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The Italian Bee, No. II.
some, the stranger will be fully repaid for his ticularly magnificent in its appearance, to inlabour by making it a visit. The Priest who dicate its being the royal residence of the illives adjoining the Chapel, I found to be a lustrious House of Braganza. At the bottom very intelligent man, and he treated me with of this square, is a very good fountain, which is great civility. The Inns, whether Portuguese or supplied with water from the adjacent moupEnglish, are much below mediocrity, and not- tains, and conveyed some distance by the withstanding the little accommodation and means of an aqueduct.---The water is not good, abundance of filth, their charges are enormous; and on first using it, causes a swelling accomand to make the latter still more grievous, the panied with pain in the abdomen. Ships may English one pound bank note, was then only be supplied with considerable expedition. current at fourteen shillings. Little, inde. It is almost impossible for a person possessing pendent of wine is produced in the Island, so the least retlection, to pass this spot without that the vine is every where cultivar with being struck by the contrast, which must nethe greatest care. Not a spot, however rug- cessarily present itself to him. On the one ged, but is turned to advantage.
hand, he may contemplate the palace of a vo
luptuous Prince, surrounded by courtiers and The following exíract, at the present wallowing in luxury: on the other, slavery in eventful period, may be thought not un- man and barbarous traffick of slaves, is carinteresting ;
ried on to the greatest extent it is possible to
be imagined ; and as the immediate and priThe city of San Sebastian, the capital of the vate revenue of the Crowo would receive a sePortuguese dominions in South America, aud vere shock by the abolition of so updatural a resideace of the Prince Regent, is situated on barter, there can be, I fear, but little hopes of the South side of an extensive harbour, whose so desirable an object being speedily effected, entrance is so exceedingly narrow and well without the humanity of the European States fortified by nature, that with the smallest assist- turns their recommendations into commands, ance of art it could be rendered impregnable and enforce compliance, which I am persuadagainst any attack from the sea. The fort of ed would be the case were the different LeSanta Cruz, and a very remarkable mountain, gislators but faintly impressed with the horrors from its shape bearing the name of the Sugar that constantly occur at this place, and the Loaf, form the entrance, at the distance of barbarity to which those unbappy people are about a mile. There is a bar which runs across, hourly subjected.--- The labour, let it be but the water is at all times sufficiently deep, never so laborious, is performed by slaves, and to allow the largest ship to pass. Santa Cruz it is seldom there are more than sixapportioned may be considered the principal fortification, to the heaviest burdens. I have frequently and is, with the exception of two Islands com- seen as few as four groaning under the weight manding the channel, the only one in a tolera- of a pipe of wine, which they have had to reble state of defence. At the foot of the sugar move thro' the town. Many of those poor loaf mountain, is a battery of considerable creatures are bred to trades, and are sent out extent, but so neglected, like several others daily or weekly by their masters with orders along the shore, that it is almost become use- to bring him a certain sum at the expiration of less. The city derives but little protection that time, and what they can get over they from its immediate fortifications ; and the Isl- may consider their
own ; but they are always and of Cobrus, potwithstanding its contiguity, so highly rated, that it is with the greatest difis now but little calculated to render it any.-- ticuliy they can raise the sum nominated; and There are wharves and stairs for the purpose in case of defalcation, it is attributed to a want of landing at, but the most convenient is the of exertion, or laziness, which subjects the great square, in which the Prince resides, unhappy victim to punishment for a crime the The palace was origivally the mansion of a
master alone has committed. merchant: it is extensive, but has nothing par
From the Monthly Magazine, Nov. 1817.
L’APE ITALIANA. No. II.
LE CENTO NOVELLE ANTICHE-continued.
the long winter nights.* It happened “ Of Messire Azzolino's story-teller. I one night that Azzoliuot urged him to tell
“MESSIRE Azzolino had a story- a tale when he was very sleepy: he ac
teller, who told him tales during
• This is one of those traits of the manner of dre
times, with which this ancient work abounds. A motto without a meaning is worth nothing. If † Azzolino, or Ezzelino da Romano, the furious the literary collector may be compared to the bee, tyrant of Padua, is well known to the readers of Italsurely he may be said to rove among the swerts of morn ian history. “ Solo intuitu homines drterrebat, says the who is engaged in investigating the carliest produc- bistorian of the times, crudelitate superavit saritica tions of Italian literature,
omnium tyrannorum." “ His very look was terrifieUn Novellatore. Un l'avellatore,
his cruelty execeded that of every other tyrant."
Fol. 2.) The Italian Bee :-Le Cento Novelle Antiche.
423 cordingly began a story, about a country
“ At another time, when he was enman who went to a market with a hun- gaged in single combat with the Count dred pieces of money,* to buy sheep: of Toulouse, he dismounted from his and had two for each piece. As he re- charger and got on a mule : “ What is to turned with the sheep, a river, which he be done now, Richard ?' said the count. had to cross, was greatly swoln by a hea- 'Sir,' said he, • I wish to let you see that vy
rain that had fallen. Wbile he was I do not want either lo chase or to run standing on the bank, considering how away.' Thus he shewed that noble to get over, he saw a poor fisherman, with spirit in which he excelled all other a boat so small, that it would only hold knights.” the countryman and one sheep at a time.
Novella 35. He got in with one sheep, and began to
“ Another instance of the courtesy of King
John of England. row : the river was wide, but
away “ The Queen of Castile once sent one goes. Here the story-teller stopped. Mes, of her knights, on important business, to sire Azzolino said, What are you about?
a very solitary place, without any comwhy do you not go on?' • Sir!' said
panion. As the knight, mounted on a the story-teller, let the sheep get over, good palfrey, was riding thus alone and then we will go on with the tale : but, through a great forest, as fast as his palas it will take at least a twelve-months, frey could carry him, it happened, as ill one may find opportunity, in the mean luck would have it, that, in crossing a time, to get a good sleep.'”#
ditch, the palfrey tumbled down with Novella 31.
him so completely, that he could not get “Of the gallant exploits of Riccar Loghercio him up again, though he escaped without del Illa.
harm to his person. He used his best en“ Riccar Loghercio, a great gentleman deavours to get this palfrey of his out of of Provence, was sovereign of Lille, and the ditch, but to no purpose : nor could a man of great courage and incredible he see a single person, far or near, from prowess. When the Saracens came to whom to procure assistance: so that he conquer Spain, he was in the battle called was greatly vexed and distressed, and La Spagnata,ş which was the most per- was at a loss what to do. ilous combat that hath taken place since
“Now it happened, as luck would have the days of the Greeks and Trojans, it, that John, king of England was huniThe Saracens were in great numbers, and ing in those parts on an excellent palfrey, had many kinds of engines. Riccar Log- and had chased a noble stag so hotly, hercio led on the first line; and, as the that he had left his party behind, and was horses could not be made to advance quite alone, when he fell in with this through fear of the engines, he ordered knight of the queen's. When the latter his men all to turn their horses round, saw him, he recognised him; but, such and to back them till they reached the was his necessity, that he pretended not enemy. By this means they got among to know him, and accordingly he called them, and got them in front; and then to him when he was a long way off, and they hacked and hewed to the right and said, “Sir knight, for the love of God left, and made terrible slaughter of them. I make haste hither, and be pleased to help
me to get out this palfrey of mine; for I Bisanti. Besants. A Bizantine coin, so called from the name of that city.
am ou important business in the service This same story, with a little variation, is told by of my lady. When the king came up, Sancho to amuse Don Quixote, after he had tied Rosi- be asked, “Sir knight, what lady dost nante's legs together ; in order to prevent his master thou serve ?' And he answered, I am from engaging in the perilous adventure of the Ful in the service of the Queen of Castile.' ling-Hills. See D. Quixote. Part 1. cap. 20. | The Italian eommentator explains del Illa, to menu,
Then the king, who was the most courtede Lisle ; but I am not the less puzzled to discover ous prince in the world, dismounted from who the gallant knight here comemorated is.
his palfrey, and said, Sir knight, I am From its being decisive to the fute of Spain.
hunting, as you see, with a party: be t We recommend this singular mode of charging witb cavalry to the tacticians of the present day. It the Saracens in the year 731, Eudcs, duke of Aquitseems, that it is sometimes a proof of valour to turn aine, is said to have coupleted the victory by attack• sail on the enemy.
ing the enemy par derriere, which our author may, In the great battle fought by Charles Martil against periaps, have misinterpreted.
The Italian Bee : Le Cento Novelle Antiche.
(vol. 2 pleased, therefore, to take my palfrey, sorry for the trouble be had already given which is as good as your own (truly it him; and the king replied, ' Do not give was worth three such), and I and my yourself any concern about that; for I companions will endeavour to get your's will, at any rate, stay with you till some again; and you shall go on your lady's one or other of my companions come up.' business. The knight was all confused, " While they were thus talking, cerand did not know what to do--for to tain of the king's knights and attendants, take the king's palfrey was a great shame: and others of his household, who were and he said, I cannot do so rude a thing in search of him, came up, and found him as to take your palfrey. The king re- engaged in this dispute with the knigbt. peated his offers, and pressed him to take The king called to them; and, as soon it for the love of knighthood : bus poth- as they saw him, they stopped, and hasting would prevail on him to accept it. He ened where he was, and helped the knight still, with much diffidence, entreated the --so that at last they dragged the palfrey king to assist him in getting his own out of the ditch. The koight returned again: then they both got into the ditch, many thanks to the king and his compaand the king tugged as hard as any clown, ny, and pursued his journey with his palIt was all in vain, for get him out they frey as well as he could: and the king could not; and so they knew not what and his party returned to the chase. to do. The knight fretted inwardly, as “The koight having accomplished his being on the service of another person, journey, and the business on which he especially as that person was his lady, went, returned to his noble queen, and but nobody came. The king again gave her an account of his embassy; and pressed him to take his palfrey ; but he also of what had befallen him with his persisted in refusing to do so : and, truly, palfrey, and of the great service which in that he was right--as knowing that John, king of England, had rendered he was the noble King John of England. him. The queen made him relate it "And he said in his heart, • Truly, if this many times over, and was never satisfied man had been a knight, or I had not with bearing of the noble actions and known who he was, I would in that case courtesies of King John; and greatly have made bold to take his palfrey; and extolled him as the most courteous prince to leave him mine, and go about my in the world.-as in truth he was.” business. The king, seeing that he fret
NOVELLA 43. ted inwardly, was greatly mortified that « How Narcissus fell in love with his shadow. he could not assist him as he desired ;
Narcissus yas very beautiful : it hapand he said, “Sir koight, what is to be done? wilt thou not take my palfrey, side of a clear fountain, that he saw his
pened one day, as he was reposing by the and leave me thine, as I have told thee?
own shadow in the water, very beautiful. I have already helped thee as well as I was able, so that I know not how to as- and his shadow did the same so that he
He began to look and to smile at it; sist thee farther; and here's nobody thought it was alive, and in the water ; coming either of my people or any body's and was not aware that it was his own else. So that the only thing to be done, shadow. He began to be in love with as far as I see, is to set to and cry; do
it; and became so deeply enamoured, you begin, and I will cry with you.
“ The knight,bearing this,did not know that he would fain have siezed it, and what to say or do: nevertheless he said, plunged his hands into the water. The * Assuredly, sir, be you whom you may, I waters became turbid, and the shadow would not commit such a piece of rudeness disappeared—so that he began to weep:
when the water cleared up, he saw the towards you as that would be. The king shadow weeping like himself
. Then he was greatly amused at this, and very desirous that he should take it; and he there, drowned. It was the season of spring,
threw himself into the water and was fore said, “Since you will not do as I would and some nymphs* came to sport at the have you, I will keep you company, till the Lord shall send us some help.' The fountain, and saw the fair Narcissus knight thanked him kindly, and entreated
* Donne. Ladies. I have given the more classica! hiin not to stay-for that he was very word.
VOL. 2.) Modern English Poets.--Mr. Southey.
425 drowned: they drew him out with great which is the first tree that puts forth its lamentation, and set him upright on the flowers, and renews the season of love.”+ bank. News was brought to the god of
+ “Ne fece un bellissimo mandorlo molto verde, e love, who changed him into a beautiful molto bene stante, ed e il primo albero che prona fa almond tree-verdant and flourishing: fiori, e rinovella amore.”
ON MODERN POETS.
After these animadversions, I must
rein over bis Pegasus, as to prevent it sider Mr. Southey's poetry as utterly from soaring above a hillock or a pine- worthless. On the contrary, I think it tree, Mr. Southey has given such unrea- of a very superior order ; capable, if sonable scope to his poetical “ Ship of modified and terrestrialized, of adding Heaven,” that it sails over infinite space, no inconsiderable star to the great poetiwithout once casting anchor, or is tost cal constellation which shines upon the about in an ocean of mystical inutility, present age. Amongst much hyperboliAfter reading Thalaba, or the Curse of cal thought and expression, we are someKehama, one lays down the volume with times agreeably surprised by the unexan inevitable feeling of, “ Very sublima- pected appearance of pictures which our ted, no doubt, but what does it all mean? hearts acknowledge, and which strike us where is its object ?" One retains an at once with the strongest emotions of impression of nothing but blank verse of sublimity. I remember, in our language, all sizes, from three syllables to twelve ; three fine passages on the drawing of of one Veshnoo, with whose mythology swords. Burke is the author of one. In we are quite unacquainted ; 'of one La- speaking of Marie Antoinette, he says, durlad, whom air must not touch on any account, and who yet respires freely from their scabbards, to avenge even a look that offer
" I thought ten thousand swords would have leaped enough through his lungs ; and of Brac ed her an insult.” man, and Indra, and Yamer, and Glendoveers, about whose powers and attri
Milton gives us the following sublime butes we care not one farthing.
conception : sympathy, it is totally out of the ques “He spake, and to confirm his words, out flew tion: and of magnificent language, we Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs have more than sufficient,
Of mighty cherubim ; the sudden blaze
Far round illumined hell." If Mr. Campbell does not astonish us in this superhuman manner, at least he And Mr. Southey, with more sublimileads us through scenes with whose na- ty than the former, and not much less ture we are familiar, and for whose in- than the latter, has this passage. The habitants we feel some regard. Though Rajah having ordered his troops to assashis primroses and violets are purchased sinate a multitude who had offended him, in the Cranbourn Alley of Parnassus,
“ Ten thousand scymetars at once upreared, and appear a manufacture of painted Flash up like waters sparkling to the sun, gauze, yet still they remind us of real A second time the fatal brands appeared, primroses; apà, indeed, some of them
Lifted aloft-they glitured then no more ;
Their light was gone, their splendour quenched in are real. Mr. Campbell's farthest flight
gore." is America ; but Mr. Southey hurries us Perhaps in the whole compass
of up at once into the third heaven ; we dern poetry, there is not a more splendid fly about among stars that do not belong picture. Lord Byron approaches soine. to our proper hemisphere; we are daz- what neur it, when he describes Alp's zled, blinded, bewildered ; and when bare arın during the battle. at last we descend from our aëronautic exciirsion, we are happy to repose upon
“ Alp is but known by the white arm bare, the
Look thro' the thick of the aght-'tis there." after-grass of Rogers, or to beg a tickenbed at one of Crabbe's sea-faring huts.
As we are about erecting an architecSG ATHENEUM. Vol. 2
tural monument to the memory of Wam
Biographical Portraits.-Francis Jeffrey, Esq. (vol. 2 terloo, I think we might convoke a con- he could do wonders in describing the gress of our poets, to compound amongst care taken of the wounded; to say nothem a poetical monument. To Lord thing of some episode respecting a tall Byron might be allotted that part which pathetic Lifeguardsman and his Dutch should describe the feeling of both ar- Dulcinea. I think I would permit Mr. mies before and after the battle, and its Rogers to insert three lines about the effects upon the moral world in general. birth and parentage of a tear; Messrs. Mr. Scott should be endowed with a lim- Coleridge and Wordsworth should deited power of rehearsing the names of scribe the unsophisticated death of an the leaders, their dresses, their genealogy, aide-de-camp's horse; and to Mr. Moore and the foaming bits of their steeds. Both I would adjudge the most arduous task these bards should mash up the battle it- of all-namely, to erase, correct, and inself between them. Mr. Campbell might sert, as his classical taste might lead him; give us a pathetic episode of a young in which case, much of Scott, some of lady who had arrived just time enough Lord Byron, a little of Campbell, the to stop, by the interposition of her own essence of Southey's four thousand lines, heart, a bullet that was going on very making about as many hundred, -migbt fairly towards her lover's. If any im- be retained ; but Heaven knows whether mortal gods were deemed necessary, I a single line of the remaining members would, by all means, recommend Mr. of the congress would remain! By the Southey to the mythological department, help of all this pruning, the structure Mr. Crabbe might be furnished with lint might indeed be made immortal. and ligaments, and a wardrobe of the Note.-We wish our ingenious correspondent would Dutch women's costumes, in which case
remember the old maxim : “ Amicus Plato, sed megis,
From the Monthly Magazine.
ted victims against whom he has so bitAN ESTIMATE of the LITERARY CHARACTER terly directed the quips and scorn of the
of FRANCIS JEFFREY, ESQ. time,” that an author who is only known NEW
a cupy a larger share of the attention to distinction; for it is easier to point of literary men than Mr. Jeffrey. He is out the faults of the noblest work of art the editor of the Edinburgh Review, and than to execute the meanest. Mr. Jefauthor of some of the best papers in that frey must not be allowed to imagine himpopular journal; and it is alledged, that self superior in genius to any of the aufew critics have exposed the faults and thors whom he has reviewed, merely bedeficiencies of the candidates for literary cause he has successfully made them ob. distinction with less indulgence and more jects of mirth or derision: his merits lie presumption. Many who have smarted in other qualifications than the glibness under the lash of his ridicule regard him of his satire ; for, with every allowance with indignation, while they endeavour that may be granted to the invidiousto persuade themselves that he is only Dess of cotemporaries, it cannot be denied worthy of their contempt. It is to be that there is a strong basis of good sense hoped, however, that, among the vast in his strictures, of which the pungent number who have felt the impartial mal- and sparkling acrimony of his manner is ice of bis pen, there may be some who the flavor and effervescence. He often will acknowledge, though he is always errs in estimating the general abilities of severe, that he has been sometimes just the writers whom he reviews, and allows bit never in their own particular case. his distaste to their works to be impropIt would indeed be folly to deny the tal- erly directed against themselves; assuments and merits of a writer who has so ing, in this way, a privilege of censuring, essentially contributed to establish the re- which is not permitted in good society. putation of the Edinburgh Review. and is never exercised without exciting