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SIR,

From the Monthly Magazine.

any one fell sick, he was inmediately M OTWITHSTANDING the bles- sacrificed ; or, if he reached an advanced

W sings of civilization are daily ex- age, he experienced the same fate.tteading themselves into countries for- Herrera mentions that there were great merly unknown, still there is too much markets in China, furnished wholly with reason to think, that the horrible custom human flesh, for the better sort of people. which I am going to mention is prac- lo every part of the new world, it tised by various tribes inhabiting the appears, there were people to whom the internal parts of Africa and America. practice was familiar: and I am afraid It is a gratifying reflection, bowever, it is not yet wholly neglected. Cortes that feeding on human flesh does not mentions that his Indian auxiliaries, at exist in any country where the clouds the siege of Mexico in 1521, had one of barbarism and ignorance have been means of subsistence more than the Spa. dispelled ; and we may look forward with niards, viz. they fed upon the Mexicans confidence to the time, when the prac- they killed in battle. B. Diaz confirms tice will be recollected with disgust and his relation, adding, that the Indians, horror by the very people that now folo when they returned from Mexico to low it.

their own country, carried with them Setting aside the hctions of the heathen large quantities of the flesh of the Meximythologists, tradition informs us of cans, salted or dried, as a most acceptmany nations with whoin the banquet of able present to their friends, that they human flesh was customary. The Me- might have the pleasure of feeding upon lanchlænian, Massagetian, and Esse- the bodies of their enemies in their festidonian Scythians, all followed it. vals-During the same siege the Mexi

The Massagetæ were accustomed to cans devoured with greediness the SpaWill their old people, and a number of niards and Tlascalans, whom they took cattle in honor of the occasion, with prisoners.t The natives of the Carib. which they made a feast; as this was con- bean Islands were cannibals; and the sidered by thein the most happy death, Caribs of the Main Land were seen, in and those were esteemed damned who 1761, to eat the flesh of the Maroons died merely of sickness.t

... that had revolted -against the Dutch, in When any of the Issedones|| lost his their settlements on the Berbice; they father, the relations used to bring a are also reported to have made eunuchs number of cattle, which, having killed of their children, in order to fatten and and cut in pieces, with the dead body, eat them. they mixed all together, and served it In numbers of the American tribes it up at a feast; the head of the deceased is the custom to devour their prisoners was however preserved, cleansed, and of war, after submitting them to the set in gold; and every year solemo most exquisite tortures which savage sacrifices offered up to it.

enthusiasm can invent. A scaffold is Different authors have also mentioned erected, and the prisoner tied to the Scythians, inhabiting the coast of the stake: where he sings bis own deathEuxine Sea, who cut the throats of all song and

of all song, and prepares for the tortures.

prepare strangers found amongst them, fed upon They begin at the extremity of his body. their flesh, and made pots and drinking- and gradually approach the more vital vessels of their schills, when dried. I

parts; one plucks out his nails by the Amongst the Padæi of India-When roots; another, with his teeth, tears oi Cannibals that each other eat, '.

the flesh from his fingers; a third thrusts The Anthropophagi.

Shak, & Melanchlarini oinnes induinenta nigra gerunt, Ideoque cum hac de causa, tum quia omnes qui unde et cognoinen habent, qui soli ex his humana in moreum incidunt, necantur, non multi sane eorum carne rescuntur, institutis Scythecis utentes.-Her. ad senectutem perveniunt.--Herodot, lib. vi.. odot. lib. iv, 107.

Cort, Relai, 176; Bern. Diaz de Castillo Con+ Lib. i. 216.

Lib. iv. 26.

quist, de la N. Espagna, p. 150 and 157 ; and Robert Strabo, lib. vii, 298.

son's America, p. 403 and 495, vol.iii.

249 VOL. 2,] The Anthropophagi.

pinion, his finger, already mangled, into the and eat the children of their fei, tasie bowl of a pipe, and smokes it like to- captives, whom they kept as concubin that bacco: others pouod his toes and fingers for that purpose ; and who, when they between two stones; and, in short, every had done child-bearing, were also killed invention to torture they can think of is and eaten. In many parts of America made use of till nature sinks under the where the practice has been abolished, accumulated sufferings, or one of the it appears to have been so well known chiefs, whether out of compassion or in former times, that it has entered into tired of cruelty puts an end to his life the idiom of the language. The Irowith a club or a dagger. The body is quois, when they express a resolution of then put into the kettle, and succeeded going to war with an enemy, say, “Let by a repast as barbarous as the preceding us go and eat that nation :” and, if they treatment.*

solicit assistance from any other tribe, This is more especially the custom they invite it to “ eat broth made of the with the North Americans; their south- flesh of their enemies."* The same felt ern neighbours gratify their vengeance practices are expressed in their warin a manner somewhat different. M. de song—" I go to war to revenge the death Lery, and Stadius, a German officer, of my brothers; I shall kill; I shall exwho was in captivity amongst the Tou- terminate ; I shall burn my enemies; I pinambos for nine years, narrate that shall bring away slaves ; I shall devour they fed upon the bodies of their pri- their heart, dry their flesh, drink their soners under the most horrid circum- blood : I shall tear off their scalps, and stances; and the latter escaped the same make cups of their sculls.”+ fate by extraordinary courage and ad. The inhabitants of New Zealand eat dress. According to them, their pri• the bodies of their enemies; but, it soners are caressed, and some beautiful would appear, froin absolute necessity young woman appointed to solace them; on account of their want of the necessaand every artifice made use of to attach ries of life. The natives of Feejee are the captives to life-whilst, at the same also said to be anthropophagi. I time, their doom is unalterably fixed; The food of the inhabitants of Anriko and of course their minds, from being in Africa, is said to be human flesh; and exalted with the hope of mercy, feel a human bodies are hung up for sale in corresponding depression when they dis- their shambles ;--conceiving that they cover it is not to be extended to them : have an absolute right to dispose of their and it is for this cruel purpose that it is slaves at pleasure, their prisoners of war supposed to be done. On an appointed are faited, killed, and either eaten or day the tribe assembles ; the prisoner is sold to butchers. It is also said that brought forth with great solemnity, and discontented slaves offer themselves for dispatched with a single blow: as soon food to their masters; and that persons as be falls, the women seize the body, of the nearest relation leed upon each and dress it for the feast. Their chile other without the least horror. They dren are besmeared with the blood, in have no graves for the dead--who are order to kindle a hatred of their enemies; devoured as soon as they have expired. and all feed, with barbarous exultation, The Giagas, a tribe of savages, in the upon the flesh of the victim.t The vir- kingdoin of Congo, according to Cafues by which the Toupinambos believe vazzi, whose account is almost incredia they deserved Paradise were revenge, ble, feed on human flesh under the most and eating abundance of their enemies. shocking circumstances. Some of the Some of the Brasilians and Chilese are Jaga princes take pleasure in eating said to be anthropophagi ; and to devour young women; and a princess is said to the bleeding hearts of their enemies, and have been so fond of her gallants, that the bones of their children.

she ate them successively. Five or six De la Vega mentions a people of Peru, who were accustomed to fatten · Robertson's America, vol. ii. p. 150.

• Meiners on the Flexibility and Inflexibility of the Travels through Louisiana, vol. i. p. 101. different races of Mankind: and Guthrie's Geography Hawkesworth's Voyages, vol. ii. and iin. " Amerien," * Robertson's America, I. 106, yo!.

Rees' Cyclopædia, art. Anriko, and art. Jagas,

+ Robertson's Americ, vol. ii. p. 162; and Bossu's

Anthropophagi.--Lellers from London.

(vol. 2

g men will at once destroy and wounded, by lances thrown at him by ea captive, by tearing him in pieces, the assembled multitude, they rush upon

South-west of Sennaar are said to be him as in a rage, cut pieces from the many tribes of negroes, feeders on human body, dip them in a dish, previously flesh. The inhabitants of Mumbos, a prepared of salt and lemon-juice, broil country north-west of Mocaranga, are them slightly, and then swallow the said to devour their captives and slaves. morsels with a barbarous enthusiasm :

Mr. Marsden* writes, that the Battas, in some instances they tear the flesh a people of Sumatra, eat human flesh; from the carcase with their mouths. It but not because there is a scarcity of is said by some authors that they do not food, or as a gluttonous repast-but in eat the bodies of their enemies slain in order to shew their detestation of crimes battle ; but, though it be not a general, by an ignominious punishinent, and as yet it is an occasional, practice. a revenge upon their enemies ;-the ob- There are also many other nations jects of it are prisoners of war, and who, although they do not eat human offenders condemned for capital crimes. flesh indiscriminately, yet devour deWhen sentence is pronounced, the victim tached parts of the body without the is tied to a stake; and when mortally least disgust.

Philos. • History of Sumatra.

Aug. 4, 1817.

From the Literary Gazette.
LETTERS FROM LONDON.

LETTER V. S you might easily have foreseen, Fortunately, however, I recollected that A from the tenor of a former letter, I I once composed an additional verse to was not very likely to succeed as a gov- Lullaby, so was introduced, in due form, erness. I therefore relinquished the as a lady, “ who had kindly benefited project, and waited on the lady who had the commonwealth of letters." promised to make n.. her amanuensis. “We congratulate ourselves on sovalShe received me with abundant civility, uable a member,” said a pale gentleman, iustituted me on the spot, and introduced “ for in Cato's judgment, a verse, a line me in the evening to a literary party. of true simplicity, is worth a whole

These, it seems, are a select few, who Childe Haroldry of fustian.” meet once or twice a week for the pur- The room was in raptures at this parpose of giving and receiving wisdom, of ody. “ Did you hear that? note that!" bartering an apologue for an anecdote, echoed every where ; and every one doling out sententiousness by retail, and, took out a tablet. This is rather an awin short, transacting a regular commerce ful affair, thought I ; and what a flow of small wit. They consist of certain of soul must needs ensue, when people ladies and gentlemen, who have the hap- are talking for immortality! pness, as they themselves say, to be neg- “ As you are about entering upon a lected by the public; and who despise literary life," continued the pale gentlethe public heartily, and write for it daily, man, " allow mne, Madam, to obtrude a They therefore find a prodigious com- few admonitory observations; for though fort in collecting together, and praising some men are born with a desire to mind each other, since the community will not their own business, all men are born with do so for them. And truly, any one a fondness for interfering with the affairs who heard thein would imagine, that a of others." congress of wits was then and there hol. Tablets and exclainations were now den, in formal deputation from the four at work again. corners oi'the globe.

“ If your object in writing is present At firsi, a serious obstacle presented notoriety, you must koock at the pubitself against my admission into this so- lic brains with a quarto, for they are ciety; as none but those who had al- never at home to the gentle tap of an ready written something, were eligible. octavo. Notes, wide lines, and a

vol. 2.)

Letters from London.Female Dress.

249

Thames of margin, will soon 'swell up “I am far from being of opinion," the frog to a sufficient bull. In poetry, said be, “ either that the public taste, you must either invent a new measure, generally speaking, is vitiated, or that or revive an old one ; you must write there is an insensibility to talent among with diluted ink, and eke out a thought us. On the contrary, we run rather into to three pages ; and, above all, must be the opposite extreme, and hold up indifsedulous to bring adjectives and sub- ferent writers, as prodigies of wit. Forstantives together, which, having never merly, seven or eight geniuses in a cenbeen so close before, naturally stare in tury, were thought sufficient ; but now astonishment at finding themselves side man, woman and child, all have genius. by side. For this purpose, a calida We are not content with a Pleiades, we junctura between obsolete and new- must create a galaxy. And, indeed, in made words, is the surest and easiest re- my judgment, this propensity is not source.

without some reason ; for though we do “ But if plain prose be your object, not, perhaps, possess any one star of the you must not write a condensed style, first magnitude, yet our literary hemisbut contrive to make every sentence a phere is illuminated by so glorious a labyrinth of parentheses, hypotheses, and cluster of smaller lights, that we may derepetitions. In a word, it is now the fy any former age to compare with the fashion to write as if you were speaking, present in collective brilliancy.” and to speak as if you were writing. ; " By Jupiter, Sir, you are a satellite

“ Then as for the subject, there is on this occasion ;” observed the pale nothing so lucrative as novels or travels. gentleman, and the company laughed Happy are those authors, who feel a de. and recorded. sire to see a thousand miles. They set The remainder of the conversation off some fine morning with a portman- was conducted in a similar manner, but teau, take a tour through France and with frequent pauses ; because as all the Netherlands, then publish, and out were determined not to commit themof the profits afford themselves a trunk selves by talking plain sepse, silence, for their next excursion. To conclude, portentous of epigram, was often the nobody now will allow genius out of a consequence. certain circle, and public taste is as fluc- At length I left them, and returned tuating as the Ocean. Nothing floats home, with the full conviction, that a upon its surface but trifles, and the light- party specifically meeting to talk, is the ness of a production may always be most silent assembly in nature; that known by its buoyancy.”

nothing can be more dull than a firm I have not interrupted my detail of resolution to be witty, and nothing so this harangue, with a list of the mur- little conducive to knowledge, as a prema mured eulogies that its several passages meditated conversation for the purpose received, but when the speaker had end- of imparting it. Adieu. ed, an old cynical gentleman took up the subject.

From the Literary Gazette..

ON TASTE IN FEMALE DRESS. “ Dress is the natural Anish of beauty. Without attachment to the better sex remains pure dress, a handsome woman is a gem, but a gem that is and undiminished, and, thank heaven, not set."

my perception of physical and moral I AM an old man now, Mr. Editor; beanty is still in its meridian of power.

but I have loved the ladies dearly all I look back upon the years of my youth the days of my life ; and, though “ the --upon the prime of my manhoodhigh blood” no longer runs frolic when the loveliest and the best of women through my veins”--though the frost of was the solace of my heart, with a dear, age has “silvered o'er my head'--my a soothing delight, which the wealth of 2 ATHENEUX. Vol. 2

worlds could not purchase.

250

Taste in Female Dress.

(vol. 2

Sixty-five years have not rolled re- infallible ; yet I am inclined to think, gardless over my head. Withia that that the feeling, or sentiment especially period--a little eternity in prospective, with respect to the opposite sex-is more but scarcely more than a point in the general than might be at first suspected ; past--many are the changes of the times, and, perhaps, we seldom, if ever, meet and of manners, that I have observed. with a female, whose general style of Connected, in some measure, with my dress is chaste, elegant, and appropriate, naturally invincible admiration of the that we do not, on a more intimate acsex, has been an attention to their various quaintance, find much in her disposition, styles of personal decoration; and though, mind, and manner, to admire, and to in some respects, I entertain a perfectly love. philosophical contempt of dress, I will I have already remarked, that the not shrink from the arowal, that, in the love of dress is natural to woman. Look contemplation of a beautiful woman, ele- at the Hottentot fair, bedaubed with gantly and tastefully attired, I have, at grease and ochie; see the native of the all times, enjoyed a pleasure of no vulgar South Sea Islands, gaily bedightin shells, cast. Time was, when the waist of a and beads, and feathers, and ferruginous span,

pendants in her ears and nose; and, to “Small by degrees, and beautifully less,"

come nearer bome, observe the country

wench, tricked out in faring ribbons, and was the summit of female ambition; rivaling the rainbow in the number and when the celebrated Duchess of Devon- variety, if not in the beauty, of its colors. shire, whose zone was exactly the cir- Here is the love of dress in all its native cumference of an orange and a half, ex- force; but where is the chastening hand cited the envy of the whole world of of taste, the nice perception of the beaufashion ; but this, and numberless other tiful and correct? The British fair, absurdities, have been burried down the thanks to the powder-lax, have long restream of oblivion, never more, it is linquished the practice of kneading up hoped, to intrude into the regions of their tresses into dough, by the admixtaste. Peaked stomachers, fortification ture of flour and fat-a practice as odious bosoms, monstrous craws, cork hips, and as that of the Hottentots; for what is protuberant pads, have, in succession, there more offensive or ridiculous in red been consigned to the “family vault of dust and grease, than in white dust and all the Capulets ;" and notwithstanding grease ?- but they still retain that relic of its faults, I must be permitted to consider barbarism, the wearing ear-rings. Why the present age as greatly superior to should they not, like some of their sable many that are past.

I sisters, adorn their olfactory organs in The love of dress is natural to woman. the same chaste and simple style ? - The This has been seen, and attested, in all short petticoats, which now so frequently ages and in all countries of the world, in enable the Bond-Street lounger to expathe most savage as well as in the most tiate on the color of his mistress's garters, polished states. It is a laudable, a use- are doubtlessly an importation from that ful, an interesting propensity; but it land where Vice reigns triumphant requires to be chastened and regulated where Modesty has long forgotten to by the hand of taste, by a sense of the blush. Still are we dooined to exclaim, beautiful in nature, of the correct and harmonious in art. Thus it will gen

“0, France, whose edicts govern dress and

meat, erally be seen, that the mind which is Thy victor, 'Britain, bends beneath thy feet !" most highly cultivated, will be most successful in the art of personal decora- The almost equal barbarous, though not tion, provided its attention be directed, equally indecent, mode of hooping the or attracted towards that point. Lord dresses and pelisses round, like so many Chesterfield declared, that he could not beer.barrels, originated, I presume, belp forming some opinion of a man's east ward of Temple-Bar. · The wearers sense, and character, froin the style of his of these dresses always remind me of dress. Such a criterion is by no means brewers' wives and daughters, hanging

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