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bole, and more modellly expressed: he would in plain terms have de clared the purpose of it, and trusted to the merit of the execution, for its recommendation. When our expectations are raised too high, they are seldom answered ; and even when a writer honeftly-fullits his ample promises, Fame owes him 'no teward, he is a forestaller of applaule, and may be fatisfied if he is allowed to have anticipated no more than was due to him. 3. The Compiler of this book affures the Public, that he has given

“the parith officer's complete duty, brought down to the present * period; and this period is pointed out at the bottom of the title page to be the year 1974: yer if justices of the peace with to know their duty is an important article, that of regulating the allize and making of bread, they must confult a statute, 13 Geo. 3. c. 62, which is not mentioned in the work! If justices of the peace and parich officers examine it for the licenfing lying in hospitals, and for their duty respecting bastards born therein, they will be wholly disappointed ; not the least notice being taken of the act 13 Geo: 3. c. 82, the law now in force as to these cafes ! That these statutes were not too recent for this crude publication, may be inferred from the ample notice taken of the laft highway aat, 13 Geo. 3. C. 78, which is fubsequent to the bread act. This highway act is indeed almost given verbatim, for which perhaps two private reasons might be arged, if they were proper for the Compiler to produce : but instead of the last turnpike act, We are presented with a full detail of the 7 Geo. 3. C. 40. which is now repealed, and superseded by the 13 Geo. 3. c. 84. This last statute furnishes matter for a fhort appendix, but this appendix affords no fufficient reason or apology for overlooking the act 7 Geo. 3. C. 39. under the title Poor, nor for the premature halte in hurrying out so imperfect a publication disguised under fach oftentatious professions. Art. 32. A Difcuffion of Lord Camden's Opinion and Decter in

Allen and the Dake of Newcastle. 400.” 2 s. · Wilkie. 1774.

This Publication relates to a case of executor hip; and if it is of any use beyond a jutification of the parties affected by it, that use will be feen in displaying the tricks of an artful atcorney, in transactions where he was joint executor, and contrived to be fole manager. It is profeffedly published " to thew the motives which induced the Duke of Newcastle to appeal from Lord Camden's decree."! . The review of this decree belongs properly to the superior court to which his Grace appeals. "Art. 33. The Legal Degrees of Marriage stated and considered, in

a Series of Letters to a friend. By John Alleyne, Eíq; Barrister at Law. 8vo.' is," Harris, &c.

1774 Mr. Alleyne," the writer of these Letters; renews the theme formerly discuñed by Mr. Fry, who justified all the marriages of kindred, excepting those in the immediately ascending and descending line, and becacen full brothers and filters. He is therefore a very sanguine advocate for some distressed client who pines for the fifter of his deceased wife; and in this cause wärmly undertakes to refute those religious prejudices, which, as he expresses it, “ cannot tand

• See Review, vol. xv. p. 174.


the fire of argument.” This fire is indeed kept up with more impetuosity than steady courage; though some of the thot are well aimed, and seem to take effect.

So far as we are to be guided by the Mofaical law, the diftinction made by Mr. Fry, and infifted on by the present Writer, between uncovering the nakedness, and spreading a skirt 'over a woman, and covering the nakedness, appears quite just, however indelicate, as Mr. Alleyne well remarks, the expressions are : indeed, we should owe an apology to the fair fex, for referring to them in this grofs manner, did the advocates on both sides confine their reasoning, on this delicate subject, to the a&ual and intrinfic merits of the case, without calling in the law and practice of a people, few of whose inftitutions are confitent with, or worthy of regard, under the present improvements of haman knowledge. As an evidence of our own respect for decency, we shall suppreis some additional hints that might be urged to support this diftin&tion; and content ourselves with observing, after the writers on this subje&t, that by the help of it, many of the Lo. vitical prohibitions vanih : and that the regular practice of the Jews contradicts the popular construction of them. This consideration leads Mr. Alleyne to make some pertinent observations on the canon law; and with respect to marrying with a fister of a former wife (to justify which is the principal object of these letters) to lay great fress on the act 1 Mary, feff. z. c. r, that pronounced the validity of the marriage between Henry VIII. and Catharine of Arragon, the widow of his brother Arthur. But without impeaching the avowed principles on which that act was framed, the authority of it would certainly have been stronger, had its declared object been more extensive, and had it not been calculated folely to fanctify the power under which it paffed; a power which there were manifold reasons to with had never been restored. It is clear it never would have passed, had Elizabeth immediately. fucceeded Edward VI. Still muft it be allowed, as our Author remarks, that “it is a solemn, publie, notorious, legislative declaration, of the purity of a marriage solemnized between a man and his own brother's widow.” It should seem therefore, according to plain reaton, that this legislative declaration would extend to, and support, all marriages in like circumstances. Mr. Alleyne, however, advises an application to parliament, to have the degrees of marriage ascertained by an express law; a measure which would, in every respect, be more agreeable to British protestants, than the authority by which such cases are now decided.

NAVIGATION. Art. 34. The Seaman's useful Friend and pleafant Companion. 8vo.

Price only 1 s. 6d. Printed at Chichester, and fold in London - by Richardson, &c. 1774.

The Author has anticipated any recommendation which we might be disposed to give him, by being very free and full in the praise of his own performance. But this self-commendation we attribute to other motives than those of vanity and oftentation. We have already had occasion to remark a peculiarity in his manner of writing, and we then suggested what appeared to us a just account of it. See Rev. for Jan. 1773, p. 72. We with, however, for his own sake, that our Author may not be too liberal in communicating “ the

knowledge knowledge with which the Almighty has blessed him.” In this small treatise we have, “befides other serviceable things," tables of the sun's declination for four years, from 1773 to 1776 inclusive; a method of finding the declination till the year 1800; rules for working an obfervation either of the sun or stars, “ more plain and easy than have yet been given;" a list of some of the biggest” stars, with their right ascension and declination ; directions to the seaman for finding and knowing any star, for correcting the dead reckoning by an obfervation, for discovering the variation by a common wooden dish compass, for touching the compass and for making the Land's-End or the Lizard with safety. The whole is written in a very plain manner, and may be of use to those navigators that have not access to more complete and more costly publications.

MATHEMATICS. Art. 35. Science Improved ; or, the true Theory of the Universe. Com

prehending a rational System of the most useful as well as entertaining Parts of natural and experimental Philosophy, embellished with Copper-plates on a new-invented moveable Construction, &c. By Thomas Harrington. 4to. 7 s. 6 d. sewed. Printed for the Author, and fold by Crowder, &c.

A compilation, in which the leading principles of the celeftial philosophy are familiarly explained and applied to the purposes of religion and virtue. There is a freedom and ease in our Author's manner of writing, which will render this performance agreeable to those juvenile readers, for whose information and use it is principally intended : and his intention, in this abstract of philosophical science, is truly laudable ; but we are sorry to observe, that he has paid little regard to order in the distribution of his materials, and that some of his defcriptions are obscure and imperfect.

In a work of this kind, designed for the instruction and amusement of youth, it is of great moment to give a clear and accurate account of every subject that occurs. As an instance of the Writer's obscurity, we refer to his examination of the paragraph in which he defcribes the places of the planets, toward the close of section 16: ? what we have now been speaking of is called the geocentrick places of the planets, that is seen from, or having the earth for its center, The beliocentrick places of the planets, means, was it possible for an eye to be placed in the sun, it would see our earth as a planet, and give the places of all the planets as they would appear from this fituation of the observer.” This is a species of definition, constructed by no rules of logic or of grammar.

Our Author has stated the number of miles in a degree of latitude, every where, at 60, without taking any notice of the true measurement of meridional degrees. He has likewise set down the distances of the planets from the sun, together with their diameters and magnitudes, according to former eitimates, without any of the alterations and amendments determined by the late transits. · His account of eclipfes is very unsatisfactory and imperfect : and, as the annexed figure for explaining them by no means answers the purpose of a real orrery, and tends to mislead a reader unacquainted with this fubje&t, he should have been particularly cautious to prevent milakes, and to remove a difficulty that must arise in the very


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youngest mind, with respect to the period of their return. Every youth, who attends merely to Mr. Harrington's plate and description, muft conclade, that eclipses, both of the sun and moon, will peceffarily happen in every month.

We submit these remarks to our Author's confideration; more especially as this volume is foon to be succeeded by another, in pur: suance of the same plan. Art. 36. A Treatise on the Longitude, &c. By R. Waddington,

400. 2 s. 6 d. Nourse. 1773. This treatise may be considered as a kind of second supplement to the Author's Pra&tical Method for finding the Longitude and Latitude of a Ship at Sea, published in 1763. (See Rev, for October in the fame year, P: 308.) The first Jupplement was published in 1764: see Rev. Jan. 1964, p. 78. This new treatise contains inftru&tions and tables for the use of the sextant and octant in celestial observations ; and particularly in those that immediately relate to the longitude. Mr. W. is well acquainted, both from theory and experience, with this fubjet; and the present pamphlet is a valuable addition tq wbac he has already offered to the public. Toward the conclusion he has given an abstract of the dimensions of the solar system, deduced from the observations of the last tranfit, together with some general definitions.

HER AL DRY. Art. 37. The complete English Peerage; or, e genealogical and bif

torical Account of the Peers and Peeresses of tbis Realm. By the Rev. Frederic Barlow, M. A. 8vo. 2 Vols. 12 s. 6 d. Boards,

1773. Though we are already furnished with various hiftories of the Eng. lish peerage, yet the many changes that have lately happened from new creations, and the extinction of old titles, furnish a plausible excuse for a fresh publication of this nature,

Foriner writers in this walk, inftead of being faithful biforians, have too often (as Mr. B. observes) deviated into mere panegyrifs. The Authors of the work before us boast of their own unbiassed integrity in the following terms :- We shall not be afraid 10 pull aside the ermine, to fhew the corruption (which) lies hidden behind; and our reverence for truth will embolden us to disclose the weakness of tbe head, even when encircled by the diadem.'

This is, indeed, a bold declaration : but we find it made good, in a variety of instances, in the course of the work; in which the characters of many of the present nobility, whether favourable or otherwise, are drawn with great freedom, and an air of impartiality:

The arms are neatly and accurately engraved, and (which is pecu. liar to the present work] the mottos are all translated and explained. Good engravings are also given of his Majesty, and of all the different orders of peers, in their parliamentary robes.

On the whole, this account of the English peerage seems to deserve the public approbacion, equally with other abridgments of the like Dature; and the more fo, as the fate of the several noble families is brought down to the time of its publication,



POETICA L. Art. 38. Nuptial Elegies. 410. 28. Keatsley. 1774. These elegies bear frong marks of the domestic virtues j and, if there were any credit due to poetry, we hhould venture to pronounce their Author a good husband, and a good father. They are four in number. The first has the fartling title of Fruition, but is by no means immodeft; the second, which is by far the best, is entitled the Disappointment of Paffion : from this are selected the following Aanzas;

Ye golden joys that fir'd my raptur'd breaft,

When Sylvia's eyes the mutual pleasure caught;
When to her lov'd and loving bosom preft,

We mingled every foul-diffolving thought :
Where are ye

fied ?-Ah! never to return,
Though my true heart its pritine paffion warms;
Though in my veins the same fierce ardours burn,

Nor leffen'd are my Sylvia's powerful charms ;
Still in her eyes the pointed lightnings play,

Still on her cheeks the living roses blow;
In sprightly youth's unfaded prime fill gay,

ftill unmatch'd her bosom's unfoil'd snow :
But cold, alas! to love's engaging arts,

Each glowing spark extinguish'd in her breaft,
No more our meeting mutual fires imparts,

Our days are lifeless, and our nights unblett.
Lefs curs'd the swain whom Hatred's baleful power

Has drove injurious from Affection's seat;
Infulted Love will suffer but his hour,

And, aided by Revenge, at last retreat :
Far happier he, who droops beneath the frown

Of scornful Beauty's well-affected pride,
Hope may befriend, and Time his wishes crown,

To me revenge and hope are both denied :
For love, like youth, its tender moments paft,

No forcę, no art, no accidents restore;
Age and indifference will for ever laft,

While vainly we their frigid powers deploro.
The two laft elegies are entitled the Triumph of Reason and the Win.
ter of love, and contain many good ftanzas.
Art. 39. Fables by Mr. John Gay, with an Italian Translation

by Gian Francefco Giorgeti. 8vo, 6 s. Davies. I773. Signor Giorgetti, an ingenious Venetian, has translated thefe ceJebrated fables into Italian verse ; and he has executed the work with fpirit, perspicuity, and elegance. A precifion equal to that of the original, could hardly have been hoped for, had his language al. lowed it; and, perhaps, his greatest fault is too diffuse a tyle. Forty-two of the fables are here given with the original on the oppo. fire page; and we know not å more useful book for the Italian fcholar, 24


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