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war, as far as possible, and with the exception of the modifica tions which time and circumstances may have produced, and which have given rise to new regulations.

VI. The present treaty is declared to be common to the Batas vian Republic.

VII. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged in the space of fifty days, or sooner if possible.

In faith of which we, the undersigned, in virtue of our full powers, have signed and sealed the said treaty.

Done at Paris, the 16th Vendemiaire, year 10 of the French
Republic (8th October, 1801.)

The Count De MARKOFF.



ist. The First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, and the Sublime Ottoman Porte, being desirous of putting an end to the war which now divides the two states, and to re-establish the ancient relations which united them, have nominated plenipotentiaries for this purpose:

The First Consul' of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, nominates Citizen Charles Maurice Talleyrand, Minister for Foreign Affairs; and the Sublime Porte, on the other hand, appoints the cidevant Bassi Muchassebi and Ambassador Esseyd Aly Effendy, who, after receiving full powers, have agreed on the following ternis :

Art. I. There shall be peace and amity betwixt the French Republic and the Sublime Ottoman Porte, in consequence of which hostilities shall cease between the two powers from the date of the exchange of these preliminaries : immediately after which exe change the whole province of Egypt shall be evacuated by the French army,

and restored to the Sublime Porte, whose territories and possessions shall be maintained intire, such as they were previous to the present war.

II. It is understood, that after this evacuation, whatever indulgencies shall be granted in Egypt to the other powers on the part of the Sublime Porte, shall also be extended to France.

IH. The French Republic shall recognise the Republic of the Seven United Isles and ihe Ex-Venetian territories situated on the Continent—she shall guarantee the maintenance of this constitum tion. The Sublime Porte shall acknowledge and accept for this purpose the guarantee of the French Republic, as well as that of the Court of Russia.

IV. Definitive arrangements shall be made betwixt the French Republic and the Sublime Ottoman Porte, relative to the goods


and effects of the respective citizens and subjects, confiscated or sequestrated during the war. All political and commercial agents, together with prisoners of war of every description, shall be set at liberty immediately after the ratification of the present prelimi. naries.

V. The treaties which existed before the present war betwixt France and the Sublime Ottoman Porte shall be renewed on their former footing. In consequence of this renewal the French Re. public shali enjoy in every part of the dominions of his Highness all the rights of commerce and navigation which she previously enjoyed, as well as those to which the most favoured nations shall henceforth be admitted.

The ratifications shall be exchanged at Paris within the space of 24 days.

Done at Paris, the 17th Vendemiaire (Oct. 9,) in the 10th

year of the French Republic, or the 1st of the month Gemasy-ul-ahir, in the one thousandth two hundredth

and sixteenth of the Egira. (Signed) Citizen Charles MAURICE TALLEYRAND.


PRELIMINARY ARTICLES OF PEACE Between his Britannic Majesty and the French Republic, signed at Londom

(in English and French,) the 1st of October, 1801; the 9th Vendemiaire) Year 10 of the French Republic.

(Published by Authority.)

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His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, being animated with an equal desire of putting an end to the calamities of a destructive war, and of reestablising union and good understanding between the two countries, have named for this purpose ; namely, his Britannic Majesty, the Right Honourable Robert Banks Jenkinson, commonly called Lord Hawkesbury, one of his Britannic Majesty's Most Honour able Privy Council, and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ; and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, Citizen Lewis William Ollo, Commissary for the exchange of French Prisoners in England, who, after having duly communicated to each other their full powers, in good form, have agreed on the following preliminary articles

Art. I. As soon as the preliminaries shall be signed and ratified, sincere friendship

shall be re-established between his Britannic Majesty and the French Republic, by sea and by land, in all parts of the world; and in order that all hostilities may cease immediately between the two powers, and between them and their allies respectively, the necessary instructions shall be sent with the


utmost dispatch to the commanders of the sea and land forces of the respective states, and each of the contracting parties engages to grant passports, and every facility requisite to accelerate the arrival, and ensure the execution of these orders. It is further agreed, that all conquests which may have been made by either of the contracting parties, from the other, or from their respective allies, subsequently to the ratification of the present preliminaries shall be considered as of no effect, and shall be faithfully comprehended in the restitutions to be made after the ratification of the definitive treaty. · II. His Britannic Majesty shall restore to the French Republic and her allies, namely, to his Catholic Majesty, and to the Batavian Republic, all the possessions and colonies occupied or con. quered by the English forces in the course of the present war, with the exception of the island of Trinidad and the Dutch possessions in the island of Ceylon, of which island and possessions bis Britannic Majesty reserves to himself the full and entire Sovereignty.

III. The port of the Cape of Good Hope shall be open to the commerce and navigation of the two contracting parties, who shall enjoy therein the same advantages.

IV. The island of Malta, with its dependencies, shall be evar cuated by the troops of his Britannic Majesty, and restored to the order of St. John of Jerusalern. For the purpose of rendering this island completely independent of either of the two contracting parties, it shall be placed under the guarantee and protection of a third power, to be agreed upon in the definitive treaty.

V. Egypt shall be restored to the Sublime Porte, whose territories and possessions shall be preserved entire, such as they existed previously to the present war.

VI. The territories and possessions of her Most Faithful Majesty shall likewise be preserved entire.

VII. The French forces shall evacuate the kingdom of Naples and the Roman territory. The English forces shall in like man Der evacuate Porto Ferrajo, and generally all the ports and islands which they may occupy in the Mediterranean, or in the Adriatic.

VIII. The Republic of the Seven Islands shall be acknowledged by the French Republic.

IX. The evacuations, cessions, and restitutions, stipulated for by he present preliminary articles, shall take place in Europe within one month; in the continent and seas of America and Africa, within three months; and in the continent and seas of Asia, within six months after the ratification of the definitive treaty.

x. The prisoners made respectively shall, immediately after the exchange of the definitive treaty, all be restored, and without Tansom, on paying reciprocally the debts which they may have ipdividually contracted. Discussions having arisen respecting the payment for the maintenance of Prisoners of war, the contracting powers reserve this question to be settled by the definitive treaty according to the law of nations, and in conformity to established usage.

XI. In

XI. In order to prevent all causes of complaint and dispute which may arise on account of prizes which may be made at sea after the signature of the preliminary articles, it is reciprocally agreed, that the vessels and effects which may be taken in the British channel and in the North seas, after the space of twelve days, to be computed from the exchange of the ratification of the present preliminary articles, shall be restored on each side; that the term shall be one month from the British channel and the North seas, as far as the Canary Islands inclusively, whether in the ocean or the Mediterranean ; two months from the said Canary islands as far as the equator; and lastly, five months in all parts of the world, without any exception, or any more particular description of time or place.

XII. Ali sequestrations imposed by either of the parties on the funded property, revenues, or debts, of any description, belonging to either of the contracting powers, or to their subjects or citizens, shall be taken off immediately after the signature of the definitive treaty. The decision of all claims brought forward by individuals of the one country against individuals of the other for private riglats, debts, property, or effects, whatsoever, which, according to received usages, and the law of nations, ought to revive at the period of peace, shall be heard and decided before the competent tribunals, and in all cases prompt and ample justice shall be administered in the countries where the claims are made. It is agreed, moreover, that this article, immediately after the ratification of the definitive treaty, shall apply to the allies of the contracting parties, and to the individuals of the respective nations, upon the conditions of a just reciprocity.

XIII. With respect to the fisheries on the coasts of the island of * Newfoundland and of the islands adjacent, and in the gulph of St. Lawrence, the two parties have agreed to restore them to the same footing on which they were before the present war, reserving to themselves the power of making, in the definitive treaty, such arrangements as shall appear just

and reciprocally useful, in order to place the fishing of the two nations in the most proper footing for the maintenance of peace.

XIV, In all the cases of restitution agreed upon by the present treaty, the fortifications shall be delivered up in the state in which they may be at the time of the signature of the present treat, and all the works which shall have been constructed since the occupation shall remain untouched. It is further agreed, that in all the cases of cession stipulated in the present treaty, there shall be allowed to the inhabitants, of whatever condition or nation they may be, a term of three years, to be computed from the notification of the definitive treaty of peace, for the purpose of disposing of their properties, acquired and possessed either before or during the present war; in the which term of three years they may have the free exercise of their religion, and enjoyment of their property. The same privilege shall be granted in the countries restored, to all those who shall have made therein any establishments whatso

ever during the time when those countries were in the possession of Great Britain. With respect to the other inhabitants of the countries restored or ceded, it is agreed that none of them shall be prosecuted, disturbed, or molested in their persons or properties under any pretext, on account of their conduct or political opinions, or of their attachment to either of the two powers, nor on any other account, except that of debts contracted to individuals, or on account of acts posterior to the definitive treaty.

XV. The present preliminary articles shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged, in London, in the space of fifteen days for all delay; and immediately after their ratification, plenipotentiaries shall be named on each side, who shall repair to Amiens for the purpose of concluding a definitive treaty of peace in concert with the allies of the contracting parties.

In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries of his Britannic Majesty, and of the First Consul of the French Republic, by virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present preliminary articles, and have caused our seals to be put thereto.

Done at London the First day of October, One thousand

eight hundred and one, the Ninth Vendemiaire, Year

Ten of the French Republic.
(1. s.)

(1. s.)


WE regret that want of room prevents us from giving general HUTCHINSON's dispatches, published in the extraordinary gazetle of the 22d. The events of the campaign in Egypt, so truly glorious to the British arms, will be read with gratitude and admiration by posterity. The important services performed by the present commander in chief derive new brilliancy from the modest language in which they are announced, and none can deny “ That the army in Egypt have gratified the warmest wishes and expectations of their country."



Thursday, October 29, THE sessions was this day opened in the usual manner. About half past two o'clock the King came in his usual state to the House of Peers. His Majesty, by his cheerfulness and healthy appearance, diffused great joy among the multitude of affectionate and loyal subjects who eagerly pressed forward to see him. Our beloved Sovereign was attended by the Earl of Winchelsea as Lord in Waiting, and Earl Chesterfield as Master of the Horse, When seated on the throne, his Majesty delivered the following most gracious speech: VOL. 2-NO. 10.


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