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7 God's law is perfect, and converts
The soul in sin that lies:
And makes the simple wise.
And do rejoice the heart:
Light to the eyes irnpart.
And doth endure for ever:
And righteous altogether,
tains, and beds of pearls and corals at the bottom of the ocean. Hence it is added, with regard to the influence of the sun, And there is nothing hid from the heat thereof
Are not all these effects in nature illustrative of still nobler effects of the agency of the Light of the world, the influence of the Sun of Righteousness? Can he in all things have the pre-eminence, and yet countless millions of the nellest pojects remain throughout all duration hid from his maturing heat?- Before his Mediatory circuit be finished, that divine beat must reach every thing that hath being, and assimilate every intelligent agent into its own likeness; else so far from surpassing the natural sun in glory, and benign extensive influences, that orb must be allowed a pre-eminence. See, Ps. Ixviii. 11. Mat. xxiv. 14. Col. i. 6. 25. and Mat. xiii. 33. where divine truth is represented as a leaven that shall wholly leaven the three measures of meal. In consequence of this, the mystical sun and moon, shall stand still, or remain fixed in their habitation, when the true Joshua shall have finished his saving work, Hab. ii. 11.-Some have illustrated the doctrine of the Trinity from the orb of the sun, bis light and heat, and also from the medium of air through which his rays pass; all which, in co-operation, are necessary to the ex. istence and perfection of every thing that lives. As air is felt and acts upon bodies, when put in motion, whence it is called wind; so we know and experience the presence of God's Spirit by his divine agency upon the inward inan.
Verses 7-11. The law of the LORD &c. By law here the word of truth at large is understood to be intended. Its properties are described, -it is said to be perfect, sure, right, clean or pure, and to convert or restore the soul, make wise the simple, rejoicing the heart, enlightening the eyes, and enduring for ever: all expressive of the perfection of its princi. ple, uses, operation and effects. It is called Jehovah's law, as being the grand expression of his legislative authority, and royal power-his testimony, as what testifies of himself in his nature, subsistence, will and
10 They more than gold, yea, much fine gold,
To be desired are:
That droppeth, sweeter far.. 11 Moreover, they t'y servant warn
How he his life should frame: A great reward proviłed is . For them that keep the same. 12 Who can his errors understand?
O cleanse thou me within ་་་་སས་ལས་གསས་བསགསས་ལས་འགག works, and also, of what man originally was, bath become by transgression, and must be through grace, in order to answer the end of bis exis. tence--his statutes, as being the instituted maxims of his government, and rule of bis administration-his fear, as inculcating and inspiring hol, reverence, and promoting true religion among men--and his judgments as being the deliberate result of infinite wisdom, the authoritative dictate of supreme authority, and the invariable rule of procedure in all thes judgments or judicial corrections, which he inficts in his dominions. I all these views, the sacred cracles, the royal law and charter of the kingdom, have a reference to Messiah, as supreme Legislator ani Judge.
These judgments endure for ever, and are true and righteous altogether what we can say of none of man's works, of no code of human law
The roral P-aimist, from his own experience and deliberate judginep declares this divine law to be preferable to the finest gold, in the large quantity, and to be more reli-ked by a picus mind than the sweete thing in nature is to the bodily taste. May the Lord grant such esteei and affection for his blessed word, as will bear some proportion to its si cred excellence! Ever more give us this bread!
Another valuable property of the divine word is, ver. 11. that it warns. duty and of danger, and presents the most powerful motives to the forme and the best safeguard from the latter. Desides the prospect of endle life, in keeping or observing the divire statutes, there is a present gre reward; for great peace have they who love God's law, and nothing sh: offend them, or cause them to stumble.
Verse 12. Il'ho can understand his errors ? &c. Such is the extort ai spirituality of the divine law, that the very best often transgress witha adverting to it. Through false principles, the judgment of the wo around, and the force of prejudices, many things may be deemed ir noce or even laudable, that are very sinful in the sight of God. l'pen a clo review of cur heart and conduct, every Christian inay pray with Day Cleanse thou me from secret faults.
13 From secret faults. Thy servant keep
From all presumptuous sin:
Dominion over me:
I from much sin shall be.
The thoughts sent from my heart,
And my Redeemer art.
Verse 13. Keep back thy servant from presumptuous sins, &c. As we have our secret sins of ignorance and infirmity, against which we should watch and pray; so we need restraining grace to keep back from presumptuous sins, or sins that are committed with knowlege, deliberation, and in the face of admonitions, convictions, the remonstrances of con. science, and the reproofs of Providence; such as were those of David in the matter of Uriah and Bathsheba. By repeated acts of sin evil habits are induced, the sinner loses all power of resisting temptation, becomes a slave to his indulged lusts, and in the direct road to the great transgression of open rebellion against God, and final apostacy from his ways. Would we avoid this sin, we must study not to indulge in any, and carefully attend to the observance of every known duty.
Verse 14. Let the words of my mouth, &c. David here prays that his words, whether in religious worship, or sccial intercourse, might be 80 ordered as to find divine acceptance; and that the thoughts and pious meditations of the heart, whence they spring, might ever be such as to meet God's approbation. In the last clause he calls Jehovah, My strength, or Rock, and my Redeemer, or near kinsman to whom the right of espousing the brother's widow, raising a seed to the deceased to bear his name, and restore his forfeited inheritance, belonged. This is Messiah's appropriate work, ascribing of which to the Father would be blasphemous; and hence we have here an undeniable proof that he is Jehovah, David's strength and Redeemer, and the God of Israel, who saves his people from all evil. - To exalt him in our esteem, and recommend him to the supreme affection of our heart, and unreserved obedience of our lives, let the sublime view given of Him in this beautiful and comprehensive psalm, be kept ever in our eye, and frequently engage the pious meditations of every heart. Believing that God's word and works harmonize, let us so understand the first as in no instance to make it contradict the last, or give a less glorious view of his character and ways. Thus used, the visible heavens present a key of knowlege.
ALLOWING David may have penned this psalm to direet the devotion of his people, in the prospect of going forth upon some military expedition against his enemies; yet is it evident, that the faith of the Church: is bere taught to rise to a greater than David, and to an event of which all his victories were only a faint shadow. Commentators therefore view it as a prayer of the faithful for success to Messiah in going forth to the spiritual warfare against his and our enemies; in which view alone the battles of David are interesting to us, as foreshadowing his conquests and those of his people. They here pray, that as their invincible Champion, and great Intercessor, he might be accepted of the Father in all his interprises and labours of love, and succeeded in accomplishing his will in the salvation of his people. Here the Church declares her full assure ance of faith in the success of his undertaking, and firm purpose to trust in him alone, as her victorious Leader, and not in the arm of flesh. Foreseeing the total overthrow of her enemies, and her own consequent triumph and exaltation, she concludes with prayer for that blessed consum. Miativa, wiid that King Messiah would propitiously hear all their supplications. 1 JEHOVAH hear thee in the day
When trouble he doth send:
Thee from all ill defend.
Notes on Psalm XX.-Verse 1. The LORD hear thee in the day of troue ble; &c. As Messiah is Zion's King in every age, this prayer is to be viewed as addressed to him, whose support and defence in his arduous work they here solicit. The successful accomplishment of his warfare, through the name of Jacob's God dwelling in him, is the great object of her request. His name often denotes his attributes and works, by which he is known and distinguished from false gods, and more frequently God himself. He is designed the God of Jacob, to signify his covenant relation to his people, in their inferior state, even before they attain the honourable charac. ter of Israel. Here we liave a proof that our Lord is indeed Jehovah, and that prayer was made to him by his Jewish people; which cannot be denied, but by suppressing the true and evangelical scnse of this psalm, and confining it wholly to the literal David.
? O let him help send from above,
Out of his sanctuary:
Let him give strength to thee.
Accept thy sacrifice: -
Thy thoughts and counsel wise. . 5 In thy salvation we will joy;
In our God's name we will
Thy prayers all fulfil. muuuuuuuuuuuuwwwwwwwwwwwwww
Verse 2. Send thee hely &c. That Messiah as the God of Jacob, should be prayed to by the ancient church, to help the man Christ Jesus in the days of his flesh, and also his people in every age, who are his mystical body, corresponds perfectly to his revealed character and work. The ark in Sion, from which they pray help may be sent, was the stated visible emblem of Messiah himself, and so this farther corroborates the sense given. Help in the time of trouble and danger must be sought from and through him, by the prayer of faith, and waited for by the patience of hope.
Verse 3. Remember all thy offerings, &c. Heb. turn to ashes, in token of acceptance, as Lev. ix. 24. 1 Kings xvii. 38. This includes all our Lord's acts of devotion, his sacrifice of himself on the cross, and intercession in heaven; and also all the prayers of his people in every age. As assuredly as the Lord heard those of David and his people on such emergencies, will he fully answer in due time ail the supplications thus presented.
Verse 4. Grant thee according to thine own heart fe. Messiah's heart's desire and counsel was, that God might be glorified by his la. bours and sufferings, and in the complete salvation of his people, whether elect, or non-elect, and both will be fulfilled in due time to their full extent. The Church may ever plead the merits of his obedience and sacrifice in arrest of judgment, in one stage or other of its progress, and that for herself and all her children; for the judgments of God are still at work in the Church and in the world. We therefore act in character, when we pray, that what yet remains unaccomplished of the desire of our Lord's heart, and the wise counsel of his plan, may be all realized in due time.
Verse 5. We will rejoice in thy salvation fe. The joy of Israel in the rictories of David, was an emblem and pledge of the consolation of the Church in her Lord's salvation, and in the application of it to berself, and all its objects. Because of Truth, personal and doctrinal, God hath given his Church a banner; and when the enemy comes in as a flood, this is