« AnteriorContinuar »
for the sake of presenting his poem to the public in a striking manDer. Yet, however good his defign, his poetical talents are not to be much commended. Art. 28. A Familiar Epistle to the Author of the Heroic Episle to
Sir William Chambers, and of the Heroic Postscript to the Public. 4to.
I s. 6 d. Wilkie. 1774. The spirited Author of the Heroic Epistle, &c. having * announced his resolution, should occasion require, to employ
the thunder of his fong, Rolling in deep ton's energy along," again the nefarious attempts of arbitrary governors or corrupt fenators, to invade the liberties or squander the properties of his countrymen,--the present Writer steps forward to expoftulate with the Heroic Bard on the vanity and folly of such an attempt. He keenly ridicules the Poffcript throughout; and has, indeed, in the language of Admiral Hawke, given the author a found drubbing. He concludes with an excellent leffon for those splenetic geniules who are so wondrous prompt on every, or on no, occasion,
to lift aloft the Satyr's rod,
-Obe! jam fas!--what scribbling rage!
• See Review for February laft, p. 155.
+ We cangot resist the temptation to transcribe the lines alluded to, above; and every feeling heart will thank us for them,
Glancing at all that Fancy sends,
6-0 ye rude fools, who never gain
Ye base, unhallow'd sons of Rhyme,
from the Latin of Mr. Archdeacon Battely. 12mo. 35. Johnson. 1774
This short account of the ancient state of the Isle of Thanet wiki afford amusement to those who have a taste for antiquities. The antiquary must, on this subject, as well as many others, be sometimes contented with conjecture; but conje&ure, to a perfon thoroughly engaged in these pursuits, is often highly fatisfactory.
Dr. Battely was Chaplain to Archbithop Sancroft, Prebendary of Canterbury, and Archdeacon of the Diocese ; and died in 1708. Dr. Terry, Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, published his Antiquiá fates Rutupinæ in 1711, and they are now first translated (as we suppose) by the Rev. Mr. John Lewis, who has added, a short differtation on the ancient ports of Richborough and Sandwich, - which was read before the Society of Antiquaries, Ox. 11, 1744: In which differtation he differs, in fome respects, from Dr. Battely's account.
The original of this work is elegantly composed in Latin, in the form of a dialogue between the Author and his two learned friends and brother-chaplains, Dr. Henry Maurice and Mr. Henry Wharton: But as the dialogue method rendered the relation rather prolix, it was thought that the translation would be more acceptable to an English reader, in a smaller, though less classic form, as a differtation, or eflay. Dr. Battely appears to have been well acquainted with the Greek and Roman Authors, as well as with modern writers in every branch of antiquity: Beside the observations which he makes on the ancient Reculver, and on Rutupiæ, or Richborough, he gives fome account of the coins which, in great numbers, have been found here; and also a description of fibulæ, ligula, spoons, a Arigil or fleth-Scraper, the bafts of clasp knives, &c. discovered at thefe places, and which were then in his poffeffion. Of fome of these antiquities a print is added; beside which, a small chart of the places mentioned in the work is prefixed to the volume. But without farther remarks, we shall only lay before our readers the folution. which Dr. Battely proposes of the question, how so many Roman coins came to be left in Britain ? Spartian, says he, relates that Pesceonius Niger ordered the foldiers to carry no gold nor silver coins to war in their purses, but to lodge them in the public treasury, and afterwards to receive what they had entrusted, that in case of misfortunes the enemy might receive no part of the spoil. This, I imagine, was an ancient military discipline, which had been disused long before the time of Pescennius, and, when revived by him, did not long continue ; but that it was rather usual for every soldier, when setting out for a campaign, or at the eve of a battle, to have the option of carrying his effects with him, or of hiding them in what place he pleased. Afterwards I fuppose this to have been the practice of the Roman army in our island, whenever they were drawn out of their camps, or stations, to make long and uncertain marches against the enemy; at which time, in hope of returning and recovering their property, they depofited their money in the ground: thus by the treasures of those who were Nain in battle we are enriched. The fame may be said of those who, being either besieged or diflodged from their castles and towns, had no opportunity to remove their money ; and this is the reafon that such coins are generally found near towns and stations : in short, to the fatal events of war, to che storming and burning of houses, towns, and cities, we owe great part of our antiquarian wealth.' We take leave of Dr. Battely, and of his transator, with only informing oor Readers, that the Author gives the palm of antiquity (as to the Romans) to Richborough, in preference to all other places in Britain. Art. 30. A Dictionary of the Portuguese and English Languages;
wherein the Words are explained in their different Meanings, by Examples from the best Portuguese and English Writers; the whole interspersed with a great Number of Phrases and Proverbs. By Anthony Vieyra Tranftagnano. 4to.
2 vols. 21, 129, 6d. Nourse.
A work of this kind, in which the Portuguese and English languages are alternately transfused into each other, in the same manner as are our French, Italian, and other Dictionaries of Foreign Lan. guages, has long been wanted ; efpecially by those who are engaged in the commercial intercourse subfifting between the two nations
• The intercourse of the two languages is not limited to Europe. The neceflity of an acquaintance with that of the Portuguese, by the English in the Eat Indies, and other remote parts of the world, is fufficiently known.
Mr. Vieyra's 'work will therefore be particularly acceptable to the mercantile part of the public, both in England and Portugal. It will also be confidered as an useful acquifition to literature in general. The Author is a teacher of languages in this capital; and is a perTon of acknowledged abilities in his profęllion. "Art. 31. Old Heads on young Shoulders: or, Youth's pleasing
Guide to Knowledge, Wisdom, and Riches. In a series of engaging, initructive, and entertaining Histories, drawn from real Life'; and related in such a manner as to amuse che
Rea ders, and convey useful Knowledge in the most delightful manger. Dergned to guard 'Youth against the Snares that are generally laid for them at their first setting out in the World, by the arcful and wicked of both Sexes; and hewing the dangerous Effets of giving à Loose to the Passions. The whole intended to display THE Amiableness of Virtue, and the Deformity of Vice, in the most Itriking Colours. 12mo. 35. Cooke.
1774. After so ample an account, who can entertain a doubt of the ele: gance, spirit, or use of this publication ! Je confifts of short narratives, under a variety of heads, and we are assured ' every narrative has been taken from real actions in life, and although none of them were ever published before, yet they will be found itrictly confiftent with truth. The Writer's design is undoubtedly commendable, and his plan in this respect a very good one. He labours to recommend virtue, and deter from vice and folly, by a representation of occorrences in real life; though unhappily ihe tales, which are dreffed out by fancy and fiction, will often prove more engaging and interesting to the youthful heart,
That the Author is either negligent or defective in point of tyle; appears from the title page, as well as from other parts of the book; but the relations he gives have all a moral tendency, and may with propriety be put into the hands of young persons, as likely to impress on their minds a regard to virtue and fobriety. Art. 32. The Friend: or, Essays instructive and entertaining
for Youth of both Sexes; on the most important Subjects. Exemplified with Stories from real Life. 12mo. 2s. 6d. Snagg. 1774.
We cannot, with certainty, inform our Readers, whether or not all of these essays are collected from books; but some of them we recollect as old acquaintance: the oth particularly, which is copied verbatim from the Rambler. The Editor ought to have explained this matter, in a preface, or preliminary advertisement; but nothing of that kind is said, nor any reference made. The essays, however, whether originals or transcripts, are pretty, tho' not great; the subjects are important; and the lessons inculcated may be useful to Art. 33. New Reflections on the Errors committed in both Sexes,
before and after Marriage. By a young Lady. 8vo. Bew.
From the many imperfections in the style of this Writer, we conclude that she is a very young Lady indeed! But Miss in her Teens feems rather too forward to snatch at the honours of Authorship: The would, we think, be as usefully employed in repairing her dolls, and regulating the economy of her baby-house.
Art. 34. An Introduction to Mr. James Anderson's Diplomata Scotic, To which is added Nores, taken from various Authors, and original manuscripts. By Thomas Ruddiman, M. A. 12mo. zs. 6d. Boards. Edinburgh priated, and fold by Richardson and Urquhart, in London, 1773.
This is a translation of a work composed by the ingenious Mr. Raddiman, and by him prefixed as an explanatory introduction to Mr. Anderson's Diplomata Scotia ; a book fcarce, of high price, and feldom to be met with. The Editor observes, that this introduction contains many particulars which may contribute to rectify fome erroneous opinions that have commonly prevailed, in regard to leveral historical facts. It gives an account of the antiquity of writings, yalae of money, and prices of provisions in Scotland, in ancient times, the knowledge of which, he says, is more than matter of mere curiosity, and therefore, he hopes, his translation will not be unacceptable to the public.
Mr. Anderson was writer to the Signet. The first and principal division of his book, contains a specimen of select charters, granted or ordered by the Kings, or other principal men of Scotland, from the year of the chriftian æra 1094 to 1412, continued in regular order. It was Mr. Anderfon's care to exhibit the specimens he colle&ted, formed as like the writing of the originals as was posible, and to give, on the opposite fide, copies of the originals expreffed in modern characters. But left it fhould be said, that barbarism stood in the way of the use of charters being sooner introduced among the Scots, Mr: Ruddiman takes some pains to prove, that this custom prevailed long before the time of Duncan ll. or the year : 1094 ; his argument, however, confifts. of probabilities and conjecture, which are not very satisfactory, nor is the matter indeed of any great importance.
His account of the utility of charters, or other inftruments, which may fall under the term diplomata. is very juft ; as beside the primary benefit of these ancient writings for determining or fecuring right and property, they have a secondary use for supporting the truth of hiftory, and correcting its errors; of which lalt advantage he relates several instances in the Scotish history.
As the latter part of Mr. Anderson's famous work treats of Scotch seals and coins, Mr. Ruddiman proceeds to a careful confideration of these particulars. He enquires how ancient the use of coin was in Scotland, what was the value of their money, what the shape of their coins, what their value and condition at different periods. He has added tables to Thew Kow many numeral pounds, Millings, and pennies Scots, were coined out of one pound weight of gold, and out of one real pound weight of lilver, at different times, with their intrinsic fineness. • From these tables, he observes, it may casily be understood, how much, not only the unlearned vulgar, bat even learned and sensible men, have blundered fo egregiously in computing the value of our ancient money; who, when they found it mentioned in old writings, or heard by report, that, for example, a boll of wheat was valued at ten, twelve, fourteen, &c. pennies per boli, a Aagon of wine at two pennies, a hen at one halfpenny; immediately think, that the in:rinsic ralus of these denominacions of Rev, Apr. 1774