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you. 2.) The Country Fellow of Shakspeare's Times. Stonehenge. 417 day he esteems a day to make merry in, We shall now conclude our observaand thinks a bagpipe as essential to it as tions on the First Part of this undertaevening prayer, where he walks very king, merely noticing that the chapters solemnly after service with his hands on the “ holidays and festivals,” and “sucoupled behind him, and censures the perstitions," of the age of Shakspeare, dancing of his parish. His compliment are exceedingly entertaining. We canwith his neighbour is a good thump on not do better than close with a Christmas the back, and bis salutation commonly carol held to be the most ancient drinksome blunt curse. He thinks nothing to ing song, composed in England, extant. be vices, but pride and ill husbandry, The original is in the old Norman from which he will gravely dissuade the French, of which, as well as of the transyouth, and has some thrifty hob-nail lation, we annex a specimen. proverbs to clout his discourse. He is a
Seignors ore entendez a nun, niggard all the week, except only market
De loinz sumes reduz a wous, day, where, if his corn sell well, he thinks Per quere Noel ; he may drink with a good conscience. Car lern nus dit que en cest hostel
Soleit tenir sa feste anuel He is sensible of no calamity but the
A bi cest jur. burping a.stack of corn or the overflow ing of a meadow, and thinks Noah's Lordlings, from a distant home,
To seek old Christmas are we come, flood the greatest plague that ever was, Who loves our minstrelsy : not because it drowned the world, but And here, unless report mis-say, spoiled the grass. For death he is never The grey-beard dwells ; and on this day troubled, and if he gets in but his harvest
Keeps yearly wassel, ever gay,
With festive mirth and glee. before, let it come when it will he cares
Lordlings, list, we tell you true ; not.”
Christmas loves the jolly crew
That cloudy care defy: It is from these characters, of which we His liberal board is deftly spread only have selected one or two as an ex
With manchet-loaves and wastel-bread;
His guests with fish and flesh are fed, ample of the author's manner, that Shak Nor lack the stately pye. speare drew his dramatic scenes of the
Lordlings, it is our host's command, personal condition, mode of living, and And Christmas joins him hand in hand, sentiments of his inferior characters.
To drain the brimming bowl:
And I'll be foremost to obey : They are, therefore, not only curious as
Then pledge me, sirs, and drink away, connected with his plays, but possessed For Christmas revels here to-day, with an intrinsic value which loses noth And sways without controul. ing in the lively and striking style of the Now wassel to you all ! and merry may ye be ! olden writers.
But foul that wight befal, who drinks not health to me!
THE ANCIENT DRUID AND MODERN WITCH.
From the Literary Panorama, November 1817,
WHERE certainly is, in the mind of poem, as from its nature it demands that
man a strong desire to penetrate into calm consideration which is rather sedafuturity; it is found in all ranks; in every tive than poetical : for the reflection of stage of life, and we have all possible tes- the reader, which is the glory of the phitimony that former times witnessed the losopher, is fatal to the bard. same disposition as well in men esteemed Mr. Smedley traces the disposition of wise, as in those acknowledged to be sim- the northern nations to pry into futurity : ple. This desire has been advanced to per- and as he could not but introduce the suasion; and this persuasion has been di- Druids, he indulges himself in a descriprected by artifice to produce the most pow. tion of Stonehenge, which be visited durerful effects. The subject is important, ing a night of tempest, thunder and lightand rather proper for a treatise than for a ning. He says, speaking of these stones,
3r ATHENEUM, Vol. 2.
Superstition.- The Ancient Druid and Modern Wilch.
* Few, yet how many; never to be told aright And from the mossy roof long reft of straw, by man.
The suns of Summer baleful vapours draw. Such have they stood, till dim Tradition's Around it all is damp, and chill, and drear: eye
A boundless heath which Man is seldom bear, Looks vainly back on their obscurity.
Or if his feet should cross it'tis with fear. Through the wild echoes of their maze have
There not a single bough por leaf is seen, rollid Fierce barpings fit to rouse the slumbering Save one poor stunted willow's meagre green, bold:
Which rears a sapless trunk that cannot die, And many a song which check’d the starry And clings to life with lifeless energy ;
train, And bade the moon her spell-bound car restrain. Stretch'd with grey arms which neither bod
nor fade, For some in such mysterious ring of stone,
Above the slimy pool they fain would shade. Could mark the semblance of Heaven's fiery zone ;
Hous'd in such houselessness, there dwells Read lore celestial in each mass, and name
alone, The planets' courses from its magic frame.
Wasting the lees of age, a withered Crone.
Sad wreck of life and limb left far behind, Haply no common rites have there been done, Strange rites of darkness which abhor the Sun. Forgotten, but in curses, by her kind; There charms, and divination, and the lay
Mateless, unfriended, pallied to Earth,
Save by the wretchedness which mark'd her Which trembling fiends must list to, and obey;
birth; And horrid sacrifice : the knife has dared Knit to existence but by one dark tie, To search his bosom whom the falchion spared; Grappling with Being but through misery. O’er some pale wretch, yet struggling with the The tongues which curse her would not wish blow,
her dead, The Seer has bent to watch his life-blood flow; They know not where to fix their hate instead; Felt the pulse flutter, seen the eye grow dim, The hand whose vengeance daily works her Mark'd the quick throe and agony of limb ;
wrong, Then pluck'd the living heart-strings from their Stops short her lingering torture to prolong; seat,
And for herself, her Memory's faded eye And read each separate fibre while it beat. Sees but the moment wbich is passing by. Scarce can I tell, what forms beneath the Bent o'er her scanty bearth, the Beldane gloom
drains My rapt eye bade those fearful stones assume. Heat long-forgotten in her bloodless veins : Shapes wbich ev’n memory shudders to relate, Doubled within herself in grisly heap, Monsters which fear will to herself create. A blighted harvest Death disdains to reap. Methought the synod of those gods appeared, A form unshapen, where por arm, nor knee Whose damned altar mid the pile was reared ; Are clearly fashion'd, yet all seem to be. O'er the rude shrine in grim delight they stood, The lank and bony hands whence touch is fied, And quafi'd the still life-quivering victim's Fain would support, but cannot rest ber head;
blood. The lightoing gave their brow a fiercer scowl, Her head for ever palsied ; long ago The North-wind louder swell'd their frantic Time there has shed and swept away his spow: howl ;
Quench'd the dull eye-ball, taught the front to And as the skies wept on th’accursed place, bow, I felt the gore-drop trickle down my face !
And track'd his roughest pathway on her brow. Fierce with the frenzied boldness of despair,
Can it be life ! Or is there who would cravé I touched the giant fiend who revell’d there; Such bitter respite from the must be grave! It mov'd not, liv'd not, it was very stone;
Who, kin to other worlds, on this would tread, Oh, God! I joyed to find myself alone !
Or clasp a being brother’d with the dead!
Yet the fond wisdom of the rustic pours Such, in Mr. S.'s opinion, was ancient Strange might of evil round that Beldame’s superstition, and such the means it adopt- There the Deceiver frames his deeds of harm, ed to gratify its eagerness of prescience: And stamps his signet on her wither'd arm; be changes the scene, and presents a Traffics in ill, and from his willing prey, modern instance of superstition; the Drains the slow drops which sign her soul real powers of which are perhaps on a away. par with those he has described in the There, while the body sleeps in deadly trance, extract already given.
The accursed Night-hags in their spirit davce ;
Steep'd in strange unguents ride the burthen'd Mark yon lone cot, whose many-crannied
And mingle with the children of despair ; Admits the gale which else would work its Taste feasts forbidden, quaff the bowls of hell! Where through the rattling casement's shat- And the dread chaunt of fiendish revel swell. ter'd pane,
Her's too the spells which o'er the waring grain Trickles the dropping of unhealthy rain ; Pour the sad deluge of autumnal rain :
TOL. 2.) The Briton's Voyage to Pitcairn's Island, &c.
419 The moon of harvest in her course obscure, This is gloom paintiog; but who And from their cave the prison’d tempests lure, vouches for the truth of the latter part of Harm’d by her skill, the wasting cattle die,
it? It is report; or terror ; or superAnd droop and languish through her evil eye; stition ; a popular not a personal error; While the chill'd bridegroom from his tangled and very possibly, what has been reporthair,
ed of the Druids has no other foundation, Sews her the knots herself hath koit to tear; Slow o'er the flame a waxenform she turns,
The second part is more cheerful ; it “ So burn bis heartstrings, as this image burns! presents the poet, the lover, the patriot, “ And as the molten drops fall fast away,
and closes with enjoining the submission “So may his marrow waste, his bones decay!” due to Deity, whose prescience is infalli
ble and all-wise. (See Atheneum, Vol. I. p. 446.)
SHILLIBEER'S VOYAGE TO PITCAIRN'S ISLAND.
BY LIEUT. SAILLIBEER.
From the Gentleman's Magazine, October 1817.
, and as is generally known, by mutineers paddled towards the ship. from the Bounty, Captain Bligb, so long ago as 1789. For 18 years, the desti “ Waiting their approach,” says the Au
thor, “we prepared to ask them some quesRation and fate of the young man, Chris- tions in the language of those people we bad tian, who had been the leader of the mu- so recently left. They came---and for me to tiny, had remained undiscovered, altho' picture the wonder which
was conspicuous in
every countenance, at being hailed in perfect an early and diligent search had, by order English, what was the name of the ship, and of the British Government, been made who commanded her, would be impossible;
our surprise can alone be conceived. The for the place of his retreat. At length Captain answered ; and now a regular converthat place was accidentally found by an sation commenced. American trader, Mayhew Folger, when come alongside, and the reply was, We have only one of the mutineers remained alive; you a rope,' said the Captain.---- If you do, but the offspring of the whole, born of we have nothing to make it fast to,' was the women who had accompanied the muti- board, exemplifying not the least fear, but neers from Taheite, presented to their their astonishment was unbounded.---After the visitors one of the most interesting the firsă man who entered (Mackey, for that groups of human beings that ever was was nis uame), • Do you know,' said he, one exhibited in such a sequestered situation. William Bligh in England ?"This threw a No other vessel touched at this remote diately
asked if he knew one Christian : and and almost inaccessible spot till Sept. the reply was given with so much natural sim1814, when two of his Majesty's frigates, plicity that I shall here use his proper words, the Briton and the Tagus, fell in with it, boat there coming up; bis name is Friday on their return from the Marquesas to Fletcher October Christian. His father is South America. On the passage, wben, Several of them had now reached the ship, and
dead now---he was shot by a black fellow.? according to their reckoning and the the scene was now becoine exceedingly intercharts in their possession, they were esting; every one betrayed the greatest anxienearly three degrees to the East of Pit- ty to know the fate of that misled young man, cairn's Island, they were surprised in the in circulation, and those who did not ask quesmiddle of the night by its unexpected ap- led to an elucidation of the mysterious termipearance. The incidents that then oc- nation of the unfortunate Bouity. The quescurred to them are already known to the tions which were now put were numerous ; public in a general way; but this Nar. and as I am inclined to believe their being ar
ranged with their specific answers will convey rative by Lieut. Shillibeer, who was at to the reader the circumstance as it really took the time on board the Briton, has given place, with greater force than a continued re them a fresh and lively interest, and a currences which did not lead immediately to more authentic shape.
the end of Christian, and the establishment of At day-light the natives were seen on
the Colony, I will relate faithfully as they
transpired. the sbore, launching their canoes. loto : Christian, you say, was shot :--- Yes, he was,
[VOL. 2 By whom ?--A black fellow shot him. and am no more worthy of being called thy
What cause do you assiga for the murder ? son.' I know no reason, except a jealousy which Do you continue to say this every day I have heard then existed between the people Yes, we never neglect it. of Otaheite and the English---Christian was What language do you commonly speak !-shot in the back while at work in bis yam Always English. plantation.
But you understand the Otaheiteaa |--Yes, What became of the man who killed him ?--- but not so well. Oh! that black fellow was shot afterwards by Do the
old wonen speak English --- Yes, an Englishman.
but not so well as they understand it; their Was there any other disturbance between pronunciation is not good. the Otaheiteans and the English, after the What countryineu do you call yourselves death of Christian !--- Yes; the black fellows Half English and half Otaheite. rose, shot two Englishmen, and wounded John Who is your king !--- Why, King George to Adams, who is now the only remaining man be sure. who came in the Bounty. *
Have you ever seen a sbip before !--- Yes, How did John Adams escape being murder- we have seen four from the island, but oply ed ?---He hid himself in the wood and the one stopped. Maybew Folger was the captain. same night, the women, enraged at the murder I suppose you know him ---No, we do not of the English, to whom they were more par- know him. tial than their countrymen, rose and put every How long did he stay?---Two days. Otabeitean to death in their sleep. This saved Should you like to go to England ---No! I Adams ; his wounds were soon healed, and al- cangot, I am married, and bave a family. though old, he now enjoys good health.
How many men and women did Christian As the ships were short of provisions, bring with him in the Bounty ... Nine white the Captains were in haste to reach some And how many are there now on the island ? port on the coast of America ; and from - In all we have 48.
the Narrative it may be concluded, tho' Have you ever heard Adams say how long it is since he came to the Island ---I have it is not exactly expressed, that they ceheard it is about 25 years ago.
mained only a few hours near the island. And what became of the Bounty -- After We are told that “no one but the two every thing useful was taken out of her, she was run on shore, set fire to, and burnt. Captains went on shore ; which," says
Have you ever heard how many years it is the author, “ will be a source of lasting since Christian was shot I-I understand it was about two years after his arrival at the regret to me, for I would rather have seen
the simplicity of that little village than What became of Christian's wife ?---She all the splendour and magnificence of a I have heard that Christian took forcibly the city.” One of the Captains, however, wife of one of the black fellows to supply her favoured Lieut. Shillabeer with some place, and which was the chief cause of his particulars
, among which are the followThen Fletcher October Christian is the ing: oldest on the Island except John Adams and the old women ---Yes, he is the first born on
After landing, we ascended a little emithe Island.
pence, and were imperceptibly led thro' groups At what age do you marry ?---Not before of cocoa-nut and bread-fruit irees to a beauti19 or 20.
ful picturesque little village: the houses small, Are you allowed to have more than one
but" regular, convenient, and of unequalled wife?---No; we can have but
one, and it is cleanliness. The daughter of Adams received wicked to have more.
us on the hill. She came doubtlessly as a spy, Have you been taught any religion i... Yes, and had we taken men with us, or been armed a very good religion.
ourselves, would certainly have given her In what do you believe ?..-) believe in God father notice to escape; but, as we had neither, the Father Almighty, &c. (Here he went she conducted us to where he was. She was through the whole of the belief.)
arrayed in Nature's simple garb, and wholly Who first taught you this Belief ?-.-John unadorned, but she was Beauty's self, and Adams says it was first by F. Christian's order, needed not the aid of ornament. John Adams and that he likewise caused a prayer to be said is a fine-looking old man, approaching to 60 every day at noon.
years of age. I asked him if he had a desire And what is the prayer ?---It is, “I will arise to return to England, and I confess bis replyand go to my Father, and say unto him, Father, ing
in the affirmative caused me great surprise. I have sinned against Heaven, and before thee, deeply he was involved by following the for
He told me he was perfectly aware how
tune of Christian ; that his life was the necese It is remarkable that the name of Adams does not sary forfeiture of such an act, and he supposed appear in the list of the Bounty's crew, as given in would be exacted from him, were he ever to Lieut. Bligh's Narrative ; and that this list includes return; potwithstanding all which circumonly 44 persons, though the whole crew is stated in the stances, nothing would occasion him so much advertisement to have consisted of 46.
gratification as that of seeing once more, prior † The former and the latter parts of this dialogue, birth.
to his death, the country which gave him down to this point, appear rather at variance respect There was a sincerity in his speech, which ing the cause of Christian being shut, but not so much had a very powerful induence in persuading as to be contradictory,
me these were his real sentiments. My interest
FOL. 2.] Narrative of a Voyage to Pitcairn's Island.
421 was excited to so great a degree, that I offered ted this country (now nearly 30 years him a conveyance for himself, with any of his family who chose to accompany him. He past), it is difficult to imagine that, if liv. appeared pleased, and as no one was present ing, they could be so much entitled to his he sent for his wife and children. The rest of affections as this new race ; and certainthis little community surrounded the door. He communicated his desire, and solicited their ly there could be none to whoin he could acquiesence. Appalled at a request not less have the satisfaction of being so servicesudden than in opposition to their wishes, they able. The Island itself must have been were at a loss for a reply.--- His charming daughter, although inuodated with tears, first endeared to him, as having been first broke the silence. • Oh do not, Sir,' said she, 'take from me
possessed and made habitable by him my father! do not take away my best---my and bis associates, as well as by being dearest friend.' Her voice failed her---she the birth-place of his and their progeny. was unable to proceed-leaned her bead upon Every part of Pitcairn's Island is fertile, wife too (an Otaheitean) expressed a lively and capable of cultivation :-with yams, sorrow. The wishes of Adams soon became bread-fruit, pigs, goats, and poultry, the pathetic solicitation for his stay on the Island. Island was stocked from Otaheite ;-and Not an eye was drye--the big tear stood in the coast abounds in fish. It is said that those of the men---the women shed them in full “ the intermarriages wbich had taken neither our wish nor intention to take him place had made a general relationship from then against his inclination, their fears throughout the Colony; that the greatest were at length dissipated. His daughter too harmony prevailed ; and that the had gained her usual serenity, but she was
young lovely in her tears, for each seemed to add an women deserve high praise for beauty additional charm. Forgetting the unhappy and innocent simplicity of madners. deed which placed Adams in that spot, and we have seen that the ships left the seeing him only in the character he now is, at the head of a little community, adored by all, Island and its inhabitants with their numinstructing all, in religion, industry, and ber unbroken, and their manners unalfriendship, bis situation might be truly envied ; and one is almost inclined to hope that his un- tered ; circumstances which are both ex, remitting attention to the government and tremely gratifying. It is impossiële not morals of this little Colony, will ultimately to reflect with interest and anxiety on the prove an equivalent for the part he formerly took ;---entitle him to praise, and should he probable future fate of the residents in ever return to Engiand, ensure him the clem- this little garden of paradise, as yt in a ency of that Sovereign be has so much injuredi state of primitive purity, but whose tranteeth, fine eyes, and open expression of coun- quillity, and whose virtue, are endangertenance, and looks of such simple innocence, ed by the rest of the world becoming inand sweet sensibility, that readers their ap: formed of their retreat. pearance at once interesting and engaging ; and it is pleasing to add, their minds and man lo an early part of the Voyage, Mr. ners were as pure and innocent as this impres- Shillibeer, speaking of the Island of Ma
. It must appear not less wonderful to
The climate is particularly fine, insomuch other persons than it did to the Cap- that Funchall and its vicinity is frequently the tain, that a man situated and circum- resort of invalids ; but few, 'I fear, reap tha stanced like Adams could have felt the having sufficient resolution to withstand the
full benefit of its renovatiug salubrity, not least inclination to quit a spot to which temptation of its natural luxuries, or the bos, he was connected and bound by so many can avail himself of a temperature the most ties ; and we should regard it as extra. suited to his immediate complaint, by being ordinary an instance as could be pro- carried up or down the mountain : he is also duced of the restlessness of the woman enabled to enjoy the most delicious fruits, and
not only those natural to the Island, but of bis disposition, were we not aware of the own country. affecting and extravagant symptoms that
The scenery of this Island is peculiarly roare somelinies under certain circum- ered with most delightful foliage, here and
mantic---precipices of stupendous height, cove stances exhibited of the umor patriæ. there interspersed with huts, and cataracts 'The Narrator observes, “ To have taken precipitating from rock to rock in awful gran
deur, until meeting from various directions Adams from a circle of such friends among the trees and cottages at the bottom, would have ill become a feeling heart; they form one general stream, which roars as to have forced hiin away in opposition to on the Mount stands in a most beautiful situa. their entreaties would have been an out. tion, but possesses nothing worthy of notice, rage to humanity." Indeed, whatever except the loveliness of its site, which affords friends he might have left when he quit- ceived; and although the journey to it is tire