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Biographical Portraits - Francis Jeffrey, Esq. [vol 2 terloo, I think we might convoke a con- he could do wonders in describing the gress of our poets, to compound amongst care taken of the wounded; to say D0thern a poetical monument. To Lord thing of some episode respectiog a tall Byron might be allotted that part which pathetic Lifeguardsman and his Dutch should describe the feeling of both ar- Dulcinea. I think I would permit Mr. mies before and after the battle, and its Rogers to insert three lines about the effects upon the moral world in general. birth and parentage of a tear; Messrs. Mr. Scott should be endowed with a lim- Coleridge and Wordsworth should deited power of rehearsing the names of scribe the unsophisticated death of an the leaders, their dresses, their genealogy, aide-de-camp's horse; and to Mr. Moore and the foaming bits of their steeds. Both I would adjudge the most arduous task these bards should mash up the battle ite of all-namely, to erase, correct, and inself between them. Mr. Campbell might sert, as bis classical taste might lead him ; give us a pathetic episode of a young in which case, much of Scott, some of lady who had arrived just time enough Lord Byron, a little of Campbell, the to stop, by the interposition of her own essence of Southey's four thousand lines, heart, a bullet that was going on very making about as many hundred,-migbt fairly towards her lover's. If any im- be retained ; but Heaven knows whether mortal gods were deemed necessary, I a single line of the remaining members would, by all means, recommend Mr, of the congress would remain ! By the Southey to the mythological department. help of all this pruning, the structure Mr. Crabbe might be furnished with lint might indeed be made immortal. and ligaments, and a wardrobe of the Note. We wish our ingenious correspondent would Dutch women's costumes, in which case remember the old maxim : " Amicus Plato, sed megis,

60,-Ed.

BIOGRAPHICAL PORTRAITS,

From the Monthly Magazine.
CONTEMPORARY AUTHORS. It must be conceded to the exaspera-
No. III.

ted victims against whom he has so bitAN ESTIMATE of the LITERARY CHARACTER terly directed “ the quips and scorn of the

of FRANCIS JEFFREY, ESQ. time," that an author who is only known FEW writers of the present time oc- as a critic can assert but a negative claim

T cupy a larger share of the attention to distinction; for it is easier to point of literary men than Mr. Jeffrey. He is out the faults of the noblest work of art the editor of the Edinburgh Review, and than to execute the meanest. Mr. Jefauthor of some of the best papers in that frey must not be allowed to imagine himpopular journal; and it is alledged, that self superior in genius to any of the aufew critics have exposed the faults and thors whom he has reviewed, merely bedeficiencies of the candidates for literary cause he has successfully made them ob. distinction with less indulgence and more jects of mirth or derision: his merits lie presumption. Many who have smarted in other qualifications than the glibness under the lash of his ridicule regard him of his satire; for, with every allowance with indignation, while they endeavour that may be granted to the invidiousto persuade themselves that he is only ness of cotemporaries, it cannot be denied worthy of their contempt. It is to be that there is a strong basis of good sense hoped, however, that, among the vast in his strictures, of which the pungent number who have felt the impartial mal- and sparkling acrimony of his manner is ice of his pen, there may be some who the flavor and effervescence. He often will acknowledge, though he is always errs in estimating the general abilities of severe, that he has been sometimes just the writers whom he reviews, and allows bit never in their own particular case. his distaste to their works to be impropIt would indeed be folly to deny the tal- erly directed against themselves; assunents and merits of a writer who has so ing, in this way, a privilege of censuring, essentially contributed to establish the re- which is not permitted in good society. putation of the Edinburgh Review. and is never exercised without exciting

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feelings of resentment, destructive of the tural acid, that requires to be mixed with quiet reciprocities of social intercourse, the nauseous alkali of folly in others, to His taste is sometimes capricious, and is produce that brisk and wholesome corevidently more under the influence of the rective which has become so fashionable moment than regulated by settled princi- as to be almost necessary to the sickly ples; but, upon the whole, a spirit of appetite of the age. justice may be discovered in his most "Mr. Jeffrey has without question more merciless animadversions. Sometimes admirers than enemies; the latter are he has released his victims from the rack, only to be found among the small class when it might have been thought that he who subject themselves to his jurisdiction, intended to inflict a capital punishment : while the former are spread throughout at others he has gamboled to the last; the whole commonality of readers. But and, with true feline cruelty, only ended he has no disciples. He has too much their misery when he was tired of tor- practical sense ever to become the foundmenting them. But we are acquainted er of a sect; for it is not in the nature of with no writer who more youthfully states that quality to inspire enthusiasın, or to his own taste and predilections; and, if allow it to be felt. His head and heart there is some degree of conceit in his in- are made up of household stuff, and seem genuousness, it must be allowed that, to have so little affinity for any thing rowhen he advocates the principles of those mantic, that we are inclined to think even opinions in which his judgment is settled his personal manners must have many and matured, he does it with a manliness angular points towards those who are less that has nothing superior in the literature earnest to be always instructive. The of any age or country.

cast of his mind seeins to be much more It has been objected to Mr. Jeffrey's akin to that of the man of business than papers, and indeed to his journal, that of the author; but he oftener expresses the want of circa mstantial and scientific himself with the billious irritability of the knowledge is but ill supplied by theoret- one, than the hearty urbanity of the ical ingenuity. It cannot, however, be other; he is, in fact, neither a man of the denied that, on a great variety of subjects, world nor a man of genius, but belongs he has manifested much ability and in- to that dubious class who are regarded forination. He may not appear always with indulgence by the wise, while they a profound scholar, but he is uniformly are lauded by the weak and contemned an accoinplished gentleman. Some of only by the foolish. He is an author adhis belle-lettres articles are among the mirably suited to the occasional topics of best-written dissertations in the English bis own day; but, when time shall bave language; especially those in which a obliterated those associations in the pubvein of historical illustration serves to de. lic mind, to which he so felicitously revelope the particular and relative merits fers, and draws from them so many apt of the author under consideration and amusing illustrations, his style will

But a light and sketchy outline is the lose much of its perspicuity, avd a great character of his style, His canvas is sel- deal of its life and interest. A critic, in dom tilled; and, if he occasionally fin- fact, is something like a player; his talishes a head with delicacy and effect, he ents are brought out by the ideas of othneglects the extremities, and often sub- ers, and his merits can only be appreciastitutes, for the bands and feet, the ted by comparing his efforts with those of idle flourishes of a free and rapid pencil. his cotemporaries. Mr. Jeffrey is clever, In his manner there is frequently much but not great ; eloquent, without being elegance, sometimes great beauty, but impressive ; accomplished, but not proalways a large expanse of loose and care. found. His main fault belongs more to less writing. Conceited and dainty ex- the man than the author-it is in presu, pressions may be here and there discov. ming to be the censor of private manners, ered; they are, however, more of the na- wbere the clear and obvious line of his ture of freckles than of moles, and we duty (as pointed out both by the consuspect are sometimes esteemed as beau- sciousness of his own petulance, and the ties. His wit may be described as the nature of the task he has assumed.) is an tithesis of affectation. A sharp na- merely to review the merits and defects

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of published books. Latterly, however, as Dr. Johnson says, “ there may yet be he has more modestly adhered to his vo- virtue." cation ;-"and, where there is shame,”

TIME'S TELESCOPE, FOR MARCH,

From “ Time's Teleseope." A MONG the Romans, March, from the church of Saint Andrew, which, 1 Mars, was the first month, and with the town and whole diocese, are marriages made in this month were ac- named after him. Near the church counted unhappy. The Saxons called stand several chapels, formerly resorted March lent-monat, or length-moneth, to with great devotion : the principal is ' because the days did first begin, in that of St. Nun, mother of St. David, length, to exceed the nights.' - near which is a beautiful well still freIn mantle of Proteus clad,

quented by pilgrims. Another chapel is With aspect ferocious and wild ;

sacred to St. Lily, surnamed Gwas. Now pleasant, now sullen and sad,

Dafydd, that is, St. David's man; for Now froward, now placid and mild.

he was his beloved disciple and comSuch is the poet's character of this panion in bis retirement. He is hon. month, which is, in general, cold, with oured there on the 3d, and St. Nun, who keen winds, the air clear and healthy lived and died the spiritual mother of SAINT DAVID's day, March 1.

many religious women, on the 2d of

March. The three first days of March The leek worn on this day by Welsh

were formerly holidays in South Wales men is said to be in memory of a great in honour of these three saints: at vietory obtained by them over the Saxons; present only the first is kept a festival they, during the battle, having leeks in

"" throughout the principality. their bats, to distinguish themselves, by l o the wild and romantic scenery of order of St. David. Another account Llanthony, at the foot of the black adds, that they were fighting under their mountains on the banks of the Honddy, King Cadwallo, near a field that was in the sequestered vale of Ewias, St. replenished with that vegetable.*

David formed a hermitage and erected a Saint David was the great ornament

chapel:-and pattern of his age. He spoke with

A little lowly hermitage it was much force and energy, but his example

Down in a dale, hard by a forest's side, was more powerful than bis eloquence; Far from resort of people, that did pass and he has in all succeeding ages been In traveil to and fro: a little wyde the glory of the British church. He

There was an holy chapell edifyde,

Wherein the hermit dewly wont to say continued in the see of St. David's

His holy things each morn and eventyde;

several monasteries, and been the spiritual Which from a sacred fountain welled forth alway. father of many saints both British and So retired is this spot, that, at one Irish, he died about the year 544, at a time, it was scarcely known to the very advanced age. He was buried in neighbouring hamlets. Walter de Lacy,

- one day in pursuit of a deer, discovered • The following is Shakspeare's account of it,(Henry V.) in the dialogue between Fiuellin and the king :

those mysterious erections, and being Flu. Your grandfather of famous nenory, a'nt please struck with the solemnity of the spot, be your majesty, and your great uncle, Edward the plack was visited by religious enthusiasm ;prince of Wales, as I have read in the chronicles, he disclaimed the world, and erected the fougbt a most prave pattie here in France. K. Henry, They did, Fluellin.

abbey of Llanthony for the use of the Flu. Your majesty says very true. If your majesty is Cistercian order. remembered of it, the Welshmen did goot service in a garden where lecks did grow,wearing lecks in their Mon MIDLENT SUNDAY, MARCH 1. mouth caps, which, your majesty knows, to this hour is The middle or fourth Sunday in Lent an honorable pedge of the service; and, i do pelieve your majesty takes no seorn to wear the leek on St Tavy’s-day.

was formerly called the Sunday of the K. Henry. I wear it for a minorable honour. five Loaves, the Sunday of Bread, and VOL. 2.]

Tiine's Telescope for March--Perpetuam-St. Patrick's Day.

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the Sunday of Refreshment, in allusion SAINT PATRICK, MARCH 17. to the gospel appointed for this day. It The tutelar saint of Ireland was born was also named Rose-Sunday, from the in thr year 371, in a village called pope's carrying a golden rose in his hand, Bonaven Taberniæ, probably Kilpatrick, which he exbibited to the people in the in Scotland, between Dunbriton and streets as he went to celebrate the eu- Glasgow. He is, however, claimed as a charist, and at bis return. Mothering Cambrian by Mr. Jones, in hig · Welsh Sunday is another name attached to this Bards,' who makes him a native of diy, from the practice, in Roman Cath- Caernarvonshire. When sixteen years olic times, of people visiting their mother. old, he was carried into captivity by ehurch on Midlent Sunday. Hence, certain barbarians, together with many perhaps, the custom now existing in of bis father's vassals and slaves, and some parts of England, of children visit- was taken to Ireland, where he kept cating their parents, and presenting them tle on the mountains and in the forests, with money, tripkets, or some other in hunger and nakedness, amid snows, trifle. Furinety is commonly a rural rain, and ice. After six months, our repast on this day. It is made of whole saint escaped from this slavery, only to grains of wheat first parboiled, and then fall into the hands of another master. At put into and boiled in milk, sweetened length emancipated, he travelled into and seasoned with spices.

Gaul and Italy, and spent many years in PERPETUA, March 7.

preparing himself for the holy functions

of a priest, studying intensely until his , - Perpetua, a noble lady of Carthage, 55th or 60th year. Being successively only 22 years of age, suffered martyrdom ordained deacon, priest, and bishop, he in 203, by order of Minutius Firmianus, received the apostolical benediction from under the persecution of the Emperor Pope Celestine, and was sent by him, Severus. In the amphitheatre, Perpetna about the beginning of the year 432, to was exposed to the attacks of a wild preach the gospel in Ireland. He died cow, and, after being much gored by at the good old age of 123, and was this animal, she languished for some time, buried at Down, in Ulster. . under the wounds given her by a young • Every day was he wont diligently to and unskilful gladiator.

sing the entire psaltery, with many songs On this day the Jews celebrate the and hymns, and the Apocalypse of the festival of Purin. In this ceremony the apostle John, and two hundred prayers reader recites the whole book of Esther, before God; three hundred times did he wbich, being written on parchment, is bend his knees in adoration of the Lord ; spread out in the manner of a letter, in every canonical hour of the day did he reference to the twenty-sixth verse of the one hundred times sign himself with the pinth chapter. As oiten as the reader sign of the cross. Nevertheless did he inentions the name of Haman, it is onge not omit every day wortbily and devoutly tomary for the children (who have little to offer up unto the Father the sacrifice wooden hammers) to knock against the of the Son; and never ceased he to teach wall, as a meinorial that they should en- the people, or instruct bis disciples. deavour to destroy the whole seed of "And in a wonderous manner dividing Amalek.

the night-season, thus did this wakelui SAINT GREGORY, MARCH 12. guardian and labourer in the Lord's vine

yards distinguish that also. For in the Saint Gregory, surnamed the Great,

earliest part thereof having with two was born about the year 540. He was

hundred genuflexions, and one hundred consecrated Pope about the year 590, nealme praised God. then applied he and died in 604. Before his advance.

unto study; and in the latter part, he ment to the see, Gregory projected the plunged himself into cold water, and eonversion of the English nation ; and, raising bis heart. his voice, his eyes, and although his offer to this effect was at first his hăods towards heaven, offered he retused, he accomplished his wishes after one hundred and fifty prayers. -Afterbe assumed the papal chair.

ward he stretched himself on a bare stone,

430

Time's Telescope for March.---Palm-Sunday–Lady-Day, &c. [Vol. 2

and of another stone making a pillow, vegetation shown by the trees of this clihe rested his most sanctified body with mate, are gathered and adopted for a short sleep; or that more clearly we branches of palm. Mr. Bourde says, may speak, he refreshed himself unto the the branch of palm was used in the labour of his continual conflict.— With country near Jerusalem as an emblem of such rest indulging, he girded his loins victory. Our adoption of the willow with roughest haircloth, the which had buds may arise froin their being the first been dipped in cold water.

bloom which appears in the woods after The shamrock is said to be worn by the the close of winter; and might be used Irish, upon the anniversary of this saint, also typically, from their bearing testiforthe following reason: When he preach- mony of renovation, as a sacred emblem ed the gospel to the Pagan Irish, he illus- of victory over death. trated the doctrine of the Trinity by show- Much ceremony is still observed by ing them a trefoil, or three-leaved grass, the Greek church in Russia on Pala with one stalk; 'which operating to their Sunday. On the eve of this day,' says conviction, the shamrock, which is a Dr. Clarke, "all the inhabitantts of bundle of this grass, was ever afterwards Moscow resort, in carriages, on horseback, worn upon this saint's annniversary, to or on foot, to the Kremlin, for the purcommemorate the event.- Brand. chase of palm branches, to place before

The Order of St. Patrick was insti- their Boghs, or images, and to decorate tuted by George III, in 1783. It con- the sacred pictures in the streets. Of sists of the sovereigri, a grand master, a elsewhere. “It is one of the gayest proprince of the blood royal, and thirteen inenades of the year. The governor knights, making in the whole sixteen, and attended by the maitre de police, the seven officers. The lord lieutenant for commandant, and a train of uobility, ga the time being is the grand master. in procession, mounted on fine horses. * 1785.--HENRY KIRKE WHITE BORN,

. The streets are lined by spectators; and MARCH 21.

cavalry are stationed on each side, to Too, too prophetic did thy wild note swell,

preserve order. Arriving at the KreinImpassioned minstrel ! when its pitying wail

lin, a vast assembly, bearing artificial Sighed o'er the vernal primrose as it fell

bouquets and boughs, are seen moving Ultimely, withered by the northern yale.

here and there, forming the novel and Thou wert that power of promise and of prime !

Whose opening bloom 'mid many an adverse blast, striking spectacle of a gay and moving Charned the lone wanderer through this desart cline, forest. The boughs consist of artificial

But charmed him with a rapture soon o'ercast, flowers, with fruit. Beautiful repre-enTo see thee languish into quick decay.

tations of oranges and lemons, in war, Yet was not thy departing immature!

are sold for a few copecks (an English For ripe in virtue thou were reft away, And pure in spirit as the blest are pure ;

halfpenny). Upon this occasion, every Pure as the dew-drop, freed from earthly leaven, person who visits the Kreidlin, and That sparkles, is exhaled, and blends with heaven! would be thought a true Christian.

PALM SUNDAY, MARCH 22. purchases one or more of the boughs, In the missals, this day is denominated called palin-branches.' Dominica in ramis Palinurum, or Palm Sunday, and was so called froin the AN

he ANNUNCIATION OF THE B. v. m., or Lady palm branches and green boughs formerly

Day, March 25. distributed on that day, in commemoration

This day celebrates the angel's message of our Lord's riding io Jerusalem. Sprigs

os to the Virgin Mary, respecting our of boxwood are still used as a substitute

Blessed Lord. She was, probably, aa for palms in Roman Catholic countries. only child, and but fifteen years of age On this day is still retained the antient "

en when espoused to Joseph. She died usage of decorating churches and houses A. D. 48, being about 60 years old. with evergreens, &e. It was the custom MARCH 26, 1812.--GREAT EARTHQUAKE of the antient Christian church to repre.

AT THE CARACCAS. sept our Saviour's entry into Jerusalein The first commotion took place at on this day, by a procession with palms. five o'clock in the afternoon. The air In this country the buds of the willow, was calm, the heat excessive : nothing which is one of the earliest marks of preceded or announced such a catastro

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