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into divisions or things, fides, and mizmaze, &c.' The omilion was owing to mere ignorance and ofcitancy on our parts ; and not, as the Author seems to suspect, to our joining in the general dread and alarm which, it seems, has seized our Gram. marians and Lexicographers,' our * Booksellers' and our Seminaries,' left these his most momençous discoveries 'paule overturn the present lyflims of things.' ART. XIII. An Ejay on the Nature and Circulation of the Blood, in
Two Parts. 1.- On its Nature and Uses. II On its Circulation.
By Marmaduke Berdoe, M. D. 800. 1 s. 6 d. Robinson. 1772. ART, XIV Theory of the Human Sensations. By Marmaduke Berdoe, M.D. 8vo.
that he must excuse ús for taking the liberty of lumping his two tracts together; especially as we actually find ourselves unqualified to give any clear, distinct, or consistent account of their contents. We really can seldom discover what he would be at; and, though conversant in his writings, are still in a great measure ignorant of the language in which he wraps up his new and mysterious doctrines. We are utterly unacquainted, for instance, with the animating ætherial offence,' which, he tells us, the arteries convey • in mucual streams to the different organs ;' though we have read and studied his explanatory note on this passage, in which he informs us that the ætherial efrence means the fixed air, or the air, or aerial particles contained in the blood, which is supposed to be the same with what is called elementary fire.' This note, however, conveys to us no other information than what we were already possessed of; that the Doctor has an excellent knack at playing off a set of newfangled phrases, of dealing out his alber plentifully, and of jumbling the elements together by a dash or two of his pen.
We have indeed, by this time, learnt that his ? exterior organ' -a grand and active agent in the Doctor's physiology, is neither more por less than what we and others simply call the skin ; but as to his phrenic centers'-his conters,' and his points, of appuy-which are continually occurring in the second of these tracts, and his disgregations in the organical forces'--together with many other choice and recondite terms and phrases-they surpass our comprehension nearly as much as his brother Jones's ، quaternion of elements,' or his burning bush in strait lines, expanding an infinite circle in a triad;' recorded in the preceding article. All these phrases, we doubt' not, have ideas tacked to them, in the congenial heads of these two writers : but though Dr. Berdoe's exterior. organ,' ' mucual streams, and disgregations,' doubtless serve many important purposes in his Theory of Human Sensations ; an account of them, or of their mystic agency
and powers *, cannot be expected from our sober and unenlightened pens.
And yet these and the Author's former and future publications, it seems, contain a System that will speedily astonish the world, by its ftupendous magnitude and power, 'In the concluding paragraph of the first of these two tracts, the fond father of it accufes us of having exerted our weak endeavours to ftifle this young HERCULES in its cradle ; and gives us fair warning to make quick dispatch, if we expect to succeed in our desperate attempt to check the rapid growth of this ftrapping youngster.-Hear what the Doctor himself fays on the fubject, Our representation might, perhaps, be thought exaggerated :
• These opinions,' says he, will be confirmed by future publications, particularly by an Enquiry into the Nature of the Human Pulse, and the Motion of the Arteries. But if the Reviewers are determined to destroy OUR System in the bud, they should not lole the present opportunity, as by length of time it may grow into so powerful a Colossus, as to bid defiance at last to all the artillery of their genius,'
We appeal, on this occasion, to the judgment of the impase. tial Public ; not doubting but they will acquit us of the dark design here imputed to us by this unaccountable mortal. We have indeed more than once diffepted from the Doctor's opinions, when we have understood them; and in particular acknowledge that, in March 1773, justly provoked to see the rays of light violenıly twisted and joftled out of their natural and lawful course by this bold innovator, we ftoutly defended the good old laws of vision, against the Doctor's New System of seeing :--but from dates and other circumstances, it is evident that this cannot be the growing Colossus above referred to t.
• It was well judged in the Doctor to give the kin, that humble covering of the body, the high founding title above mentioned. The pbrenic centers, and even the brain, it seems, yield in power to the • exterior organ.'
+ The Doctor breeds fo faft, and brings forth fo many new fyftems and theories, that we protest we have overlooked a capital one indeed, promulgated in this very essay. Here, if we righely comprehend him, h demolishes the old Harveian circulation, dethrones the heart-and portions out its hitherto undisputed, universal dominion over the circulating Auids, into numerous principalities, under the government of the spongiform substance of the cellulary-membrane, dispersed over the various parts of the body. These 'heptarchies, (though we know not their precise
, number) are the principal agents in the circulation, and each part of the body has a circulation pe. culiar to itself.'—Where will this man stop!-If he be suffered to go on long at this violent rate, we must e'en shut our books, and all go to fchool again :- mortifying step, to be obliged to take at our age!
It appears, however, that by our'rough treatment of the new optical system, we had nearly, though unwittingly, deprived the world of the present new Theory of the Human Senfations. We will recite the alarming tale in the Doctor's own words,
Every thing, it seems, was prepared for the promulgation of the new theory, when a friend brought him the Monthly Review for March 1772 co tierled, by the learned body of the Monthly Reviewers.' + Tortured and vexed;> I was going to throw all this theory erito the fire, it had not occurred to me, that two heads are of centimes better than one. Pleased with the thought, I called up my cookmaid; and bid? her run her eye very carefully over the whole' (the very identical beeg we Tufpect, in' which the Doctor faw the real image--See the aforesaid Review;' page 238, where he fyly calls it the eye of a friendy She liked it, and approved of my publishing."
Under the fanction then of her great authority I boldly venture once more to request your great decision? I fattet mýférf I shall pleafe you, for though' my cookmáid is not so learned as a Reviewer, she is as excellent an old winnan as the belt...002. : What could induce this wench to relish the Doctor's theory, where be principally derives our pleasurable and other fensations from the Midritt, is best known to herfelf. But are these, Dr Berdoe, your clinical and practical observations, that you promited us when you commenced Author ? Viewing yourself in your cookmaid's papil--and communing with her on the true feat of pleasurable sensations I? Fie' upon you By way fereeny you would pafs her off to us and the world for an old woman, like ourselves. But a fet of elderly matrons, as we are, are not to be fo taken in She is a young wanton baggags, we'll warrant her, and no beiter than the thould be.
+ See M. Review, vol. xlvi. April 1777, P. 443 !!!
I These, says the Doctor, p. 35, are produced by all those causes that forcibly enchain us in the poléon of those objects which may be called the idols of human happiness. Here we have the fair sex plainly designed. She liked it,' says the Doctor. They are his very words. - See above,
زل، أو البانی : 4
Art. XV. Chirurgical Observations and Cefeso i By William Brom
field, Surgeon to her Majesty, and to St. George's Hospital. Illustrated with Copper.plates. 8vo, 2 Vols, 145: Cadell. 1773.. ANY new, pertinent, and useful remarks are contained
in this work, which is howeverounneceffarily enlarged by a considerable number of trite and infignificant obfervations, that seem to answer no other purpose than that of swelling the matter, which might with case have been contained in one vo
lume, into two. The Author feems to have entertained the same apprehensions with Martial, that his works would be in danger of being loft, were they not eked out, and expanded into a larger bulk, by the addition of supplementary materials, no matter of what quality :
• Edita ne brevibus pereat mihi charta libellis, ,
De Libro Suo Lib. i. Epigr. 46. The disposition of this matter likewise is frequently such as to incline the Reader to fuppose that the Author had emptied his whole common-place book, and given its heterogeneous contents to the Public, just as the different articles stood there; without selection, and with very little regard to form, language, or method. Of this inexcusable inattention to order we shall give the two following very Ariking instances.
In the ad chapter of his firft volume, where the Author in the title of it profesies to treat of Amputation, the Reader will, at the beginning of it, meet with an enumeration of some of the complaints that seem to indicate, or that require, the removal of a limb. From this subject bowever he will soon find him liding away to another, that bears indeed fome affinity to the operation;-the nature, causes, and ligns of a mortification. He now begins to lose sight of the original object, for he must next accompany the Author Starting into the do&rine of inflammation; discussing the various theories that bave been formed
on that subject, and finally propofing his own opinion. Having got over this litigated matter, the Author next treats of perspiration. He then proceeds to the sea and the land scurvy; and from thence to the pox, where he gives us his sentiments on the powers of corrosive sublimate in venereal. complaints. From thence he leads the Reader to Harwich, and treats of leabathing, and the utility of warm fea-baths, first proposed by himself about fifteen years ago. Returning once more to inflammation he fticks to ir pretty closely, to the end of the chapter; —like Montaigne and Tristram Shandy, leaving bis companion at Jeisure to look about him, at the end of it, for the subject he first set off with. After a pause, the reader proceeds to. chap. 3, where he finds bim treating of Tumours; in chap. 4, of the Erysipelas ; in chap. 5, of the Anthrax or Carbuncle. Here, and under this unpromifing title, he at length unexpectedly meets with a large number of observations or remarks, fone of them new and important, on the subject of amputation ; particularly on that of the arm at the articulation of the thoulder. wThe next instance of the neglect of order in this work, presends us likewise with a fingular example of the want of a good underfaoding or correspondence between its different parts. In shape 4, of the dovolume, On Fractures,' we were surprised
not to find our Author keeping pace at least with his cotempo.' raries, in the simple and efficacious improvements that have been lately introduced into that branch of practice * At page 59, indeed, we have one tranfient glimpse afforded us, in about four words, of a part of the hew treatment; where in the case of a considerable tumefaction of the limb, preventing its reduction, we are told that while the surgeon is ufing means to bring down the swelling, as well as afterwards when he attempts the reduction of the broken bone, if the fracture is of the tibia or fibula,
the knee foould be bent.' But throughout the reft of this chapter, scarce a vestige of the improved practice is to be traced : on the contrary, we find the Author ftill retaining the use of plaifters, the endless circumvolutions of a long single-headed roller, and the leg box ;- parts of the inconvenient and noxious trumpery of our forefathers. .'
Proceeding onwards however to chap. 7, we are again, equally, surprifed to find our Author there not only warmly recommend ing the placing the fractured leg, for instance, in a bent pofiu tion, in order to relax the mufcles, both in the case of fimple and of compound fractures, and not only during but after rea duction fuffering the pacient to lie at his eafe, on his fide or otherwise, with his leg unconfined, on a soft pillow ;-and ftrongly approving the use of the eighteen-tailed bandage, on account of its evident advantages above the circular-but we find him likewise putting in his claim to a considerable share in the discovery of these late improvements, and contending that it is now near 30 years fince he first recommended and inculcated them to his auditors, in his public lectures. This claim we fhall not contravert ; but it is fingular, and certainly favours our idea of the Author's having huddled together the materials of the prefent work from his old and new common place books; to find him observing nearly a total filence with respect to certain modern improvements, in a part of his work where he is profeffedly treating of the subject to which they immediately relate : while in another part of it, he infifts on the great advantages derived from them, and contends for the honour of havo' ing long ago inculcated them.
Though the titles of the chapters into which this work is divided, do not, as the Reader already perceives, every where accurately fpecify their contents; we fall enumerate them, in order to give the Reader fome information concerning the fubjects that are treated of in these two volumes.
The firft is divided into fix chapters. In the first, which has no title, the Author, on too flight grounds, in our opinion, re
• We have formerly given a popular account of these improvements, and their rationale, in our oth volume, June 1769, p. 4653