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cardinals, to declare his sentiments af- the late war to 31 ships of the line, and terwards as he should see occasion. 7 frigates, of which seven were old
His holiness will speedily promote and unserviceable: but we are now nine cardinals, to dispose of the hats told that the navy of France is more vacant in the sacred college. His Si- numerous than ever; it consists of cilian majesty is causing several men of 100 ships of force; and their mera war and frigates to be built, for the cantile vessels are not less in number suppression of the piratical inhabitants than before the war, though they loft of Barbary. The three men of war 2185 ships before the conclusion of belonging to the emperor are returned the peace. Nor is the political interest to Leghorn. The commercial com- of France less exerted than her military pany lately established in the Mode. or naval forces; all calculated for supnese, has a very promising aspect; pressing the Auftrian power ; all actuatheir scheme of traffic having gained ted to pave the way for universal emthe approbation of several British mer- pire. chants, who have contracted for shares. The jubilee to be held in the diocese Two Venetian ships of war have sunk of Paris has been proclaimed, and is to three corsairs of Tripoli near Corfu, continue from the first Sunday after and taken two pirates belonging to the Easter to Whitsuntide : though at Visame state.
enna, and some other płaces, they
have no less than six months allowed FRANCE.
them to earn the indulgences or treaThis power can never be taxed with fure of the church; but French vivainactivity, while there is any view of city can dispatch a business of this impromoting dissentions among the Eue portance in as many weeks. ropean princes : accordingly, the The inhabitants of France have been greatest part of the troops remaining in the utmost confternation, occafioned in the interior parts of the kingdom, by a furious hurricane, which began have orders to join those already upon on the 7th of March, and has done inthe frontiers of the empire and of credible damage; particularly at Nantes Brabant, to be in readiness to assist in Britany, where it began with a the allies of his most christian majesty, tempestuous wind at fouth-west, and in case they shou'd happen to be en- at three o'clock the next morning gaged in any military contentions. turned to the north-west, accompanied The French are vigilantly increasing with thunder, lightning, and such tertheir marine, having lately put three rible noises both at sea and land, as new men of war on the ftocks at Tou- seemed to proceed from an earthquake. lon, where they are likewise building The rivers were overflowed, and the eighteen sloops of war of a new inven- Loire rushed over its banks in a dreadtion: from whence the French writers ful inundation; woods were tore up have authority enough to affirm, that, by the roots, and houses overthrown: in a short time, the world will see but the greatest damage that happened their marine on a very respectable foot- was in the road of Paimbeuf, adjacent ing, and directed too by able heads. to Nantes, where, of seventy ships, The great addition to the naval force there were only four that rode out the of France, is too melancholy a truth tempest; several were left upon the to escape the observation of any ho- points of the rocks; some were thrown nest Englishman: the French never by the waves upon the Quay; some entertained the thought of rivalling few were driven out to sea and escaped ; the maritime powers, till their fagacious fome foundered at their anchors, and Colbert convinced Lewis XIV. that it others were forced on shore in different was his indubitable interest to acquire places and loft: about 800 sailors pea degree of potency on the cerulean rished in the storm : the first chamber world : fince which time the French of insurance loft 1,200,000 livres in were never able, in the very meridian consequence of it; and the whole loss of their glory, to equip a fleet of more to the town of Nantes, is computed at than 45 ships of the line, 67 frigates, ten millions of livres. When the and 55 gallies: these were reduced in hurricane was over, the land floods
rushed down so precipitately as to It is uncertain whether this formidable sweep every thing before them : fe- shew is actually intended to raise this veral persons were drowned in the storm of war on the frontiers of Russia Loire, and the prejudice done to the and Hungary; or whether it is only an country is so great, that the inhabitants artifice of the Divan to keep the troops of Touraine are going to draw up a in exercise, and remove if not suppress, memorial to the king, to represent the insolence of the turbulent janizaries, their losses, and their inability to pay That the influence of France is very the taille, or land tax. This hurricane considerable at Conftantinople is suffiwas followed by other calamities in ciently manifeft; but it may be doubted different parts of the kingdom, parti- whether this influence is sufficient ta cularly in the neighbourhood of Paris, rouze the martial genius of the Turks; where a storm did considerable damage, especially when we consider how pofiand the waters of the Seyne rose in tively they rejected the follicitations of such a prodigious manner that it the marquis de Castellane, the French wanted but two feet of being as high ambassador, when he presented his as it was in the year 1740 : several memorial on the roth of February parts of the metropolis were over- 1746, to the grand Vizir, with a view flowed; and the inundation spread so to prevail on the Porte to make an far in the country, as daily to bring invasion upon the Austrian or Russian down an abuudance of dead rabbits, dominions, at a time when the court hares, and other game, floating in the of Vienna was in the utmost distress. river : the road between Paris and The consultations in the cabinet at Versailles was rendered impassable; and Constantinople are carefully concealed : the provost of the merchants, ordered at this time, it is impossible to predict all the inhabitants on several of the what the Turks will actually underbridges, to remove immediately, with take : the late revolution' seemed their goods and other effects, to places unfavourable to their neighbours, the of security.
new high admiral, high treasurer, and It is reported that the stupendous secretary of the grand Vizir, having work of the Provence canal will be less pacific sentiments, than their prespeedily put into execution : its source decessors; but there is now intelligence, will be from the Durance, and at some that all the great officers, both civil distance there will be formed a bason of and military, except the grand Vizir, division, from whence are to issue two have been deposed; since which the canals ; that for navigation, after system of the Porte is altered. paffing a little above Aix, will ter- The Algerines, and the other pira. minate in the sea near Marseilles; the tical states on the coast of Barbary, still other for irrigation, after a course continue their depredations in the Me-' through very extended plains, is to join diterranean : success encourages them the Rhone near Tarascon; and the to acts of audacity in sight of the Euwhole work is agreed, which is con- ropean ports : nevertheless they are not ducted by a company, to be carried on, entirely free from uneasiness ; because within the space of fix years, to Aix and they are informed that the christian Marseilles,
powers are preparing not only to clear
the Mediterranean of pirates, but even NETHERLANDS. to attack them in their ports, with The intelligence from this country, powerful squadrons, and make descents is no more than a repetition of what upon their coasts. They hear that has been retailed to us, from week to Spain in particular is making great arweek, for a confiderable time together. maments in her ports, and marching
troops towards the sea coast; that her TURKE Y.
men of war are to be joined by several The Ottoman forces have been al- Portuguese, Venetian,andGenoese ships ; most enervated by their long inactivity; and this great armament is designed but a considerable number of these against Algiers, or Tunis : but as such troops are now assembling in Servia, a rumour was spread last year, and Reffarabia, and the Circaslian Tartary. nothing followed, they fill hope it
will prove groundless this year. How- appear that they seized or stopped fuch ever, they take all the necessary pre- English ships upon illegal prétences. Mr. cautions at those places, as well as at Keene has also proposed to the miTripoli ; to which they are the more nistry of Madrid, to confider of some encouraged by the emperor of Morocco, expedient for terminating the difficulties who has offered them affiftance in case concerning the navigation of British of necessity.
ships in the bay of Honduras : but we
may venture to prophefy that the SpaSPA I N.
niards will perpetually visit our ships if The directions for building new and they are driven on, what they arbirepairing old fhips, are executed with trarily call, their own Latitudes ; nor great alacrity in all the ports of this can we ever expect that they will Kingdom ; where the woollen manu- grant the British Logwood cutters an factures go on very prosperously; Mr. unmolested navigation : however there Keene has renewed his complaints, is talk of another affair fill more imabout the British ships visited and seized portant, which is to be the subject of in the West Indies, by Spanish privateers a new negotiation between the courts of or Garda de la Costas : upon which his London and Madrid ; perhaps a new most catholic majesty has sent over definitive Convention, to explain and orders, for punishing with death the amend the last and former indefinitive captains of such privateers, if it shall ones.
DOMESTICK NEW S.
T is reported, that the Bill for the year 1751, a bill for the better
preventing the consumption of regulating of trials by juries; and to cheap compound spirits, proposes an several road and private bills. additional duty of 8 1. per ton on all On account of the demise of his malt spirits to commence from Lady day royal highness the prince of Wales: It last.
was order'd in council, that in all the A proposal is delivered to both houses church service where the royal family for purchasing the Ine of Man, from are appointed to be particularly prayed the Duke of Athol ; in order to annex for, the following form and order shall it to the crown ; that island in its be observed : “ their royal highnesses present state of independence, serving the princess of Wales, the duke, the as a storehouse to the French for wines, princesses, the issue of the prince and teas, andother commodities, whence they princess of Wales, and all the royal are run into the British dominions, by family.' which the loss to this nation, and the Both houses of parliament presented gains to the French are very con- addresses of condolement to his majesty fiderable.
on this deplorable occasion, On the 22d of march the royal The lord chamberlain's order was assent, on account of the death of his issued on the 23d for the courts going royal highness Frederic prince of Wales, into mourning on the 31st on this mewas given by commission to the mutiny lancholy occafion : the ladies to wear bill; to a bill for enabling his majesty black bombazine, plain muslin, or long to raise the several sums of money lawn,crapehoods, fameyshoes andgloves therein mentioned by exchequer bills, crape fans - undressed, dark Norwich to be charged on the finking fund, and crape.--The men to wear black cloth, for other purposes therein mentioned ; without buttons on the sleeves or to a bill to indemnify persons who have pockets, plain muslin or long lawn omitted to qualify themselves for offices cravats and weepers, shamey shoes and and employments within the time gloves, crape hat-bands, and black limitted by laws, and for allowing far- swords and buckles,-undressed; dark ther time for that purpose ; to a bill gray frocks. The same day the lord for granting an aid to his majesty of marshal's order issued, to give notice, 3 s. in the pound by a land tax, to be that all persons were expected to put raised in Great Britain for the service of themselves into the deepest mourning
And, on the 24th, notice was given The play-houses were opend on the by order of the lord chamberlain, that 8th instant. the time fixed for deep mourning will We are informed that the British end on Sunday June 30th next; that on and French commissaries have at last Sunday July 7th will commence the ad come to some definitive resolutions mourning, and end on Sunday October concerning their possessions in America: 6th.
the lords commissioners of trade and The body of his royal highness was plantations, to whom the memorial of embalmed on the 23d, after which his the marquis de Mirepoix was referred, bowels were put into an urn, and de- have allowed the claim of France to pofited in Henry 7th's chapel on the the property of St. Martin: in confe26th; the body was removed from Lei- quence of which the earl of Albemarle çefter house to the Jerusalem chamber is to acquaint the ministry of Versailles, on the 11th instant, where it lay in that orders shall be sent for evacuating ftate till the 13th,when it was privately that island by the English, and procu interred in the family vault in Henry ring a proper indemnification for the 7th's chapel. Prince George will soon subjects of his most christian majefty, be created prince of Wales, and, to- whenever they repossess themselves of gether with the princess and the rest their old settlements. But will the of her children, will reside at St. neutral islands be evacuated by the James's.
French before this affair is absolutely The reading the 3d time the bill for terminated? Are not the French still naturalizing foreigners, was put off to continuing their invidious practices, this day, the time appointed for a call and amusing us with an exterior shew of the house of commons; who have of settling the limits between Nova not yet come to any conclufion on the Scotia and Canada ? by which they will gin act; nor is the alteration of the have an opportunity of conveying arms new-ftile entirely settled ; but they to the Indians and French inhabitants have ordered an inspection to be made of Acadia, to enable these revolters to into the several parochial methods of retard the colonization of the coun. employing the poor throughout Eng- try. land and Wales.
A LIST of DE A T H S.
Matthias Stafford Howard, earl of it upon the substance of the lungs. Stafford, aged 32.
Never was a prince more universally Sir James Dalrymple, auditor-gene. beloved when living, never was a man ral of Scotland.
more sensibly lamented when dead, Mr, Batty Langley, surveyor and His virtues entitled him to royalty, architect.
but in every action of his life, the man Lord viscount Mountgaret, first viso still rose superior to the prince. Magcount of Ireland.
nificence and oftentation were by him Henry Lowther, lord viscount Lons- despised, for that patriot paflion which dale, and baron Lowther of Lowther, delights in promoting the general hapWestmoreland.
piness of mankind : other princes may March 18. Wm. Coventry, earl of receive eulogiums paid more to the Coventry, viscount Deerhurst and ba- respect of dignity than merit; but the ron Coventry; who is succeeded by his memory of this excellent prince is eldest son George William lord viscount carved deep in the heart of every hoDeerhurst, now earl of Coventry. neft Briton ; nor will the glorious
20. Between ten and eleven at night image ever be effaced, while the senti. all Britain felt a fatal blow in the ments of virtue are prevalent on the death of his royal hignhess Frederic minds of men. For him the British prince of Wales, which was occafioned genius weeps o'er the folitary beach : by the breaking of an imposthume be- for him public virtue drops the tear of tween the pericardium and diaphragm, agony: in him each connubial joy is which threw the matter contained in perished; each parental, each domestic
worth extinguished ! Come, ye sons of miums, and when others are reEngland, swell the tender stream of membred by titles, and adulation, sorrow; throng round his monumental his shall be the more exalted fame, pile, and dew his afhes with the whose tomb bears the true inscripgrateful tears of fincerity ; the tion, that its poffeffor lived above most illustrious prince, the most the fear of every thing but an unexcellent man, the most endearing worthy action, The public virtues husband, the most affectionate father, of this gentleman when living, the most amiable friend, the patron of could not escape the observation arts, and the benevolent comforter of and regard of those who had any afliction, alas! is now no more. affection for their country ; nor was
21. Baptist Noel, earl of Gainf- a due regard to his memory wantborough; a nobleman, whose private ing in the last moment that resigned virtues were adequate to his public his body to the earth, which was eminence, who is fucceeded by his interred on the 3d of April, pureldes son lord Cambden.
suant to his desire, in the vault Lieutenant-general Fleming. under the chapel of the Foundling
25. The countess of Portland, for- hospital, attended by the governors, merly governess to the princesses Ame- and the children of both sexes : a lia and Caroline, and grandmother to great number of gentlemen and lathe present duke, and a daughter of dies were assembled on this occasion the great fir William Temple. in the galleries of the chapel, where
29. Mr. Thomas Coram, aged 84, the burial service was sung by the who, by his sole application obtained gentlemen belonging to the choir of the royal charter for the Foundling. St. Paul's, which was composed by hospital, and the bounty on naval doctor Boyce, who played the same ftores imported from the British plan- on a small organ set on one side of tations; he was also eminently con- the chapel ; and when the minister cerned in the colonies of Georgia and had read all the service but the last Nova Scotia ; and had made a confi- collect, an anthem composed by. derable progress in a scheme, which it Dr. Boyce, was sung by Mr. Beard, is hoped will be completed, for uni- Mr. Mence, and Mr. Savage, and ting the Indians in North America the chorus parts by the other genmore closely to the British interest, tlemen of Westminster and St. Paul's. by an establishment for the education
31. The right honourable Robert of Indian girls : his thoughts, for 40 earl of Orford. years paft, had been affiduously em- Charles Hay, esq; nearly related to ployed in schemes for the public uti- the marquis of Tweedale, and heir to lity, which he resolutely conducted the late lord Bamff. against the sneer of prejudice and the George Proctor, efq; member for frowa of oppofition: his character is Downton in Wilts. meritorious of the highest enco