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ence has hitherto reigned in the city on the subject of slavery. The ignorance of the people, in reference to the views and plans of the abolitionists, has been profoundthe prejudice against color strong, and the apathy deep and deplorable. The darkness is, however, broken. It can be night no longer. There are a few who seem determined to take hold,' as the Americans say, and I doubt not but the modern Trojans will be soon in the field, engaged in a strife infinitely more dignified than that of their illustrious namesakes.
Thursday morning, 23d. Last evening, I delivered a second lecture in the 4th Presbyterian church. The audience rather more numerous than at the first meeting. Two days were occupied in sceking to obtain a church more eligibly situated, but in vain; Mr. Delevan and other gentlemen have used their influence to obtain a church in the upper part of the city, but so far, to no purpose. Yesterday afternoon, Mr. Phelps aud myself met a committee of gentlemen, when it was resolved to hold a public meeting as early as possible, and submit the constitution of an Anti-Slavery Society. Last evening's lecture appears to have done good, and I have no doubt that, could I remain and deliver a course of lectures, we should be able to form a good society, if not carry the entire city. This afternoon, Mr Fhelps and myself. go to Troy. I. give my second lecture this evening.
I am much pleased to find that Mr. May has got fairly to work. His labors will greatly advance the cause in Massachusetts.
I write, as you perceire, upon a Circular put forth by Mr. Israel Lewis. The colored people of this eity held a meeting on Monday evening to express their opinions in reference to the contents of this document, and decided almost unanimously, that it would not be proper for the colored people to send their children to Canada for education, or encourage the emigration to that settlement of any free persons. They considered it the duty of the whole population to remain here, and combat the wicked and cruel prejudices at present operating against them; they considered the Circular based upon Colonization principles, and therefore an appeal to the prejudiced, rather than
to the unprejudiced Anti-Slavery portion of the community. These conclusions are fully in accordance with my own views of the matter. I cannot but regard the Circular as an appeal to the prejudices of the whites,--and the sel. fishness of the colored people. I rejoice that Wilberforce offers an asylum for the absconding slave, and hope it will be sustained as a city of refuge for him ; but I want the free colored man to remain here, and for a while to suffer, toil, and mourn, if it must be so, the victim of the prejudices of a pale-skinned aristocracy, that he may share the common lot of his class, and by making a bold stand against conduct so inhuman, hasten the time, when the monster prejudice shall spread his dark wings, and wheel his flight to the nethermost hell, where he was begotten.
Ever, most affectionately yours,
MR. THOMPSON'S SPEECH AT NEW YORK,
AT THE MEETING OF THE AMERICAN A. S. SOCIETY.
He commenced his address by declaring that the feelings of his heart were too deep for utterance. When he thought where he stood, of the topic on which he was called to speak, upon the mighty interests which were involved-upon his own responsibility to God- upon the destinies of thousands which might hinge upon the results of the present nieeting--and when he reflected upon the ignorance, the wickedness, and the mighty prejudices he had to encounter ; on the two and a half million of clients, whose cause was committed to his feeble advocacy, with all their rights, eternal and irreversible, he trembled, and felt almost disposed to retire. And when, in addition to all, he remembered that there were at this moment, in this land, in perfect health, in full vigor of mind and body, countrymen of his own, once pledged to the very lips in behalf of this cause, and with an authority which must command a wide and powerful influence, who had yet lest it to the care of youth and ignorance, he felt scarce able to proceed, and almost willing to leave another blank in the history of this day's proceedings.
He had said that he had prejudices to overcome ; and they met him with this rebuff--you are a foreigner. I am, said Mr. T. I plead guilty to the charge : where is the sentence? Yet I am not a foreigner. I am no foreigner to the language of this country. I am not a foreigner to the religion of this country. I am not a foreigner to the God of this country.
Nor to her interests--nor to her religious and political institutions. Yet I was not born here. Will those who urge this objection tell me how I could help it ? If my crime is the having been born in another country, have I not made the best reparation in my power, by removing away from it, and coming as soon as I could to where I should have been born ?
(Much laughter.) I have come over the waves of the mighty deep, to look upon your land and to visit you. Has not one God made us all? · Who shall dare to split the human family asunder? who shall presume to cut the link which binds all its members to mutual amity? I am no foreigner to your hopes or your fears, and I stand where there is no discriminating hue but the color of the soul. I am not a foreigner, I am a man: and nothing which affects human nature is foreign to me, (I speak the language of a slave.)
• But what have you known about our country? How have you been prepared to unravel the perplexities of our policy and of our party interests? How did you get an intimate acquaintance with our customs, our manners, our habits of thought and of action, and all the peculiari. ties of our national condition and character, the moment you set your foot upon our shores?! And is it necessary I should know all ibis before I can be able or fit to enunciate the truths of the Bible ? to declare the mind and will of God as he has revealed it in his word ? · But you
do not care about us or our welfare. Then why did I leave my own country to visit yours? It was not certainly to better my circumstances : for they have not been bettered. I never did, and I never will, better them by advocating this cause. I may enlarge my heart by it : I may make an infinite number of friends among the wretched by it: but I never can or will fill my purse by it. But you are a foreigner--and have no right to speak here.' I dismiss this--I am weary of it. I have an interest in America, and in all that pertains to her. And let my right hand forget its cunning, and let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, if I am ever capable of maligning her, or sowing the seeds of animosity among her inhabitants. He might truly say, though in the words of another,
I love thee, witness heaven above,
There is within thy gates a pest-
Yet while he said this, he would also add, if possible, with still stronger emphasis, Let my right hand forget her cunning, and let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, if I desert the cause of American abjects--or cease to plead, so long as the clanking of chains shall be heard in the very porch of the temple, and beneath the walls of your capitol. If any shall still say, I have no right to speak, I will agree to quit the assembly, on condition that that objecter will furnish to me a plea which shall avail in the day of judgment, when my Maker shall ask me why I did not do, in America, that which all the feelings of my heart, and all the dictates of my judgment, and all the principles too, of God's own gospel, so powerfully prompted me to do? If the great Judge shall say to
When human misery claimed you, why did you not plead the cause of suffering humanity?' will any one give me an excuse that will avail as a reply to such a question? Is there any such excuse ? [Here he paused.] Shall it be because the misery for which I should have pleaded
across the water ? If this is the principle, then cease your splendid embassies of mercy to China and Hindoostan : abandon the glorious missionary cause : and let us read in your papers and periodicals no more of those eloquent and high toned predictions about the speedy conversion of the world.
• But you are a monarchist, you were born the subject of a king, and we are republicans.' Yes, and because I loved the latter best, I left the dominions of a monarch, and came to the shores of a free Republic. I gave up the tinsel and the trappings of a king, for the plain coat and the simple manners of your President. But granting me to be a monarchist, will that do as an excuse before the King of kings, the Lord of lords?