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appears to consider equally as matters of and gallant company, when a buffoon fact--and of the most celebrated bon mots requested a largess from him : Don of the time. We give the following Diego gave him an hundred marks of specimens of this prototype of the silver. When the buffoon had received Anas :
them, he said, “Sir, this is the most libeNovella 12. - ral present that ever was made to me.' “How Antigonus reproved Alexander And, as Don Diego spurred his borse on.
for amusing himself with playing on without making any observation, the the harp.
buffoon threw down the money, saying, “ Antigonus, the preceptor of Alex. God forbid that I should take one hunander, finding him one day amusing bim- dred marks of silver without knowing self with playing on a harp, took it and who gave them to me.' Don Diego on broke it, and threw it into the fire, say. this returned, and said, “Since you are ing, • Your business is to reign, and not so desirous of knowing it, my name is to fiddle.' In like manner it may be Don Diego.' The buffoon took up the said, that every man's body is his em- marks, and said, 'I owe you no thanks, pire; and that luxury is as disgraceful Don Diego.' This reply occasioned as playing on the harp ; let him therefore much conversation; and it was observed be ashamed who indulges in luxury, that the buffoon had well spoken, since when he ought to reign with virtue. it was as if he had said, “You are so King Porus also, who fought against much in the habit of giving liberally that Alexander, at an entertainment, com- you could not well have done otherwise." » manded the strings of a lyre, on which a Several anecdotes are related in diffemusician was playing, to be cut, saying rent parts of the work of John king of that "it was better the instrument should England, and his tutor, Bertrand de be destroyed than that people should be Born ;* and it is singular that this prince, led astray-for that sweetness of sound of detestable memory with us, is here was the destruction of virtue,"
represented as a pattern of generosity Novella 13.
and greatness of mind. We give the “ How a certain king caused his son to be following traits from brought up in the dark till he was len
Novella 19. years old; and how, on shewing him “ of the great liberality and courtesy of every thing, he wus most of all pleased
the King of England. with women.
“John, king of England, was a man “Acertain king had a son born to him: of liberal expenditure, and gave all he the astrologers predicted that he would had to poor gentlet knights. It haplose his sight if he were permitted to see pened one day that a poor gentle knight the sun before he had reached the age of cast his eye on the cover of a silver cup, ten years; on which account the king and said within himself, . If I can secrete had him watched, and brought up in that, it will maintain my wife and childark caverns. After ten years were dren for a long time :' accordingly be hid elapsed, he caused him to be brought it under his robe. When the company out, and shewed him the world; and rose, the Seneschals looked over the silplaced before him many fine jewels and ver, and missed it. They began to make fair damselstelling him the games of a disturbance, and to search the knights every thing, and that the damsels were as they went out. King Joho knew who devils. Being asked what he liked best, had it, and went to him unobserved, and he replied, “The devils please me more than all the rest.' Then the king mar
• Bertrand de Born is placed by Dante in the infervelled greatly, saying, 'What a powerful schism-for having stimulated Prince John to bear
nal regions, among the sowers of discord, heresy, and thing is female beauty !'”
arms against his father, Henry II. He says he saw him Novella 17.
carrying his head in his hand, dangling by the hair “Of the liberal disposition of Don Diego
like a lantern.
E'l capo tronco tenea per le chiome di Fienuja.
Pesol con mano a guisa di lanterna.- Inferno, “ Don Diego de Fienaia was one day
Canta 28. riding in rich attire, with a numerous + That is, genteel-of honourable birth
said to him in a whisper, Put it under and asked him to let him drink; the my robe, for they will not search me:' countryman replied, · How cun I? Do and the knight, full of confusion, did so. you think I will let you drink out of my King John gave it to him again when he cup? If you have got a horn of your own, liad passed the door, and put it under his I will give you some wine willingly.' robe ; and afterwards sent for him, and The emperor said, “Let me drink oul of courteously gave him the other part of the barrel, on condition that I do not put the cup.
my mouth to it.' The peasant accord“ Still greater courtesy did he shew ingly gave it to him, and the emperor one night, when some poor knights en- was as good as his word--for he spurred tered his chamber, thinking that he was his horse and rode off with it. asleep. They collected the furniture “Now the peasant knew, from his and articles of dress, intending to steal hunting dress, that he was one of the them as it were. When they had rum- emperor's train, and accordingly the maged every where, one of them, unwil- next day he went to the court. The ling to leave behind them a rich cover- emperor gavo orders to the ushers, “If a let under wbich the king lay, laid hold peasant of such an appearance should on it, and began to pull: the king was come, admit him to my presence-don't determined not be left quite bare, and shut the door upon him. The countryheld it so fast that the others were oblig- man came, and was brougöt before the ed to lend a hand to expedite the busi. emperor; to whom he made complaint ness :—then King John cried out, To respecting his barrel. The emperor take by force would be robbery, and not made him relate the circumstance several theft.* The knights took to their heels times over, to the great diversion of himas soon as they heard him speak, for self and his barons; and at length asked they thought before that he had been him, whether he should know his barrel asleep.”
again :— Yes, sire,'-replied the peasNovella 22.
. ant. Then the emperor drew it from “ How the Emperor Frederict met with under him—for he had got it there, to
u peasant at a fountain, and asked him let him know that it was he who had to let him drink, and then took away taken it: and made him a handsonie his barrel.
present for his cleanliness.” “ The Emperor Frederick being one
NOVELLA 26. day out hunting in a green dress, as he “ How a greut man received an insult. was wont, found a country-looking fellow “A great man of Alexandria went at the foot of a spring, who had spread a into the city one day on business, when white cloth on the grass; and had got a fellow came after him, and began to thereon a tamarisk cup of wine, and a abuse him ; but he took no notice of it. nice dinner. The emperor came up, A person who met him, said, Why • The distinction is rather nice, but it is recognised abusing you in this manner?' He replied,
do you not answer this man, who is by our law. + Frederic II. of Germany.
• Because I hear nothing that pleases me,”
From the Literary Gazette.
BY JOIN LIDDIARD NICHOLAS, ESQ. Svo. PUBLISHED SEPT. 1817.
W E proceed to extract the account, strong, with moat, palisades, and wick
of the town and tribe of which erwork. Duaterra was the Chief, as promised in “ Duaterra, baving got all his propere the conclusion of our last Nuniber. Eve ty on shore, was now ready to conduct ery village is furnished with a lippah, us to his town, which standing, as I or fortress, some of them constructed mentioned, on the summit of a steep bill, with great skill and ingenuity, and very 2U ATHEVEOM. Vol. 2,
• Continued from p, 299.
rendered the approach to it a work of ty of entering it, unless by creeping in some labour and fatigue.
upon the hands and knees. The inte“ The plantations on the hill, which rior presented nothing to compensate appeared to such advantage at a distance, the trouble of getting in, and a few stones improved still more on a nearer view of thrown together to serve for a fire-place, them, and every thing bespoke not only were the only domestic articles I could the neatness, but even the good taste of possibly discover. Furniture ibere was the cultivators. Not a weed was to be done, and the smoke fiuding po egress, seen, and the paling, which was ingen- except through the door-way, which was jous, though simplez gave an effect to the only aperture to be seen, the dismal the inclosure that was peculiarly striking. edifice teemed with suffocating vapour, Before we reached the top we could and formed, with the wretched inmates, perceive that the town was a fortress, of a complete picture of cheerless barbarism. very great strength, considering the rude “ But the abject misery of these buts mode of warfare pursued in this island. was in some measure compensated by It was almost encompassed with a deep the sheds outside, which were open, and wide trench, on the inner side of lightsome, and comparatively pleasant. which was formed a breast-work of long Here they always take their meals, as stakes stuck in the ground, at short dis- they make it an invarible rule never to tances from each other, and so compact- eat in their dwellings, and their reasons ly firm as to be capable of resisting for å for observing this practice are founded long time the most impetuous attacks of on certain superstitions of terrific conits undisciplined assailants. Passing troul. Duaterra, in addition to the one this fortification, we entered the town before his hut, had another of these sheds itself, which consisted of some huts built in an adjoining enclosure, where he kept on each side of several little lanes, or his potatoes, coomeras, &c.; and a few rather pathways, for they were made paces outside this, was a little spot, neatbarely wide enough for one person to ly fenced round, where he bad erected a pass through at a time.
flag-staff, and suspended a flag that had “ Before each hut was an enclosed been given to himn by the commander of space, resembling a court-yard, in which one of our vessels who happened 10 was a shed, or out-house, employed by touch at this part of the island. the inhabitants for various purposes of “ This hill commanded a most noble domestic convenience. The entrance to prospect, taking in at one view a great these enclosures was by stiles ingevious- part of the extensive harbour, and its ly contrived, and fancifully embellished; numerous islands, with the whole of the and I observed some on which there was surrounding country. I found the town a rude carving of the human form. The much larger than I had first supposed, lanes on our way to Duaterra's residence, while reviewing it from the ship, whence which stood on the most elevated part only a small portion of it could be seen, of the bill, were crossed in some parts from the irregularity of the intervening with these stiles, and we were obliged ground. The huts and sheds, taken toto pass three of thein before we got into gether, may probably bave been about a the little lane that led up to the door. hundred, and I estimated the inhabitants The hut of this chief, or if this mean at one hundred and fifty or two hundred epithet must be discarded for the grand- souls. Polygamy is universal among est that can be used, his palace,) differed these islanders, and the number of wives but little from those of his subjects, and varies in proportion to the circumstances was distinguished only by its being built of the individual; there being, however, upon a larger scale, and having more a head wife, who is treated with particuground enclosed around it. It measur- lar respect, and holds an ascendency ed about 20 seet long, 15 broad, and 8 over the busband, which never excites feet in height, with a ridge-like roof, and the jealousy of the others. Duaterra built of sticks, interwoven with rushes, had three wives, and the head one, to The door-way, like all the rest, was so whom he introduced us, was considered very narrow as to preclude the possibili- no less a personage than a queen by all
the people within his territory. Mr. rivals with as much affection as if they Marsden presented her Majesty with a were their own! Adultery is punishable cotton gown and petticoat, which be with death, and there is a curious distold her he had brought from Mrs. Mars- tinction made with regard to this crime, den, who wished it to be given to her ; which may furnish some of our barristers and anxious to see how this European with a topic on the next crim, con. case dress would become a New Zealand which is tried in the courts. Queen, he helped her to put it on; and “If the criminal connection is disit was ludicrous enough to see how covered in the hut belonging to the adroitly he acted the part of a lady's maid female, the man is instantiy pronounced on this occasion. His instructions, show. the seducer, and therefore consigned to ing her how she was to put her arms in death, while the woman escapes with a the sleeves, and directing her in adjust- sound beating ; but if the contrary takes ing the petticoat, amused me exceedingplace, and the incontinent lady is detected ly; nor was it less laughable to see her in the man's hut, then she is sentenced majesty's vanity on being decked out in to lose ber life, being supposed to have this novel attire. . The New Zealand allured her gallant, who goes off with ladies, though the name of fashion has impunity.” never reached their ears, are quite as Thieves are held in great abhorrence, fond of showing off their charms to ad- and if detected, are not only executed, vantage as our own fair countrywomen; but gibbeted afterwards on a cross. and Diaterra's favourite sultan possessed The cases of natural death are much this passion for display in an extraordi- aggravated by the superstition of these nary degree. She moved about with a people, who suppose that the Deity has strutting affectation of dignity, and giv- taken possession of the patient to destroy ing herself a thousand consequential airs, hiin, and therefore use no means of cure, lookiog at her dress, and seeking admira- and often even deny nourishment to the tion, seemed to take all her pride from perishing wretch, who is declared to be the gown and petticoat. But I thought tabooed, or sacred. The corpse is tied her own siinple dress of a mat tied round neck and heels, and buried; the grave the waist, was much more becomiog; being marked with a piece of painted for being low sized, and very fat, with a wood, or mound of stones, and never round plump face, her new costume, profanely approached, as the place is which was much too tight for such a also said to be tabooed. figure, gave her an awkward and em. This tabooing interferes with most of barrassing stiffness. Her face, however, their customs. Poor Diaterra fell a made ample amends for her unshapely sacrifice to it, during the time the British form, as it had many beauties, which were with him; and his head wife, Dao were both interesting and attractive, hoo, hanged herself through inconsolable She had fine black eyes, sparkling with grief, though she as vehemently as the animation ; teeth of an ivory wbiteness ; rest resisted the administration of media blooming complexion ; and all her caments to her dying husband while features peculiarly expressive of cheerful under taboo. A pistol, which he returned complacency. During the absence of to Mr. Nicholas, when in this state, was the chief, she had brought him a son and held to be similarly sacred, and an acheir, a fine healthy-looking boy, that cident which happened to the traveller in was suckled at her breast, and was al- discharging it incautiously, was imputed ternately caressed by the several females by the natives, una voce, to the resentment in the family of D uaterra.” ,
of the Divinity for the sacrilege of medIt appears from the above among dling with a tabooed pistol. The followother things, that polygamy is cominon ing extract will show to what extent the in New Zealand, and what is very extra- absurdity is carried : ordinary, Mr. Nicholas assures us, that “On going into the town, in the course all the wives live on terms of the greatest of the day, I beheld several of the natives cordiality and friendship with each other, sitting round some baskets of dressed potafrequently oursing the children of their toes; and being invited to join them in
their meal, I mingled with the group, least a few minutes, while, in the mean when I observed one man stoop down time, it would afford me some amusewith his mouth for each morsel, and inent for my trouble. I therefore thrust scrupulously careful in avoiding all con- into his mouth the largest hot potatoe I tact between his hands and the food he could find, and this had exactly the inwas eating. From this I knew at once tended effect; for the fellow, unwilling that he was tabooed ; and upon asking to drop it, and not daring to penetrate it the reason of his being so, as he appear- before it should get cool, held it slightly ed in good health, and not afflicted with compressed between his teeth, to the any complaint that could set him witb- great enjoyment of his countrymen, who out the pale of ordinary intercourse, I laughed heartily, as well as myself, at the found that it was because he was then wry faces he made, and the efforts he building a house, and that he could not used with his tongue, to moderate the be released froin the taboo till he had heat of the potatoe, and bring it to the finished it. Being only a cookee, he had temperature of his gums, which were no person to wait upon him, but was evidently smarting from the contact. obliged to submit to the distressing oper- But he bore this trick with the greatest ation of feeding himself in the manner possible good humour; and to make prescribed by the superstitious ordinance; him amends for it, I took care to supply and he was told by the tohunga, or him plentifully, till he cried out, nuee priest, that if he presumed to put one nuee kiki, and could eat no more ; an finger to his mouth before he bad com- exclamation, however, which he did not pleted the work he was about, the Etua make till there was no more in the baswould certainly punish his impious con- ket. Besides potatoes, they had also at tempt, by getting into his stomach before this feast, (for such it was considered,) his time, and eating him out of the world. muscles and turnips ; but the latter had Of this premature destiny be seemed so very much degenerated, and become apprehensive, that he kept his hands as long and fibrous. though they were never made for touch- “ Leaving this group, after they had ing any article of diet; nor did he suffer finished their banquel, I passed close by them, by even a single motion, to show the hut where Warree, the brother of the least sympathy for his mouth, while Gunnah, resided, and found bim very that organ was obliged to use double busy in cutting his wife's hair. This exertions, and act for those members operation he performed with a piece of which superstition had paralysed, sharp stone, called by mineralogists, obSitting down by the side of this deluded sidian, or volcanic glass ; cutting the being, whom credulity and ignorance fore part quite close, and leaving all the had rendered helpless, I undertook to hair on the back of the liead untouched. feed him, and his appetite being quite When be had completed his task, which voracious, I could hardly supply it as took him some time, from the nice prefast as he devoured. Without ever cision he observed ; he collected togethconsulting his digestive powers, of which er all the hair he had cut off, and laying we cannot suppose he had any idea, he it up very carefully, went to the outskirts spared himself the trouble of mastica- of the town and threw it away. Upon tion; and to lose no time, swallowed asking him the reason of his doing this, down every lump as I put it into his he told me that the hair was tabooed, mouth; and I speak within compass, and could not be left in the town with. when I assert, that he consumed more out provoking the anger of the Etua, food than would have served any two who would in such case destroy the perploughmen in England. - Perfectly tired son from whose head it had been taken. of ininistering to his insatiable gluttony, I was going to take up one of the stones which was still as ravenous as when he be had used ; but he charged me not commenced, I now wished for a little to touch it, telling me that this was also intermission, and taking advantage of tabooed, and that the enraged Deity of his situation, I resolved to give hiin as New Zealand would wreak bis immedi. much to do as would employ him for at ate vengeance upon my guilty head, it!