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Legends of Lampidosa.The Italian. (vol. 2 informed them, that ceremony would be vating his eyebrows, and fixing his performed by his daughter. - I abhor round person precisely erect," though all reference to female wisdom," said every code of laws and every national Dr. Busbequius," it always makes a opinion, from the lex Julia of the Roman more uneasy thao bis own : Why mans to the talk of a Cataw ba chief, almust we have a female signature ?"- lows us to form contracts, either public “Sir," replied the master of the villa, or doinestic, without female aid, I am “I have been naturalized in this island instructed that your consent is necessary long enough to acquaint you with its before we can be doiniciliated here." laws. Here the eldest daughter posses. “Is talking your profession ? said the ses all the rights allotted to a first-norn Lesbian, fixing her large bright eyes on son in other countries : the second is her orator—" if it is, you shall teach my her menial servant, wears only a coarse macaw. I want him to learn Italian browa garb, and is condemned to celi- with a pure academical accent; and I bacy. If unfortunately a third daugh- admit no strangers unless they conform ter arrives, she claims all that her parents to our customs. Have you any name may have accumulated since the eldest's or business here ?"-"My name," rea birth, and the fourth in succession is her torted her guest, " which was never askservant, or Calogria. Thus, gentlemen, ed before without respect, is Busbequius our daughters are alternately heiresses Buopavisa, physician and professor of and slaves, and our sons must seek their pbilology in Padua ; and when my nefortunes in other lands, or be huinble phew has recovered his health, I thank vassals at home, since all the wealth, Heaven, I shall have no business here." liberty, and power belong to our wives.” –“ Now !" said Lesbia, “ does a phy---" Why, then," exclaimed the philoso- sician dare to see a sick man ?"_"What pher, “ this is worse than Egyptian bon- would our academy have to do, madam, dage; even in Cleopatra's days, her if men were not sick ?"_" Nothing, subjects allowed women to command Mr. Busbequius; and therefore our only one day in the year ! Sir, it is plain custom is to chastise a physician every you require a courageous leader to break day until his patient recovers.”“ But, these hideous fetters ; and if you dare good lady, my nephew is only sick in follow me, I will harangųe your coun- mind, and requires no medicine except trymen in their senate-house till they wine and a clear atinospbere, which, as resolve on emancipation."_“You would Boerhaave saith "-"I have no obfind none but women there, Sir!" an- jection to hear you talk," interrupted swered Furhino, laugbing ; " and your Lesbia, “ provided you are useful in the own emancipation would be rather meantime-either hold my lap-dog, or doubtful. As for myself, I am not very this skein of silk while I unwind it. unfortunate, being a widower with only But is not your real name Boerhaave ? iwo daughters; but I must act as the I have seen your face before in bis picsteward of the eldest, and one of you, ture ; and if I could learn Latin, I gentlemen, must sign this contract in her would read his works, and be physicianpresence,”

general to the island.” Highly amused by his uncle's vehe- The latter part of this speech so nearde ment indignation and eagerness to com- ly resembled a compliment, that it re

bat this prodigious system, Blandalına conciled him to the first ; and Dr. Buswillingly ceded to his seniority the pri- bequius, forgetting how ill his portly revilege of guaranteeing the contract. With semblance to Boerhaave qualified him his college peruke placed on one side, for a silk winder, quietly performed that his left arm behind, and his right advan- office while he made an oration on medced with the roll of parchment in the ical science, and ended it by signing the posture of Cicero's statue, Dr. Busbe- contract as Lesbia dictated. It must onius presented himself before the Les- be confessed that she upravelled ber silk bian lady, who sat alone in a superb with fingers of exquisite beauty, and

apartment, leaning on her embroidery. employed eyes whose brilliance was .-.“ Madam ;" said the philosopher, ele- heightened by the artificial eyebrow and

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rich complexion peculiar to Mytilene, their intercourse soon touched his imagThe philosopher returned to his oeination sufficiently to rouse him from inphew in a very eloquent mood, and disc difference, and the obstacle created by turbed his rest more than half the night by the laws of Mytilene became an incitedescanting on the absurdity of this isl- ment. This mystery, and its enlivening and's customs, and the necessity of cor- effect on his mind, would not have esrecting them. Before day-break, he caped inquisition, if his uncle's attention had convinced himself that it would be had not been equally occupied. With wisest to enlighten and reform the ladies a serious and declared design to convince of Mytilene, and for this purpose he Lesbia of the follies authorized by the resolved to teach Lesbia Latin. Blan- custom of the isle, he visited her apartdalına shrugged bis shoulders at his un- ment daily, and soon discovered that her cle's quixotism ; but, as the sovereign mind, if properly enlightened, would inlady of the family did not require or per- cline to exchange an absurd prerogative mit his attendance, he resolved to enjoy for the softer influence allowed to fethe pleasures of her villa. And as his males. At first Lesbia seemed curiousformer sufferings had disposed him to ly interested in the enormous volumes, compassion, he took some pains to ac- brought by her new teacher, who col. quajnt himself with her younger sister, lected the most ancient and ample ones whom the fantastical laws condemned to on the subject of due supremacy and subperpetual servitude. After many solita- ordination. But Lesbia never reasoned, ry rambles in the orangery, he saw a though she argued continually ; and it female there laboriously arranging its was not easy to debate with an oppotrellis in a dark brown habit of the nent who answered the gravest arguments coarsest cloth and most ungraceful form, by a laugh or a jest. And as she alwith a long and thick veil which con- ways found some employment for him cealed all her face. Her hair was close- during his harangues, poor Busbequius ly gathered under her hood, and her spent half his time in regulating her aviahands appeared of an olive tint roughen- ry, selecting bouquets, and holding her ed by labour. It was not difficult to music-book while she adapted the odes recognise the unfortunate Calogria in of the first Lesbian poetses to the halfthis costume ; and if her fate had been antique lyre still used in Mytilene. Afless entitled to benevolent concern, she ter a few interviews, he discovered that would have won it by the meek humility her figure in the picturesque costume of in her gestures, as she offered her basket her island would afford Italian sculptors of oranges. This simple action, though an adinirable model of an Amazon : probably due to the languor of his faded that her modern Greek manuscripts decountenance, was sufficient to claim served a place in the academy of Pisa ; Blandalma's gratitude, and to manifest and that she might be rendered a very the natural grace and courtesy of the useful amanuensis if her notions of leCalogria. As the custom of Mytilene male independence could be subdued, forbids that unhappy class of females to Instigated, as he always said, by no moconverse with strangers, she made no tive but the public good, our professor verbal reply to his civility, but her si- lengthened his visits every day, and cerlence had more charms than eloquence, tainly enlarged bis fund of science. For Nor was Ludovico slow in observing her Lesbia persecuted him with questions activity and skill in her father's household, respecting the dress of his countrywomen, and patient submission to the tasksimpos- and would not understand his descriped on her by her capricious and imperious tions till he endeavoured to exemplify sister. She had no leisure, perhaps no them by tying on his cloak and folding wish, to cultivate finer talents ; yet she his official scarf in the style of a Paduan found means to display the sweetness of lady. And as she found his education her voice in Lesbian songs, and to prove very deficient, she told him, in the most a delicate and ready wit in ber brief re- important points ; she compelled him to plies to the billets hazarded by Luduvi- pour her coffee, arrange her work-table, co. For the mystery which involved and carry her parasol, which he endured

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Legends of Lampidosa.The Italian.

(vol. 2

with tolerable grace, as his obedience sister in the projected voyage, Blandalwas an easy price for her attention to ma instantly provided his felacca with a his precepts. With all the dignity and trusty crew, and took his station in the self-approbation of a martyr to the cause cabin, as his uncle requested, to receive of philosophy, Dr. Busbequius sat by the tair companion of their adventure her side, gravely learning to knit while with due respect. He had never yet Lesbia pretended to read Cicero's letters been adinitted into her presence, as his respecting his wife's domestic virtues of indolent indifference had provoked the industry and meekness, in a tone of pro- capricious haughtiness of her temper ; found attention and respect. We must and he, on his part, expected to see a confess these studies were often inter- face as shrewisbly forbidding as some rupted by a symphony on the Lesbian degree of youth and beauty could perlyre, which she touched with skill enough mit in Lesbia, and the utmost softness to have enchanted Ludovico himself, in her sister's, which he had never yet whose first quarrel with his deceased seen unveiled. But when the lady enwife had been because she refused to tered, triumphantly ushered by his unlearn the science he idolized. .

cle, and threw aside her boat-cloak, be After, some weeks had passed, the phi- recognized, notwithstanding the artificial losopher, one day, accosted bis nephew eyebrows and high vermillion added to with a mysterious air ; and having inti- suit her Lesbian costume, tbe features of mated, rather awkwardly, that public his own wife. Astonishment at this benefits sometimes require private sac- resurrection, and perhaps a sensation not rifices, announced his intended marriage unlike horror, were so visible in his face, with Lesbia. “ Superior reason,” said that Dr. Busbequius stood aghast, and he, assuming a sublime tone,“ has de- mechanically felt for his lancec in expectermined her to leave this seat of barba- tation of a swoon. The Countess Blaurous prejudices, and to learn the true dalma, less surprised at the effect of her graces of her sex in Italy. After this, appearance, bent humbly to her husband, Ludovico, let no one doubt the prevail- and inquired if he was still disposed to ing force of masculine rhetoric, wisdom, cultivate her Calogria's favour. Ludovand perseverance."

ico made a confused and angry answer, Blandalma had not been wholly blind that it no longer depended on himself. to the progress of his uncle's wisdom ; “ It depends on you alone," she replied, but as it had furnished both a shelter laughing ; “ your uncle has learnt to and an excuse for his own, he made no excuse your former submission to my attempt to oppose it ; and very com- fancies, and I have learnt how to render placently inquired how he intended to it easy. With all my fantastical preconvey a bride from a place where mar- tensions to dominion, he did not think riages with aliens are unfavourably me intolerable ; and without wit, beauviewed. The philosopher had formed ty, or elegance, you found me very in. a plan to elude all obstacles, and pro- teresting in the cloak and veil of a dumb posed that their felucca should be equip- Calogria. When I wish for success in ped as if for a short excursion, and Les- the art of pleasing, I have only to rebia invited to partake it. Blandalma member the industry and meekness you listened with unfeigned pleasure to a admired at Mytilene : and you will proscheme which accorded so well with one bably forgive my pretended death, which he did not yet venture to avow. He allowed you so much happiness." felt, it is true, some pity on his uncle's Blandalma had good-humour and account, when he saw him fascinated by good-sense ; and as he knew she bad wit and beauty into a ridiculous union; acquired the art of being silent somebnt congratulated himself that his second times, he very frankly forgave the stratachoice was founded on the sure attrac- gem practised to regain him. Her untions of a meek and well-subdued tem- cie Furbino, by whom the principal part per. Never doubting that the Calogria had been sustained, accompanied them would be permitted to accompany her back to their former residence in Italy, VOL. 2.]

Ellis's Journal of the late Embassy to China.

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where their conjugal happiness became celebrated truth—“ Silence is the ornaa proverb ; while his honest uncle Bus- ment of woman." bequius wrote two folios to prove that Sept. 1817.

LORD AMHERST'S LATE EMBASSY TO CHINA.

From the Literary Gazette, Nov. 1817, JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE LATE EMBASSY TO CHINA, &C. BY HENRY ELLIS,

THIRD COMMISSIONER OP THE EMBASSY. (Continued.) TN our preceding Number we accom- tions of shrimps, eggs, &c. improve the

I panied our Embassy up the Peiho compound; the shark fins were not more river to Tien-sing, a city of the first mag- agreeable. The Chinese eat as well as nitude in China, of which and its inhabi- drink to each other; and a Mandarin, tants the view obtained by Mr. Ellis who stood behind us, regulated the times enabled him to give the following de- of commencement, both in the dishes and scription.

cups of wine. The wine was heated “Jo passing through the streets it was and had not an unpleasant flavour ; it is impossible not to be struck with the si- not unlike Sherry. The dresses of the lence and regularity of the crowds of actors and the stage decorations were spectators : although every countenance very splendid, and there was noise and expressed curiosity, scarcely an observa- bustle enough to satiate the eyes and tion was made ; there was no pointing ears ; even those who understand Chiwith fingers ; and though the streets may nese were not able to trace any story in be said to have been lined with soldiers the performance, which seemed to be at inconsiderable intervals, the exercise more of the nature of the melo-drarnathan of their authority did not seem necessary comic or tragic representation. The part of to maintain tranquillity. The streets a stag was the best performed in the piece... were narrow, regular, and paved with The instrumental music, from its resemlarge stones, brought from some distance. blance to the bagpipes, might have been Whatever taste belongs to Chinese archi- tolerated by Scotchmen; to others it was tecture, seems chiefly directed to the detestable. Of the same description was roofs ; the pediments are in general ele- the singing. Our admiration was justly gant and highly decorated. Dwelling- bestowed upon the tumblers, who yield houses were of one story, built of solid to none I have ever seen in strength and brick-work. We crossed a bridge over agility; their feats were executed with the river, the surface of which was scarce- particular neatness. In splendour of aply visible from junks.

pearance, the Mandarins did not stand “On the hall of reception itself (where any competition with the actors, who the Embassy had had a conference and were blazing with gold; it was suggesten tertainment with the Mandarins from ed that their costumes were the ancient Court) there was little to remark; it had habits of the nation. altogether the appearance of a temporary “ The dress of ceremony of the Manerection. We dined at the upper end, darins, consisting of blue gauze or crape, and the lower was occupied by the stage. with some flowered satin beneath, is plain Chinese dinners, with the succcession of and not unbecoming; an embroidered dishes served upon trays, one of which badge, marking their rank whether civil is placed before one or two persons, ac- or military, is fixed upon their robe becording to their rank, have been so accu- fore and behind. The peacock's feather, rately described, that I shall not pretend or more properly tail of peacock's feather, to enter into any detail. The custard answering to our orders of knighthood, and the preserved fruits with which thedin- is worn behind. Two of these decoraner commenced were very palatable : I tions are equivalent to the garter. The cannot say that I much liked the bird-nest momentary rank of a person is not to be soup ; it was too gelatinous and insipid ascertained from bis Mandarin ornaments, for my taste ; nor did the various addic A Mandarin with a white button gat next 330

2T ATHENEUM. Vol. 2.

Ellis's Journal of the lule Embassy to China. (VOL. 9. to the Chinese Commissioners with only that we were so beaten. We do not the intervention of a pillar, while one think either the Mandarins or their masin a clear blue button sat below him, and ter would have stood so good a chance, one with a peacock's feather walked about had diplomatic maneuvring been allothe court the whole time of the conter- getber discarded, and no address used but ence. The commission of present office the unreserved declarations of our purpose would seem to fix the immediate rank. in the language of sincerity and truth,

“ There was no sign of extreme pov- As it was, the Ko-lou became an enderty among the people in the streets ; on less topic of discussion. The Emperor the contrary, the majority were clean and sends word he will not receive the Emdecently dressed, and their appearance bassy if it is to be omitted. It is offered, bespoke them to be well sed ; some of if a Mandarin of equal rank will perform the younger were not ill-looking.” the same to the Prince Regent's portrait,

On the 11th, the day after their unsat- or if the first Chinese Ambassador sent isfactory congress, the Embassy left Tien- to London shall be ordered to fulfil our Sing, and proceeding through a double ceremonies; but these negociations end line of junks innumerable, held on their jo smoke, and the Commissioners land course for Pekin. But they now began within eighty miles of Pekin to await the to feel the effects of their resistance to the “Son of Heaven's” determination. In prostrations required in approaching the consequence of an insincere compromise throne of this Einperor of slavish cere- they again set out, and the trackers, monies. The Mandarins durst not even singing as they go, drag them up the read our Prince Regent's letter, because river. These trackers, though bard it was forsooth too familiarly addres-ed worked, seem somewhat independent, for to the Chief of the Celestial Empire, as they more than once struck for wages. “ Sir, my Brother;" and many petty ob- The following traits of China are nostacles were raised to show our Commis- ticed, previous to their arrival at Tongsioners that they were no longer in favour. Chow. Complaining of the intolerable One of the most prominent, was a man- stench in the boat, occasioned by “a date from the Einperor to send back the choice preparation of stinking fish, which band on board the ships, which was (oh is eaten by the boatmen with their rice," feartul !) written in red ink ; and great the Journal says,displeasure was expressed on its being “Eating is looked upon by the Chiunderstood that the vessels had sailed, so nese as a most important concern, and as to render compliance with this child- would seem to be going on all day, but ish command impracticable.

they probably eat little at a time: their , We confess that to us there does seem principal meal is in the evening; the that something disingenuous was prac- character of their dishes is greasy insiptised in dismissing the ships. Their idity, and they are prized by them in having sailed was not stated at once in proportion to their invigorating effects. answer to the order to dismiss the band, “Some of the large jupks we have but an equivocal answer was substituted. passed seem handsomely fitted up, and In truth, to speak our mind freely, this their inhabitants have been observed to appears to have been the error of the be of respectable appearance. Junks, whole Einbassy, Chinese diplomacy and on which officers of government are cunning, and over-reaching, and false- embarked, have placards to distinguish hood, were never distinctiy and holdly them; the characters inscribed are genmet with characteristic British honesty, erally cautions to the people, to preserve simplicity, and truth : but shifts and tranquillity, and not to obstruct their evasions were tried ; less polent arts were passage. * * * * * resorted to as a protection against trick- “ The bank of the river is in places ery which knew no bounds either moral artificially formed with earth and straw or political; and it is not surprising that mixed, and the materials for repairing it we were foiled at weapons so inconge- are collected in heaps at small intervals." nial to our national feelings and habits. Corpses are frequently seen floating Indeed it is a subject of congratulation, on the river.

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