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341 presumed to lay one finger on the sacred ished ; Heckotoro, a most melancholy implement. Laughing at his supersti- god of tears and sorrows; and as many tion, I began to exclaim against its ab- more as would fill a Pantheon. The surdity ; but, like Tui on a former oc- story of the last-mentioned deity is curicasion, he retorted by ridiculing our ous. Having lost his wife, he descends crackee cruckee, (preaching,) yet at the from Heaven in search of her, and after same time asking me to sermonize over many adventures finds her in New Zeahis wife, as if his object was to have ber land. He immediately put her into a exorcised ; and upon any refusing, he canoe, and tying a rope at both ends of began himself, but could not proceed it, they were drawn up at once to Heavfrom involuntary bursts of laughter. I en, where they were changed into the obtained from him, without any diffi- cluster of stars, Ranghee, still pointed culty, one of the stones he had not used, out by the natives as the identical pair. against the transfer of which there was While on the subject of their faith no prohibition.”
and customs, we may briefly notice, that The power of their priests is chiefly they pay great respect to old age ; never manifested in the taboo, for their religion eat food within their dwellings, which is rude, and their sphere of knowledge they hold to be profanation, though they extremely limited. It is remarkable, think it no harm to devour the most however, that in their astronomy the loathsome of vermin, which they call Belt of Orion is called the whucka, or cootoos ; that during the time a man is canoe ; the Pleiades they believe to be building or repairing a hut, he is under seven of their countrymen, fixed in that the taboo, and never puts his hand to bis part of the Heavens after their death, mouth; that they always weep abunand one eye of each visible as a star; and dantly, as an expression of joy, when in two months, Duaterra said another friends or relations, long separated, meet; cluster of stars would rise, some of which that they are cannibals ; that a sort of would represent the head, and others the feudal system prevails, and the Arakees stern, of a canoe ; while close to them of one class receive a tribute or acknowwould appear another star, which they ledgement from the Chiefs of other tribes; call the anchor, and which, setting at that these chiefs are absolute, and their night and rising with the dawn of the descendants may not intermarry with the morning, serves to regulate their hours Cookees, or vulgar order. of repose and labour.
They have a singular method of preThus in all regions, however savage serving, as trophies, the beads of their and uncultivated, there seems to be some enemies slain in battle, by taking out reference to the great event of the deluge, the brains, and drying the head, so as 10 and the preservation by the ark. But keep the flesh entire. One of the Chiels, what is still more wonderful in regard to who was asked how this was done, very this people, is their belief that the first promptly offered to go aud shoot some woman was made of one of the man's people, who had killed his son, and show ribs ;” and that their general name for the method with their sculls, if Mr. Marsbone is Hevee, a word so nearly resem. deo would lend him some powder; which bling the Eve of the Christian world. the benevolent missionary declined. They have also a tradition of a man and They are fond of singing and dancing, a tree being taken up to the moon, very averse to continued labour, and most similar to the children's legend among voracious eaters. But we must conclude ourselves.
for the present, and the rather, as with In their religion they have a confused one observation more, we may wind lip idea of a supreme being, whom they all we intend to state on the topics prinstyle Mowheerangazanga, but worship cipally concentrated in tbis week's rebesides a number of inferior gods ; such view: the favourite game of the ladies as Teepockho, the god of anger and of is to throw a ball, called a poe, larger death ; Towackhee, the god of the ele- than a cricket-ball, and stuffed with the ments ; Mowheemooha, a god who down of bullrushes, from one to another, makes land under the sea, while Mow- and dextrously catch it by a string, heebotakee hauls up his work when fin- while flying in the air.
From the European Magazine, September 1917,
Chapter III.* . being small, left him much leisure, which M Y father was an officer in a regi. he devoted to iny education.— Would
W ment of dragoons, and was killed it were in my power to describe his ex. in an engagement soine months before I cellencies! His spirit was cast in the was boro ; when the news of his death gentlest of nature's moulds ; his temper arrived, the suddenness of the shock, was a model of Christian humility and pressing upon a delicate constitution, a forbearance ; his reproofs were mixed good deal broken by anxiety and sorrow, with kindness, and he conveyed the most threw my mother into a premature la- salutary truths under the most pleasing bour, the consequence of which was, forms, contrary to the method pursued that the same moment which disclosed by many, who have the office of opening to me the light of the world rendered the youthful mind to knowledge ; his me an orphan.
instructions appeared the effects of his At this time my mother was residing love, and he did not seek to give weight with her father, a clergyman of the to them by making himself feared. His Church of Scotland, to whose care I de- commands were rendered pleasing, by volved; by him I was brought up, and the conviction that they were necessary to him am I indebted for the share of and just ; indeed, what was with him nereligious and moral knowledge which I cessary was synonymous with just. possess.
He suffered do circumstance to escape At the period when my narrative be- him, which could be rendered useful to gins, I was living with him in the vile the progress of my education. The sit. lage to which his pastoral duties had cal- uation in which we lived afforded a most led him ; it was situated on the eastern rich and varied description of scenery. coast of Scotland.
The broad sea, on one side, presented, Our family consisted of a girl, who did during fair weather, a beautiful view; the household work : and a man, who and, during a storm, the roughness of the performed the duties of gardener and coast rendered it more sublime than any steward of our small establishment; he other spectacle I ever beheld. On the had been a soldier in my father's regi- land side, a large chain of mountains ment, and was his servant; he had bounded us, and a rich valley, in which fought by his side in the engagement in the village was situated, lay between. which he fell, had caught bim in his arms Of all these various objects my grandas he received the shot which had kil- father made use, by imprinting on my led him; and, after performing the last memory the subjects in ancient and modduties to his master, had borne the news ern poets and historians to wbich they of his death to his afflicted widow. His might be applied. Not a rock, a tree, a fidelity and affection had endeared him brook, a beautiful view, or a picturesque to my grandfather, who treated him scene, to which he did not atiach some more as a friend than as a servant; he allusion, which, associatiog itself with had received, like most of the peasantry the object, impressed it more strongly on of Scotland, an education, which in my mind. By these means my studies England seldom falls to the share of per- were rendered gratifying to me, and 1 sons in a much higher sphere of life, should have been inore punished by be.
A spirit of wandering (perhaps the ing debarred from my lessons, than most effect of his education,) had led him into school-boys would have been pleased with the arıny at an early age ; he had been having a holiday. . much attached to my father, and, on his often have I wished, when passing death, he had obtained bis discbarge, and through a rocky defile in our neighbourretired to spend the remainder of his life hood," that I could there conjure up Lein the retirement of his native village. opidas and his trusty Spartans, as at -- My grandfather's duties, his village Thermopylæ, and mix in the glorious See p. 136,
Strise for liberty, that idol of warm-heart
ed youth. As often, when looking from to Lord Trevayne and rely on his care a tremendously overhanging cliff, have and protection. “My child," he said, thought on Leucadia's sleep, and wept “the bitterest pang in dying, is to leave over the sorrows of the hapless Sappho. you in a state of dependence; but ”Tis true, this method had something of Heaven's will be done; and remember, a romantic tendency, and imparted a per. that he wbose actions are truly just, and haps too great keepness to my feelings ; whose heart is correct, can not be said to but whether this was productive of good be dependant but on the goodness of or evil, is a point which I shall leave to Providence, which will never desert be mooted by those who think it worth him. God has given you talents, my while to dispute upon.
child, which, if properly directed, will I lived with my grandfather until conduce to your own happiness, aud about my thirteenth year, when he was render you an ornament to your counseized with a sudden illness, which re- try; but I have also observed that, joined sisted all medical skill, and he died in a to the most lively sense of virtue, the easifew weeks after his first attack. Some ness of your disposition will, under hours previous to his dissolution, he some temptations, lead you to actions sent for me, and on my approaching his which you must repent, unless under bed, he told me that he felt he had but the constant curb of your reason; and few hours to live, and therefore would you possess also a sensibility which, if give some directions for my future con- you do not check it, will render you duct, which he charged me to observe, easily assailable by the impositions of I promised most implicit obedience to artiul persons, many of whom you will them. He then told me that bis daugh- meet with in your journey through life. ter, my mother, had been educated with I would not have you to understand me some of her relations, at a town in Flan. to wish you to repress the feelings of ders, where my father had been station- your soul; but I would have you keep ed with his regiment; a mutual affec- them so much under restraint, that they tion took place, and they were secretly shall not weaken and destroy that fortimarried : his consent was not asked un- tude which is the most ornamental and til refusal would have been of no effect. noble part of the character of man." He told me that my father's family were very soon after this conversation, the of considerable rank; that my grand- earliest and best friend I ever possessed father by the paternal side was Lord Tre- breathed his last in my arms, for I would vayne, a statesman of great influence, not be removed from him. To attempt whose pride had been so much hurt by to describe my griet at his loss would be bis son's misconduct, as he termed it, in in vain ; it was violent, like all youthful marrying one of a rank so much below passions, and I then thought I should him, that he would never see him. My never recover it; but a few days modefather's regiment, be said, was shortly rated my sorrow, and I thought of it after ordered to America, and my with resignation. Then I felt the force mother's state of health, not permitting of the religious instruction which my lier to accompany him, she had returned grandfather had bestowed on me, and in to my grandfather, where, after any the hour of sorrow I turned for consofather's death, she died in giving birth to lation to Him who alone can impart it. me. He said, that with him would After my grandfather's burial, I precease all that he possessed, and that be pared for my journey to London, in was therefore under the necessity of consequence of his directions. Audrew, bequeatbing me to the care of Lord our servant, whom I have before inen
Trevayne, to whom, immediately after tioned, accompanied me. Our route bis illness, he had written, informing him was marked by no occurrence worth reof my situation; and, he added, that his lating, and I arrived at the splendid Lordship had requested ine to be sent to mansion of the Earl of Trevayne, and him. He said it was his wish that I was introduced to the possessor of it. should, iainediately on his death, (which
To be continued. he felt was not far distant,) go to London
Lord Amherst's late Interview with Buonaparte.
BUONAPARTE AND ST. HELENA.
From the Panorama, November 1817. So many vague reports of the present condition of this Buonaparte rather declaimed than cor. state prisoner are in circulation, and actual inter- versed, and during the half hour Lord views with him of so rare occurrence, that any thing Amberet and I.
& Amherst and I were with him, seemed in the shape of an authentic narrative of such a circumstance, is always acceptable. The following par- only anxious to impress his sentiments ticulars are taken from "Mr. Ellis's account of Lord upon the recollection of bis auditors, Amherst's Embassy to China", which, while they dis- possibly for the purpose of haviog them play some interesting traits in the character of the
repeated. His style is highly epigramEx-Emperor, serve to throw considerable light on the enuse, as well as the groundless nature of the com- matic, and he delivered bis opinion with plaints which he some time since made on the score the oracular confidence of a man accus of bad treatment, want of provisions, wine, &c. tomed to produce conviction : bis mode
July 1. of discussing great political questions ST. Helena presents from without, a would in another appear charlatanerie,
mass of continued barrenness, and its but in him is only the developement of only utility seems to consist in being a the empirical system which he universally mark to guide ships over the waste of adopted. Notwithstanding the attention waters. This feeling is certainly remo- which he might be supposed to bave ved on landing, and situations may be given to the nature of our Government, found, particularly Plantation House, the be bas certainly a very imperfect knowl residence of the Governor, possessing edge of the subject; all bis observations much picturesque beauty ; but on the on the policy of England, as relating to whole, the strongest impression on my the past, or looking to the future, were mind was that of surprise, that so much adapted to a despotism; and be is either human industry should have been ex- unable or unwilling to take into considpended under such adverse circumstan- eration the difference produced by the ces, and upon such unpromising and un- will of the monarch being subordinate, yielding materials.
not only to the interests, but to the opinWe had heard so much at the Cape of ion of his people. the vicissitudes of temper to which Buon- He used metaphors and illustrations aparte was subject, that we were by no with great freedom, borrowing the latter means confident of being admitted to his chiefly from medicine; bis elocution presence ; fortunately for us, the Ex- was rapid, but clear and forcible, and Emperor was in good humour, and the both his manner and language surpassed interview took place on this day, my expectations. The character of his
Lord Amherst was first introduced to countenance is rather intellectual than Buonaparte by General Bertrand, and commanding, and the chief peculiarity is remained alone with him for more than in the mouth, the upper lip apparently an hour. I was next called in, and pre- changing in expression with the variety sented by Lord Amherst. Buonaparte and succession of bis ideas. In persoa having continued in discourse about half Buonaparte is so far from being extremely an hour, Captain Maxwell and the gen- corpulent, as has been represented, that tlemen of the Embassy were afterwards I believe he was never more capable of introduced and presented. He put ques. undergoing the fatigues of a campaign tions to each, having some relation to than at present. I should describe bim their respective situations; and we all as short and muscular, not more inclined united in remarking that his manners to corpulency than men often are at were siinple and affable, without want. his age. ing dignity. I was most struck with the Buonaparte's complaints respecting his unsubdued ease of his behaviour and situation at St. Helena would not, I think appearance; he could not have been have excited much attention if they had freer from embarrassment and depres- not become a subject of discussion in the sion in the zenith of his power at the House of Lords; for as he denied our Tuilleries.
right to consider him a prisoner of war,
Vol. 2.] Lord Amherst's Interview with Buonaparte.
345 in opposition to the most obvious princi- be accompanied by a British officer; for ples of reason and law, it was not to be all justifiable purposes this permission is expected that any treatment be might sufficient; nor is it intended to be nullireceive consequent to his being so con- fied in practice by undue interference on sidered, would be acceptable. On the the part of the officer in attendance. For other hand, admitting him to be a pris. purposes of health or amusement he has over, it is difficult to imagine upon what a range of four miles, unaccompanied, grounds he can complain of the limited and without being overlooked ; another restraint under which he is placed at St. of eight miles, where he is partially in Helena,
view of the sentries; and a still wider · His complaints respecting a scanty circuit of twelve miles, throughout which gupply of provisions and wines (for Í he is under their observation. In both consider Montbolon as the organ of these latter spaces he is also free from Buona parte) are too absurd to deserve the attendance of an officer. At night consideration, and it is impossible not to indeed, the sentries close round the regret, that anger, real or pretended, house. I can scarcely imagine that should have induced so great a man to greater personal liberty, consistent with countenance such petty misrepresenta- any pretension to security, could be tions. I must confess that the positive granted to an individual, supposed under statements which had been made respecte any restraint at all. ing the badness of the accommodations His intercourse with others is certainly at Longwood had produced a partial under immediate surveillance, no person belief in my mind; even this, however, being allowed to enter the inclosure at was removed by actual observation. Longwood without a pass from the GovLongwood House, considered as a resi- ernor; but these passes are readily dence for a Sovereign, is certainly small, granted, and neither the curiosity of and perhaps inadequate ; but viewed as individuals, nor the personal gratification the habitation of a person of rank, dis. which Buonaparte may be expected to posed to live without show, is both con- derive from their visits, are checked by venient and respectable. Better situa- pretended difficulties or arbitrary regulations may be found in the island, and tions. His correspondence is also under Plantation House is in every respect a restraint, and be is not allowed to send superior residence: but that is intended or receive letters but through the medium for the reception of numerous guests, and of the Governor. This regulation is no for the degree of exterior splendour be- doubt disagreeable, and may be distresslonging to the office of Governor. ‘ing; but it is a necessary consequence of
The two remaining circumstances of being what he now is, and what he Buonaparte's situation deserving atten- has been. tion, are the restraints which may affect Two motives may, I think, be assignhis personal liberty, and those which re- ed for -Buonaparte's unreasonable comlate to his intercourse with others. With plaints; the first, and principal is to k-ep respect to the first, Buonaparte assumes alive public interests in Europe, but as a principle that his escape while chiefly in England, where he flatters watched by the forts and men of war, is bimself that he has a party; and the impossible; and that, therefore, his second, I think, may be traced to the Jiberty within the precincts of the island personal character and habits of Buonaought to be unfettered. The truth of parte, who finds an occupation in the the principle is obviously questionable, petty intrigues by which these complaints and the consequence is overthrown by are brought forward, and an unworthy the fact of his being a prisoner, whose gratification in the tracusseries and detention is of importance sufficient to annoyance which they produce on the justify the most rigorous precautions ; spot. his owo conclusion is nevertheless ad . If this conjecture be founded, time mitted to the extent of allowing him to alone, and a conviction of their inutility, go to any part of the island, provided he will induce Buonaparte to desist from his
2W ATI ENEUM. Vol. 2.