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"History of Mozart's last Requiem.
livered the agreed-for remuneration, with Italian Opera-House at Vienna, the printhe remark, that having been so very cipal performers endeavoured, liy purmoderate in his demand, he might be posely singing false potes, to spoil the assured, that as soon as he bad finished effect of the finest airs, and consequently it, he should receive a farther remunera- of the whole Opera. Mozart, in despair tion of double that sum; as to the time, at seeing his productions so shamefully it was entirely left to bis own pleasure. disfigured, burst into the box of the
In the mean time, Mozart received the Einperor, who was present himsell, and honourable and lucrative commission to complained of the vile trick played to compose an Opera Seria for the Em- him; upon which bis Majesty sent a peror's coronation at Prague, which, as serious inessage to the singers, reminding Mozart had a great predilection for the them of their duty, and threatening them Bohemians, he eagerly accepted. Just with his disgrace; and it was only by as he was in the act of stepping into his that means that was saved the reputapost-chaise with his wife, in order to go tion of this fiue Opera, wbich ever since to Prague, the unknown messenger pre- has proved a favorite with the musical sented bimself, and tapping him coure world. teously on the shoulder asked him-how But to return to our Requiem; Moit would be with the Requiem under the zart continued with his usual love of his present circumstances ? Mozart explained profession, to work on the composition to him the urgency of this present jour- of it, otien repeating : " I fear, I fear I ney, assuring hiin at the same time, that am writing my owo Requiem;" and bis after his return the Requiem should be affectionate wise, seeing bis pelancholy his firsi occupation. With this answer state of mind returning, thought it nethe messenger went away quite satisfied. cessary to apply for medical advire, and It was at Prague that Mozart first began actually look from him the composition to feel the disease, which in little more of the Requiem, which she looked at as than a year afterwards deprived the the cause of bis depression, She had, world of the greatest composer who ever indeed, soon the satisfaction to see biin existed : bis colour was very pale ; but recovering: but alas! the joy was of his spirits were as lively and entertaining short duration, and soon be relapsed into as ever. On his return to Vienna, he his old disease, wbich in a few weeks began inmediately his Requiem, aud proved his death. Mozart was resigned worked with great interest and attention: to his fate, but could not help sometimes but the state of his health continuing to lamenting, that being just on the point to decline, he was seized with a great de- enjoy tranquilly his life and his art, be jection of spirits, and even began to was obliged to leave both. On the very think that his death was not very distant, day of bis death, he asked for his Ren One day as he was taking an airing with quiem, remarked that bis prediction bad his wife in the Prater, he was overpow. been true, and wished to bear some paris ered by his melancholy presentiinents : performed at his bed-side: this wish was
"I feel,” said he, “that I must die ; complied with; he had the satisfaction and have only a short time left to live; of admiring and finding relief and conI am sure they have given poison to me : solation in his own production ; and he I am almost convinced of it!" This was ceased to breathe a few hours after. indeed a suspicion, which Mozart enter- Not quite an hour after his death, and tained even till his death. It is true, that even belore the news of it was supposti he had many and some very dangerous to be known beyond the doors of the enemies, chiefly anongst the Italian house, the unknown messenger was one composers and artists, who before bis nounced, demanding the MS. of the time had been the only admiration of the Requiem, imperfect as it was ; it was of public, and who now were scarcely course delivered to him; and never since observed by the side of this luminous was he heard of, in spite of all inquiries, prodigy in music. The envy and hate and of the wish publicly expressed by of these miscreants went so far, that the family of the deceased, io know tle when his incomparable Opera le Nozze name of this mysterious admirer ol Nodi Figaro was first represented at the zart's genius, A considerable time elapse
ed; the Requiem was not published, nor corrected copy in M.'s own hand-writany where performed; and the fear ing; and from this it was soon afterwards began to arise, that by the whim of some published. Mozart died in the night of unknown enthusiast, this last master the 5th Dec, 1791, in the 35th year of piece of Mozart might be lost to the bis age, universally lamented and admirpublic, Fortunately M.'s widow was ed as a composer, as a man, and as a able to find out the original and much companion.
From the New Monthly Magazine.
ces of the insatiable rapacity of the BeVHEN the French uoder the com- douins is one related to him by the son V mand of Buona parte landed in E. of one of the principal merchants of Cairo, gypt, Dom Raphael, who is a native of The father determined, though at an ad. Syria,officiated as minister to the christians vanced age, to perform a pilgrimage to at Cairo. The French employed him as Mecca, and according to the practice of their interpreter ; in this quality he ac- the Mahoinetan merchants to unite with companied their army in Egypt, and at it a commercial speculation. He accordlength embarked with it for France, ingly loaded a great number of camels where he was in the sequel appointed with his only son, his wives, relations, Professor of the Arabic language at Pa- and slaves. The pilgrims in general join ris. This situation he not long since the grand caravan, but the train of the resigned : he is now in the pay of Sir merchant of Cairo was so numerous as Sidney Smith, and is probably engaged to form a caravan of itself, and it therefor the service of the Antipirutic Institu- fore travelled alone at some distance from tion, over which that officer presides. the other. In the midst of the desert From the manuscripts of Dom Raphael, their water failed ; for the skins which a M. Mayeux has lately extracted that they had taken with them were dried up part which relates to the Bedouins,* and with the heat of the sun. The merchant published it in three handsome volumes offered the Arabs who served hiin as with 2 1 engravings. The first contains guides a very large sum of money to pro. the enumeration and description of the cure bim water; for the Arabs are acdifferent Arabic tribes, and the two oth- quainted with all the springs in the des. ers are devoted to the religious and do- ert ; but these bard-hearted rovers, foremiestic customs of the Bedouins. This seeing that the caravan must soon perish work is not a mere compilation, though with thirst and become their prey, refused it contains many particulars that are al- 'the proffered reward, and witnessed unready known from the narratives of trave moved the inexpressible sufferings which ellers : still they are not borrowed from men and beasts endured from the excesthe latter, but the whole seems to be the sive heat. The camels dropped under result of the personal observations and their burthens one after apother : the experience of Dom Raphael. His French merchant himself perished ; bis son and style has in many places quite the orien- the women with great difficulty joined tal stamp. He is intimately acquainted the caravan of pilgrims, with the loss of with the Arabic tribes in Syria and their all their wealth, which, as may easily be singular customs, Of Seeizen's travels conceived, was secured and shared by Dom Raphael makes no mention; most the Arabs. The young merchant had probably he never heard of him. By become one of the poorest of the pilgrims; combiniog the observations of these two but on his return home he had still onetravellers with those of the authors of the third of his father's property left him : great French work on Egypt, a tolerably with this he prosecuted his trade, and complete account of the Arabian tribes had again acquired considerable wealth might be produced. Among the instan. when the French made themselves mas* See Vol. 1. p. 291.
ters of Cairo.
VOL. 2.] Whimsical Duett-White Diplomas-Voltaire's “ Zadig."
From the Literary Gazette. perhaps a more curious fact, that the WHIMSICAL DUETT.
solemnization of the marriage ceremony A new engraving has recently appear- only takes place on one day in the year. ed in Paris in which the arts of music
SOUTH AMERICAN LIBERALITY. and design have with considerable effort been combined together. This The Narrative of a Journey in Braprint represents a Magic Rock and a zil, by Mr. Henry Koster, contains many Duett, entitled, The two Lovers, which curious observations on the civil and pois sung with an accompaniment for the litical state of that country. The gov. Piano. The music is written upon a ernment preserves the character which it single line which extends the whole formerly maintained at Lisbon. The length of the winding road upon the Minister, Mr. d'Aranjo, entertains exRock, along which the two Lovers have tensive plans of civilization, and is moreresolved to journey. The words for the over a friend to religious and political Lady read from the top to the bottom, tolerance. The most characteristic fea. aod those for the Gentleman from the ture in the internal administration of bottom to the top. The two singers Brazil, is the equality which prevails bewould therefore infallibly meet, were it tween the Whites and the Mulattos. not for a furious Dragon, which is sta- The laws and regulations concerning tioned in the middle of the Rock, for people of colour, are not only extremely the purpose of preventing their union. mild, compared with those which exist Having nothing better to do the Lovers in the other colonies ; but custom, pubcoutinue their journey, the one towards lic spirit, and the connivance of the govthe summit, the other towards the foot of ernment, enforce the striciest execution the Rock, from whence they recommence of these legislative arrangements. All the game, which might be prolonged for people of colour, in easy circumstances, a considerable time, if a thunder-bolt did obtain without difficulty White diplomas, not settle the business by destroying the by which they are qualified to hold eccleDragon. “ Then the Lovers baving siastical and civil dignities. Mr. Koster met embrace each other with transport." saw a very dark mulatto, who was a
The Duett, it must be acknowledged Captain in Chief, that is to say, an officer does not end badly.
of superior administration. He asked a As the music is written on a single Portugueze gentleman, how it happened line, it is necessary that the air should that a mulatto was permitted to fill so be arranged so that the beginning may high a situation. “Mr. "replied serve for the end, and the end for the the latter," was once a man of colour, but beginning. It may therefore be said to he is not so now ; he has been bleached have neither beginning nor end, or what by a diploma. How caine you to ima. is much the same neither head nor tail, gine that a mulatto could be a Captain in For the arrangement of this air a degree Chief? I can assure you he is as of labour must have been requisite, the white as either you or I." This system very thought of which fatigues the imag- of equality between the two chief tribes ination. The composer may be con- of the inhabitants of Brazil, will no doubt gratulated on having overcome so many tend to create a new nation of mixed difficulties ; he has displayed in this rue blood. mance as much patience and mechanical ZADIG SAID TO BE A PLAGIARISM. genius, as are usually employed in the construction of a Mill.
Extract from Jorgenson's Travels in
France and Germany, lately published. MATCH-MAKING.
The following anecdote of that extraThe system of Match-making in Eng- ordinary inan, which came to my knowland bas generally been considered rather ledge during my stay in Germany, is so as a private affair than a public occupa- little known in this country, that I send tion. In Finland, however, it is actual. it for insertion in the Literary Gazeite. ly a profession, practised by one or two I was one day conversing with a German old women in every village. But it is gentleman, who is deeply skilled in pil
Duchess d'Angoulême-Dimond's “Castle of Taranto.”
branches of literature, and had studied her a little pottage, which she eat and lay the French and English authors with down to rest. She ordered the servant great attention. Voltaire accidentally to enter her chamber at precisely three becaine the subject of conversation : I quarters past eleven on the same evening. mentioned, that the great Frenchman She was punctually obeyed. At midhad displayed a wonderful versatility of night she rose, but appeared to have had genius : but nothing struck me so much po sleep; her eyes were red and swollen, as the variations of his style when writing One of her woinen was then in the apart on different topics I mentioned Zadig ment, and she told her that she wished to as an instance; who would believe the remain alone until twelve o'clock next author of this small volume to be the night. “ Permit me, then, to bring your saine man that bad written the History Royal Highness some refreshment,” said of Charles XII. or the Letters on the the maid. “My sorrow is sufficient." English nation, if we were not well in- (Here the unfortunate Princess was unaformed of the fact? The German, with- ble to repress her tears.) " But Madout intending to detract in the least from ame will at least allow me to remain in Voltaire's reputation, informed me, that one of these closets ?"_" With all my the original Zadig was actually written heart, since you wish to do so ; I feel as some centuries back by a Persian philos- I ought to do the value of your affecopher. A copy had found its way into tion."-"Madaine's bed will want make the East Indies, whence it was transmit. ing again."-" I do not intend to lie ted to England; where it lay without down."--" Alone for four-and-twenty notice, till it accidentally fell into the bours ?"_" I shall be with my virtuous hands of Voltaire ; who published it as father, with a tender mother, with my be the production of his own fancy. loved brother, with an aunt the model of
every virtue, and with all good FrenchDuchess d'Angouleme.
men. Oh ! how short the time will apThe grief experienced by the Duchess pear! And - " (Here sobs choked d'Angouleme on the anniversaries of the her utterance : for a moment she apdeath of her august parents, is universal- peared to be suffocated : a profound sighi ly kaown. She has lamented their un- relieved her : she suddenly became calm, happy fate on the banks of the Danube, and resumed her accastomed serenity.) the Dwina, the Thaines and the Seine, - "Now I am well again, very welland is still inconsolable. Noluit conso. I thank you-retire : it is just twelve lari, quia non sunti --The following de- o'clock.” Next night at the appointed tails of the distress of Madame de France hour, the faithful servant of Madame enon the 21st of January 1797, cannot fail tered her apartment. Bring me," said to be read with interest. This august she. “ a little pottage such as I had last Princess was then at Vienna ; and the night." _“ But, Madame, you must have following account was published in the something more after twenty-four hours." Austrian Journals.
" I want nothing else, at present .... On the 20th of January, Madame de except a little rest." Madame de France France (Duchess d'Angouleme) relired had passed these twenty-four hours in to her bed-chainber at seven in the eve- meditating, reading, praying and weeping. ning, desired one of her servants to bring
TIIE DRAMA. .
From the Literary Gazette.
called the Conquest of Turunto or town. He is impelled by the double Si, Clara's Eve, was performed. The motive ot hostility to the Christians and first scene opens with a view of a Moorish to revenge the death of his wife, Azonda, body of troops on the shore of Taran- u Spanish captive, who had perisbed, in
FOĻ. 2.] Dimond's new Play.- Dramatic Sketches. . one of bis skirmishes with ţhe governor, country upon Rinaldo. This produces
Alonzo de Corduba, some twenty years the best scene in the play, between him belore. In the second scené, Orania and Valentio : in which the fornier unthe governor's daughter, makes a relig- suspectingly complains to the latter of jous offering at a shrine of the Vir- the horrid stigma unjustly cast upon him, gio ; and Valentio, a young Taran- of having basely betrayed his country. tine nobleman, in love with her, over. The governor is afterwards saved from hears her praying for the safety of one, execution, by the tears and prayers of whom he supposes to be a favoured rival. bis daughter Orania, and the exertions He makes love to her and is refused. of Rinaldo. Aben Humet discovers that She goes out. The Moors enter and his wife Azonda was sister to Alonzo de seize him. At Aben Hamet's com. Corduba; "that before her death she had mand, he bears a summons of surrender, been delivered of a son, ard that Rinaldo to Alonzo de' Corduba - He meets is his son. The innocence of the latter there Rinaldo his suspected rival, a is made to appear. Valentio stabs hima young man brought up by the gover- self on his treason being made knowo, nor and supposed to be a destitute and a peace is cemented by the marriage orphan of poor and unknown parentage, of Rinaldo and Orania. A second love Valentio meeting a refusal of Orania's affair is carried on between Isidore, band from her father, determines to a companion of Rinaldo, and a young betray Taranto to the Moors on the female a companion of Orania. desperate hope of obtaining his mistress. Being sent back with a defiance to Aben Hamet, he proposes to admit the Moors DRAMATIC SKETCH OF KEMBLE. into the town, oy & postern. gate Written in 1796.--- After seeing his Orestes, subterraneous passage : the firing of two
Alexander, and Coriolanus. guns from the platform to be the signal and the price of his treason, any object
WINDOW’D by Nature for supreme com
mand, which he might choose to select from the See KEMBLE comes, the Monarch of the stage. general plunder. He afterwards, under In Alexander, his majestic form, the pretext of affording Rinaldo an
ding Rinaldo an Uoiting grace and strength, appears to join
an Apollo and great Hercules in one. opportunity of signalizing his valour, His aspect is imperial like his port. contrives to make that unsuspecting Such as might suit the sculptur'd front of Jove. young man open the postern gate, at Upop his brow the fate of empires hangs;
His ample forehead speaks exalted sepse ; the appointed hour. The Moors The lightnings in his eyes are wont to play, rush in and after a brave defence And leap forth, with the thunder of his voice,
To strike and wither armies; and to make Rinaldo is taken prisoner, but in admira- Cheap victory attend his faming sword.--tion of his valour Aben Hamet himself But who can paint him in the Roman Chief,
1 He " who like an eagle in a dove-cote, takes oli bis chains and restores Dis sword. “ Flutter'd the Volscians at Corioli." With a preposterous inconsistency, the Fate on bis helm, allarm'd in shining mail governor, a renowned veteran, instead of I saw him, singly, like a Lion chafd
· By desperate Hunters, in his fury turn,... preparing to resist the attack of a vigilant His stature seem'd of more than human s ze and inveterate enemy, gives a grand By rage enlarged.---Upon the Volscian Lord
He, downward, shot a mortal burning glance, entertainment in his palace. Just as the
As wrathful tires are hurlid from Etna's brow. ladies are commencing a dance, the Histemples, with bis clenched hands, he struck, Moors break in and amidst the discharges And echo'd back the appellation " Boy!"
While, loudly storming o'er the armed field. of fire arms, Alonzo de Corduba is taken He strode, indignant, like the mighty Mars.-prisoner. The conquest of Taranto But I do mock him, by this puling speech. completed, Aben Hamet gives Rinaldo This sorry painting would---but cannot, paiot!
As strong conceptions labor in the breast his liberty and his signet for safe conduct, Though language cannot give the fancy birth. with leave to take with him any one He must be seen himself.---This shows him not; Derson whom he liked.
But as a faint reflection shows the son ;
These marks of Oras a feeble breath a tempesé makes; favour and the fact that the Moors had Or as a shallow rill, in some green mead, fonod admittance by the postern gute found admittance by the postern gate,
Strid by a truant boy, would represent
The copious flood of the majestic Nile. fasteo a charge of having betrayed his
W. C. 2A ATAEN EOS. Vol. 2
Lit. Gaz. July 1837.