and research, and with a knowledge of nature at once deep and comprehensive. To some men it is given to penetrate much farther into the secrets of the physical universe than their fellows, that they may unfold them to those who are less richly endowed. “Man,” said Bacon, “is the minister and interpreter of nature;” and we know of no one in these generations who has so well justified the assertion as the great Humboldt. When the world has long been acquainted with an author, when it has from his pages received instruction and delight, it is natural to desire some knowledge of the man himself, and there is no more effectual way than the perusal of his familiar letters. They who have read the “Cosmos" will have formed a very lofty idea of Humboldt's intellect, and, by a not unnatural association, of his moral character. Such, will probably be shocked by some of these letters, however greatly they

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