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That upright men, with thankful voice,
Should praise the LORD of might.
Sing with the psaltery;
Make ye sweet melody.
With loud noise skilfully;
Are done in verity.
A love he beareth still;
The earth throughout doth fill.
Did their beginning take;
He all their hosts did make. umuwiswwwwwwwwwwwwwwnnews ceptance of our very imperfect services claims our devout anci gratefu1 praises. The men of the world talk of heppiness; but the fuitiiful in Christ Jesus alone enjoy it, who are in the way to its full and endless fruition in glory.
In verses 4 and 5. The Psalmist directs our attention to the word of the Lord, his righteousness and judgment, as suitable themes of thanks. giving and praise, Says. Dr. H. The sense will be the same, if we suppose that by the word of the Lord is meant the personal Worn, or Son of God, all whose works wrought for the salvation of men, are done 112 truth, as witnessed by the law and the prophets.' The earth is, or shall be, full of the goodness, Heb. mercy of the LORD. So far from sacrificing his justice and judgment, in filling the earth with his goodness and more cy, that attribute of his nature will contribute to the grand completion. Hence we find the royal Psalmist singing of vercy and judgment, as connected in bis administration; by which union it would become a faint emblem of that of Messiah, Ps. ci. 1. In the Millennium, but especi. ally in the new earth, will the goodness and mercy of God yield complete and universal happiness-the earth shall be full of them, or that part of mankind that are opposed to heaven, or the Church.
In verses 6-9. The exhortation is continued to celebrate God for his power and goodness manifested in the works of creation; and the preserving care of Divine providence. What is said here of the natur heavens and their host, that they were formed by the word of Jehovah,
7 The waters of the seas he brings
Together as an heap;
He layeth up the deep.
With rev'rence fear the Lord;
Dread him with one accord.
It was without delay;
Whatever he did say.
Which Heathen folk do take;
Of none effect doth make. CANAmmoniummusimunomomsinnroninnuis and the breath, or spirit of his morth, applies also to the mystical heavens and all their host; and since we know assuredly that Messiah, that personal incarnate Word of the LORD, and the Divine Spirit, nake all things new in the latter; why exclude their agency here from the for. mer? That of the Elohim, or mighty Ones, the Son of God was the ostensi. ble agent in the first creation, we are taught to believe; and also, that the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters, or brooded, like a bird over its eggs or young, to impart life, form, and beauty to the things created, Gen. i. 1, 2. That there is a plurality in Deity is here asserted, and the existence and agency of the Spirit affirmed; and the new creation will establish the same truth.
Though the waters of the sea, and the depth laid up in store houses, were made fatal to the antediluvians, and to Pharaoh and his host, yet they are here pointed out as subjects of praise. As in consequence of these events many were brought to fear the LORD; so by reason of that lise which God sliall make of them in future, All ends of the earth shall fear Jehovah; all the inhabitants of the world shall stand in awe of him; which ought to be understood as a prediction, and in the noblest sense. As in the first creation He made all things perfect in their kind, by the Word and Spirit of his mouth; so shall all be in the second creation, and then shall they stand fast, never more to be subjected to the changes consequent upon man's transgression.
Verses 10, 11. Here we are taught that all these counsels, erring schemes and devises of mankind in every age, which do not correspond to God's infinite wisdom, and immutable purpose, shall by him be made of none effect, or tetally overturned and annihilated; whence his own
11 O but the counsel of the LORD
Doth stand for ever sure;
From age to age endure.
* JEHOVAH is, and those
His heritage he chose.
หนเน1หwwwwwwwwwww1+++++++++ counsel standeth for ever, and the thoughls of his heart, which are those of a father towards his children, to all generations, or, as on margin, to generation and generation : by which we understand the Church, the generation of the righteous, and the rest of mankind. From all this we infer, that whatever shall have an endless existence in God's dominions, must correspond to his unerring wisdom, and directly result from his unalterable counsel and purpose. As sin corresponds not to the first, and proceeds not from the latter, it cannot exist without end; and misery, the fruit which originates from that killing root, must perish with it. Dr. II. remarks, By this wisdom, the counsels of states and empires are either directed to the accomplishment of the great ceunsel of Heaven; or, if they attempt to thwart it, are blasted, and brought to nothing. History will force all, who read it with this view, to acknowlege this much. And with this view, indeed, it should always be read.'
Verse 12. Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; &c.-While Israel of old wore Christ's peculiar people, and so a figure of the faithful, he obtained the other nations as his property also. In psalm 2d. they are all given him as his inheritance, and upon the faith of this grant, the Church prays, Ps. lxxxi 8. That he would arise and judge the earth, or the rest of mankind, as he was to inherit all nations, restored to his image and enjoyment. We hence infer, that though the nation and people who now chuse him as their God, and whom he regards as his inheri. tance, shall be peculiarly honoured and blessed; that yet through their means and agency, the rest of mankind shall be blessed too, as younger brethren, clse he would be ashamed to be called their God, and the Futher of the spirits of all flesh.
Verse 13. The Lord looketh from heaven : he beholdeth all the sons of men, Ileb. suns of Adam. This language imports much more than merely an assertion of God's omniscience. As his eyes are said to be like a flame of fire; so to look from heaven, and behold all the sons of Allani, is to favour thein, and transform them into his own likeness, as the sun does the objects on which he shines. Let the reader bear in mind what was said of the sons of Adam, as distinct from the sons of God, and he will be at no loss to understand such expressions.
14 Hc views all from his dwelling-place
That in the earth do dwell.
Their doings he observes.
No mighty man preserves.
Is a deceitful thing;
Can no deliv'rance bring.
The Lord doth set his eye; หwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww+++++++ Verses 14, 15. From the place of his habitation fc. Zion was the place of his habitation, or the true Church, and the rest of mankind are all the inhabitants of the earth, that is, in every age. Upon all these he co looks as it follows, as to fashion all their hearts alike, haring considered all their works, and found them wanting, that by giving them rew hearts, they may produce the works of righteousness, To fashion the hearts of all the inhabitants of the earth alike, must refer, not to their formation in the womb as buman beings, in consequence of which no wan has a truly good heart, but to their new creation in the Second Adam, That all the first born enjoy this privilege vone call in question; but here is a decla. ration that secures it to the rest of mankind, and the preceding content rco gnires it to be so understocd.
Verses 16, 17. There is no king saved by the multitude of an host : &c. Jhere is a lesson for kings and people, who are apt to promise themselves victory from the number, and tried valour of their forces. What is the strength of hostile legions, when brought to act against the counsel and plan of God, but like dry briers and thorns, before the devouring flame ! The fate of every battle will depend on the side he espouses, who can easily confound the nary and the mighty, and give victory to the few, and to
tem that have no right, The same holds of that spiritual warfare, in which all true Christians are engaged. While eartlily kings expect salvation, or victory from the multitude of their people; Christ, on the contrary, gives salvation to all his subjects, that is, all mankind; the gloricus trith which the connection inculcates.
Verses 18, 19. Exhold, the củe of the Lord is upon them that fior him; &c. These two perses furnisl, a key to cren the import of the 13th and 14th. If the Lord's cye is so uson :?:cm tlal foar him, and hope in his wietly, as to deliver their scul from death, whence the second death shall rct ccne nigh ilcm, and welice be shall keep them alire in faniine, nct only such as inkes place on carib, kui in the grcat fan.ice nbich shall
Evin those who on his mercy do
With confidence rely.
Life unto them to yield.
He is our help and shield.
Our heart shall joyful be. ·
As we do hope in thee.