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(The utmost freedom of independent thought is permitted in this department. The reader must therefore use his own discriminating faculties, and the Editor must be allowed to claim freedom from responsibility.]


worthy of living under grace, of REPLICANT. In answer to Quer- enjoying the noblest relations IST No. 25, p. 532. The question

with the father, it is well and by our anonymous correspondent,

beautiful. Let there be no hint relates rather to morals than

of the rod. Let even discipline theology. The text quoted is

be wholly moral in its instruonly one of many in Solomon to

ments, as well as spirits and aim. the same purport. The finding

But if the boy debases himself to of any particular moral, maxim,

the lower and brutal sphere, noor precept, in the Bible, does not

thing will wake him but physical shew it to be a part of revela

pain; and it is mere cant to talk tion. The Bible contains much

about degradation. Were he matter of the sort, which comes

sensitive to the degradation of under the head of natural law,

the rod, he would be to the and evidences itself to reason.

arguments of his father. Was it We think this maxim about the

not Dr. Johnson who used to say, rod to come under this category

My dear sir, clear your mind of a moral maxim adopted by bibli

cant”? There is a false, puling cal authority. Some boys have

sentimentalism gaining ground in sufficient intellect and heart to be

certain quarters, which, in relagoverned wholly by moral means;

tion to reason, is illogical, in and the number of such boys

relation to feeling, is mawkish; would probably prove far greater

and which, if carried into practice were the trial more extensively

on the small scale of the family, made. But there are fools who

and on the larger scale of the can neither be reasoned with nor

state, would have the most disastouched by entreaties nor tears;

trous consequences. C. W., M.A. and the soundest practical philo- [We also insert another reply.] sophy says of such—“A whip for

REPLICANT. In answer to QUERthe horse, a bridle for the ass, a

IST No. 25, p. 532. Cruelty rod for the fool's back!" Well

and violence according to the for the lad if the father should,

evidence daily before us as Shakspere says:


ford no symptom of being on like an angel come

the decrease. For every effect And whip the offending Adam from him; we should trace a cause. How Leaving his body as a paradise,

is it then that in a Christian counTo envelop and contain celestial spirits.”

try, where tenderness, compasChrist came “to put away” worn- sion, goodwill and love, should be out ceremonies, but not to alter household words, we find so many moral truth. The New Testament offences being committed against recognises the fathers of our flesh as the person !

Do not children having the power of the rod. learn more from example than Whilst the child shows himself precept?


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Yet is it not the practice (a sity of the Christian dispensapractice most ancient and world- tion. Old things have passed wide) to visit children with cor- away. May the words, “Comelet poral punishment whenever they us reason together, be the lanmay give offence to those around guage of the old to the young! them, by any intellectual short

The pulpit may teach love and coming, moral failing, or childish the other virtues to a child, but error?

if the home sceptre, the paternal The same class of punishment or scholastic reformatory agency, which is often applied to criminals, is the creation of pain, upon and in many cases held as de- what principle of philosophy moralizing even to them, is can the two influences, church availed of for the development of and home, converge ? rectitude, love, and the charities Who can cause bodily suffering of life, in a child. The rod, a to a child and retain a real, calm, generic name for all appliances unruffled, Christ-like, frame of used for producing pain for cor- mind ? Has Christianity no rective purposes, has one striking substitute for the rod, no advance feature, it is an immediate and to make in this respect upon the summary mode of disposing of a usages of heathenism ? difficulty for the present time.

P. M. H. If it does not cast out, it makes

THE GOSPEL AND THE POOR. dormant, any evil; moreover it is clearly retributive and sanctioned REPLICANT. In answer to QUER. by society.

ist No. 26, p. 533. It is imposThe nature of the rod, however, sible to read this query without is absolutely to govern by brute mentally exclaiming, who is force, and is this right teaching “ Virgitate et Orate” ?-from and proper domination ? Is it what language, living or dead. not ignoring our persuasive and did he select his nom de plume ? reasoning influence ? Granted To what Christian community that a blow may be easier than does he belong ?

And what an argument, who can tell the newspapers does he read ? For ultimate effects of the former upon my own part, I am bewildered. the child, or say that the latter, In the Churches of my neighif continuously, strenuously, bourhood (Southwark) the seats and consistently, followed up for the poor are the best placed would fail ? Which is most and best filled parts of the buildChrist-like ? Christ is our model. ings. Sermons to working men He was patient and His power are advertised well nigh ad nauwas a moral one. Are we justi

The lowest theatres have fied in doing that which the mind been used for worship, if by any cannot imagine Him doing ? means their debased frequenters The great lever of Christianity might be brought into contact is love. Good influences are in- with the gospel. Incessant apseparable from good examples. peals and efforts are made on beLaw has now succumbed to love ; half of visiting societies, scripand who has yet gauged, weighed, ture readers' societies, tract soor fathomed, the vast and won- cieties, home missions, and ragged drous influence which dwells in schools, which, though not strictly those who speak and live out preaching, come fairly within the Christ-like? The rod, the those endeavors to evangelize literal rod, is surely not a neces- the masses, which the scriptures



represent as characteristic of | nity. The salvation of the soul Christianity: Then there is is that which enables it to attain street preaching

When we see its end and fulfil its destiny. some of the highest dignitaries These principles are not set forth of the Church, and some of in revival addresses so promithe foremost ministers of dissent, nently as they ought. Fear of standing bare-headed in the greatest of all evils which can highways, to proclaim the ever- befal the human being, should be lasting gospel to the crowds awakened, if possible, in the around them ; when we see the creatures of sensual pleasure, or indefatigable exertions which are sordid worldliness; but that evil made to carry the dayspring from should be represented in its true on high to every garret and cel- character, as the destruction of HISTORY, SCIENCE, ART.



while some defying the warn- the man, the withering of all joy, ings of prudence, are trying to the blighting of hope. bring the outcasts of society to

C. W., M.A. the feet of their Redeemer; the

CHILDREN'S COLLECTING BOXES. question of V. et 0. becomes

REPLICANT. In answer to QUERabsolutely inexplicable; and we

Ist No. 28, p. 533. To allow of, can only congratulate ourselves at

and encourage, their help, as far the thought that the “Homilist” has penetrated some outlying

as it can be intelligently rendered,

seems to us legitimate and wise; quarter, wbither the other members of the religious press, and

to wring money from uninformed

or needy or unwilling infants, is the daily journals, have not yet

unutterable abomination. reached.

E. J. J.


IST, No. 46, p. 637, Vol. viii. REPLICANT. In answer to QUER- Each of these interpretations has IST No. 27, p. 533. The definition

the support of men distinguished of religion which you adopt,

by learning and piety. The undiffers from that given in scrip

dersigned ventures to think that ture. “Pure religion and un

the blood here referred to is that defiled before God and the Father,

of Abel's sacrifices. (see Heb. is this,- to visit the fatherless

xi. 4.). The sacred writer is and widows in their affliction,

plainly instituting a comparison and to keep himself unspotted

between “ the blood of sprinklingfrom the world.” The love of

-the atoning blood of Christ, to God is the first law of our being ;

which Christian believers “come" but the second, which is like unto

—and “ that of Abel.Both are it in ground and obligation, is the

said to have a voice, which love of our neighbor. The near


,” or better things”; not neighborhood of a person is recog

crieth,for vengeance. The term aised as a reason for our love. if,

employed is one of comparison

and hen, nearness to himself be a

not of contrast (κρείττων 'eason for his love to another, a (κρατέω, κράτος, power) It Ocortoiri, a man is bound to love curs thirteen times in this epistle. limself. To love himself, not his The meaning here seems to be inimal propensities, or his earthly “ speaketh more effectually." ife as a whole, but himself, with

H. J. H. nestimable possibilities, immea

(A previous answer to this query apurable value, and bound for eter- peared on page 53 of this volume.)




that, but to all men, in all times and places ?”

CARLYLE. 4 Moral cowardice is the source of every mean and pitiful thing,

LOVE: THEIR VITAL renders a man afraid of duty,

CONNEXION. afraid of death ; so that when the moment for action arrives, he

What seeds of hatred, what equivocates, intreats, fears. Mo

germs of murder, still exist even ral courage is religion in action,

within that heart which has moral cowardice is religion in received Christ! How much of defeat. Oh brother, exclaims a

Cain still lingers in the heart strenuous thinker, never strike

that longs to be Abel! And what sail to a fear, come gently into

matters it that we believe much port or sail with God over the seas.

if we love little, or that we even Without courage, the courage of have faith at all if we have no the heart, no one can be truly love? What indeed have we begreat. This is a courage that lieved, in whom have we believed, does not depend on thews or

if we do not love ? In Jesus, do sinews, but on the soul. It ani.

you reply? In what Jesus ? mated the patriots and martyrs Not assuredly in the Jesus of of old, as it animates the pa- Bethlehem, of Bethany,of Sychar, triots and martyrs of to-day. of Gethsemane, of Calvary, but Moral courage makes the man,

in an imaginary Jesus, one who the absence of it the knave,

has nothing of the true Jesus the driveller, and the fool. It

but the name ; in a Jesus who is to the age's dishonor that

has not loved, who has not prayed, its intellectual tendencies

who has not died ; in a name not marked with the characters


in a living being, in a phantom of fear. Yet courage must be

not in a man and a God. In our guided by purity and truth ; haste to be saved we have emsince divested of these, it is shorn braced a shadow. O God, restore to of half its strength.”

us the real and living Jesus. He H. McCORMAC. alone can

save, for He alone teaches and inspires love. O God, unite more and more closely not

our understandings to a name, "All that mankind has thought, but our spirits to a spirit, to that done, gained, or been, is lying spirit of Jesus Christ, Thy Son, as in magic preservation in the and the Son of Man, our God and pages of books. Do not books our Brother. And grant that still accomplish miracles ? What in the intimate and living union, built St. Paul's Cathedral ? Look His spirit may gradually become at the heart of the matter, it was our spirit, and that we may learn that Divine Hebrew book! The from Him, by living in His prewriter of a book, is not he a sence, to love as He loved, to preacher, preaching not to this bless as He blessed, to pray as parish, or that, on this day or He prayed. Amen. H. M. C.


Literary Notices.

(We hold it to be the duty of an Editor either to give an early notice of the books sent to him for remark, or to return them at once to the Publisher. It is unjust to praise worthless books; it is robbery to retain unnoticed ones.]


In every work regard the author's end,
Since none can compass more than they intend.

STAR AND Dial; MORNING AND EVENING. THE DIAL, WEEKLY. THE propriety of calling attention to these JOURNALS in the Homilist, if not obvious at once to all our readers, will soon appear so. The vast influence which they are exerting, and are destined, we opine to exert for ages, with increasing area and depth upon the mind of the nation, is certainly of itself sufficient to justify this notice in our pages. Asone has a circulation per day scarcely surpassed by any daily Journal and the other of several thousands a week, and both aim, and by the arrangements of their vast proprietary, are bound for ever to aim, at the promotion of political purity, social progress, and above all, of unsectarian Christianity, their existence, will, we are sure, awaken the devout gratitude of every noble-hearted Christian philanthropist. They have all the conditions of an incorruptible, independent, and thoroughly national, Newspaper Press. May gracious Heaven ever preserve those conditions from the violating hand of the political schemer, the canting patriot, and, what is worse than either, the religious bigot! Another reason for thus noticing these JOURNALS in this place is, the connexion of the Homilist with their existence. The Homilist some six or seven years ago, first announced the Dial idea, and urged it on its readers. It has met, we are grateful, we are proud to say, with their support. In every town we have visited, “Homilist men," as they are called, have met us with their hearty greetings, rendered us their honest co-operation, and cheered us on our hilly, and with emphasis, our thorny road. Our hotel rooms have, in some of the towns we have visited, been not unfrequently filled with Clergymen, Wesleyan, Primitive Methodist, Baptist, and Independent, ministers, all readers of the Homilist, and all ready with their co-operation. In every town too, which the agents of the company have visited alone, they have found the readers of the Homilist their hearty allies. Honor to whom honor is due. The Dial

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