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287 cribed to generous feelings, and applaud- a dangerous rival from the way of my ed. The accused was brought forward, only son-the legal and natural heir of and his accuser turning aside his eyes as Lord De Grey's possessions.” is dazzled by the intense light in Mau Mordaunt paused, and his whole soul rice's, stood before bim. He was a man' gathered itself into his fixed eye. beyond the middle age, with deep lines - Wretched man!” he exclaimed “ learn in his forehead, and a lurking smile about the fallacy of your system from its fruits ! bis lip which seemed to mock his sordid. —Maurice is your eldest son--the fruit apparel. Lord De Grey fearfully and of your first rash marriage. I received slowly looked towards him, and fell from him from the death bed of his forsaken his place in a swoon. The stranger fixa mother, whom your disavowal left to ed his large hollow eye sternly on the old perish in poverty. But your father man as he supk, and turned towards his knows his claims, and received him from examiners. To their close inquiries he my hands. See to what misery and refused to give any farther replies than shame you have doomed a beneficent: he had already given, and referring to the father, and the children be cherished for evidence adduced against Maurice, ap- your sake !" pealed to facts.. A long inquisition af Even a heart hardened by systematic forded no new-light : the prisoners were selfishness shrinks, from the deserved liadismissed to separate chambers, and be- tred of a-son. The self-convicted father, fore the close of day Mordaupt entered in the stubborn silence of despair, fixed the stranger's. Both viewed each other his eyes upon the earth, and raised them with cold and austere glances ; but after no more. After many hours spent in a long pause, the curate said "I am a prayer beside him, Mordaunt departed ininister of the religion which would re- without obtaining either word or sign of deem you even now. Have you forgot- hope. Before the following day his sudten both ?”—“ No," returned the pris- den death was announced. The ionooner fiercely,“ por need you remind me cent son he had so nearly sacrificed, soon who I am.—Tell Lord De Grey, if he obtained acquittal ; but Edward De sent you, that I am still his only son ; Grey, driven to madness by his father's and though he has renounced and aban- ignominy, and by pangs of humbled selfdoned me, his precepts are not forgotten. love which no principle ever balanced or He taught me to seek pleasure as the only corrected, remained a victim to the purpose of existence, to idolize myself, gloomiest visionary terrors.---Maurice, and to reverence no law. Let him not half consoled for unmerited sufferings be surprised if I have employed his name by his own pure and benevolent spirit, to regain a small part of that birthright took refuge in the church, where he which he seems disposed to squander learned those truths which saved him from upon beggars-upon that nameless boy the errors of his brother. He lives hapwho has crept into his favour.”—“ That py in the secluded parsonage in which nameless boy !" repeated Mordaunt, his uncle Mordaunt once presided; but shuddering— " was it to rend him froin no comfort remains for the desolate and his place under your father's roof that despairing grandfather. Lord De Grey you covered your fraud with his name, still exists, deploring the fate of a soa and contrived to make ever me an ac- misled by his precepts, and a grandson complice by putting those iatal notes into plunged by his example into the darkness his hands !"-—" Are not the means justi- of false philosophy. He has seen the tied by the end ?" said the culprit, with retributive hand of the Providence he a gullen sneer—“So at least, your philo- doubted, and felt the well-proportioned sophic patron told me. He thought ibat punishment due to self-worshipping pride all morality depended upon circumstance, and unrelenting obduracy. "Concealed and was frained by men only to guard in this retirement he endeavours to melio. their own convenience. Why should rate his sorrows; and is learning those bis family be exempt from this rule? I precepts of patient resignation, hope and have but committed a civil trespass for the charity, which render Man sufficient for just purpose of obtaining what his bounty himself.” cught to have given me, and of romoving
LORD AMHERST'S LATE EMBASSY TO CHINA
From the London Literary Gazette, October 1817. JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE LATE EMBASSY TO CHINA, &c. BY HENRY ELLIS,
TUIRD COMMISSIONER OF THE EMBASSY. 4to. THIS work, which excited so much to Aujere-roads occupied the intervening
public , ance, was on Monday published by Mr. since their departure. Murray, with maps, coloured drawings, At Agjere they landed and set out for typographical accuracy and beauty,which Batavia, their progress to which by Sewould have done credit to the longest rang furnishes topics for remark; but as preparations, and are really surprising Java has been treated more at large, in rewhen we consider the short period that cent and separate publications, weshall not has elapsed since the author arrived in enter upon it here further than to state, England.
that Mr. Ellis confirms all preceding acSince it issued from the press it has counts of the short-sighted and bad polsupplied ample stores for extracts to the icy pursued by the Dutch in their govperiodical newspapers, and within this ernment of this colony. He represents little week parts of its contents have per- General Daendels as extremely harsh, vaded the whole British Empire. View- but the following anecdote (at page 32) ing this circumstance, we shall deviate is not the best illustration of the asserfrom our favourite plau of reviewing, and sion, which is more cleariy borne out by give ourselves to the formation of a other records. faithful analysis of the volume, accompa Whethier natural, or assumed for the nied by fewer quotations thao we usual- purpose of intimidation, lis (Daendels) ly make,
manner was ferocious to an unparalleled The first chapter is devoted to the degree. An anecdote is related of his voyage. On the sth of February, 1816, arriving late at night at one of the regen. the Einbassador with his suite embarked cies, and ordering some eggs to preon board the Alceste frigate, and sailed pared for his supper : the native chief on their destination. Having a great su- unluckily had none in the house, and periority in speed, the Alceste suffered the had the teinerity to intorm the Marshal vessels in company to pursue their course that no eggs were procured at that late straight onward, while she ran to Rio hour. Daendels seized one of the pisJaneiro, where she arrived on the 21st tois, that were always placed near him, March. At Rio Janeiro they remained and discharged it at his head; the ball ten days and took several excursions into passed near his ear. The regent, a man the surrounding country, the description of some humour, says that the wbizzing of which occupies a few pages, but does of the bullet bad a most wonderful effect, not possess sufficient novelty to recom- all the hens in the village commencing mend it to much notice. The Queen of to lay their eggs immediately ; the fact Portugal died on the day previous to was, that a second search, under the their arrival, and in consequence of that fear of death, overcame the difficulty.”. event, or of i's furnishing an excuse, they Hungry Governors are not to be triwere neither publicly received at court, fled with. nor, it would seem, very hospitably en Java is a good deal colonized by Chitertained by the Portuguese ministers, nese, some of whom revisit their native who refused to allot them a house for country and send their children thither, their residence on shore.
but return to lay their bones in the iand From Rio Janeiro they proceeded on of their adoption. Their descendants the 31st, and in good time reached the are invariably a mixed race, for no woCape. Here our Commissioner appears men ever leave China. But to whatto be a little home-sick, but nevertheless ever cast the Javanese belongs, he eagertakes several trips round Cape Town, and ly disclaims being confounded with the describes the impression inade upon him Malay, and in fact is a being of superior by the natural scenery. From the Cape character in every respect.
VOL. 2.] Ellis's Journal of the late Embassy to China,
289 On the 21st of June the Alceste left the complaints raised against us for the Batavia roads, and pursued the voyage improper seizure of an American ship towards Canton.
by the Doris, within the Chinese protectNow approaching the object of their ing boundaries, to cultivate an amicable expedition, Mr. Ellis anticipates, that arrangement between the Viceroy of the former enquiries of those acute and Canton and the committee of supercar. intelligent travellers Sir George Staun- goes, to obtain a free intercourse with ton and Mr. Barrow, as well as the nar- the seat of supreme government, Pekin, rations of De Guignes, Vanbraam, and and if possible to get permission to trade the ancient Missionaries, will render with a port to the north of Canton. It such information as he may procure less is obvious from this statement, that the valuable than it would otherwise be. viceroy and members of the Canton That they have taken off the edge of government, were deeply interested in novelty may readily be conceded, but defeating the purposes of the inission, that they have also left much for future and we have no doubt but their intrigues interest Mr. Ellis's own work is a suf- contributed greatly to the unsatisfactory ficient proof. We have, at least, found result which attended it. it eminently curious and entertaicing. On the 10th of July, the squadron Yet in our critical capacity we ought to arrived at the Lemma islands, where notice one disadvantage under which it Sir George Staunton, the second comlabours ; we allude to its diary form in missioner, joined Lord Amherst and Mr. which there has been much preserved Ellis. The embassy now consisted of as it was written, which events, subse- seventy-five persons, being twenty fewer quent to the date of the entry, render than composed the suite of Lord Maaltogether supererogatory. Thus we cartney.* are often perusing what may be the con
The three commissioners were, ac. sequence of certain matters, what may cording to the formula of Chinese etibe expected, &c. as the author's mind quette, divided into Ching-wang-chae, led him to calculate a priori; a manner Tso-wang-chae,and Yew-wang-chae,i.e. of composition quite unnecessary, when middle, left-hand, and right-hand depu. in the very nature of the Journal ties. must within a few pages come to the As they came within ear-shot of their facts as they actually took place. This destination, they learnt that the Portudefect, and an occasional awkwardness guese had been zealous co-operators of style* (arising probably from long with the party at Canton, in preceding absence where foreign tongues were them with gross misrepresentations. So most heard,) are all the charges we have far had success attended these efforts, to bring against Mr. Ellis, and we bring that when the ships appeared off the them thus early that we may get rid of coast, their presence occasioned many fault-finding, and continue hence-for- military movements among the natives. ward in the more agreeable task of of. To this inauspicious omen may be adfering well-merited praise.
ded an opinion of no less weight than About the part of the work to which that of Sir George Staunton, that the we have conducted our readers, the an- time was unfavourable for the objects in thor
stops to state the grounds on which the embassy was dispatched, and the
• Besides the three commissioners, the most promi
nent individuals were Mr. Amherst, a boy of about objects it had in view. These were twelve years of age, son and page to the ainbassador; briefly the oppressions which had been Toone, 1. F. Davis
, Tho. Manning, Esqn, and the exercised upon
the British mercantile in- John Griffiths, chaplain; Clarke Abel, Esq. physician terests at Canton, and the insecurity of to the ambassador Dr. Alexander Pearson, physician their future prospects, in the former mains in India, by which means the public will be for case ; and in the latter to explain away excellent drawings before then ;) Lieut. J. Cooke, R.
Marines, commander of the guard ; Lieut. Char es
Somerset, Mr. James Marrige, Mr. Zachariah Poole, • As we profess never to censure without evidence, Dr. James Lynn, Mr. Charles Abbot, Mr. T. B. Martin, We merely mention such phrases as “ he commenced the two latier midshipinen of the Alceste, and the to perform," and a distriet where “drabs smarm,' others variously attached to the embassy together in support of our allegation.
with servants, musicians, and gards, to the number 20 ATHENEUM. Vol. 2:
we brate stated
Ellis's Journal of the late Embassy to China. (vol. 2 view. The recent attempt to assassinate proved way, and cherry brandy was the emperor had filled that weak, feeble, obliged to be substituted; with this and irresolute monarch with suspicions; however the Mandarios were not at all and as it was ascribed to religious secta- dissatisfied, but swallowed the beverage ries, foreigners were at this moment look with much complacency. ed upon with peculiar and augmented This is the region of ceremony. The jealousy. A catholic bishop had been visit of the Mandarins was repaid by executed for the plot only six months Messrs. Morrison and Cooke on shore, before, and a missionary was still in pri- the only point of consequence to the Em, son under sentence of death, What bassy developed, at which was an intiexcited this feeling also contributed to mation, that the Emperor desired the strengthen another which stood in the number of the suite to be limited to fifty way of a prosperous issue. It was no instead of seventy-five. period for a Chinese sovereign to relax We bave refraiped till now from menin his dignity, when even his life had tioning the grand consideration on which been aimed at; and the ceremonies, al- the reception or rejection of the Embasways pertinaciously enough adhered to sy turned. This was the performance by these fantastic persoos, became unal- of the San-kwei-key-kou,or thrice koeelterable as the laws of the Medes and ing and nine times bowing the head, on Persians, when alarmed by ambitious being presented to the Emperor. This innovation and treasonable inroad.
courtly repetition of prostrations is called Notwithstanding these forebodings, in the journal simply ko-tou, and the however, it was intimated to our coun- negociations between the Chinese Mintrymen, that the emperor had not only isters and the Commissioners, on this granted permission for them to proceed important question, are the leading poon their voyage up the Yellow Sea for litical features of the work. Pekin, but that his majesty was inclined It appears that the performance of this to receive them most graciously. Thus humiliation is almost a sine qua non with encouraged they sailed from the Hong the Chinese. It is true that Lord Ma(near Canton) on the 13th ; their course cartney was introduced without it, and lay too far from the coast to permit of this was the precedent set up by Lord much observation ; but where any op- Amherst ; but, on the other hand, the portunity offers, it is found that the peo- custom has been complied with from the ple towards the north have not that dis- latter ages of the Byzantine Empire, like to Europeans, which is so sensibly when independent Princes observed it felt in their intercourse at Canton. during the Crusades, to the present era,
On the 25th they entered the gulph when Tartar Princes, and the represenof Pe-che-lee, and took immediate mea. tatives of foreign Kings, have almost sures to announce their arrival in due without an exception submitted to it in form to the
authorities at Ta-koo, their intercourse with China. In 1805, The Chinese seem not to have expected Count Galovkin, the Russian ambassathem so soon, for four days elapsed be. dor, was dismissed without an audience fore two Mandarins, one with a white for refusing it; and our Ministers apand the other with a gold button, came pear to have left it entirely to Lord Amon board to return the compliment, and herst's discretion to act according to cira signify that a Mandarin, with no less cumstances, either in acceding to, or des than a blue button, was appointed to clining the ceremony. Mr. Ellis seems conduct the embassy to Pekin. Hon- to think, that it might be gone into withours now flowed upon them. On the out degradation ; and Sir George Staun31st four Mandarins, distinguished by ton, on the other hand, strenuously recrystal, ivory, and gold buttons, paid sisted the claim, as unbecoming in one them a complimentary visit, and were wbo was the representative of a great received with all the respect due to their Monarch, and not of a tributary Prince. buttons. Only one failure in etiquette This had been the subject of discussion is noticed. There was no apparatus fit with all the Mandarios who had previousfor banding tea round in the most ap- ly conversed with the commissioners
vol. 2.] Ellis's Journal of the late Embassy to China.
291 and is brought distinctly under view by this premature discussion by informing the following extract, which will also them, that whatever was right would be serve to show the general mode of pro- attended to." ceediogs :
We need not pursue this interview any “ 4th of August.—Received a visit further. The Maquarios were of rather from Chang and Yin, the two Mandarins a vulgar cast in dress, appearance, and
to accompany the Embassy ; manners, tho'Chang and Yin were among they were both preceded by their visiting the most genteel of the class. In the tickets, composed of slips of red paper, course of conversntion, “ Chang remarkeighteen inches long by six wide, on ed, that the Emperor entertained a much which their names and titles were inscri- higher opinion of the English than other bed. Yin arrived first, and was received nations; in fact, that be deemed them of by Captains Maxwell and Hall, in their importance ; this was modified by Yin, full uniforms, upon deck : he would not who added, as a reason for this considbe presented to the Embassador till his eration, that they came from a great discolleague arrived. When Chang reach- tance to manifest their respect.” ed the ship, they were conducted to Lord “ The Chinese (it is bere observed) Amherst's cabin by Mr. Morrison, where are well sized, but those we have seen do they were received by his Excellency and noi seem muscular. Both the Mandarins the two Commissioners. After the usual are advanced in life, the youngest being compliments they proceeded to make in- fifty-five. Yin brought his son, a tine quiries as to the number of boats that boy of eleven years of age, on board with would be required for the Embassy, pre- hiin, who readily made acquaintance with sents, and baggage. Copies of the lists young Arnhers. The boy, ou being that had been transmitted to the Viceroy presented by his father to the Embassaof Pe-che-lee, were then put into their dor, knelt down with much grace and hands, and with the exception of an at- inodesty ; this is the usual salutation of tempt to reckon the amount, fifty-four children to their parents, and of inferiors persons, the number passed unnoticed. to superiors. We have all reason to conThey next asked what were the objects cur with Mr. Barrow's description of the of the Embassy: to which it was replied, Chinese as a frowzy people ; the stench that the intention of the Prince C.egent arising from the numbers on board was was to manifest his regard for his Impe- not only sensible but oppressive : it was rial Majesty, and to confirm those reia- the repose of putrifying garlic on a muchtions of friendship that had subsisted be- used blanket.” tween their illustrious parents. On their In other places they are represented as demanding whether nothing else was in- beastly gluttons. A Chinese host is grattended, they were apprized that the ob- ified with the same symptoms of excessive jects of the einbassy were stated in the eating in his guests which some European Prince Regent's letter, and would be entertainers are with reference to exces. cominunicated to To-chong-tong, the sive drinking. Their dishes are generalprincipal minister, who was, as we had ly greasy and insipid. . bien inforined, to meet us at Tin-sing After hearing many reports, and en
They then adverted to the cere- tering into frequent confereices, by which mony of ko-lou, or prostration, and ob- the timne necessary for Chinese diplomacy served, that previous practice would be was spent, at noon on the 9th of August, sequired to secure its being decorously Lord Amherst left the ship in his barge, performed before the Emperor ; to this and began his voyage up the river Peiho it was answered, that every mark of re- for Pekin. He was saluted with three spect would on the presevt
, as on the guns on passing a small fort called Tongformer embassy, be manifested towards koo, and three or four hundred soldiers his linperial Majesty. Upon conferring were seen upon the beach, divided into together, it seemed that they were not companies of ten hy large flags, each solreally aware of what had then occurred; dier carrying a smaller, like so many lanas the subject was, however, renewed by cers. They were dressed in uniform, chem, it was judged advisable to cut short Visiting tickets being interchanged with