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CHAP. XXIV.

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The law of divorce ; a new married man is to be exempt from war

and civil offices for the space of a year ; of pledges ; of man steal. ers ; of leprosy ; the hire of a servant is to be given ; of doing justice to the friendless ; and of charity.

H EN a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and • VV it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes,

because he hath found some uncleanness in her : then let

him write her a bill of divorcement, and give [it] in her hand, % and send her out of his house. And when she is departed

out of his house, she may go and be another man's (wife.] 3 And [if] the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of

divorcement, and give [it] in her hand, and sendeth her out of

his house ; or if the latter husband die, which took her (to 4 be} his wife : Her former husband, which sent her away, may

not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled ; for that [is] abomination before the LORD : and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth

thee (for) an inheritance. 5 When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to

war, neither shall he be charged with any business : [but) he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife

which he hạth taken. 6 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to

pledge : for he taketh (a man's] life to pledge. 7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the chil.

dren of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him : then that thief shall die ; and thou shalt put evil

away from among you. 8 Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that thou observe dil

igently, and do according to all that the priests the Levites

shall teach you : as I commanded them, [50] ye shall observe 9 to do. Remember what the LORD thy God did unto Miriam

by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt. 10 When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not 11 go into his house to fetch his pledge. Thou shalt stand

abroad, and the man to whom thou dost lend shall bring out 12 the pledge abroad unto thee. And if the man [be] poor, thou 13 shalt not sleep with his pledge. In any case thou shalt de

liver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee : and it shall be

righteous unto thee before the LORD thy God. 14 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant (that is] poor and

needy, (whether he be) of thy brethren, or of thy strangers 15 that (are) in thy land within thy gates : At his day thou shalt

give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it : lest he cry

against thee unto the Lord, and it be sin unto thee. 16 The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nei

ther shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every

man shall be put to death for his own sin. 17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger (nor] 18 the fatherless ; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge : But

thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee thence : therefore I

commanded thee to do this thing. 19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast

forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it : it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the

widow : that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the 20 work of thine hands. When thou beatest thine olive tree,

thou shalt not go over the boughs again : it shall be for the 21 stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. When thou • gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean [it]

alterward ; it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and 22 for the widow. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a

bondman in the land of Egypt : therefore I command thee · to do this thing.

CHAP. XXV.

Stripes must not exceed forty ; the ox not to be muzzled ; of raising

seed unto a deceased brother ; of immodesty in a woman ; of unjust weighis and measures ; the memory of Amalek is to be blotted out. 1 TF there be a controversy between men, and they come unto

1 judgment, that (the judges) may judge them ; then they 2 shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked. And it

shall be, if the wicked man [be] worthy to be beaten, that the

judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his 3 face, according to his fault, by a certain number. Forty "stripes he may give him, [and] not exceed : lest (if) he

should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes,

then thy brother should seem vile unto thee. 4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out (the

corn.] 5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have

no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger : her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's

6 brother unto her. And it shall be, [that] the firstborn which

she beareth, shall succeed in the name of his brother (which 7 is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. And if the man like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, % he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother. Then

the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him :

and [if] he stand (to it,] and say, I like not to take her ; 9 Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence

of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in

his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto 10 that man that will not build up his brother's house. And his

name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath

his shoe loosed. 11 When men strive together one with another, and the wife

of the one draweth near for to deliver her husband out of the

hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and 12 taketh him by the secrets : Then thou shalt cut off her hand,

thine eye shall not pity (her.] 13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and 14 a small. Thou shalt not have in thine house divers measures, 15 a great and a small. (But] thou shalt have a perfect and

just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have : that

thy days may be lengthened in the land which the LORD thy 16 God giveth thee. For all that do such things, [and] all that

do unrighteously, [are) an abomination unto the LORD thy • God. 17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when 18 ye were come forth out of Egypt ; How he met thee by the

way, and smote the hindmost of thee, (even] all (that were]

feeble behind thee, when thou (wast] faint and weary ; and 19 he feared not God. Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy

God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee (for) an inheritance to possess it, [that] thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven ; thou shalt not forget [it.)

CHAP. XXVI.

This chapter concludes Moses' account of the particular statutcs which God gave to Israel; he prescribes a confession for those Tuho offered the basket of first fruits, and who paid the third year's tithes ; and enforces these things upon them by a solemn obligation, I AND it shall be, when thou (art] come in unto the

11 land which the LORD thy God giveth thee (for] an in-' ? heritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein ; That thou

shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt bring of thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt put [it] in a basket, and shalt go unto the place

which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his namę 3 there.* And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in

those days, to the priest at that time in waiting, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come into the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us ; I thankfully acknowledge God's faithfulness to his promise in giving us the land of Canaan, and the obligation,

I am under to be faithful to him. On this tenure they held their 4 land. And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand, 5 and set it down before the altar of the LORD thy God. And

thou shalt speak and say before the Lord thy God, A Syrian ready to perish (was] my father, that is, Jacob, who lived twenty years in Syria, and was ready to perish through Esau's enmity, and Laban's cruelty, and the famine that brought him to Egypt ; and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a

few, that is, seventy persons, and became there a nation, great, 6 mighty, and populous : And the Egyptians evil entreated us,

and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage ; this must be 7 remembered to promote their humility and gratitude : And

when we cried unto the Lord God of our fathers, the LORD

heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour, 8 and our oppression : And the LORD brought us forth out of

Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm,

and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders ; 9 thus God pitied, and delivered them : And he hath brought us

into this place, and hath given us this land, (even) a land that

floweth with milk and honey, a pleasant and fruitful country, 10 And now, behold, I have brought the first fruits of the land,

which thou, O Lord, hast given me ; then the priest was to give the basket to the officer, and he was to set it down before

• This was offered at the feast of Pentecost. It consisted of the first fruits of their corn and trees, and was presented as a token of their homage to God. The same custom was practised among the heathen, who used to send their first fruits to Apollo, at elphos, from all parts of the world.

the sanctuary : and thou shalt set it before the LORD thy God; and worship before the LORD thy God; and this external

adoration was to be attended with thankfulness and prayer : 11 And thou shalt rejoice in every good [thing) which the LORD

thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that [is] among you ; feast. ing together with the Levites and strangers, upon the peace offerings they had brought thither, and which always attended the offering of the first fruits. The words may also refer to the preculiar satisfaction they would find in all their other enjoyments,

when they had given to God his portion. 12 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of

thime increase the third year, (which is) the year of tithing, and hast given [it] unto the Levite, the stranger, the father

less, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and 13 be filled ;* Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I

have brought away the hallowed things out of (mine] house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all thy commandments which thou hast commanded me : I have not

transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten 14 (them.]t I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, either in

the time of mourning for dead friends, or rather, not with such mourning and lamentation as the Egyptians used when they offer. ed their first fruits to Isis and Bacchus ; but with thankfulness to the only true God; neither have I taken away Caught] thereof for (any) unclean [use,) to any magical rite, or impure one, as was common with the Egyptians at the feast of their first fruits, nor given (aught) thereof for the dead, not consecrated it to their heroes and deified men ; which was common in Egypt, and was made a law at Athens : [but] I have hearkened to the

voice of the LORD my God, [and] have done according to all 15 that thou hast commanded me. Look down from thy holy

habitation, from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land which thou hast given us, as thou swarest unto our fathers, a land that floweth with milk and honey. With the uta most propriety did they seek his blessing and mercy, when they

could appeal to him that they had been obedient. 16 This day the LORD thy God hath commanded thee to do

these statutes and judgments, all the precepts of the foregoing

• In order to understand this, it must be remembered, that there was rithe paid in kind to all the Levites within their borders, out of this first tithe. The Levites carried a tenth portion to Jerusalem, and paid it to the priests: then there was a second tithe, which was paid either in kind or money ; this was brought the first and second year after the sabe batical, or seventh year, to Jerusalem, and made a kind of love feast, to which the offerer invited his friends, and the priest and Levites. But on the third year he carried it not to Jerusalem, but spent it at home within his gates, upon the Levite, the fatherless, and the widow. This they did on the third and sixth years; and therefore it is called the year of tithing. See chap. xiv. 18.

+ This acknowledgment was to be made the next time they went up to Jerusalcni, and was designed to prevent their defrauding the poor through a cruel ard coretous disposition.

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