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The corporate or collective ac- The question of society or law tion of men can create no privi- does not affect the point; for their leges or responsibilities which can theory is simply that, a nation alter or affect their moral posi- consists of individuals who select tion and relationships. Any the wisest, the bravest, and the agency which perpetrates a wrong best to guide, to protect and to is equally culpable and account
Whether alone or able, whether it be an individual in union, the representative or or a joint agency. Whilst there. the represented, the heart-searchfore in his individual capacity a ing decalogue always, however, man cannot rightly delegate to speaks the same to man. No or require from others that which wrong can ever be done with imhe would not perform himself, so punity ; legions of confederates on the other hand in his corpo- cannot modify a wrong, or shield rate capacity, he can never, as a any individual from its inevitable responsible agent, do aught that moral consequence.-P.M.H. he would not do individually.
The Pulpit and its Three Handmaids.
HISTORY, SCIENCE, ART.
follow that these are to multiply
into whole armies. A hundred PREACHING.
years ago most sermons had thirty, “Equally unnecessary is it to forty, fifty, or sixty particulars. caution the preacher against There is a sermon of Mr. Lyle, those complicated divisions and on 1 Cor. vi. 17, “the terms of subdivisions, into which our fore- which,” says he, “I shall endeafathers thought it proper to chop vor, by God's assistance, clearly up their discourses, to the entire to explain.” This he does in frustration of the very object they thirty particulars, for the fixing had in view, and the utter discom- of it on a right basis, and then fiture of the most retentive adds fifty-six more to explain the memory In one discourse of subject:-in all eighty-six! And Bishop Hall we have counted no what makes it the more astonishless than eighty heads, principal ing is his introduction to all these; and subordinate ; in one of Bax- which is this: “Having thus beatter's not less than 120, besides a en up, and levelled our way to the formidable array of improve- text, I shall not stand to shred ments.' But the most amusing
the words into any unnecessary examples of this abuse are those parts, but sball extract out of recorded in Robinson's notes to them such an observation as I Claude's Essay, “ On the Compo- conceive strikes a full eighth to sition of a Sermon.” But allow- the mind of the spirit of God.”ing the necessity of a natural and Essays from the Edinburgh Review. easy division, it does by no means
A READY PREACHER.
the heart which gives the system
1 of the Confessional its dangerous “ A talented preacher on the
power, there is something far continent was once called upon to
more profound than any sneer preach before a company of gay
can fathom. It is not the desire Courtiers upon a text which
to sin again that makes men long should be given him at the time.
to unburden their consciences ; The passage laid before him was
but it is the yearning to be true, the history of Philip and the
which lies at the bottom, even Eunuch. The extraordinary rea
of the most depraved hearts; to diness and self-possession of the
appear what they are; and to lead preacher's mind were sufficient for
a false life no longer. And bethe occasion. After glancing over,
sides the desire of sympathy,and then slowly reading, the text,
for this comes out of that dreadful he observed that, It contained
sense of loneliness which is the several very extraordinary things
result of sinning; the heart sesuitable to his audience. It related
vered from to a Courtier, and to Courtiers he
God, feels severed
from all other hearts ; goes alone, had to address himself. First
as if it had neither part nor lot wonder: a Courtier reads. Here
with other men ; itself a shadow he remarked that many persons
among shadows, and its craving at courts very often neglect their
is for sympathy; it wants some minds while they feed and dress
human heart to know what it their bodies. Second wonder:
feels. Thousands upon thoua Courtier reads the Bible. This
sands of laden hearts around us led him to advert to the neglect
are crying—Come and bear my of that sacred book. Third won
burden with me.' And observe here der : a Courtier seeks instruction
the Apostle says, “ Bear ye one of a minister of Christ; which led
another's burdens. Not let the him to expatiate on the contempt
priest bear the burdens of all : with which many treated them.
that were most unjust. Why Fourth wonder: a Courtier be
should the priest's heart be the comes concerned about the salva
receptacle of all the crimes and tion of his soul. Which furnish
wickedness of a congregation ? ed a contrast with those who
Bear ye one another's burdens.' neglect their souls. Fifth-wonder:
Secondly :- Again, by Forgivea Courtier believes, obeys, and
ness. There is a truth in the docfinds his happiness in religion.
trine of absolution. God has This he proved was seldom or
given to man the power to absolve ever the case at court.”-Facts
his brother, and to restore him to and Fancies by Felix Friendly.
himself. The forgiveness of man
is an echo, and an earnest of THE TWO THINGS NECESSARY TO
God's forgiveness. He whom RESTORE MAN.—GAL. vi. 1, 2. society has restored realizes the
possibility of restoration to God's “ First : Sympathy. We Protes favor. Even the mercifulness tants have one unvarying sneer of one good man sounds like a ready for the system of the Romish voice of pardon from Heaven; Confessional. Romanists confess, just as the power and the excluwe say, for the sake of absolution, sion of men sound like a knell of that absolved, they may sin again. | hopelessness, and do actually bind A shallow, superficial sneer, as all the sin upon the soul. The man sneers are. In that craving of whom society will not forgive nor
restore, is driven into reckless- rows into any ear that will receive ness. This is the true Christian them? I say it is we; we by our doctrine of absolution, as ex- uncharitableness, we by our want pounded by the Apostle Paul, of sympathy and the unmerciful 2 Cor. ii., 7—10. The degrading way in which we break down the power of severity, the restoring bridge behind the penitent, and power of pardon, vested in the say, On, on in sin—there is no Christian community, the voice of returning. the minister being but the voice Finally, the apostle tells us of them.
the spirit in which this is to be Now then let us enquire into done, and assigns a motive for the Christianity of our Society. the doing it. In the spirit of Restoration is the essential work meekness.' For Satan cannot of Christianity. The gospel is cast out Satan ; sin cannot drive the declaration of God's sympa- out sin. For instance, my anger thy and God's pardon. In these cannot drive out another's extratwo particulars, then, what is our vagance. The meekness of Christ right to be called a Christian com- alone has power.
The charity munity?
which desires another's goodness Suppose that a man 'is over- above his well-being, that alone taken in a fault,' what does he, or succeeds in the work of restorawhat should he do ? Shall he re- tion. tain it unacknowledged, and go The motive is, 'considering through life a false man? God thyself, lest thou also be tempted.' forbid. Shall he then acknow- For sin is the result of inclinaledge it to his brethren that they, tion, or weakness, combined with by sympathy and merciful cau- opportunity. It is therefore in a tion, may restore him ? Well degree the offspring of circumbut it is not certain, that it is ex- stances. Go to the hulks, the jail, actly from those to whom the the penitentiary, the penal colony; name of brethren most peculiarly the statistics will almost mark belongs, that he will receive out for you beforehand, the classes assistance. Can a man in mental which have furnished the inmates, doubt go to the members of the and the exact proportion of the same religious communion; or delinquency of each class. You does he not know that they pre- will not find the wealthy there, cisely are the ones who will frown nor the noble, nor those guarded upon his doubts, and proclaim by the fences of social life; but his sins? If a woman be over- the poor and the uneducated, and taken in a fault, will she tell it the frail, and the defenceless. to a sister woman? Or does she Can you gravely surmise that this not feel instinctively that her regular tabulation depends upon sister woman is ever the most the superior virtue of one class harsh, the most severe, and the compared with others ? Or must most ferocious, Judge ?
you not admit that the majority at Well, you sneer at the Confes- least of those who have not fallen sional; you complain that mis- are safe because they were not taken ministers of the Church of tempted ? Well then, when Saint England are restoring it amongst Paul says, considering thyself, us. But who are they that are lest thou also be tempted,' it is as forcing in the Confessional ? who if he had written, Proud Pharisee drive laden and broken hearts to of a man, complacent in thine pour out their long pent up sor- integrity, who thankest God that
thou art not as other men incident was observed by one pasare, extortioners, unjust ;-hast sing by, and gave rise to the ruthou gone through the terrible mor, that Mr. Burke had been ordeal and come off with un- smitten with insanity. But never scathed virtue? Or art thou in did the mind of that great statesall these points simply untried ? | man display a manlier quality ; Proud Pharisee of a woman, who and when that sudden tear-flush passes by an erring sister with had subsided into a calmer reà haughty look of conscious collection, had you asked Eng. superiority ; dost thou know what land's philosophical orator for an temptation is, with strong feeling analysis of that experience, and and mastering opportunity ? shali to give you the balance of sorrows the richly cut crystal which and joys, he would have answered stands on the table of the wealthy you in the words of England's man, protected from the dust and Laureate,injury, boast that it has escaped “Better to have loved and lost, the flaws, and the cracks, and the
Than never to have loved at all." fractures which the earthen jar
Dr. Adams, New York. has sustained, exposed and subjected to rough and general uses? O man or woman thou that “All art, worthy the name, is wouldst be a Pharisee, consider, the energy-neither of the human O consider, thyself, lest thou body alone, nor of the human also be tempted.'” - Robertson, soul alone, but of both united, Brighton.
one guiding the other; good
craftsmanship and work of the GREAT MEN HAVE ALWAYS
fingers joined with good emotion
and work of the heart. WithTENDER FEELINGS.
out mingling of heart-passion “ There is an incident in the life with hand-power, no art is posof Edmund Burke, which is fa- sible. Fine art is that in which miliar to all who cherish his great the hand, the head, and the heart, fame. When in the evening of of map go together.” — Ruskin. public life, he lost his only son, then at the age of twenty-one, of the rarest genius and vari- ORIGINAL SIMILITUDES. ed accomplishments, the favorite
JOY IN JESUS CHRIST. horse of this young man, after the death of his master, was turned This joy is better felt than told. into the park and treated with the Peter calls it “joy unspeakable.” utmost tenderness. On a certain Often, there is grief in the human day, long afterwards, when Mr. heart that lies too deep for words; Burke himself was walking in the but here is joy that cannot be exfields, this petted animal came up pressed. To explain what is unto the stile, and as if in expres- speakable is impossible. Like sion of his mute sympathy, put water filling the depth of its his head over the shoulder of the rocky bed, or the capacious arch bereaved father. Struck with the of its ice cavern, and gushing singularity of the act, and over- forth with fulness, freshness, and powered with the memories which brilliance that defy description, it awakened, he flung his arms joy in Jesus Christ abounds with around the neck of his horse, and in us, and reveals itself, in cheerburst into a flood of tears. The ful looks and happy excitement,
(We hold it to be the duty of an Editor either to give an early notice of the books sent to him for remark, or to return them at once to the Publisher. It is unjust to praise worthless books; it is robbery to retain unnoticed ones.)
THE REVIEWER'S CANON.
In every work regard the author's end,
QUIET HOURs.—New Series; Br JOHN PULSFORD. Edinburgh :
T.C. Jack. London : Hamilton, Adams, and Co.
To elicit the sense of Divine revelation, to analyze and arrange, where possible, the Scripture doctrines, to shew by aid of psychology their relations to the faculties and the needs of humanity, to illustrate by the craft of imagination, and to incarnate the result in human and universal language, is a task to which few are competent ; yet for which, perhaps, fewer still have greater competency than the writer of these remarkable pages. We are inclined to regard him as designed for the foremost rank of the champions of Divine truth. Designed, we say, for he has not yet reached his proper place. While we have small sympathy with the clamor raised against him by men who rest in system, we yet think that, by attempting what he, in common with all men, is incapable of, he fails of that which he is peculiarly fitted to accomplish. He appears to have no clear percep