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tion by him were gone, Luke xxiv. 21. but so far was it from being so, that it was confirmed by the sufferings and death of Christ; and every blessing and promise of it were ratified by bis blood, bence called the blood of the everlasting covenant, Heb. xiii. 20.
“Thou bast profaned his crown, by casting it to the ground."]—By suffering it to be cast to the ground, and used contemptibly; as wben Jesus was crowned with thorns, and saluted in a mocking manner; when an if was put upon his being the King of Israel, Matt. xxvii. 29, 42.
Ver. 44. ^ Thou hast made his glory to cease."]_The glory of his deity, though it did not properly cease, yet it seemed to do so, being covered, and out of sight, and seen but by a very few, whilst he appeared in the likeness of sin. ful flesh; and the glory of his humanity was made to cease, in which he was fairer tban the children of men, and his visage was more marred than any man's, and bis form than the sons of men; and the glory of his offices, prophetical, priestly, and kingly, which were reproached and vilified, and disputed and contradicted by the Jews, Matt. xxvi. 68.
Ver: 48.“ Shall be deliver his soul from the hands of the grave? Selah."]-Christ indeed undertook, and has promised, to redeem his people from the grave, upon which they have believed they should be delivered ; Hos. xiii. 14. Psalm xlix. 15. but if Christ rose not himself, which was the thing now in question, how could it be ? the case stands tbus; every man must die; no man can raise himself from the dead ; if Christ rise not, every one must continue under the power of the grave; for then there could be no resurrec. tion.
Ver. 49. “ Lord, where are thy former loving-kind. nesses.”] – Which were former or ancient ones, even promised and secured in Christ before the world began; springing from the love of God, which, both to Christ and his people, was from everlasting, and provided for in a covenant which was as early.
" Which thou swarest unto David in thy truth?"]— Which were promised to Christ, the antitype ot David, and that with an oath by the truth or faithfulness of God, for tbe certainty thereof: but now where are all !hese? or how will they take place, if Christ rise not from the dead? where will be the redemption of his people, the justifica. tion of their persons, the remission of their sius, and their everlasting salvation ?
- Ver. 52. « Blessed be the Lord for evermore."]—The psalmist viewing, by a spirit of prophecy, Christ rising from the dead, ascending to heaven, sitting at the right hand of God, and interceding for the application of all the blessings of the covenant: and now, seeing all before objected and complained of was reconcileable to the love, covenant, and oath of God, breaks out into this benediction, and with it closes the psalm; which agrees with Christ, not only as God over all, blessed for ever, but as Mediator, who, as such, is made most blessed for evermore; see Psalm xxi. 6.
This psalm was penned by Moses, that ancient sacred writer, is plainly of.
fered to “ our Refuge;" that is, our gracious Mediator and Advocate, who has been such through all generations, and is for ever God: who therefore executes the sentence, “ Dust thon art, and unto dust thou shalt return;" but comforts man with the hope of satisfying him with his mercies in the morning (of the great eternal day;) for the hastening of which, and the manifestation of his brightness in the glory which suall then be revealed, it is teaching us to pray.
VER. 1. “ Lord, thou hast been our dwelling-place in all generations."]—The Lord being that to them as an habitation is to man, in whom they had provision, protection, rest, and safety; Psalm xxxi. 2, and lxxi. 3. so all that believe in Christ, dwell in him, and he in them, John vi. 56. they dwelt secretly in him before they believed; so they dwelt in his heart's love, in his arms, -in bim as their head in election, and as their representative in the covenant of grace from eternity: and when they fell in Adam, they were preserved in Christ, dwelling in bim; and so they were in him, when on the cross, in the grave, and now in heaven; for they are said to be crucified, buried, and risen with him, and set down in heavenly places in him, Gal. ii. 20. Col. ii. 12. and iii. i. Eph. ii. 6. and, being converted, they have an open dwelling in him by faith, to whom they have fled for refuge, and in whom they dwell safely, quietly, comfortably, pleasantly, and shall never be turned out.
Ver. 2. “Even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.”)--and so are his love, grace, and mercy towards his people, and his covenant with them; and this is as true of Jehovah thc Son, as of the Father, whose eternity is described in the same manner, Prov. viii. 29-30. Rev. i. 4-8. and may be concluded from his name the everlasting Fatber; from bis having the same nature and perfections with his Father; from his concern in eternal election, in the everlasting covenant of grace, and in the creation of all things; and his being the eternal and unchangeable I AM, yesterday, to-day, and for ever, is matter of comfort to his people.
Ver. 14. “O satisfy us early with thy mercy.”]-Or grace; the means of grace, the God of all grace, and com. munion with him, Christ and his grace; things withont which, souls hungry and thirsty in a spiritual sense, cannot be satisfied; these will satisfy them, and nothing else, namely, the discoveries of the love of God, his pardoning grace and mercy, Christ and his righteousness, and the ful. ness of grace in him, Psalm lxiii. 3–5. and ciii. 245. this grace and mercy they desire to be satisfied and filled with.
Ver. 17. “And let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon us."]-Either the grace and favour of God, his gra. cious presence vouchsafed in his ordinances, which makes his tabernacles amiable and lovely, and his ways ways of pleasantness ; or the righteousness of Christ, wbicb is that comeliness he puts upon his people, whereby they become a perfection of beauty; or the beauty of holiness, which appears on them, when renewed and sanctified by the Spirit; every grace is beautiful and ornamental; or Christ himself may be meant; for the words may be rendered, let the beauty of the Lord be wilh us; he who is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand, altogether lovely, fairer than the children of men, let him appear as the Immanuel, God with us.
This psalm pronounces, ver. 1. the security of the blessed man Christ Jesus,
(and in him of all his frue and living members) as dwelling under the protection of the Most High, who has all power hoth in beaven and earth, and is the Almighty. To this blessed man, therefore, the prophet addresses, ver, 2—13. assuring bim that he might call JEHOVAN his God, as having given his angels charge of him, that nothing night by any means hurt him. And this in ver. 14-10. is confirmed by the answer of God, promising to shew him lijs salvation, and grapt bine length of days, that is, a kingdom which shall endure for ever.
VER, 1. “ He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High.”)–Or the Sapreme; a title of God, who is superior to all beings, the creator and preserver of them, God over all, higher than the highest of angels or men, Gen. xiv. 22. His “ secret place” is his heart, his bosom, his Christ, into wbich be takes his people, where they are set as a seal, and who enjoy intimate communion with him ; which is no other than his gracious presence, called the “ secret of his presence,” Psalm xxxi. 20. which bis saints are admitted to, when his everlasting love, which was a se. cret in his heart, is made known unto them, and in which they also dwell.
Ver. 11. “ For he shall give his angels charge over thee.”]-Satan applied this passage to Christ, Mait. iv. 6. nor did our Lord object to the application of it; and it can bardly be thought that he would have ventured to have done it, had he been aware that a misapplication might be objected, or that it was not the received sense of the place: what he is to be blamed for, in quoting it, was the wrong purpose for wbich he produced it, and for leaving out the next clause which he saw was against his design : “to keep thee in all thy ways."
Ver. 14. “ I will set him on high."-Christ Jesus is bigber than the highest angels, higher than the heavens, and he is now out of the reach of all his enemies, and will sit hereafter on high in heaven, inheriting the throne of glory.
'Ver. 16. “ With long life will I satisfy him.”]Which is spoken as a promise to the Messiah, that the life of the man of God should be as durable as the days of eternity,
The Jews were wont to sing this psalm on their sabbath. But the title,
(which is · For the sabbath,' emphatically) as also the subject matter of it, are leading our thoughts to that great eternal sabbath, which their sabbath typified. For then the church will sing triumphantly, “ It is a good thing to give thanks, for thou, Lord! bast made me glad.” And, in the view of that glorious sabbath, she now admonishes thoughtless souls, that the enemies of the Lord must perish, and her blessed head, the Just One, flourish, yielding much fruit (by his, body the church) even in old age; that is, in the latter days, the old age of christianity aud the world.
saints's land, Christ has shewn't thy loving
VER. 2. "To shew forth thy loving-kindness in the morning.”]-God has shewn forth bis loving-kindness in Christ, and Christ has shewn it in a ministerial way; aud saints should shew it forth also with their lips, to warm the hearts of one anotber, and encourage distressed minds; this should be a part, and a considerable one of their thanksgiving and praise; as it will appear to be when the objects of it are considered, not angels, but men, and these the worst and vilest; the instances of it in election, redemption, vocation, adoption, and eternal life; and the freeness, ear. liness, and immoveableness of it.
Ver. 4. “ For thou, Lord, bast made me glad through thy work.”)- The work of redemption wrought out by Christ, wbich is cause of great joy and gladness : or of the work of grace upon the soul, which when a man is satisfied of, gives him infinite pleasure, as knowing it will be per. formed until the day of Christ; and when a man is in such a joyful frame of spirit, he is in a very suitable one to sing the praises of God, James v. 13.
"Ver. 10. “ I shall be anointed with fresh oil."]-Oil often signifies the Spirit of God, his gifts and graces; and fresh oil may intend new supplies of his grace out of the fulness of it, which is in Christ; and also the renewed joys and comforts of the Holy Spirit, who is the oil of gladness, Cbrist was anointed with above his fellows, and is given to his people in measure.
Ver. 11. " Mine eyes shall see my desire on mine ene. mies.”]--Which arose, not from a revengeful spirit, or from a spirit of private revenge, but from a regard to the glory a of God, and the honour of his name; and in no other vieve could the destruction of fellow-creatures, though his ene. mies, be grateful to him. Some understand them to be the words of the Messiah.
Ver. 12. “ The righteous sball flourish like the palmtree.”]-The word for righteous being of the singular number, has led some to think that Christ is meant; for he is eminently the righteous One, being like the flourishing palm-tree; which grows upright, and under the greatest pressures, and rises upwards against the greatest weight upon it, whose force and vigour is on the top of it, which being cut off, it dies; which delights in hot climates, and sunny places, bears a delicious fruit, is ever green, is very durable, and its branches used in token of joy and victory; which is a lovely emblem of Christ, in his death and resur