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6 brother unto her. And it shall be, [that] the firstborn which she beareth, shall succeed in the name of his brother [which
7 is] dead> that his name be not put out of Israel. And if the jnan like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel,
S he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother. Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and [if] he stand [to it,] and say, I like not to take her; 9 Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto
1.0 that man that will not build up his brother's house. And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that hath his shoe loosed.
11 When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draweth near for to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and
): taketh him by the secrets: Then thou shall cutoff her hand, thine eye shall not pity [her.]
J3 Thou shall not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and
14 a small. Thou shall not have in thine house divers measures,
15 a great and a small. [But] Ihou shall have a perfect and just weight, a perfect and just measure shall thou have: that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the Lord thy
16 God giveth thee. For all that do such things, [and] all that do unrighteously, [arc] an abomination unto the Lord thy God.
17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when IS ye were come forth out of Egypt; How he met thee by the
way, and smote the hindmost of thee, [even] all [lhal were] feeble behind Ihee, when thou [wast] faint and weary ; and 19 he feared not God. Therefore it shall be, when the Lord thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, jn the land which the Lord thy God givelh thee [for] an inheritance lo possess it, [thai] Ihou shall blot oul Ihe remembrance of Anjalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget [it.]
This efiefiter concludes Motes' account of the fiarticul&r statute* which God gave to Israel; fie prescribes a confession for those who offered the basket of first fruits, and -who fiaid the third year'* tithes; and enforces thc$e things vfion them by a solemn obligation.
1 \ N D it shall be, when thou [art] come in unto the JL\. land which the Lord thy God giveth thee [for] an in2 heritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein ; That thou shall take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thoui shall bring of thy land that the Lord thy God giveth thee, and shall put [it] in a basket, and shall go unlo the place •which the Lord thy God shall choose to place his name:
3 there.* And Ihou shall go unto the priest that shall be in. those days, to the flriest at that time in waiting, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the Lord thy God, that J am come into the country which the Lord sware unto our fathers for to give us; / thankfully acknowledge God's faithfulness to hisfiromiie in giving us the land of Canaan, and the obligation I am under to be faithful to him. On this tenure they held their
4 land. And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand,
5 and set it down before the altar of the Lorp thy God. And thou shall speak and say before the Lord thy God, A Syrian ready to perish [was] my father, that is, Jacob, who lived twenty years in Syria, and was ready to fierish through £sau's enmity,
.and Laban's cruelty, and the famine that brought him to JSgyfit f and he wenl down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, that if, seventy persons, and became there a nation, great,
6 mighty, and populous: And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage; this must bf
1 remembered to firomotc their humility and gratitude: AnS when we cried unto the Lord God of our fathers, the Lord heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour,
8 and our oppression: And the Lord brought us forth oul of Egypl with a mighty hand, and with an oulslretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and wilh wonders;
9 thus God fiitied, and delivered them: And he halh brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, [even] a land that floweth with milk and honey, a fileasant and fruitful country.
10 And now, behold, I have broughl Ihe firsl fruits of the land, which thou, O Lord, hast given me ; then the firiest too* to give the basket to the officer, and he was to set it down before
• This w« offered at the feast of Pentecost. It consisted of the firtt fruits of their corn and trcts, and was presented ai a token of their homage to God. The same cusrnin was practised among the heathen, who used to scud their first fruiu to Apollo; u Dtlphos, from all parts of the world.
tfif sanctuary: and thou shall s'et it before the Lorb thy God; and worship before the Lord thy God ; and this external adoration viaa to be attended with thankfulness and jirayer:
11 And thou shall rejoice in every good [thing] which the Lord Ihy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that [is] among you ; feasting together ivith the JLevites and strangers, upon the peace offerings they had brought thither, and which always attended the
offering of 'thefirst fruits. The words may also refer to the peculiar satisfaction they would find in all their other enjoyments, when they had given to God his portion.
12 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thme increase the third year, [which is] the year of tithing, and hast given [it] unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and
13 be filled ;* Then thou shall say before the Lord Ihy God, I have brought away Ihe hallowed Ihings oul of [mine] house, and also have given Ihem unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all Ihy commandments which thou hast commanded me: I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten
t4 [them.]t I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, either in the time of mourning for dead friends, or rather, not -with such mourning and lamentation as the Egyptians used when they offered their first fruits to Isis and Bacchus; but with thankfulness: to the only true God; neither have I taken away [aught] thereof for [any] unclean [use,] to any magical rite, or impure one, as teas common with the Egyptians at the feast of their Jirst fruits, nor given [aught] thereof for the dead, not consecrated it to their heroes and deified men; ivhich ivas common in Egypt y and mas made a law at Athens: [but] I have hearkened to the voice of the Lord my God, [and] have done according to all
15 that Ihou hast commanded me. Look down from thy holy habitation, from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land which thou hasl given us, as Ihou swarest unto our fathers, a land that floweth wilh milk and honey. With the utmost propriety did they seek his blessing and mercy, wlien they could appeal to him that they had been obedient.
1C This day the Lord Ihy God hath commanded thee to do these statutes and judgments, all the precepts of the foregoing
pat|cal,or seventh year, to Jerusalem, ami made :i kind ot love least) to which the offerer invited his friends, and the priest anH Levites. But on the third year he carried it not tu Jerusalem, but upem it at home within his gates, upon the Levite, the fatherless, and tk« wido.w. This they did on the third and sixth, years; and therefore it is colled the yiar cf tithing. See chap. xiv. iR.
t Thi« acknowledgment was to be made the next time they Trenton to Jerusalem. znd was dcsigiud » prevent their defrauding tlio poor through a cruel and corctous disixmtiou.
•.- thou shall therefore keep and do them with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. Thou hast avouched, solemnly profuKd and owned, the Lofco this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his com* mandments, and his judgments, and to hearken raito his Voice:
}> And the Loud hath avouched thee this day to be his peculiar people, opened tfiee Jar rueh before all the world, giving thee peculiar bras, ordinances, and privilege*, as he hath promised thee, and that [thou] shouldst keep all his commandments;
19 And to make thee high above all nations which he hath made, in praise, and in name, and in honour ; and that thou mayest be an hok people unto the Lord thy God, as he hath spoken: all ires designed to make them an Itigh and holy peopie, (hat afl ncti-ms -might admire and magnify the honour wAicA God fine vpijn them, and be led thereby to adore and reverence
M hence we see, that it is fit and reasonable we
thus keep up a remembrance that all comes from him. It is his own which we present to him ; let us therefore be ready to distribute, and smiling to communicate to our poorer brethren. Let us lay by tot store for that purpose. This will make our comforts peculiarly sweet; and we shall be able to rejoice in the good things which the Lord our Godgivet/t us, and shall bring his blessing on all we do and possess.
2. Let us frequently and seriously commemorate all the kind appearances of God for us and our country. Let us bless him for the good land, for all temporal and spiritual favours; and recollect from how low a beginning God hath raised us, and how often we have been in danger and distress, and God hath mercifully interposed. Anniversary days for doing this are very proper, and agree with the design of the law in this chapter. And when we commemorate these mercies, let us also present our requests to God for future favours, as in f. 15. Look down from thy holy habitation, from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land •which thou haul given us, a land flowing -with milk and honey. May we thus cultivate a public spirit, a tender concern for the peace and prosperity of our Israel, that the land may yield its increase.
3. It becomes us to embrace every opportunity of avouching the Lord fur our God, of recognizing our obligations to him, and diligently remembering them ; and to be careful not to violate the sacred engagements we are under. Having avouched the Lord for our (rod, let us not be willing to go back; but be upright before him; remembering the dignity promised, v. 19. to -inake t/i'C iiig.'t above all nations which he hath made, in praise, and
in name) and in honour; and tliat tfiou mayest be an holy fieofile unto the Lord thy God, as he hath spoken. And may we especially look forward to the still greater dignity he intends for us in the other world, and therefore be obedient. Nothing -will afford us greater joy in life or death, than to be able to appeal to God, that we have not wilfully transgressed his commandments, but have keftt them, and loved them with all our hear!, and soul, and mind, and strength, and have humbly endeavoured, through divine grace, to walk in all the ordinances and commandment a of the Lord blameless.
Motes, having repeated the law and enforced the commands and covenant) that nothing might be left undone which was likely to affect the minds of the people, he proceeds to direct to some external meant to promote the remembrance and observance of it f one was, to write the law it/ton stones, the other, to pronounce a blessing and a curse in a most solemn manner ; both of which were to le done on their first entrance into Canaan.
1 A N D Moses with the elders of Israel commanded the JLjL people, saying, Keep all the commandments which I command you this day. The elders joined with Moses in doing this, lest the profile should think their obligations -were lessened when Moses was gone, or that the priests and Levitts recom~
2 mended it for their own private ends. And it shall be on the day, on the first opportunity after your entrance into the land of Canaan, when ye shall pass over Jordan Unto the land which the LoHfi thy God giveth thee, that thou shall set thee up great stones, and plaster them with plaster: these stones were for an altar, and fir a memorial; they were to be vnhewn, and unpolished, to prevent any thing like an image being made, mid
3 then were to be plastered over. And thou shall write upon them all the words of this law,* when thou art passed over, that thou mayest go in unto the land which the Lord ihy God givelh thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey;
4 as the Lord God of thy fathers hath promised thee. Therefore it shall be when ye be gone over Jordan, [thai] ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day in mount
5 Ebal, and thou shall plaster them with plaster. And there shall thou build an altar unto the Lord thy God, an ahar of stones: thou shall nol lift up [any] iron [lool] upon them.
6 Thou shah build Ihe allar of Ihe Lord ihy God of whole
• Some tar, the ten commandments ; and other?, the whole of these five book' of Mnees ; but roost |m>bablr. only an abridgment of this book of Deutemttmy. or the blcMinp and cuncs here set down. Compare Jtihia nil. 34.
V«L. IL A a