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9. thy fáce : they shall come out against thee one way, and flee

before thee seven ways; they shall have victory over their enemies, who should fly in confusion, and be totally defeated.

The LORD sball command the blessing upon thee in thy store. houses, or barns, and in all that thou settest thine hand unto

and he shall bless thee, give thee all desirable prosperity, in 29 the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. The LORD of shalt establish thee an holy people unto himself, confirm hia - covenant, with thee, by which he has separated thee to himself, as -), a holy and peculiar people, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou

u shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, and walk 10 in his ways. And all the people of the earth shall see that 5 thou art called by the name of the LORD ; and they shall be

afraid of thee; all people shall see that thou art the object of - his fare and blessing, and be afraid to have thee for their enemy, Al And the LORD shall make thee plenteous in goods, in the 44, fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the

fruit of thy ground, in the land which the LORD sware unto *» thy fathers to give thee; thou shalt be 80 plenteous in every * thing, that there shall be no occasion to send abroad for fırovisione -12 and supplies. The LORD shall open unto thee his good treas;* ure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season,

and to bless all the work of thine hand :* and thou shalt lend 1.. unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow. This was a og sign of wealth, liberty, and authority, and that they were not in

13 a state of dependence. And the LORD shall make thee the s, head, and not the tail ; and thou shalt be above only, and thou ty shalt not be beneath, thou shalt be honourable and highly es,

tecined ; other nations shall be subject to thee, and thou shalt be *' free ; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the "A" LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe 14 and do (them :] And thou shalt not go aside from any of the

words which I command thee this day (to) the right hand or . [to) the left, to go after other gods to serve them : the condi. ? tion is repeated ; they must not turn aside to superstition, pró, ' fanenc88or idolatry ; all of which were hateful to God, and : ; would forfelt all those blessings, as it follows. 1 .' 15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the

voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his command, a 'ments and statutes which I command thee this day ; that all * these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee ; they

shall follow thee wherever thou goést, mingle with every thing

thou hast, shall disappoint thee in every thing thou shalt do; thcu. a shalt have no comfort in any of thy undertakings at home or 16 abroad. Cursed (shalt] thou [be] in the city, and cursed

The air is called God's good treasure, because he there gathers clouds and vapours, From wbepce he enriches the carthe

17 [shalt] thou (be) in the field. Cursed [shall be] thy basket 18 and thy store. Cursed (shall be] the fruit of thy body, and . the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks 19 of thy sheep. Cursed [shalt] thou [be] when thou comèstán, 20 and cursed (shalt] thou [be] when thou goest out. The LORD

shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that • thou settest thine hand unto for to do ; thou shall have cr688

providences, sharp afflictions, and all thy comforts imbittered, until thou be destroyed, and until thou pérish quickly ; bę,

cause of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast for. 21 saken me. The Lord shall make the pestilence cleave unto

thee, until he have consumed thee from ôff the land whithér 22 thou goest to possess it. The LORD shall smite thee with a : consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and . with an extreine burning, and with the sword, and with blast.

ing, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou • Perish ; the pestilence, or other bodily diseases, shall sweep thee 23 away. And thy heaven that [is] over thy head, the cloud that

hangs over thy country, shall be brass, and the earth that [is] 24 under thee [shall be] iron. The LORD sball make the rain of • thy land powder and dust to destroy thy remaining fruits : from .: heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroy. L ed ; there shall be. clouds of dust, almost enough to sri Ar thee ; 25 and famine shall follow, till thou art destroyed. The LORD shall : cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies : thou shalt go

out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them, go out in great multitudes, and soon be scattered and shalt be

removed into all the kingdoms of the earth, be tossed up and

down like vagabonds. All which was fulfilled or their captivity, 36 Neh. i. 8. And thy carcass shall be meat unto all fowls of the - air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray 87 Ethem] away. The Lord will smite thee with the botch of

Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the scab, and with the ... itch, whereof thou canst not be healed ; these were part of the 38 plagues of Egypt, which they well remembered, The LORD

shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart ; thou shalt have horror and distress of mind ; ** such confusion as not to know what to do ; like a blind mun, thou . shalt take the wrong way, and then be made to know that thou 89 hdst taken it. And thou shalt grope at noon day, as the blind

gropeth in darkness, mistake in the plainest and most rident matters ; and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways': and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee ;] one oppression shall follow another, and those that take thee under their protection shall be the first to injure

• Nothing could be a greater calamity in the esteem of the Jews, tban to have dead bodies thus exposed and consumed by birds of prey, and no oito have so much compassion as to drive them away, and bury the remains.

10 and wrong thee.' Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man

shall lie with her thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein : thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not

gather the grapes thereof; all thy dearest property and goods 31 shall be taken away by violence. Thine ox (shall be) slain

before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof : thine ass (shall be] violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee : thy sheep (shall be] given unto

thine enemies, and thou shalt have none to rescue (them.) 32 Thy sons and thy daughters (shall be] given unto another

people, shall be carried captive and sold for slaves ; and thinę

eyes shall look, and fail (with longing) for them all the day i long, there shall be no hope of seeing them again, no friend, no : ally, to interpose, and (there shall be no might in thine hand 33 10 rescue them, nor money to ransom them. The fruit of thy

si land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest ", not eat up and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed 34 alway :* $o that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine si, which thou shalt see ; many accordingly destroyed them. 35 eelves through anguish and despair. The LORD shall smite i thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that can

not be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thy

head, 80 that thou shalt not be able to resist, because of thy own 26 sickness and weakness. The LORD shall bring thee, and thy

king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation which · · neither thoạ nor thy fathers have known; and there shale

thou serve other gods, wood and stone, either by persuasion or 37 force. And thou shalt become an astonishment, thy calam

ities shall be so great, that thy very enemies shall be astonished at them ; a proverb and a byword among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee; thy miseries shall be used proverbially to express great calamities ; and they shall sport themselves

in thy miseries, saying, These are the people of the Lord, &c.t 88 Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt 29 gather [but] little in ; for the locust shall consume it. Thou

shalt plant vineyards, and dress [them,] but shalt neither

drink [of] the wine, nor gather (the grapes ;] for the worms 40 shall eat them. Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all

thy coasts, bút thou shalt not anoint (thyself) with the oil ;

for thine olive shall cast (his fruit,] shall be blasted in the very 41 blossom. Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but thou shalt 43 not enjoy them ; for they shall go into captivity. All thy 43 trees and fruit of thy land shall the locust consume. The · stranger that (is) within thee shall get up above thee yery · high, and thou shalt come down very low 5 those who foro 44 merly served thee, shall now get above and insult thee. He shall

8. This was the case in the Assyrian and Babylonish captivity, and it was so remarkbale as not to be accounted for, without the immediate hand of God to fulfil these awful threatenings.

This was fulfilled in their captivity ; but more especially since their dispersion by the Romans; they are a common proverb through the earth, : You use me like a Jew: you sould not have done so to a jew, that is, to one of the worst of men.

lend to thee, and thou shalt not lend to him : he shall be the head, and thou shalt be the tail. Thus the promise of God, to cralt his people and confound their focs, is quite reversed, and Israel should become poor, mean, and contemptible. ..! !

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E E what a constant dependence we have upon God, and D how solicitous we should be to secure his friendship. We need his favour and blessing in every circumstance of life, even the most minute and inconsiderable. We depend upon him for rain and sunshine, for food, protection, health, and children, and every other mercy. He can easily take them away if we displease him, and bring upon us the curses here threatened. He can disappoint us in our most agreeable hopes, and send us unutterable anguish of body and mind. All blessings are in his good treasure, and all curses at his command. May we be solicitous, therefore, to acquaint ourselves with God; to lay hold on his strength, and seek pardon and peace through the blood of the everlasting covenant, that so he may be our friend. The blessing and the curse are set before us. Let us then serie God, and keep his commandments, and we shall inherit the blessing promised in his word to those who, by a patient continuance in well doing; seek for glory, honour, and immortality,

:!.. CHAP. XXVIII. 45, to the end. ;.'

The blessing and curses continued. This part of them refers to the

dispersion and destruction of the Jews by the Romans, and io as remarkable a prediction, and was as signally accomplished; as

any in the Old Testament, 45 M OREOVER, all these curses shall come upon thee,

I I and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed ; one punishment shall follow another, till you are brought to ruin, and are more miserable than any other nation ; and the reason is, because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice

of the LORD thy God to keep his commandments and his 46 statutes which he commanded thee : And they shall be upon . thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever ;

the curse shall remain fixed upon thee, and all shall take notice 47 of it, as an extraordinary mark of God's displeasure. Because

thou servedst not the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with

48 gladness of heart, for the abundance of all (things :) There

fore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all [things :) and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed thee; because ye served not God in the way he required, ye shall serve your enemies, lose

your liberty, sink into dreadful slavery, and be under a hard 49 yoke, from which ye shall not be able to free yourselves. The

LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end

of the earth, [as swift] as the eagle fieth ; a nation whose 50 tongue thou shalt not understand ;* A nation of fierce coun

tenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor show favour to the young ; a stern, bold, hardhearted people, inflexibly pursuing their own designs ; which was the exact character of the old Romans : and though in other wars the con

querors usually pitied the old and the young, yet in the war 51 with the Jews they spared no one. And he shall eat the fruit

of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which (also) shall not leave thee (either) corn, wine, or oil, [or] the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he

have destroyed thee; the country shall be destroyed by their 52 vast armies. And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until

thy high and fenced walls come down wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land : and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee. The Jews fled to their fenced cities, where provisions

were laid up, but the walls of most of them, even of Jerusalem 53 itself, were broken down. And thou shalt eat the fruit of

thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters, which the LORD thy God hath given thee, in the siegc, and

in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee ; 54 this was actually the case when besieged by the Romans : [So

that] the man (that is] tender among you, and very delicate, . his eye shall be eyil toward his brother, and toward the wife

of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which 55 he shall leave : So that he will not give to any of them of

the flesh of his children whom he shall eat ; he shall grudge every morsel that he sees his nearest relations eat : shall be ready to snatch it from them ; yea, even to eat and devour them; and not allow them to feed upon his own children, which he is forced to eat; because he hath nothing left him in the siege, and in the

straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee in all thy 56 gates. The tender and delicate woman among you, which would

• Some of the Jewish doctors say, this is a prophecy of their destruction by the Ro. Onans; and indeed r.othing is here mentioned but what was literally applicable to that dreadfal event. The soldiers in Titus' army were from France, Spain, Britain, and the snas or ne earta ; the cagle was their standard, and their language was unknown to the Jews, which was not entirely the case with the Chald:e language. Vol. II.


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