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village of Derendingen, near Tübingen. He early displayed a relish for Scripture story, and the saying was current, “Mark my words, Ludwig will some day be a parson. " The child is father of the man." He soon desired Missionary work, and offered himself to the English Church Missionary Society. In 1837, he departed for Abyssinia. Here he was opposed and even frustrated by the Roman Catholics. His second attempt was made in the kingdom of Shoa, the account he gives of which is exceedingly interesting. He desired however, to penetrate further, and to evangelize the tribes of the interior, about the equator. His plan was to work towards the interior from the Eastern Coast. While sojourning at Takaungu, he obtained a useful acquaintance with the localities and tribes of Eastern Africa. In January, 1844, he reached Mombaz and Tanzibar. One of the best parts of the book is that wherein he gives an account of the Wanika, who pour wine over graves, and worship a mysterious being called the Muansa, who, on great occasions of Church and State, indicates his will by unearthly noises. They also worship & deity called Mulungu, who regulates the “ skiey influences." Their modes of trying persons suspected of crime are different from those which prevail in England. One method is to bring red-hot iron into contact with the hand of the prisoner. If the iron does not burn him, it is taken for granted that he is innocent, and he is let go.

Dr. Krapf, in co-operation with Rebmann, another German missionary, founded a station at Mombaz. The remarks that he makes in this connexion on the best modes of spreading Christianity in Africa, are full of “truth and soberness.” In the second part of this work, Rebmann gives an account of various journies into the interior. Then Krapf resumes his narrative, from which it appears that Livingstone and he approached each other in their progress, one from the south, the other from the north, towards Cape Delgado, leaving only about 300 miles between them.

Krapf and his fellows have afforded no mean assistance to eminent explorers, such as Captain Speke, in the discovery of inland lakes. Such missionaries as they, are, of course, pioneers of both civilization and Christianity. The remarks which fall incidentally from Krapf on the capabilities of Eastern Africa, the Suez Canal, and kindred topics, are worthy of serious attention.

The volume is embellished with a portrait of the Author, who has a characteristically German physiognomy. We think that both his face and his book manifest a zeal combined with coolness—if such an association of words is admissible-practical "good sense, and great powers of endurance. There are also some excellent maps, and colored sketches of scenery. As a companion volume to Livingstone's, this has our most cordial recommendation.

the CABSELL'S ILLUSTRATED FAMILY BIBLE. From the Autho

rised Version, with Notes, &c. Cassell, Petter, and Galpin.

London, The name of Cassell is now so identified with wholesome popular literature as to be itself a recommendation. The services already rendered by the owner of it to the cause of the education of the people, have laid multitudes of young and mature age, and of both sexes, under great obligation. We are glad that this enterprizing publisher has undertaken an illustrated and annotated Family Bible. The present instalment comprises the portion from Genesis to the first of Samuel, inclusively. The size is very fitted for the family, neither so large as to be cumbersome, nor so small as to be insignificant. The type is clear, the paper good, and the price remarkably low. We have looked with care at the notes, and find them full of trustworthy information, precisely of that kind which is most needed by the ordinary English reader. Difficulties are removed, and the meaning of this ancient and Oriental Book, the most precious inheritance for all times and countries, is in innumerable cases made evident. The Theology is remarkably free from sectarianism ; many of the illustrations are highly to be commended for the light they throw on manners, customs, natural history, and the like. Had some of the more fanciful been omitted, the value of the work would perhaps not have been diminished. But there is time for improvement in this respect, as the publication proceeds. We hope that this most praiseworthy effort will meet with extensive encouragement, and we urgently press it on the attention of Heads of families, Village Preachers, Sunday School Teachers, and intelligent young persons generally. LETTERS OF ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT. Tübner and Co. The honored name of Humboldt has for many years past been associated with scientific travel and research, and with a knowledge of nature at once deep and comprehensive. To some men it is given to penetrate much farther into the secrets of the physical universe than their fellows, that they may unfold them to those who are less richly endowed. “Man," said Bacon, “is the minister and interpreter of nature;” and we know of no one in these generations who has so well justified the assertion as the great Humboldt. When the world has long been acquainted with an author, when it has from his pages received instruction and delight, it is natural to desire some knowledge of the man himself, and there is no more effectual way than the perusal of his familiar letters. They who have read the “Cosmos” will have formed a very lofty idea of Humboldt's intellect, and, by a not unnatural association, of his moral character. Such, will probably be shocked by some of these letters, however greatly they

may be pleased with others. We are deeply grieved at seeing that on the highest and most practical subject of human thought, this great philosopher fundamentally erred, affording, alas ! one more illustration of the sad truth, that it is possible for man to search the universe and not find his Maker, to analyze and expound phenomena, yet fail of the Eternal.

THOUGHTS IN AID OF FAITH ; Gathered Chiefly from Recent Works

in Theology and Philosophy. By SARA S. HENNELL, G. Manwaring. Faith in what ? Not in the Bible, as a record of immediate revelation, not in Christ as equal with, and the revealer of, the Father ;but faith in the progress of moral philosophy, and the growth out of that and of Christianity, of a system superior to any existing one, and which shall supersede all others. If this be faith, we confess ourselves unbelievers. We are old-fashioned enough to think that Christianity is so superlatively excellent, so immeasurably superior to, and different in nature from, any product of mere human thought, that it can never be superseded by philosophy, however mature or elaborate. The style of thought exemplified in this work is by no means new to us. It represents a stage through which many minds pass, as children do through the measles. Another and better stage is that which in the mind humbly and reverently seeks instruction from the word of our Father and Redeemer. “God, who spake in times past to the fathers by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken to us by His Son.” There is much in the work to commend it to those whose minds are sufficiently matured to withstand injurious influence. To say the least, the perusal of it would be a bracing and stimulating exercise for the intellect. The style we cannot praise. The book reads as if written by one who had read so much German that she had half-forgotten her mother tongue.

THE ULTIMATE PRINCIPLE OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY. THE PHILOSO

PHICAL ARGUMENT: with a Review of the Controversy, as conducted on grounds of Reason and Expediency, in the Writings of Locke,

Warburton, Paley, &c. Ward and Co. MULTITUDES now-a-days prate of religious liberty, “not knowing what they say, nor whereof they affirm." There are some subjects which appear easy and simple enough on a superficial glance, but which afterwards reveal greater difficulty and complexity. One of these questions is that of “Religious Liberty.” This question is dealt with in a calm and thoughtful spirit by the anonymous author of the work before us. He has taken considerable pains to elaborate logically those notions of liberty which are stated or implied in the manifestoes of the “ Liberation Society.” We do not think that his method is the clearest for the reader, or that he has exhausted the subject. It appears to us that there are some qualifying principles to which he has hardly given due attention; yet he has produced what we readily acknowledge to be a masterly work, a work which demands, and will repay, close attention, and will suggest new and important paths of thought.

A H O M I L Y

ON

The Old Hebrew Pulpit, a Beacon to

Modern Preachers.

“His watchmen are blind : they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark ; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand : they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.”—Isaiah lvi. 10, 11.

“ They have healed the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace, when there is no peace.”—Jer. viii. 11.

ORRUPT man corrupts all things.

He soils all he touches with his polluted hands; imparts something of his depraved self to whatever comes within his reach. Out of

good he brings evil; out of food poison. He makes “every good and perfect gift” of Heaven minister to his depravity. He colors all with the hues of his own character, shapes all to his own selfish purposes, and employs all for his own sinful ends. The history of his conduct in relation to those institutions which are confessedly divine in their foundation, and beneficent in their aim, will amply verify these allegations ;—which are as serious as they are strong. For example,—the Throne, or civil government, is a Divine institution, and benevolently intended to serve the good of the race. But man has too often made it an instrument by which the many

have

Vol. IX.

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been sacrificed to the few, the people made the mere vassals of the king ; "a terror" not to the “evil” but to the “good”; and a curse, not “a praise,” to them that do well. The market is a divine institution, and mercifully intended to serve the common good, by bringing together all the distant and dissimilar sections of the race into a community of interests, and thus making each the helper of his brother. But man has turned this blessing into a curse; has made the market, which should be a scene for brotherly fellowship, an arena where fraud and falsehood, cunning and chicanery, mammon and monopoly, fight their victorious battles, and prey upon their many victims.

The temple is a divine institution. It was intended as a scene for religious instruction, and social worship; a place where man might be supplied with means and motives, to “do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly with his God; but how has corrupt man corrupted this the choicest gift of Heaven ! Religion in some corrupt form or other has been the greatest curse of the world in all ages.

Now, what we have said of civil government, commerce, and of religion in general, will apply with equal force to the pulpit. This is confessedly a

divine institution, for the most merciful purposes. Preaching is as old as humanity itself. The plan of Heaven has ever been to communicate divine thoughts to man through man; to put the rich treasures of the truth “in earthen vessels.” From Enoch, the seventh from Adam, down through successive economies, to these “last days,” the world has had its preachers;—men ordained of all-merciful God to proclaim His thoughts to their race. The pulpit has stood amidst the change of dispensations, the wreck of thrones, the revolution of empires, and the sweep of ages, as the institution of Heaven. But this institution has fared the lot of allhas been corrupted.

The words we have taken from the prophets, and with which we have headed this discourse, describe the degenerate religious ministry, which prevailed in the reign of Man

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