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147 steam. Le Grand says, that this esta- of six or seven inches diameter, was blishment holds a distinguished place in found growing beneath it; which some the literary bistory of the times. It was persons, strangely enough, imagined must at the coffee-house of Du Laurent that have been the cause of raising up the Saurin, La Motte, Danchet, Boindin, stone in that manner. The stone-maRousseau, &c. met; but the mild steams son, who has the contract of the work, of the aromatic berry could not mollify rather vexed that any should think a the acerbity of so many rivals, and the feeble mushroom had displaced his strong witty malignity of Rousseau gave birth pavement, had the stone replaced in a to those famous couplets on all the coffee- secure manner-observing, that it should drinkers, which occasioned his misfor- be safe enough for the future. About a tune and his banishment.

month afterwards (a few days ago,) the Such is the history of the first use of adjoining stone was observed to be discoffee and its houses at Paris. We, how- placed in the same manner as the former : ever, knew the use before even the time on taking up the second stone, to the of Thevenot; for an English Turkish- surprise of many witoesses of the fact, merchant brought a Greek servant in two mushrooms, not quite so large as 1652, who, knowing how to roast and the former, were found growing beneath make it, opened a house to sell it publicly. it. The stones are nearly of the same I have also discovered his hand-bill, in size, each about 24 inches by 21, two which he sets forth,

inches in thickness; the latter, having “ The vertue of the coffee-drink, first been weighed, is 83 pounds. publiquely made and sold in England, However surprising and incredible by Pasqua Rosee, in St. Michael's Alley, this account may appear, the matter of Cornbill, at the sign of his own head.” fact is most certain: the stone mason,

For about twenty years after the in- his workmen, and many others, can troduction of coffee in England, we find attest its truth. The writer of this a continued series of invectives against article has seen one of the mushrooms, its adoption, both in medicinal and do- and one of the stones continues in its mestic views. The use of coffee, in- displaced state. It is proposed to the deed, seems to have excited more notice, consideration of philosophers and naand to have had a greater influence on the turalists to account for this wonderful manners of the people, than that of tea, property of mushrooms. In “ The Women's Petition against

JOSEPH JEFFerson. Coffee," 1674, they complained that it Basingstoke; Aug. 6, 1817. made men as unfruitful as the deserts whence that unhappy berry is said to be

ECHENIS, OR SUCKING-FISH. brought : that the offspring of our mighty ancestors would dwindle into a suc The antients absurdly believed that cession of apes and pigmies ; and, on a the sucking-fish had the power of arrestdomestic message, a husband would stop ing the progress of a ship in its fastest by the way to drink a couple of cups of sailing, by adhering to its bottom :coffee.” It was now sold in convenient

The sucking-fish beneath, with secret chains, penny-worths ; for in another poem in

Clung to the keel, the swiftest ship detains. praise of a coffee-house, for the variety The seamen run coufused, notabour spared, of information obtained there it is called Let fly the sheets, and hoist the top-mast yard. a penny university.”

The master bids them give her all the sails,

To court the winds and catch the coming gales. NATURAL HISTORY.

But, thougb the canvass bellies with the blast, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. And boisterous winds bead down the cracking

mast, Sir,—A few weeks ago, one of the

The bark stands firmly rooted in the sea, large Hag-stones, in the new pavement And will, unmoved, nor winds nor waves obey: of the town of Basing-toke, was ob. Sull, as when calms have flatted all the plain, served to have risen about an inch and And infant waves scarce wrinkle on the main. a half above its proper situation : on No ship in harbour moored so careless rides, taking up the stone, a large mushroon, When rufiling waters tell the flowing tides.


148 Varieties, Critical,&c.Carriage without Horses-Rutland Cavern. [Vol. 2


Appalled, the sailors stare, through strange to this country, a rich treasure of the most surprise,

brilliant gems, rare fossils, and numerous Believe they dream, and rub their waking minerals, forming the most splendid nat

eyes. As when, unerring from the huntsman's bow, ural grotto in the world. Philosophers, The feathered death arrests the flying doe,

mineralogists, and the public, may Dow, Struck through, the dying beast falls sudden avail themselves of a visit to this treasure down,

-this grand lesson and lecture on sciThe parts grow stiff,and all the motion's gone; ence; capacious as a city, and extending Such sudden force the floating captive binds, many miles, with pillars, arches, and Though beat by waves, and urged by driving bridges of every denomination and order winds.

-Nature the great architect. The lakes,

fish-ponds, fountains and rivulets of the NEW INVENTIONS.

most delicate rock water. The Jaby MODERN CENTAUR, OR MAN HIS OWN

rinths, arcades, walls, roofs, and floors,

embellished with the most glittering The ranger

of the forest of * * * Baron Charles Von Drais has made crystals, and the ores of silver, lead, copa some highly satisfactory trials of his per, and zinc, in every combination : new-invented travelling machine, with Here, ranging through her vaulted ways, out horses. On the 12th of July he On nature's alchymy you gaze: went froin Manheim to the Relay-house

See how she forms the gem, the ore, at Schwezingen and back again, which

And all her magazines explore. is a distance calculated at four hours post The Rutland Cavern, as an object of travelling (an hour being about 24 miles general curiosity, and the terrific granEnglish) within one hour. Since then deur of the immense natural cavities, far he bas, with the same machine, gone exceeds the wildest pictures of romance, over in about an hour the steep moun- or the fearful scenes of enchantment, and tainous road from Grusbach to Baden, gives a most interesting and perfectly which takes two hours by the post. The new subject for the mind. From the leading principle of the invention is ta- finest terrace, commanding all the beauken from the art of skating, and consists ties of Matlock, you can enter the rock in the simple idea, of impelling by the by a dry, roomy, and even mountainous help of the feet, a seat fixed upon wheels. archway, perfectly safe and pleasant for The machine that the inventor has had the most timid female. The external made consists of a seat on only two surface of the Heights of Abraham two-feet wheels running one behind the abounds in rare botanical plants, and other, that it may be used in the foot from the Serpentine and Moon Battery paths. To preserve the equilibrium, the Waiks. shaded by fine and lofty cedars, traveller has before him a little board with the most sublime scenery is taken, rich a cushion nailed to it, on which he rests and romantic as the imagination can conhis arms, and before which is the small ceive. The pure air of this delightful pole which he holds in his hand to steer region, and the extraordinary instances his course with. This machine, which and facts of the lengthened periods of may be used with great advantage for existence of its inhabitants, proclaim this expresses, and for other purposes, even to be really the seat of health and beauty. for considerable journeys, does not weigh A mineralogical survey of this wonder 50 pounds, and may be made strong, of nature, and of these kingdoms, has handsome, provided with pockets, &c. been lately made by the first mineralogist for 4 Carolines (41. sterling) at the very and geologist of the age, Mr. Mawe; utmost. Lit. Gaz.

and his report confirms the reputation of the Rutland Cavern being the most valu

able classical mineral discovery known. RUTLAND CAVERN,

The principal objects of general obserABRAHAM'S

vation within the Cavern, are the rocky HEIGHTS, MATLOCK BATH, THE LARGEST IN

mountain archway, inbedding marioe The discovery and opening of this tre- shells; the druses, or grottos; fish-ponds; mendous cemetary of nature, has given Ossian's hall; an arcade to the hall of

From La Belle Assemblee.






From the Literary Panorama.

VOL. 2.] Fine Arts--Canova's Cupid-Subject of an Italian Tragedy. 149 Enchantment, in the Castle of Otranto, portunity, did what she had not firmness of indescribable grandeur ; the den of enough to refuse to do, and promised to lions ; a grand cave, with the extraordi- bestow, her hand on a man for whom she nary distant glimmering of daylight; a felt no affection. Grief, however, soon fine arcade to Jacob's Well and Foun- undermined her health, and by way of tain; the waters of life ; the ascent by amusement she was sent into the mounone hundred steps to the ancient mine, tains to the olive harvest. Her mother worked by the Romans ; other fish- also went to see some relations in the ponds, with fish living in perpetual dark- country, and an elder sister only was ness ; the dark and gloomy cave of black left at home. stone ; the enemy of miners; the den Anna nevertheless grew worse-nay of wolves and bears ; romantic bridge: she was so ill that her friends, alarmed a fine rocky scene. These recesses lead for her life, sent her back to her mother's to the most fantastic, grotesque, and house. Giuseppe had meanwhile re. whimsical distribution of rocks, imbed- turned, and the report of Anna's intendding the most rare and delicate fossils, ed compulsory marriage soon reached grottos, and druses, that defy all attempts his ears, On the following Sunday he at description or relation.

met her sister at mass, and with the urgency yet with the resignation of de

spair, he implored her to procure bim a CANOVA'S CUPID.

last interview with his beloved. They This far-famed specimen of art, which agreed that he should find Anna in the has been lately seen and admired by the garden in the evening by moon-light, rank and fashion of the metropolis, was while the only guardian domestic, an old not originally intended for the God of sailor, was at the public-house. Love, but merely the statue of Prince

At the appointed time Giuseppe was Libomorski, a beautiful Polish youth, in the garden, and there be found his who, with his mother visited Rome about Anna. Weak, melancholy and silent, twenty-six years ago. Canova lavished she went up to bim with faultering steps all the powers of his art to execute a per

-butin vain he questioned her—in vain fect resemblance; but maternal fondness be endeavoured to draw from her the acblinded the Princess Libomorski : “it knowledgment that she sull loved him, was not handsome enough for her son,” and acted by compulsion-not a word The artist felt himself hurt by her par

could he elicit-mute, pale and motiontiality, changed the statue into a Cupid, less, she stood like a beauteous statue and immediately found another purchaser. before him. At length he clasped t.e

adored object in an ardent embrace,

during which he buried a poniard in her SUBJECT OF AN ITALIAN TRAGEDY. heart. She fell without a groan-il.e

A recent traveller relates that a fa- murderer hastily fled over the wall of vourite dramatic piece in the towns of the garden. The sister, alarmed at the Genoese territory is founded on the Anna's protracted. absence, went out following tragic story :

into the garden, where she found her A few years since there lived at Port lifeless in her blood, and with the assistMaurice, near

near Oneglia, two lovers, named ance of the old sailor, who had returned Anna and Giuseppe, the children of too lato, carried her into the house. widows in good circumstances, the for The wretched assassin, impelled by mer eighteen, and the latter twenty savage frenzy, after strolling about all years of age. The parents had given night, again scaled the wall of the garden, their consent to their union, and the where he no longer found bis Anna hut. wedding day was soon to be fixed, when, only her blood, which lie was busily eirduring a short absence of Giuseppe, pro- ployed in wiping up with his handkerhably brought about by art | contriv- chief, when the mother, ignorant of what ance, an intriguing friend of the family had happened, returned early in the prevailed upon the mother of the bride morning from the villegiaturu, aceamto give her daughter to a more wealthy panied by the friend who was the cause lover. Anna, overcome by materpalim- of the catastrophe,, and unlocking the


ArtipathiesParisian Speculations--Obscure Ceremonies, 8c. [vol. 2

gate, entered the garden. The frantic for variety and splendid colours, are not Giuseppe ran to meet her, and holding to be matched in any other city of the bloody handkerchief close to her Europe.--Ibid. face, wildly cried : Conosci tu quel sangue ?-(Do you know that blood ?) The NEW COFFEE-HOUSE IN SPECULA

TION AT PARIS. mother rushed with a fearful presenti

The Parisians have it now in conment into the house, where the first ob- templation to form a new establishment ject that met her view was the corpse of in the Rue de Richelieu, and wbich is her murdered child. The maniac again to be termed the Coffee-House of Olymfled to the caverns of the neighbouring pus. Its entrance is to be by subterramountains. The corpse was decorated after the ders of a lake, an old Charon, in bis

neous passages, where arriving at the borItalian fashion, crowned with a garland boat, will await them, and for a trifling of myrtle, and deposited the night be

recompense, will row the passengers fore the funeral in an open coffin in the

over to the other side. That obscure church before the high altar. Here a

race of morials who drink nothing but person was placed to watch it by the beer, and have the detestable habit of light of consecrated tapers. About mid: smoking, will be allowed to enter only night the assassin suddenly forced his dark grottos, where they will be served way into the church; the affrighted by men dressed in black and red who watchman ran off, but stopped at a will be made to resemble those who dwell distance to observe his motions, and be

on the shores of Phlégéthon. A Proheld the unfortunate Giuseppe covering serpina, with her head encircled by narthe remains of her whom he had murder- cissus', will receive on her throne of ed from affection with a thousand kisses

ebony the offerings of the faithful. The and burning tears, after which with the happy ones of this world will be conrapidity of lightning, he dispatched ducted by Fortune into the enchanting hinself by several pistol-shots, and fell

groves of Idalia ; where ices and cooling lifeless upon corpse of bis beloved

liquors will be poured out for them by victim. The unhappy mother went

a swarm of Hebes and Ganymedes, and raving mad. During her insanity she the bar will be ornamented by a chariot frequently exclaimed. Conosci lu quel drawn by doves, in which will be placed sangue ? and soon sunkinto a premature a Venus adorned with every grace and grave.--New Mon. Mag. Sept. 1817.

charm, who will condescend to receive

the incense of gold from the hands of PER- mortals.

The gracious Polyhymnia

will preside over the music room, and The Roman women, and even those of the agile 'Terpsichore over the ball-room; the lower classes, cannot bear any per- in a word, all the Gods of ancient fable fumes, not excepting the smell of flowers. will be put under contribution : an auThis antipathy is carried so far, that every thor of the Boulevards will undertake foreigner' is disposed to consider it as the part of Apollo, and the manager of affectation. At Naples it is equally this concern will do his best to represent prevalent. The smell of musk is most Plutus !-Lu Belle As. disliked, and a stranger, when his clothes are scented with it in so slight a degree ILLUSTRATION OF OBSCURE CEREas to be imperceptible to himself, is often MONIES, PROVERBS, &c. shunoed in company like one infected ALL SAINTS. (nov. 1.) with the plague. At Florence and Genoa, In the early ages of Christianity the on the contrary, strong perfumes are word saint was applied to all believers, considered agreeable, as are also flowers, as is evident in the use of it by St. Paul great quantities of which are daily and St. Luke; but the term was afterbrought to market, and employed by the wards restricted to such as excelled in fernale peasants to adoro their bosoms Christian virtues. In the Romish church, and hair. In the environs of Rome holy persons, canonized by the Pope, are scarcely any but scentless flowers are called saints, and are invoked and supcultivated-chiefly ranunculuses, which, plicated by the professors of that religion.




VOL. 2.] Illustrations, &c.-All Souls-Mayor-A new Joanna Southcote. 151

ALL SOULS. (Nov. 2.)

NEW HISTORICAL WORK. In Catholic countries, on the eve and Authentic Memoirs of the Revolution day of All Souls, the churches are hung in France and the Sufferings of the Roywith black ; the tombs are opened ; al Family ; deduced chiefly from Aca coffin covered with black, and sur- counts by Eye-witnesses. 8vo. 10s. 6d. rounded with wax lights, is placed in the

A work of this kind must prove at all times nave of the church, and, in one corner, pilation, it inculcates a powerful lesson upon

seasonable, for although no more than a comfigures in wood, representing the souls states and individuals, teaching the one to of the deceased, are halfway plunged into guard against innovations, and the other to the flames.

cherish those principles of moral and political

daty which are the great security of public LORD MAYOR's day. (Nov.9.) and private happiness. We remember to havThe word mayor, comes from the seen attempts made to abolish the commemo

ration of the thirtieth of January in this counantient English maier, able or potent, of try, and there are many in France who, no the verb may or can. King Richard I. doubt, would be equally willing that the meA. D. 1189, first changed the bailiffs of be buried in oblivion. But if history be phiLondon into Mayors; by whose ex. Josophy, teaching by example, the minute reeample, others were afterwards appointed. ly preserved, and prominently exhibitei, to

A very splendid banquet is on these the view of successive generations, that men occasions provided at Guildhall

, at the may Icarn to avoid that spirit of discontent expense of the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs, overturn monarchies and enslave the people, and about 1300 persons, male and fe. The present volume, which is very judiciously male, sit down to dinner. *

abstracted from the most authentic sources,

contains a luminous, affecting, and candid Know ye the land where the leaf of the myrtle France, particularly of the unparalleled suf

narrative of the bistory of revolutionary Is bestowed on good livers in eating sublime ? ferings of the virtuous Louis árú his family. Where the rage for fat ven'son, and love of the turtle,

NEW PROPII ET ESS. Preside o'er the realms of an Epicure clime? Constance, (Grand Duchy of Baden) Koow ye the land where the juice of the vine Aug. 8.- It appears that Madame KruMakes Alderinen learned,and Bishops divine ? dner has been refus d permission to reside Where each Corporation, deep flushed with its bloom,

in the kingdom of Wurteniberg. After Waxes fat o'er the eyes of the claret's per

having harangued the Jews at Gallingen fume? Thick spread is the table with choicest of fruit, the peculiar people of God, she arrived

and Bandegs, whom she declared to be And the voice of the Reveller never is mute : Their rich robes, cho'varied in beauty may vie,

here. Not being allowed to remain here Yet the purple of Bacchus is deepest in dye: above 21 hours, she proceeded, on the 'Tis the clime of the East---the return of the sun ist of August, to one of the cantons of Looks down on the deeds which his children Thurgovia. She there awaits the answer have done :

of the Government of St. Gall, from Then wild is the note, and discordant the yell, which she had solicited permission to When, reeling and staggering, they hiccup establish herself in that canton. While


The charges of the public dinners on this expecting it, ber missionaries preach at day commonly amount to 10,0001. sterl.

Houb, sometimes in the fields, calling

the baroness a prophetess. She herself THE OSTRICH.

preaches with all the enthusiasm of an In the thirty-vinth chapter of Job, ardent and fanatic spirit. She distributes there is a most beautiful description of every day bread, and some hundreds of the ostrich. They had at that time ob- measures of economical soup. Her served the manner in which the female adherents receive them on their knees ostrich abandons her brood to the natur. like a gili from God. Hrordinary suite al heat of the sand : She is hardened is congosd of about forty persons ; against her young ones, as though ihey ainong whoin are remarked, Madame de were not her's. Fler lubour is in rcin ; Berekeim, two Protestant ministers, and without fear, because God huth depriv- a lame woman, who has brought her a ed her of wisdom ; neither hus he im- contribution of 10,000 forins. lier parted to her understanding. What adherents are in the habit of saying, “We time she lifleth up her head on high, she call no one ; but those who are the elect scornelh the horse unel hiis rider.' of God will follow us." - Pano.

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