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VOL. 2.]

Manners and Customs of the Kundians.


sufficient for 4 men, and he placed it four people supported me to the place before me, to eat as much as I pleased. where he was (the square outside the I eut up the whole of it, as soon as he palace ;) the King was sitting on his went away, and drank a large quantity Palapkeen when I was brought to him ; of water, and then tumbled down and all the other people who had been with slept well for the first time.* The next the English (*natives) were also brought morning I was awoke by a Caffree, before him. wbo said to me in Portuguese, “Ab! Benson was then prezent, dressed in we have been looking for you it long his British uniform, with a gold chain time, and now we have found you.” round his neck, and a silver hilied sword, Well," said I, “and now you may do both given him by the King, with whoin what you please with me, for I can't go he seemed to be in great tavour. The away." He went off, and returned some King spoke a good deal ; he gave cloth time after with another + Caffree, who to all of us enough to make a shirt and had a sword under his arm. Now I trowsers, and a kind of silver money thought all was over : but they told me called Laraund shaped like a fish-hook, that they had orders to take care of me, one of which is worth about 16 pice, and confine me until the arrival of the agd the King also directed some beef King, who was expected next day. Ac- in casks, and a little arrack (left behind cordingly I was confined in a prison by the English) to be delivered to Bea-* with 13 Malabar people who had been son for him and me, which we alterattendants on Budhu Swarmy. Of these wards shared ; and the King said, that 13 people I saw some hung; and others, after all I had suffered, no one but God with their noses and ears cut off, they could kill me, and that no one should allowed to walk away. Tie King did ever do me any harm. not arrive, but in a few days after, I saw I was advised by the natives to wash at a distance a man named Benson, be- very ofien for my disorder ; and I did longing to the Madras artillery, who so three tiines a day. I recovered in had deserted about the beginning of about 15 or 16 days; and I am sure it June to the King at Vangaren-Kitty, as was the constant Chritty Bathing + that h" himself told me; when I saw him cured me, though I could not walk with a bay on his sboulder (of rice I be. about much for a great while. Benson lieve), I begao 10 cry at seeing the face was a good deal with the great people, of an European, and he came near to and I used to follow him about just like where I was. I was wrapped up in an a servant. He used sometimes to drill old mat, my only covering, and I told the natives a little, and on those occaliion that I was ju great misery, and beg- sions I remained in the rear ; but Benged bin to assist me, and be said he son did not know much about the matter. would see ine again in two or three days; A few months after this, Benson went and I alterwards saw him at a distance, with the King and his army to Ampulelaud called to him: be said he would see ta, near Hangwell. This King's army, me on his return, which he did ; but he I think, were not less than 12,000 men. never gave me any victuals, nor any Some of our Lascars and Malays, Coothing, and when I asked hin for a lielle lies, &c. went with him also ; though tobacco, he said he had none.

scarcely any but the Coolies, and those A day or two after, the King arrived were worth nothing, ever returned. and sent for me ; as I could not wall, Benson was brought back about a month

- -- afterwards in a cloth by lour men ; he * lo narrating this circumstance, Thon bad received a shot linder bis leit breast. gave a curious proof of forgetfulness in the idiom of the English langnage. Having occa- The ball was cut out of his back by the sion for the direct opposite of a word, he used toe inost obvious one, but in a wrong sense; # Lascars, Malays, &c. speaking of this man won brought him the † This hint respecting Chatty bathing is food, he said, “I never saw him brifire Der worthy the attention of every man who is debehind." ---" I belirve," silid 1, you mean sirou, of preserving his health in the Kardia sace." "Yes, I do."

1.1. C. territories ; the salubrity of the custom is + These were Catli resives who had distri- vouched for (and it is practised) by all the liaed in the Dutch utie.


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Manners and Customs of the Kandians.

(vol. 2

natives ; he lingered about six weeks af. times; but he never cohabited with them, terwards in great pain (bis body being spoke to them, nor even allowed them inuch suelled,) and then died. I dug a to enter his house. Although I dever grave and buried him.

saw Major Davie but once, I was alA few days before Benson's death he ways in communication with him; and by told me that there was no subsistence means of the woman who lived with me, for Europeans in this country, and he we used to correspood by letter. My told me that he should inform the Na- woman made ink with burnt rice, and tives that I could make powder (wbich bought paper in the Bazaar ; and she I cannot, for I koow nothing at all about used to employ Malabar and Kandian the matter,) and he gave me some leaden people in carrying these notes. Three weights, with which he said I might of these people, who were discovered, manage to make it. He had found this were, I understand, put to death ; and in a book, he said, and had mentioned I understood that the reason why Ma. it to the Head Men ; so after his death jor Davie was brought to Kandy was they gave me a great deal of trouble on the discovery of this correspondence. this subject, and said that Benson had One of the men who informed against told them I knew how to make powder ; us was put upon the spit (impaled)about and they threatened me with death and a fortnight since, I used to buy thipgs imprisonment if I did not do it, so I was for Major Davie in the Bazaar and send obliged to consent to assist them ; but them to him, I think about rather more the powder made was useless, just like than a year after I was taken, I was inso much flour. They gave me arrack, formed that there were 100 Europeans sulphur, charcoal, and salt; but I gave and 200 Sepoys, &c. advancing towards the arrack to the different people who Kandy from the Batticoloa district, and stili remained of our army (Bengal Las- I with all the other followers (who bad cars, Coolies, Traders, &c.)* and who been under Major Davie's command) were sent to assist in this work ; and I was marched off to Domberah, and we put Chunamh water with the powder in- were there guarded and surrounded stead of arrack. And afterwards, when night and day, so that we could not esthey found this powder inferior to their cape. I heard that this party was com. own, they said, “ We can make better manded by Capt. Johnson, that be staid than this ourselvesa" And they were one night in Kandy, and then marched very angry, and told me to go away off to Trincomalie, pursued by the Kanabout my business. After this they dians. The King was in the same tovk very little notice of me.

place as ourselves, about three English Major Davie I saw only once, and that miles only from Kandy: we understood was about three years since, when he was that all the King's valuables were packbrought into Kandy very sick, where he ed up and put into a place of security was taken good care of for 15 or 16 days. at night-amongst other things, the litAi the end of this period we understood tle golden Gods in the five Temples or that he was very sick indeed, and that he Churches. In the Temple belonging to either died in the house that had been the Palace people say that Adam's tooth built for him, or when dying was carried was deposited, being placed in a golden into the Jungle to die there ; for it is not box, enclosed in six other larger boxes the custom of these people to allow any of gold : this I only heard ; no one is one to die in their own house, if it can allowed to touch or see it except the be prevented. About eight years ago I head priest and the King. The head understood from every one that Major priest is nearly as great a man as the Davie had some valuable presents from King in this country; and the King* the King, who, it was said, also gave hiin rises a little to him when he sees him, Ihree servants (natives of Domberah, and makes a compliment to him. Once where Major Davie always resided, and a year the Gods of the different temples allotted to him two women, at different are placed on the backs of elephants (in

* The ingredieots were ground upon a * No one but the King could sit in bis prescurry stone.


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wooden cases,) and carried round the they threw thein into the water : they town. After remaining about a week (the bodies) have never been removed in Domberah the King and all of us re- from thence that I know of. The King turned to Kandy; and the King made was looking out of a window at a disgreat rejoicings on account of the depar- tance all the time, and from whence he ture of Capt Johnson and his detatch- gave his orders: that window was not ment.

within view of the Tank: the name of About eight years ago I was very the Tank in Cingalese in Bogamber. poor, and had not enough to eat; and The usual mode of punishing was first at the same time I had a great fondness flogging through the streets with whips for a Moor girl, Isah by name, and she and sticks, and afterwards putting the liked me, but would have gothing to say people to death in different ways. to me unless I changed my religion : About two or three miles from the town, these things, put together, induced me to generally near the place where those 14 change my religion--and I did 90-1 persons were impaled the other day*, went through the forms, that is I was they were sometimes put upon a stake circumcized ; but I never learnt any of alive, at others they were speared in the their prayers, nor saw their church yet ; back first. it was only for the name of it, and to get About five months since I saw 10 some one to take care of me. I always persone punished (natives,) who came pray to God night and day in the Chris. from Colombo. One arm, an ear, and tian Religion. I have one child, a boy the nose, was cut off from each ; some of about three years old.

died on the spot; and I was informed Ever since the old Adigar was be- that only one ever reached Colombo. headed (about three years ago,) named They were said to be only traders, but so Paligumpaha (at which time there was I think the King pretended to take them · a rebellion,) there have been plenty of for spies—They had, I believe, been here executions ordered by the King. This before as traders. Adigar I understand had served three About six weeks since I was ordered Kings, and was the tutor or master of to march into the Seven Korles, under the present King; he it was who put the command of the King's near relation him upon the throne. At that time Sinne Summy, and also Vinga Sumnthere were about 100 put to death ; and my (another relation, I believe.) I since that period I have seen several was very weak, having been ill, hundreds put to death by the King's or- and could not well walk ; but I was ders, particularly people of the Saffragain told that I must go, so I went only Corle, and some priests lately.

with a stick in my hand. I suppose alAbout six or seven months since, together there might be about 200 armthree or four children of the Safiragam ed people. I always kept in the rear. We Adigar were put to death in the city ; marched for about six days I think the Adigar's wife was there also ; her about 30 miles off. These people were young child was taken from the breasts, attacked about this distance from Kandy and its head cut off before her face ; by the English troops, I would have the child's body was thrown on the joined them, but could not, as I was ground; the head was put into a more well looked after ; and in the retreat I ter, and the pounder put into the norbe was forced on (pushed and pulled,) in er's hands, with which she was obliged order, as they said, that I might not be to pound ihe head of the child (ihe taken. When we came to the river near heads of all the four children were in the Kandyt (aster they retreated) they dismortar.) The bodies were dragged ---about the streets, and then this woman,

* About three miles from Kandy, at Gara

rooha, on the bank of the river. and three other relations of the Avigar,

Mel This barbarous act has been detailed ard were led to the Tank side (the lowest of commented on in the Proclamations of Gorthe three Tariks) by some slure women ernment, and was one of the ratses that led to

the renewal of hostilities against the King of of the king's is ho ried their bands and k level, then tying a stoue round their necks, + Katugastatte.


Dona Miranda ; 'or Love and Madness.

(vol. 2

persed, and I went into the Jungle at he would put my wife and child to death; Akroon, about 3 miles from the river. but as soon as I knew the English were

I did not attempt to join the English in Kandy I came over to them, being whilst the King was in Kandy (although as happy to do so as if I was born I might have done it, I think, a day or again. I two before,) because I was certain that

His own words.


From the European Magazine, Sept. 1817. TT so happened, that in all the engage- answer me, but make a sign to me by 1 ments which took place previous to an inclination of your head, are my fath

the decisive battle of Vittoria, Colonel er and mother yer alive ?"- The ColonV a nd bis Spanish friend were em- el moved in affirmation.—“ Thank Hea

ployed in the same brigade. On this ven !" said she, “ you have relieved my memorable day, the Colonel received a heart of its heaviest burden-Let me musket-ball, which passed through both now endeavour to return, by my anxhis cheeks. Don Alonzo seeing his Col- ious assistance, the generous action by onel fall, immediately gave order3 to a which you delivered me from the vile Lieutenant and a file of men to carry machinations of a licentious tyranthim to the rear, where the surgeons, as- My dear Charles, you will I am sure, sisted by some of the wives of the Spaq- rejoice to see me so occupied in adminjards, were stationed to receive the istering solace to one who preserved wounded. The Colonel had fainted by me from horrors worse than death, when

the way; and when he recovered, he the union of our hearts was first ratified · found himself supported by the Lieuten- by the hallowed band of religion.”—

ant and a female of uncommon beauty Mandard bowed to the Colonel; and, kneeling at his feet in readiness to sup- turning to his wife, assured her that, alply the surgeon with lint and dressings. though his heart upfeignedly regretted the As soon as he had fully regained his opportunity which had presented itself of sense, be immediately recognized Dona evincing the gratitude which he felt in Miranda, but the nature and stiffness of equal degree with herself, yet it was highhis wound prevented him from speaking. ly satisfactory that one so dear to him as She had not observed to whom she was his beloved Miranda could thus display administering succour-sodisfigured was the noble-mindedness by which she was the Colonel by the course which the ball always actuated. Again bowing to the had taken. The surgeon, perceiving Colonel, and taking an affectionate leave his patient much agitated, forbade him of his wife, telling her that he should soon to speak-but the Colonel made signs rejoin them, he returned to the field, and for a pencil and paper, which the Lieu- resumed his station in his regiment, just tenant supplied him with-he then as the shouts of victory and the trumpets wrote the name of Dona Miranda Fo- were proclaiming the defeat of the enemy. deya, and attached his own the Lieu. As the part of the brigade to which he tenant who supported bim saw the name, belonged formed a detachment of the and gave it to the feinale-she rose in- reserve, orders were brought to Don stantly from her knees, and, uttering a Alonzo to push forward in pursuit ; the piercing shriek fell into the arms of her word of cominand was obeyed with husband, for this Lieutenant was Charles alacrity by the men, who were anxious Mannard. When she came to herself, to secure to themselves some portion of the she told him who the wounded man glory of the day. A carriage proceeding was—and with a generous spirit of ex- at full speed through the extremity of the traordinary fortitude, resumed her task enemy's lines attracted their noticeof assistance, — “ Colonel," said she, party of chasseurs followed it as its guard “your situation will not allow you to the cry spread in every direction, that * Concluded froin p.111.

Joseph Buonaparte was in it. Urged by

vol. 2.]

Dona Miranda ; or Love and Madness.


his personal hatred of the Usurper, and men, heard the exclamation of “O my impelled by a desire to avenge the insult husband ! my Charles ! my beloved I”. offered to one of his family, Don Alonzo ---then turning towards her astonished pressed on his men, and Mannard sec- relative, she seized him wildly by the onded him with feelings no less ardent arm, and gazing stedfastly in his facethan his own—They perceived the car- “ It is Alonzo-Ah, you will not help riage stopped by a body of British caval- me!--but if he's dead, neither be nor I ry; and in hastening onwards, they shall want help -Stop," she cried to found themselves suddenly in the midst the bearers of the body, “ stop, let me of a retreating squadron of French lan- support him, I shall do it more gently cers ; Mandard perceived their perilous than you.”—The men stood stillshe condition ; and seeing Don Alonzo in fixed her eyes upon his ghastly counteimminent peril froin the thrust of a lance, nance-then casting them up to Heaven, he seized the weapon with one hand, and clasping her hands suddenly together, and with the other made a: blow at the “ O God," she cried, “ be's dead ! horseman; at that instant he was him- Where is his wound? — borrible! self pierced deeply in the back by ano- Charles, Charles, 'tis Miranda that calls ! ther, and was wounded, at Alonzo's side, - speak look up !"-He heard her All this took place in the passing speed voice, and opened his eyes--his lips of the squadron's fight; and as escape moved, but no words issued from themi was their object, Alonzo found himself _" Ab ! he lives! he is not dead !left unhurt, with poor Mannard stretched Now, Alonzo, help-help them to bear on the earth. Conscious that he owed him to our tent !”—The distracted Mibis life to his Lieutenant's bravery, he randa then ran forward--but suddenly hailed an officer who was at that moment checking herself, she came back" He engaged in calling in bis men, and en- will die, perhaps, if I leave him-No, I treated his assistance to carry the wound. will not go from thee, my husband, my ed man to the British lines. The battle life !-Gently, gently, good men !—You was over, and the victory complete saw him open his eyes-Are you sure Alonzo guided them to the spot where he did so?-I saw him 100-Will he Colonel V- bad been carried. At reach the tent, think ye?--there it isthe moment they arrived, Dona Miran- ( merciful Heaven ! aid me in this hour da was standing before the tent, of agony !"—Here, as if her heart could in trembling alarm for her husband's hear no more, she sunk upon the ground, safety, and looking out for his return, and was carried lifeless into the tent. To She saw an officer with a party moving what a wretched condition of helpless slowly towards her but where was distress were Mandard and bis Miranda Mannard ?--Who is he borne in the now reduced !--Alonzo saw, and pitied arms of those men ?-Alonzo saw her them—the courage of the young man by burried step, and instantly recognized his which he had been rescued, had made long lost cousin. Both stood silent for a strong impression upon him—by Mana short interval-Terror, surprise, and nard's interposition the blow was turned fearful forboding, choaked her utterance aside that would have ‘mingled hiin -- Heavens !" exclaimed Alonzo, among the slain—and he had perhaps “what do I see--Dona Miranda bere ! lost his own life in the encounter-he amidst the horrors of a field of battle ! was the husband of Miranda- but the Ostay, fly not-Whither do you go ?” honour of his family had not been con-Heedless of his interrogatories, she sulted by either, in the union, and in the few past him—she saw 'twas her Man- step by which it had been accomplished pard, her beloved Charles, thus carried -he was, however, now allied to bis by the party who were bending their house, and all unfavourable impressions slow steps towards the lines. Alonzo, must give way to the restoration of the 'gnorant of the tender interest that she happiness of its members. With these telt in the fare of his. Lieutenant, hastily ideas, bevostantly sent for a surgeon,wbo, followed her; and coming up to the after examining the wound, pronounced

20 Araeveux. Vol. 2

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