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to the poor.

432 Time's Telescope. -Good Friday-Easter Eve-Easter Sunday. (vol9 Peter, who rises ; and the same interlo- always to midnight, sometimes to the cution takes place between him and the cock-crowing, and sometimes to the archbishop, which is said to have taken dawn of Easter day; and the whole of place between our Saviour and that apos- the day and night was employed in retle.'-Clarke's Rus.

ligious affairs. GOOD FRIDAY, MARCH 27.

EASTER DAY, OR EASTER SUNDAY, 29. This day commemorates the sufferings of Christ, as a propitiation for our sins.

Easter is styled by the fathers the Holy Friday, or the Friday in Holy highest of all festivals

, the least of feasts, Week, was its more antient and general Gaudi, the joyous Sunday. Masters

and appellation; the name Good Friday is peculiar to the Eoglish church.

It was

granted freedom to their slaves at this observed as a day of extraordinary de- season,

and valuable presents were made votion. On this night, in St. Peter's at Rome,

The third and most magnificent cere“the hundred lamps that burn over the mony of all those performed at Moscow, tomb of the apostle are extinguished and is that of The Resurrection,' which is a stupendous cross of light appears sus

celebrated two hours after midnight, en pended from the dome, between the al

the morning of Easter Sunday. We

hastened to the CATHEDRAL (observes tar and the nave, shedding over the whole edifice a soft lustre delightful to the eye prodigious assembly of all ranks and sexes,

Dr. Clarke), wbich was filled with a and highly favourable to picturesque bearing lighted wax tapers, to be after representations. This exhibition is supposed to have originated in the sub- shrines. The walls, ceilings, and every

wards heaped as vows on the different limpe imagination of Michael Angelo, and who beholds it will acknowledge part of this building, are covered by the that it is not unworthy of the inventor.

pictures of saints and martyrs. In the The magnitude of the cross hanging as shut: and on the outside appeared

moment of our arrival the doors were if self-supported, and like a meteor Plato, the archbishop, preceded by streaming in the air; thé blaze that it banners and torches, and followed by all pours fourth ; the mixture of light and slade cast on the pillars, arches, statues

his train of priests, with crucifixes and and altars; the crowd of spectators in procession, the tour of the cathedral;

censers, who were making three times, placed in all the different attitudes of curiosity, wonder and devotion; the chaunting with loud voices, and glittering

in processions with their banners and crosses

sumptuous vestinents, covered with

The gliding successively in silence along the gold, silver, and precious stones. nave and kneeling around the altar ; the Kremlin as in the streets of the city;

snow had not melted so rapidly in the penitents of all nations and dresses col- and this magnificent procession was lected in groupes near the confessionals

therefore constrained io move upon of their respective languages ; a cardinal plauksover the deep mud which surroundoccasionally advancing through the crowd, ed the cathedral. “After completing the and, as die kneels, humbly bending his ed the cathedral. After completing the head to the pavement; in fine, the pontiff

third circuit, they all halted opposite the bimself, without pomp or pageantry, archbishop, with a censer," scattered in

great doors, which were shut; and the prostrate before the altar, offering up his adorations in silence, form a scene sin

cense against the doors, and over the gularly striking by a happy mixture of priests. Suddenly those doors were tranquillity and animation, of darkness opened, and the effect was beyond deand light, of simplicity and majesty.?— of spectators within, bearing innumera

scription grand. The immense throng Eustace's Tour in Italy.

ble tapers, formed two lines, througe EASTER EVE, MARCH 28. which the archbishop entered, advancing Particular mortifications were enjoined with his train to a throne near the centre. to the earliest Christians on this day. The profusion of lights in all parts of the From the third century, the fast was cathedral, and, among others, of the enindispensable and rigid, being protracted ormous chandelier which hung from the

VOL. 2.] Illustration of Saints' Days, obscure Ceremonies, &c. 433 centre, the richness of the dresses, and bishop, descending into the body of the the vastness of the assembly, filled us church, concluded the whole ceremony with astonishment. Having joined the by crawling round the pavement on bis suite of the archbishop, we accompanied hands and knees, kissing the consecrated the procession, and passed even to the pictures, whether on the pillars, the walls, throne, on which the police officers per- the altars, or the tombs; the priests and mitted us to stand, among the priests, all the people imitating his example. near an einbroidered stvol of satin placed Sepulchres were opened, and the mumfor the archbishop. The loud chorus, mied bodies of incorruptible saints exwhich burst forth at the entrance to the hibited, all of which underwent the same church, continued as the procession general kissing.' moved towards the throne, and after the EASTER MONDAY AND TUESDAY, MARCH archbishop had taken bis seat.

30 and 31. Soon after, the archbishop descended, Every day in this week was formerly and went all round the cathedral; first observed as a religious festival, sermons offering inceuse to the priest, and then to being preached and the sacrament the people as he passed along. When administered. In many places, servants he had returned to his seat, the priests, were permitted to rest from their usual two by two, performed the same cere- employments, that they might constantly mony, beginning with the archbishop, attend public worship. During fifteen who rose and made obeisance with a days, of which the paschal solemnity lighted taper in bis hand. From the consisted, the courts of justice were shut, moment the church doors were opened, and all public games, shows and amusethe spectators continued bowing their ments, were prohibited : it is unnecessary heads and crossing themselves; iosomuch, to observe, that this practice has long that some of the people seemed really ceased, and that the Easter week is exhausted by the constant motion of the usually devoted to relaxation and amusehead and bands.

ment. I had now leisure to examine the • At Moscow, after the grand ceredresses and figures of the priests, which mony of the Resurrection is completed, were certainly the most striking I ever riot and debauchery instantly break loose; saw. Their long dark hair, without no meetings take place, of any kind, powder, fell down in ringlets, or straight without repeating the expressions of and thick, over their robes and shoulders. peace and joy, Christos voscress! Christ Their dark thick beards, also, entirely is risen! to which the answer always is covered their breasts. On the heads of the same, Vo istiney voscress ! He is the archbishop and bishops were bigh risen indeed! On Easter Monılay becaps, covered with gems, and adorned gins the presentation of the Paschal eggs : by miniature paintings, set in jewels, of lovers to their mistresses, relatives to the Crucifixion, the Virgin, and the each other, servants to their masters, all Saints. Their robes of various coloured bring ornamented eggs. Every offering, satin were of the most costly embroidery; at this seasori, is called a Paschal egg. and even on these were miniature pictures The meanest pauper in the street, preset with precious stones. After two senting an egs, and repeating the words hours had been spent in various ceremo- Christos voscress, may demand a salute nies, the archbishop advanced, holding even of the empress. All business is forth a cross, which all the people crowd- laid aside; the upper ranks are engaged ed to embrace, squeezing each other in visiting, balls, dinners, suppers, masnearly to suffocation. As soon, however, querades ; while boors fill the air with as their eagerness had been somewhat their songs, or roll drunk about the satisfied, he retired to the sacristy ; where, streets. Servants appear in new and puttiog on a plain purple robe, he again tawdry liveries, and carriages in the most advanced, exclaiıning three times in a sumptuous parade.'— Clarke. very loud voice, Christ is risen!

We have already noticed the strange The most remarkable part of the custom of Hearing practised on this day solennity now followed. The archi- in the north of England. The follow

30 ATUEN EUM. Vol. 2

434 Varieties.-Vestige of Feudal Times-Evening Hours. (vol. 2 ing extract, from a letter sent to Mr. best apparel, and several of them under Brand, the antiquarian, by a respectable twenty. I wished to see all the ceremogentleman, in the year 1799, thus speaks ny, and seated myself accordingly. The of the custom. •I was sitting alone last fair group then lifted me from the ground, Easter Tuesday, at breakfast, at the Tal- turned the chair about, and I had the bot, in Shrewsbury, when I was surpris- felicity of a salute from each. I told them, ed by the entrance of all the female ser- I supposed there was a fine due upon the vants of the house, handing in an arm- occasion, and was answered in the affirmchair, lined with white, and decorated ative, and, having satisfied the damsels, with ribbons and favours of different co- they withdrew to beave others. At this lours. On asking what they wanted, their time I had never heard of such a custom; answer was, “ they came to heave me : but, on inquiry, I found that on Easter it was the custom of the place on that Monday, between nine and twelve, the morning, and they hoped I would take a men heave the women in the same man. seat in their chair.” It was impossible ner as on the Tuesday, between the same not to comply with a request very inodest- hours, the women heave the men.'-See ly made, and to a set of nymphs in their Popular Antiquities, 4to. ed.

VARIETIES:
CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL

OF

A

VESTIGE PEUDAL BARBARISM. to know how to act under the circum

From the Literary Gazette, Nov. 22, 1817. stances we bave noticed. Thornton is,

VERY singular trial in the King's it seems, a muscular stout man, Ashford siderable and deserved attention. It is otherwise, for aught stated to the contrawhat is called "An Appeal of Murder,” ry, it does not appear that the Court brought by the nearest of kin to Mary would have held itself justified in preAshford, against Abraham Thornton, venting the intolerable reproach of having who was tried for that offence and ac- this battle actually waged to decide the gured in May last. This sort of action cause ! Indeed Lord Ellenborough is a civil suit, founded on the barbarous declared that if Thornton killed the ap. precedent of dark, ignorant and feudal pellant under the sanction of the law, it times ! when single combat, and walking would not be murder :-murder in him over burning ploughshares, and dipping it might not strictly and morally be: but, the flesh in boiling oil, were resorted to with great deference to the eminent judge, as the tests of guilt and innocence; when we hold that in such an event the law itself wicked force had these means of dis- would be guilty of the foulest murder. guising its atrocities, and credulous superstition was taught to expect a miracle,

NEW WORK. and special interposition of the Divinity Evening Hours ; a Collection Origi.

From the Monthly Magazine, Oct. 1817. in every quarrel wbich human cunonig or folly chose to put upon a criterion so

nal Poems, 1817 monstrous. It is scarcely possible to

To our poetical readers we have to believe that in the nineteenth century we

recommend this small volume. It is, should have so lamentable an exhibition

as we learn from the preface, the producof the absurdity of our legal system, as

tion of very early years; but, as we the revival of this obsolete and impious gather from the perusal, such a work as

would have no reason to dispractice affords. Yet so it is: to our reproach he it spoken, the accused threw

In an address“ to the Genius of down his gauntlet in the Court of King's Poesy, there is a current of feeling which Bench, and challenged the brother of the proves the author to be intimately acquainmurdered girl to prove bim guilty by sin- ted with the subject on which he writes

. gle combat!! The case is to be further One line struck us as peculiarly happy, proceeded in this day, as it required six in which pighat is styled the hour days' consideration of the Bench and Bar

" When the world With its own hum has lulled itself to sleep."

later years

avow.

vol. 2.]
Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical,

435 The following sonnet is no bad specimen of Antwerp, moved by the wretched sitof the writer's turn of thought, and of uation of the many insane persons, all his versification, which is remarkably shut up together in one and the same flowing, and free from faults. It fur- building, obtained from the government nishes also an excellent answer to that permission to have them conveyed to the wretched coldness of remonstrance, wbich village of Gheel, where they were disimagines it can stay our tears, by telling tributed among the inhabitants, who reus of their fruitlessness.

ceived an ample recompence for their * Some tell me it is foolishness to weep,

trouble. This village was chosen upon For days imprisoned with the ages sped, mature deliberation. Being surrounded

Or heave the sigh to think my pleasures fled, And that how short the time ere I must sleep

on every side by an extensive heath, the In a cold charnel-house where worms do creep,

situation of the place made the superinAnd trail with slimy fold across the dead ;

tendence of the patients very easy, and Yet who would not for a companion steep two or three professional persons were In ever-burning tears his aching head,

sufficient to take care of this assemblage Were he to pace some church-yard, and a tomb In the mute eloquence of sculpture told

of idiots, and maniacs who were permitWhere was the friend he should no more behold! ted freedom of exercise, and were called And shall I see the ever fatal plume

back by a bell to their lodgings every Wave o'er the sepulchre of former years,

noon and evening. Wholesome diet, Nor consecrate their memory with my tears ?"

We feel equally certain that the sub- pure fresh air, constant exercise, and the joined extract will fully justify our apparent liberty of their mode of life

, all warmth of praise.

together had such a happy effect that a

great part of those first sent recovered in MORNING-A Fragment.

the course of a year. We shall feel “ Aurora, daughter of the dawn, With rosy lustre streak'd the dewy lawn."

obliged to any of our Brussels' readers for @ "Twas morn-and from the East the sun bad shed

further inquiry and information upon this His glowing beams, and ting'd the mountains red ;

interesting subject The dancing mists in swift succession flew,

A RUSSIAN ANECDOTE. Chas'd by the early breeze that softly blew

At St. Petersburgh, there are every Along the swelling hills ;-the yellow beam

winter during Lent several masquerades, Smild on the forest, sparkled on the stream, And gaily laughing at the conquer'd night,

there called Ridottos, which are always Display'd on every spire the grateful light. numerously attended; but differstar The pearly drops, that bent the blooming thorn, from ours, that there is no dancing. The Started from slumber with the opening morn, And from the green leaves dropping, spread around

company stroll in their disguise through Delightful fragrance on the daisied ground;

the crowd in the saloon, see, hear, and While oft, responsive to the woodman's stroke, talk. They then go to the adjoining The clear-ton'd echoes of the bills awoke.

apartments, and call for what refreshThe cheerful lark, high mounting, hail'd the day, And caroi'd in mid air his matin lay :

ments they please. Each party takes a Seeking his scatter'd flocks, and whistling loud,

table for itself, and generally one of the The sturdy shepherd call'd his bleating crowd : company treats the others, and pays for With frequent pause he stopp'd-and gazing high those who aceompany him. Admir'd the orient beauties of the sky; And, sterfast viewing, breath'd the silent prayer

It happened, that there was a parWhen an his ils were past t’inhabit there." ty of seven persons, in one of these

rooins, who ordered a supper and wine MENTAL WEAKNESS.

at ten silver roubles per head. One of From the London Literary Gazette.

the company, as usual, gave the orders to If implicit credit can be given to the the waiter. The party were very merry, following statement, it is highly deserving and seemed to enjoy the supper. of attention at the present moment, when When the dishes and bottles were so many plaus are in agitation respecting empty, the guests one after another rose that melancholy affliction of the human from table, and went into the saloon. mind. In the Netherlands there is a vil. There were already five gone ; and two lage called Gheel, four-fifths of the in- still remained sitting, apparently in earhabitants of which are out of their mind, nest conversation. Will not the people but who however enjoy their liberty. sooo pay? thought the landlord ; and This singular fact requires an explanation, ordered the waiter to have a watchiul About half a century ago the magistrates eye on the last, that he might not slip

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away. But the sixth also went, and empty, the waiter went to the guest to disappeared in the saloon. The seventh awake him ; but who can describe his remained, but seemed to be asleep. This affright, when he fouod the sitting peris the paymaster ! said the waiter, and son a man of straw! kept his eye constantly upon him. The The next day, however, the amount man still seemed to sleep. After many of the bill was sent, the whole baving hours bad elapsed, and the rooms and been meant only as a joke upon the saloon began to become deserted and landlord.

POETRY

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From the Literary Gazette, Oct. 25, 1817.

From the Gentleman's Magazine.
THE DEAD SEA."

SONNET TO PHE BUSS THE wind blows chill across those gloomy

By EDWARD LORD THURLOW. THE

Oh how anlike the green and dancing main! Pe Bose the riper their creative The surge is foul, as if it rolled o'er graves ;--

heads, Stranger! bere lie the CITIES OF THE PLAIN !

And giveth light, and love to all, that treads

The earth, or cleaves the wave, or wings Yes ; on that waste, by wild waves covered the air; Rose palace proud, and sparkling pinnacle:

Whose lovely torch, divine, and regular, On pomp and festival beam'd morning's glow ;

Sweet flowers, rich fruits doth waken in

their beds, On pomp and festival the twilight fell.

And groves, and woods ; and day resples

dent sheds Lovely, and splendid all ;---but Sopom's soul

O'er heaven, and earth, with glory circular Was stained with blood, and pride, and per- The rosy-boson’d flours now chant along jury ;

Thy golden charet nearer to the earth : Long warned, long spared, till her whole heart was foul,

Thou marchest, like a bridegroom, fair, and

strong ; And fiery vengeance on its clouds came nigh. Thou causest, that of light we have no dearth; And still she mocked, and danced, and taunt

O Phoebus, bless us ripe, and bless us long;

That hadst in Jove's own lap, thy perfect ing spoke

birth!
sportive blasphemies against the

THROVE:---
It came !--the thonder on her slanber broke,

From the Literary Panorama, November 1817. God spake the word of wrath---her dream was done !

THE ARAB'S TENT. Yet, in her final night, amid her stood

(See the Anecdotes of Arab Hospitality," Immortal messengers, and pausing Heaven

in p. 295 of our last Volume.) Pleaded with man, but she was quite embrued ! Her last hour waned, she scorned to be LAMP of the Sun ! on whose swart brow

The , Where mountains towering towards thy sky

Frown from their cloudy canopy: 'Twas done !---down poured at once the sul. And torrents leaping from thy hills phureus shower ;

Gush in ten thousand fountain rills; Down stooped in lame the heaven's red Where earth's remote foundations canopy;

Sbook by thy deafʼning thunder prar Oh, for the art of God in that fierce hour! And the duo Simoom's mortal breath 'Twas vain ; nor help of God or map was Bears on its wings the blush of death; 10 nigh.

Where softer beauties charm the sense

And glow in such pre-eminence,
They rush, they bound, they howl! the men of the pilgrim in thy groves might swear
sin !

Another Paradise were there ;
Still stooped the cloud, still burst the thicker Where every mountain glen between

The palm-tree's stately stem is seen, The earthquake heaved ! then sank the hide. And countless flowers of rainbow hues ous din--

Batbe in thy soft ambrosial dews,
Yon wave of darkness o'er their asbes strays. And birds of plumage fair and bright

In golden tints of varying light,
Paris! thy soul is deeper dyed with blood, Sport gayly thro' thy perfou'd groves
And long and blasphemous bas been thy And warble their untutor'd loves
day ;

Where, stalking thro' thy forest shades
And PARIS, it were well for thee, that flood The stately lion haunts thy glades,
Or fire could cleanse thy damping stains And the light panther bounds away
away.

Pulci. To bask upon the lap of day,
Oct. 1817.

And man---of passion fierce and wild,
Untutor'd nature's genuine child,

blaze;

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