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17 Let me not be asham'd, O LORD,

For on thee callid I have:
. Let wicked men be sham'd, let them

Be silent in the grave.
18 To silence put the lying lips,

That grievous things do say,
And hard reports, in pride and scorn,

On righteous men do lay..
19 How great's the goodness thou for them

That fear thee keep’st in store,
And wrought'st for them that trust in thee i

The sons of men before!
20 In secret of thy presence thou

Shalt hide them from man's pride:
From strife of tongues thou closely shalt,

As in a tent, them hide.
21 All praise and thanks be to the LORD;

For he hath magnify'd .
His wondrous love to me within

A city fortify'd.
22 For from thine eyes cut off I am,

I in my haste had said;
My voice yet heard'st thou, when to thee

With cries my moan I made.
23 O love the LORD, all ye his saints;

Because the LORD doth guard мммммммммммммммммммммммммм us to abound in this duty as our foes and troubles increase. The prayer of faith availeth much.

Verses 19-22. In these verses the mercies vouchsafed to the righteous are celebrated, to the praise of the liberal giver. The Church is the strong city in which the Lord shews his people marvellous kindness, and where he appoints them salvation for walls and bulwarks, Isa. xxvi. 1. There he hides them from the pride, Heb. conspiracies of men, ver. 20. What the Psalmist said in his haste, ver. 22. may be the conclusion of many of the members of Christ's mystical body, in whose name he may be supposed here to speak, as it was of the prophet Jonah in his dark confinement.

Vesses 23, 24. Here the saints are exhorted to courage and perserv.

The faithful, and he plenteously

Proud doers doth reward.
24 Be of good courage, and he strength

Unto your heart shall send,
All ye whose hope and confidence

Doth on the LORD depend.

PSALM XXXII. This psalm presents a model of true penitence, and hence is the second of these which are called penitential. It is one of those called Maschil, or a psalm of instruction, viz, in the great happiness of a par. doned state, and the certain way of obtaining it, true repentance towards God, including the free and full confession of sin, and faith in the Mese siah. This is represented as giving ease to a guilty conscience, or wounded spirit; and David concludes with directions, and a gracious promise to those who trust in God for such blessings; in all wnich he speaks from his own experience. 1 O BLESSED is the man to whom

Is freely pardoned
All the transgression he hath done,

Whose sin is covered.
2 Bless'd is the man to whom the LORD

Imputeth not his sin,

rance, under their various troubles; and such exhortations come with the greater weight, when viewed as proceeding from our Lord, and founded on his own experience. What have those to fear, whose heart he promises to strengthen? or those to hope who make him their foe?

Notes on Psalm XXXII. Verse 1, 2. The Psalmist here celebrates the happiness of those who are blessed with the forgiveness of all their sins. This is spoken of as covering sin, to intimate its abominable nature, and its total extinction, in regard of liableness to punishment; the verb, from which the original term rendered atonement, signifying to cover. Not to impute iniquity, or place it to the penitent's account, implies the imputation of a justifying righteousness; for in Messiah the seed of Israel are justified, and in him shall they glory, having redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of all their sins; and meetness for glory, and title to the inheritance of the saints in light, in right of their elder brother. They receive their heavenly Father's bles. sing, like Jacob, in the goodly garments of that elder brother, whose righteousness, put on by faith, justifies the ungodly that believe in late

And in whose sp’rit there is no guile,

Nor fraud is found therein.
3 When as I did refrain my speech,

And silent was my tongue,
My bones then waxed old, because

I roared all day long.
4 For upon me both day and night

Thine hand did heavy lie,
So that my moisture turned is

To summer's drought thereby,
I thereupon have unto thee

My sin acknowleged,
And likewise mine iniquity

I have not covered:
I will confess unto the LORD
- My trespasses, said I;
And of my sin thou freely didst

Forgive th' iniquity.

Bame. Instead of taking encouragement hence to continue in sin, that grace may abound, they not only study, holiness of life, but also to be in heart Israelites in whose spirit there is no guile. See, Rom. iv. 6. · Verses 3, 4. Here he describes that anguish and distress to which be subjected himself, before he was brought to make a free and candid confession of his sin, with its various aggravating circumstances. His sinful silence in that respect cost him dear; for hence, God's hand was day and night heavy upon him; and will it fare better with other sinners, while they go on adding sin to sin, instead of exercising repentance toward God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ?

In verse 5, he sets before us the course which he took in the above situation, and the divine goudness in leading him to inward peace and joy. He found to his comfort, that if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just, or manifested to be so, to forgive us our sins, 1 John i. 9. No sooner did he make frank confession of his sin, I have sinned against the Lord, than Nathan was inspired to assure him in his name, The Lord also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die, that is, the death to which the Divine law adjudged adulterers and murderers, in the present state; which pardon secured from future conder nation for these crimes, 2 Sam. xii. 13. Sinners, instead of stumbling at this pardon as a rock of ofience, si ould be encouraged by it to apply to God in earnest after the same exan, le...

6 For this shall ev'ry godly one.

His prayer make to thee;
In such a time he shall thee seek,

As found thou mayest be.
Surely, when floods of waters great

Do swell up to the brim,
They shall not overwhelm his soul,

Nor once come pear to him.
7 Thou art my hiding-place, thou shalt

· From trouble keep me free:
Thou with songs of deliverance

About shalt compass me.
8 I will instruct thee, and thee teach

The way that thou shalt go;
And, with mine eye upon thee set,

I will direction show.
9 Then be not like the horse or mule,

Which do not understand;
Whose mouth, lest they come near to thee,

A bridle must command. nonnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn

In the 6th verse the bumbled royal penitent foretels, that other sinners profiting by the example of his repentance, and encouraged by its success, would in like manner find mercy; and so be secured from the floods of great waters, overwhelming calamities, the fears of death, and the terrors of future judgment.

In verses 7 and 8. He declares his hope and confidence in God, as his hiding place or refuge, who would fill his own mouth and that of his believing friends, with songs of deliverance; and introduces Him as promising wisdom to direct the penitent in the way, and grace to enable him to persevere to the end. How precious the promise, and counsel to the humble soul; I will guide thee with mine eye! Man cannot prevent evils, because they are often unforeseen; but God vouchsafes to his penitent peow ple, not only the protecting shelter of his wing, but also the directing and Oecuring prospect of his eye. ,

But in order to enjoy this promised blessing, we are warned, verse 9. not to resemble the horse or the mule, in obstinacy, which, as having no un.. derstanding like man, are kept in check with bit and bridle, and can be tamed, and made tractable, only by force, and the severity of dicipline, the mule proving often proof even to such treatment.


· 10 Unto the man that wicked is

His sorrows shall abound;
But him that trusteth in the LORD.

Mercy shall compass round
il Ye righteous, in the Lord be glad,

In him do ye rejoice:
All ye that upright are in heart,

For joy lift up your voice.


PSALM XXXIII. ... In this psalm God is celebrated for his beneficent works of creation, providence, and redemption, and for the power, goodness, and faithful. ness which are manifested in them. Thus it extends to all his works, and leads the believing mind to contemplate with joy the consummation of them all. Hence the faithful, in compliance with the exhortations given, declare their joy and confidence in the great God their Saviour, and present their earnest prayers for the completion of his mercy, and the manifestation of his glory. In these respects, it presents a perfect model of the songs of Zion, in the celebration of God's works and ways, in which a. greater than David a sounded in his day,

1 YE righteous, in the Lord rejoice;

. It comely is and right, , ཉབ་་་བཀའ་འབབ་སའབསབའསསབ་སའ་གསས་ས་བབ་

Verse 10. Many sorrows, or stripes, shall be to the wicked, who are perverse and obstinate; for God will continue and increase their correction, or the stripes of liis rod, till they humble themselves; as David in experience found.

An eminent Hebrew critic thinks the 11th verse should introduce the next psalın; it being agreeable to the manner of that language to repeat and vary the expression. As it stands, it shews what ground of gladness, joy and triumph those have who are truly penitent; and also imparts a promise that all this shall be secured to them in and by the LORD their strength and Redeemer.

Notes on Psalm XXXIII. Verses l_-3. contain an exhortation to the righteous to cherish and express 5; iritual and holy joy in the Lord their Ecd. Paul gives a similar invitatie in Chrisiians, Rejoice in the LORD always, and again, I say, rejoice, Ihilip. iv. 4. A renewed heart, and well, tured afifections constitute the best instrument, and the choicest melody, in the service of God; without which all proves as a 'sounding brass, and tinkling cyonka! God should be served with the best, whose gracious ac

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