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to the bosom of Popery, by their too near affinity to that mother of superstition and idolatries. They are therefore intirely left out.

The appointment of the Litany to be read only on fuch days as the Lord's Supper is adminiftred, corresponds with the order of the original compilers of the liturgy. For our ecclefiaftical hiftory informs us, that the Litany was designed to be a kind of preparation to the Communion, and to be read a little before that office began.

The morning service, on the days that the Lord's fupper is administered, is somewhat shorter than at other times; and the introductory part of the Communion Service is laid aside as unneceffary ; by which the whole is much abridged. And it is hoped, that all that join in the former, will attend the latter. For it is in itself most unreasonable, and wholly unprecedented in the Apostles times, that any should join in the devocions of the church, and not join in receiving the Lord's Supper a part of those devotions ; but not more facred than the rest, nor requiring any different religious disposition of mind or preparation for it.

• Dr. Clarke made many alterations in the Baptismal office, which was much incumbered with a continual reference to the abstruse mecaphysical doctrines of election and original fin. But he does not appear to have sufficiently disentangled it. A ttrict adherence to holy feriprure, and the fimplicity of the inftitution, has been aimed at in the additional parts of this service.

• The promiscuous reading of the Psalms having been long matter of complaint; the appointment of these, and of the Lessons, seems properly left to the discretion of the minister.'

We cannot take leave of this article in fitter terms than those which Mr. Lindsey has chosen for the motto to his sermon above quoted, viz.

“ The true unity of Christians consists not in unity of apinion in the bond of ignorance, or unity of practice in the bond of hypocrisy, but in the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace."

Dr. Clarke's Sermons, vol. iï. p. 316. Art. 47. Religious Intolerance no part of the general Plan cither of

the Mofaic or Cbriftian Dispensation. Proved by fcriptural Inferences and Deductions, after a Method entirely new. 8vo. 1S. Glou. cester, printed by Raikes, and sold by Rivington in London. 1774.

It would have been of great advantage and honour to religion, if its advocates had generally possessed the spirit and temper of Doctor Tucker. Our religious tenets are probably much influenced by our natural dispositions; and every man whose temper is not so good as the Doctor's, will be inclined to dispute his principle. We, however, think it a candid and noble one; and hating persecution of every species, and under every pretence, we readily allent to inferences and deductions. We fear there are not many of his brethren who will be pleased with his charity, or be properly affected and improved by such sentiments as the following:

· The upshot of the whole is this: Reason and persuade, intreat and importune as much as you can: preach the word; be indtant in season, out of season, reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine: but use no violence; and be content with those me thods of propagating and preserving the gospel of Christ which he himself both prescribed and practised. The wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.

We

We most sincerely recommend this excellent pamphlet to the perusal of all our contending divines. Art. 48. A brief and dispassionate View of the Dificulties attending

the Trinitarian, Arian, and Socinian Systems. Occasioned by the fierce Controversies now on foot in divers Parts of the Kingdom respecting those Subjects; and designed to alift the candid, hum ble, and modest Inquirers in their Searches after Gospel Truths. By Josiah Tucker, D. D. Dean of Gloucester. 8vo. 3d. Gloucester printed, and sold by Rivington in London. 1774.

This little pamphlet breathes the same Christian temper which has generally marked the writings of the dean of Gloucester. Art. 49. An Address to Protestant Diflenters, on the Subject of

giving the Lord's Supper to Children. By Joseph Priestley, LL.D. F.R. S. 8vo. IS Johnson. 1773.

Dr. Prielley tells us, that the subject of his address was almost as new to himself, as it can be to any persons who meet with his publication. But having been more conversant with the ancient Chriftian writers, and also having met with Dr. Peirce's essay on the subject, he says, he is now, on mature confideration, fully satisfied, that infant communion, as well as infant baptism, was the most antiene custom in the Christian church, and therefore that the practice is of apoftolical and consequently of divine authority.'

After endeavouring to thew that this was the ancient and early practice of the church, he inquires how it came to be laid afide; and he concludes, that the denial of the cup to the laiety, and refusing the Lord's supper to infants, ‘had their rise from the same cause, and took place about the same time, and not till the doctrine of transubstantiation was fully established, which was about the twelfth century.

As children are early brought by considerate and serious parents or governors to attend public worship, by which means their minds are betimes impresled with a notion of its obligation and importance, their future attendance is secured, and their rational and voluntary attachment to it accelerated; the fame advantages, the Doctor apprehends, muft arise if they were early brought to the Lord's fupper: Children, he supposes, would by this means become more the objects of attention both to their parents and the governors of churches; and young persons would probably be more established in the belief of christianity: Having been from their infancy constantly accustomed to bear their part in all the rites of it, they would be more firmly attached to it, and less easily desert it.-- When the practice of every thing external belonging to christianity is become habitual, the obligation, says he, to what is internal, will be more constantly and more sensibly felt.' Art. 50. The Works of the late Reverend Mr. Robert Riccaltoun, Minister of the Gospel at Hobkirk. 8vo. 3

Vols.

15 s. bound. Edinburgh printed, and fold by Dilly in London. 1772.

The first of these volumes contains Essays on human Nature, and on several of the doctrines of Revelation. The second consists of a Treatise on the general plan of Revelation ; and, the Christian Life, or a differtation on Gal. ii. 20. The third contains Notes and Oba servations on the Epiftle to the Galatians. A variety of subjects are

treated

treated in these volumes. The doctrinal parts seem chiefly formed
on the Calvinistical plan. There are several sensible observations,
as well as pious and useful reflections, which will be attended to with
pleasure by the well disposed reader.

L A
Art. 51. Reflections on the Law of Arrests in Civil Actions :

Wherein is particularly considered the Case of Lieutenant-General
Gansel; and a faithful Report contained of the Judgment of the
Court of King's Bench, pronounced Jan. 27, 1774, upon the Ge-
neral's Motion. 400, Wheble.

The case of the General above-named, having excited mach aitention, somebody has undertaken to furnith a pamphlet by controverting Lord Mansfield's opinion pronounced on his second arrest. But as the objector is the reporter, and who he is, nobody but his publisher knows; he may posibly buffet his man of straw at his pleasure, without any body concerning themselves in the quarrel.

CORRESPONDENCE.
E have received P. A.'s Letter, dated from Newton, near

IS.

Wiadceviche, echethire, "and have read it with attention har

do not think that it requires any particular answer. Were we to enter into controversies with every Gentleman who may happen to differ from us in judgment, our Review would be employed in a manner very inconsistent with its real nature and design. With regard to the instance in which P. A. finds fault with us, we see no fufficient reason, at present, to retract our opinion. We recommend it to him to deliver his sentiments, on the subject of his letter, from the press. The matter will then come properly before us; and if he should convince us of the truth of the doctrine for which he contends, we shall not hesitate in making a public acknowledgment of such our conviction.

Through a mistake of the prefs, the lines intended to have been taken from Mr. Jerningham's poems, were imperfectly copied. In justice, therefore, to the Author, whose poetical character* might suffer from such mucilation, we now give the verses entire :

EPITAPH, subjoined to Mr. Jerningham's poem, entitled, The Nunnery.

By Death's itern hand untimely snatch'd away,

A youth unknown to Fame these vaults infold :
He gave to Solitude the penfive day,

And Pity fram'd his bojom of her mould.
With lyre devoted to Compassion's ear,

Oft he bewail'd the vertal's hapless doom,
Oft has yon altar caught his falling tear,

And for that generous tear he gain'd A TOMB.
The three lines and half printed in Italics, were all that we is.
tended to transcribe in our last month's Review; as, containing a
characteristic sketch of the pensive Muse who usually presides over
Mr. Jerningham's poetical amusements.

* See Review for las month, p. 408.

1

TO THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,,

VOLUME the FIFTIETH.

FOREIGN LITERATURE.

WE

ART. I. De Gebelin's Monde Primitif ;-or, Ancient World analysed, and com. pared with the Modern, continued from our last Appendix. E have already made our readers acquainted with those

general principles which this Author had laid down for himself in the investigation of his great idea. We shall, therefore, after a brief account of his plan, proceed to what may be more generally interesting, and explanatory of the design,-a fpecimen of the execution.

The work, says M. De Gebelin, divides itself into two distinct parts or classes, the first relating to words, the second to things.

The treatises arising under the first class would be numerous, but, for the sake of being somewhat concise, are reduced to the ten following: I. The Principles of Language, or an Inquiry into the Ori

gin of Languages and Letters. 11. Universal Grammar. III. Dictionary of the primitive Language: IV. Comparative Dictionary of Languages. V. Etymological Dictionary of the Latin Language. VI. Etymological Di&tionary of the French Language. VII. Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language. VIII. Etymological Dictionary of the Greek Language. IX. Etymological Dictionary of proper Names of Places,

Rivers, Mountains, &c. X. Etymological Library, or an Account of the Authors who

have written on all thele Subjects. The second class, relative to things, is divided into two prin. cipal branches, the first on ancient allegory, the second on ancient history. : APP. Rey, Vol, 1,

L1

Under

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Under the first of these two general heads are the following differtations :

1. On the Symbolical and Allegorical Genius of Antiquity.
II. Mythology and religious Fabling.
III. Cosmogony and Theogony.
IV. Symbolical Paintings and Heraldry.
V. Symbolical Doctrine of Numbers.
VI. History of Hieroglyphics, and of Emblems, with their

Figures.
Under the second general division, relating to ancient history,
are comprehended these subjects;

I. The Geography of the primitive World.
Jl. Its Chronology.
III. Its Traditions, or History.
IV. Its Manners and Customs.
V. Its Doctrines.
VI. Its Agricultural Laws.
VII. Its Calendar, Feafts, and Astronomy.
VIII. Its Arts, amongst the rest, on the Origin of its Poetry.

Such are the grand outlines of this comprehensive and mag. nificent work, in which the solution of ancient allegory, and the comparison and investigation of the radicals of language appear to us to be two capital objects.

We shall give a specimen of the manner in which the ancient allegory is investigated and explained from the Author's obser. vations on the history of Hercules by Diodorus.

• Hercules, says he, the hero of Greece, has been almost always looked upon as a person of real existence, whose history, in its tra. ditionary progress, had been mingled with fable. If some learned men have differed from this general opinion; and could perceive nothing more than mere allegory in the fory, these found but few abercors. Not that their opinions were unfupported by reason, but the time was not yet come when subjects of this kind were to be laid open by a severer disquisition, and illustrated by other difcoveries.

• It must be owned, indeed, that the manner in which these alle. gorical explicarions have been hitherto conducted, has been inja. rious to their success. Those who published them, well knew that the subjects they treated could admit of no other interpretation, bus they did not take in the whole of the object before them; their ex. plications were partial, and what they left unexplained appeared to be an unanswerable objection to their system.

• It is to avoid this inconvenience, that, after having endeavoured to demonstrate, in the hiftory of Saturn, and in that of Mercury, the perfect agreement that runs through all their circumstances taken allegorically, I now proceed to explain, upon the same principles, the history of Hercules. I mean to fhew that every thing relative to that hero, from his birth to his death, is absolutely allegorical, and that not one of his labours, not one of the personages intro

daced

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