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6 Now know I God his king doth save:
He from his holy heav'n
By his own right hand giv'n.
Some horses trust upon:
Of our LORD God alone.
Are bowed down and fall. nunnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn to be displayed in his name, and in dependance on the promised aid of his Spirit. The banner is displayed in the king's name, and here in his name, all whose petitions they pray Jehovah would fulfil; and will he not do so without a single exception?
Verse 6. Now know I that the LORD saveth his anointed; fc. The Jewish church built her assurance of the salvation of Messiah, personal and mystical, upon the predictions of old given concerning him; and ours may firmly rest on those already accomplished as a pledge of the full completion of what remains to be fulfilled. The resurrection and subsequent exaltation of Christ, is to be viewed as a first fruit and earnest of the whole. When the church militant and triumphant are all along thus exercised; and the Redeemer giving efficacy to the whole by his own prevalent intercession, may we not confidently conclude, that Jehovah will fulfil all the petitions that are thus inforced, from his holy heaven, with the saving strength of his right hand ? Christ is the arm and right hand of Jehovah, and with him dwells everlasting strength for this very purpose.
Verse 7. Some trust in chariots, &c. The verb remember might be better supplied from the next clause. The original verb signifies to make mention of, that is, in the way of boasting of their number and strength, and confiding in them in the time of danger. The wisdor and strength of nature are as chariots in which Christians are as prone to trust as Jews and Heathens; but such false confidence proves fatal to those wlio indulge it. But let us ever remember that in the name, by the merits, through the power, and for the sake of Jesus Christ our Lord and God, we come off more than conquerors in the Christian warfare; and that this is the more excellent way which secures strength in battle, and complete triumph at the close of the warfare:
Verse 8. They are brought down and fallen, &c. While such as trust to refuges of lies are defeated and perish, the faithful shall rise from every conflict, and from death and the grave, and stand upright at the bar of future judgment, and in the courts of heaven, there singing the song of Moses and of the Lamb,
9 Deliver, Lord; and let the King
Us hear, when we do call.
PSALM XXI. This psalm appears to have the same writer and occasion as the furmer, only this celebrates the success prayed for in the last. The church here, by the pen of David, celebrates Messiah's victory, and the glory rr. sulting from it. She foretels the stability of his kingdoin, and the consequent destruction of his enemies, and so 'concludes with praying for his exaltation and final triumph. The celebration of this divine work, in the unceasing songs of the blessed, will be the delightful and transporting ein. ployment of heaven. 1. THE king in thy great strength, O Lord,
Shall very joyful be: . .
How veli 'mently shall he!!
All that his heart would have; wwwwwwwwwuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuurivooru v'
Verse 9. Save, Lord, or, as some render this verse; Lord save the king. he will hear us, or let him hear when we call upon him, or cry unto hilo. Thus the psalon concludes, as it began, with a hosanna to the son of Das vid, that he might hear the prayers of his people, and present them to thic Father, when they call upon him, and so send them prosperity.- flere is our encouragement in all our prayers, and let us not fail to avail oursclves of it, as our case from time to time may require.
Notes on Psalm XXI.-Verse 1. The king shall joy in thy strength, O LORD, &C.Great as David's joy was, when God favoured him with victory over his eneinies at home and abroad, compared to that of Messi ah, it scarce deserves the name. In the salvation promised him by the l'a, ther, and achieved by his own right hand, how greatly shall he rejoice, with joy unspeakable and full of glory! -As saints are called kings and priests, they derive their chief joy from a similar source. Let him that glorieth, wiatever be the occasion, glory in the Lord, and in the belief that he will exercise loving kindness and tender mercies, not only in and towards the elect, but also to the eartii, or the rest of mankind.
Verse 2. Thou hast given hiin his heart's desire, fc. This was prayed for in the preceding psalm, and is here gratefully acknowleged as granted: Did the Lord commend Solomon, because he did not desire the life of his enemies; and shall he himself fall unspeakably short of him in this texpect? We may learn his heart's desire, and the request of his lips, froir.
And thou from him didst not withhold
Whate'er his lips did crave..
. Of goodness manifold;
A crown of purest gold.
Thou life to him didst give;
For evermore should live.
His glory is made great;
Thou hast upon him set.
the prayer which he offered up for his murderers on the cross; Father, for give them, for they know not what they do. We see his acknowleged re. lation to such, and declared purpose to bless them, Psal. xxii. 22. I wil declare thy name unto my brethren. May we not then conclude, tha such requests for the conversion and salvation of sinners, will be graated to the full, and in no case withheld ?
Verse 3. For thou preventest him, fc. with the blessings, of goodness, o as some render it, with abundance of good, or happiness, and all the pre-re quisites of it; were bestowed upon Christ, not so much for hiinself, as fo his people. With this God is represented as preventing him, just as h Preveated David with the promise of the kingdom, Psalm ii. 8. 2 Sam xvi. 12. A crown of gold is the most enviable object on earth, and th very summit of human ambition. As supreme King and Priest, Christ crown will infinitely exceed that of Aaron and Solomon. His saints ar regarded as jewels in this crown; and who would not be ambitious e this honour? Other crowns are perishing things; but his and theirs sha be unfading. As the Father crowned Christ, so will be all his faithfi followers
Verse 4. He asked life of thee, doc. Of all blessings, life is the mo precious, and liat which was bestowed upon Christ concentres in whatever can be called life. He asked this not merely for himself, bu to bestow it upon all his obedient people, as the gracious reward of fidel ty. Do these act like Christ's disciples, who would live here alway and have no desire to depart, and to be with him, which is far better?
Verse 5. His glory is great in or by thy salvation, &c. The glory, bo our and majesty bestowed upon our Lord, by means of that salvatid which he haib procured, and will finally confer on all his subjects, excel
6 Because that thou for evermore
Most blessed hast him made;
Made him exceeding glad.
His confidence doth lay;
Shall not be mov'd away..
That en’mies are to thee;
Of thee that haters be.
When kindled is thine ire;
Devour them shall the fire. unmmnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn what men and angels can conceive. For a view of his glory and fame let the reader consult Rev. iv. vii. xix, xxi. and xxii.
Verse 6. For thou hast made him most blessed. Heb. Thou hast made him a man of blessings, or thou hast set or appointed him lo bless, viz. mankind, for ever, Gen. xii. 2. In him it is therefore more blessed w give than to receive. His saints shall enter into the joy of their LORD.
Verse 7. For the king trusteth in the LORD &c. As David trusted in Messiah, so he trusted in the l'a:lier, and as the former was not removed, like Saul, from his kingdoir, through the mercy of the Most High towards him; so neither shall the latter, or any of his faithful seed.
Verse 8. Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies &c. This has been literally verified in the unbelieving Jews; and will it not also be realized upon all his incorrigible enemies in every age? Poole renders it Thine hand shall be sufficient for all thine enemies, to conquer them, no doubt, as he adds, but then in the most favourable sense, as that rendering plainly imports. May his hand be upon us to bless and save us, but on our spiritual foes to waste and destroy them! Those that continue to bate bim, cannot long escape unpunished.
Verse 9. Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven fc. Malachi employs the same figure, but compares those who shall be cast into this oven w stubble, Mal. iv 1. An oven is closely shut up on every side, and so bespeaks the sad state of the Jews pent up in Jerusalem during the Roman siege, and of the wicked in hell. The same author renders it, -Thou thalt pul them as it were into a ficry oven. That the other phrases in this verse mean a great destruction, appears from 2 Sam. xx. 19, 20. Pial. lvi. , 2. Prev. i. 12.
10 Their fruit from earth thou shalt destroy,
Their seed men from among:
Did plot mischief and wrong.
When thou thy shafts shalt place
To fly against their face.
Be thou exalted high;
Thy power praise shall we.
Verse 10. Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, or the land, by which the next clause seems to intend their children; which was excmplified in the wicked Jews, as a warning to others. In what a noble sepse will the Lord realize this, when all the works of the devil will be destroyed, these fruits of the wicked, and when wicked men shall exist no more, or in that character! Psal. civ. 35.
Verse 11. For they intended evil against thee &c. The evil intended by the Jews against Christ, like that of the patriarchs against Joseph, was overruled for good, to save much people alive. So may God ever bring
cod to his people out of the inahice and efforts of the wicked, that they may not be able to perform the evil devices whiieb they craftily imagine. · Verse 12. Thou shalt set them as a but or mark when thou shalt make readiy thine arrows against the face of tiren, Heb. God's threatened judgments are often compared to urrows, being sharp, swift, unerring in zim, and deadly in their stroke. Let the reader view Jerusalem encompassed with Roman armies, and torn in pieces by faction within her walls, and he may form some conception of the vengeance l:cre threatened. Let every Christian community, in which the symptoms of degeneracy and apostacy aprear, tremble timely and repent.
Verse 12. Be thou eralled, (LORD, fc. That Messiah is intended here by the Jehovah, whom the Church prays may be exalted in his own strength, is obvious from the connection, and froin the nature of the subject. His Clurch thence in every age hath sung and praised his re
ceining power, and will in heaven celebrate lier triumphs orer sin and death, in their crery form, when everlasting ages shall cease to run their ample round. May the reader and the writer be admitted to join the hlissfuil chords!