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ANIMAL SAGACITY.

From the London Sporting Magazine, July 1817. CANINE PATHOLOGY. BY DELABERE BLAINE, VETERINARY SURGEON. * "If we separate attachment from away for an hour or two, and then re

fidelity in dogs, how many pleasing turned to look for his mother.--Having and affecting instances might be men- found her dead body, he laid himself tioned to prove the genuine warmth of down by her, and was found in that situtheir regard !-Many dogs have an unic ation the next day by his master, who versal philanthropy, if I may so express took him home, together with the body it-a general attachment to all mankind: of the mother. Six weeks did this affecothers are not indiscriminately friendly tionate creature refuse all consolation, to every one; but such, almost invaria- and almost all nutriment. He became bly, make it up by a more ardent regard at length convulsed, and died of grief. where they do love. Where is the “A fox-bound, in the middle of the parent, wife, or lover, whose affection chase, was taken in labour. Ardor for the could be more durable than that of the pursuit, united to attachment for her protailor's dog, in the anecdote just related ? geny, induced her to spatch it up in her

“ Their extraordinary attachment to mouth and follow her companions, with mankind may perhaps be, in some meas- whom she soon came up; and in this situure, an inherent quality; and although ation continued the whole of the chase. it is certainly much improved and per- “I have also seen many instances of fected, yet it may not be altogether de- dogs voluntarily undertaking the office pendent on cultivation ; for we have of nurse to others, who have been sick. failed to excite it in an equal degree in When we consider the warmth of their the other branches of the brute creation. feelings, and the tenderness of their relo other domesticated animals, it is also gard, this is not to be wondered at, if it a seotiment principally dependent on happens among those babituated to each self-preservation-an attachment for other ; but I have not unfrequently obprotection and food; but in dogs it is served a dog take upon himself the office wholly distinct. A servant shall regularly of nurse to a sick one, to whom he has feed a dog, who will assuredly be grate- been a total stranger. Were I to relate ful and attached; but the degree of his all the pleasing instances of this kind I attachment for the servant, and that for have seen, I should be supposed to exhis master, who perhaps never feeds him, ceed the bounds of truth. shall bear no proportion; that to his “One very particular case occurs to master will be infinitely superior. my recollection, where a large dog, of

“ This regard for particular persons is mastiff breed, hardly full grown, attached so great, that it frequently interferes with, himself to a very small spaniel ill with a and, now and then, totally overcomes distemper, from which the large dog their instinctive care for their young.-- was bimself but newly recovered. He Here the moral principle is at war with commenced this attention to the spaniel the iostinctive; which is an additional the moment he saw it, and for several proof of the height of their intellect. weeks, continued it unremittingly, lick

“I have several times seen them, ing him clean, following him every even while suckling their puppies, so where, and carefully protecting him from unhappy at the deprivation of the society harm. When the large dog was fed, he of their owners, that it seemed to be has been seen to save a portion, and to with difficulty that they forced themselves solicit the little one to eat it; and, in one to perform the office of mothers. instance, he was observed to select a

i Two spaniels, mother and son, were favourite morsel, and carry it to the kenself hunting, in Mr. Drake's woods, near nel where the sick animal lay. When Amersham, Bucks. The gamekeeper the little dog was, from illness, unable to shot the mother, the son, frightened, ran move, the large one used to sit at the

door of bis kennel, where he would re• Continued from page 413,

main for hours, guarding him from in

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terruption.--Here was no instinct, no «Man is placed at the head of the ani. interest; it was wholly the action of the mal creation, and is destined to govern best qualities of the mind.”

those whose bodily powers are infinitely “In the human species, gratitude has greater than his own: it was necessary, ever been considered as one of the higli- therefore, that he should draw the means est virtues. Can it ever be practised in of subjecting them from the sources of a more perfect manner, or exhibited in a his miod. Hence in him, intellect is inmore interesting point of view, than by finitely superior; while, to the animals these adinirable animals. A benefit is below him, it is given in different pornever forgotten by the majority of them; tions, according to their wants, their but, for injuries, they have the shortest habits, and their uses ; but Nature, ever memory of any living creature. To se- provident to her children, has given to lect instances of the gratitude of dogs all animals another mental principle, to would seem, almost invidious. Every make up for the deficiency of the reasonperson must have been an eye-witness to ing faculty. This principle is called inmany facts of this kind; but my oppor- stinct, which is weak in man, but strong tunities of seeing different dogs have in animals. It is a preservative principresented me with varied occasions, ple, and hence is stronger in those in where this noble passion has been prac- whom the rational principle is weak; tised in its fullest extent.

and, as tending purely to the preserva“A large setter, ill with a distero- tion and propagation of the animal, it is, per, had been most tenderly nursed by a in an operative point of view, more pow. lady for three weeks.-At length he be- ersul than the rational principle; but it is, came so ill as to be placed on a bed, at the same time, infivitely more confidwhere he remained three days, in' a dy- ed, and but little varied in its operation. ing situation. After a short absence, the It developes itself in all animals at the lady, on re-entering the room, observed very moment of their birth. The young bim to fix his eyes attentively on her, and chick is no sooner batched, than it runs make an effort to crawl across the bed about and selects its food with dexterity towards her : this he accomplished, evi- and discrimination, though it be mixed dently for the purpose of licking her with much extraneous matter. hands; which having done, he expired “Instinct being given to animals in without a groan. I am convinced that the place of reason, and answering every the animal was sensible of his approach- purpose of existence, it was a superadding dissolution, and that this was a last ed bounty of Providence to give any forcible effort to express his gratitude for portion of the reasoning faculty. This the care taken of him.

additional boon being given in different “Having, I hope, paid a just, and proportions, some particular purpose only a just, tribute to the bravery, fide- was to be answered by the unequal dis. lity, attachment, and gratitude of dogs, tribution. This purpose probably was, I would draw the reader's attention to a that such animals as bad the intellectual still wider field; and when I propose to powers strong, should be placed more consider the varied intelligence of the im:ncdiately about man; enabling him animal, I present him and myself with thereby to profit, as well by their meotal an inexhaustible fund of pleasing re- qualities, as by their personal properties. search. No one who does not pay a" “Of all these domesticated subjects, marked attention to dogs, can possibly the dog possesses by far the greatest por. be aware to what an extent their mental tion of intellect; the instances of his saintellect can attain. If I can prove that gacity being as obvious as they are varithey reason on past events, draw pro- ed and numerous. bable conclusions from present, and seem “ A native of Germany, fond of travto foresee those likely to occur in future, elling, was pursuing his course through I establish such a plenitude of the rea- Holland, accompanied by a large dog. soning faculty in them, as must raise them Walking, one evening, on a high bank high in the scale of animated existence. which forined one side of a dike, or ca.

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Dal, so common in that country, his foot possibly stagger the faith of some.-I slipped, and he was precipitated into the shall only remark, that I would not willwater; and, being unable to swim, he ingly trespass the bounds of truth: the soon became seoseless. When he recov- facts were detailed to me by several perered his recollection, he found himself sons of veracity, who professed to have in a cottage, on the contrary side of the been eye-witnesses of them; and all the dike to that from which he fell, surround- circumstances appeared to be well known ed by peasants, who had been using the in the neighbourhood. means so generally practised in that “A butcher and cattle dealer, who recountry for the recovery of drowned sided about nine miles from the town of persons. The account given by the Alston, in Cumberland, bought a dog of peasants was, that oue of them, returning a drover.--This butcher was accustomhome from his labour, observed, at a con- ed to purchase sheep and kine in the visiderable distance, a large dog in the wa- cinity, which, when fattened, he drove to ter, swimming and dragging, and some- Alston market, and sold. In these extimes pusbing, something that he seemed cursions he was frequently astonished at to have great difficulty in supporting; the peculiar sagacity of his dog, and at but which he at length succeeded in get, the more than common readiness and ting into a small creek on the opposite dexterity with which he managed the side to that on which the men were. cattle; till at length he troubled himself

“ When the animal bad pulled what little about the matter, but, riding carehe had hitherto supported as far out of lessly along, used to amuse himself with the water as he was able, the peasant observing how adroitly the dog acquitdiscovered that it was the body of a man. ted himself of his charge. At last, so The dog, having shaken himself, began convinced was he of his sagacity as well industriously to lick the hands and face as fidelity, that he wagered that he would or his master, while the mau hastened a- entrust him with so many sheep and so cross; and, having obtained assistance, many oxen, to drive alone and unattendithe body was conveyed to a neighbour- ed 10 Alston market. It was stipulated ing house, where the resuscitating means that no person should be within sight or used soon restored bim to sense and hearing, who had the least control over recollection.-Two very considerable the dog ; nor was any spectator to interbruises, with the marks of teeth, appear- fere, or be within five hundred yards. ed, one on his shoulder, the other at the On trial, this extraordinary animal proroot of the poll of the head; whence it ceeded with his business in the most was presgined that the faithful beast first steady and dextrous manner; and alseized his master by the shoulder, and though he had frequently to drive his bis sugacity had prompted him to let go charge through other herds who were this hold, and shift it to the nape of the grazing, yet he never lost one, but, conneck, by which he had been enabled to ducting them into the very yard to which support the head ont of the water. It he was used to drive them when with was in this manner that the peasant ob- his master, he significantly delivered served the dog making his way along the them up to the person appointed to redike, which it appeared he had done for ceive them, by barking at his door a distance of nearly a quarter of a mile. What more particularly marked the dog's It is, therefore, probable that this gentle- sagacity was, that, when the path the man owed his life as much to the suga- herd travelled lay throngh a spot where city as to the fidelity of his dog.--I others were grazing, he would run forshould, in justice to the liberality of this ward, stop his own drove, and then, drivgentleman, who himself related the cir. ing the others away, collect his scattered cumstances to me, state that, wherever be charge, and proceed. He was several afterwards boarded, he always volunta- times afterwards thus sent alone, for the rily gave half as much for the support of amusement of the curious, or the convehis dog as he agreed to give for himself, nience of his master, and always acquit. thereby ensuring care and kindness for ted bimself in the same adroit and intellihis preserver,

gent manner. The story reaching the ears “In relating the following, I shall of a gentleman travelling in that neigh

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The dog Minuto.-Osman, a Turkish Tale. (vol. 2 bourhood, he bought the dog for a con- of Milan, who has been taught by bis siderable sum of money.

master, an Italian, to perform all sorts of “ Extraordinary as the circumstances curious tricks, and in truth, does great are, I have no doubt whatever as to the credit to his instructions. The writer of perfect correctness of the statement. . I the biographical account of this celebratresided for a twelvemonth within a few ed quadruped, sold at the entrance of the miles of the spot, and, as I before ob- place of exhibition, says: “While we served, the hole appeared fresh in eve- were writing this history we hoped that ry one's recollection.

the account of Munito's talents would “I remember watching a shepherd's stimulate the ambition of indolent chilboy in Scotland, who was sitting on the dren." Accordingly there are but few bank of a wide but shallow stream. A parents but take their children to admire sheep had strayed to a considerable dis- this model of cleverness, who is become tance on the other side of the water; the so general a topic of conversation boy, calling to his dog, ordered him to throughout all Paris, that a person would fetch that sheep back, but to do it gently, be thought very meanly of who had not for she was heavy in lamb. I do not af- seen him, and could not describe bis fect to say that the dog understood the wonderful performances. He writes and reason for which he was commanded to cyphers like the most expert master. - Set perform this office in a more gentle man- bim a sum for example upon a slate-he ner than usual; but that he did under- places himself gravely before it, considers stand he was to do it gently was very for a few minutes, then seeks all the fievident, for he immediately marchod gures that form the answer, out of sevethrough the water, came gently upral sets that lie scattered upon the floor, to the side of the sheep, turned her to- without receiving the slightest perceptiwards the rest, and then both dog and ble sign from bis master. He writes sheep walked quietly side by side back quite orthographically. A word is mento the flock.--I was scarcely ever more tioned and he immediately seeks out all pleased at a trifling incident in rural the letters that compose it. Ask bim for scenery than this."

ten or twelve cards and he will instantly

pick them out from among a complete From the New Monthly Magazine, Nov. 1817. pack.-Munito pot only exhibits in pab

A Mr. Munito, an actor, is at this lic every evening at the rate of 3 francs moment engaging in no small degree the for each spectator, but is invited to perattention of the Parisians. The house form before private companies, by which where he exhibits is frequently too small, he is well paid. In short, this learned and it requires considerable patience to quadruped acquires riches and renown wait till you can be admitted to admire though strictly speaking the latter onbis talents. This M. Munito is a dog, a ly, as the former fall to the share of his kind of poodle, from the neighbourhood master.

From the Gentleman's Magazine.

OSMAN: A TURKISH TALE. TN noticing this new work, we shall be- A fainter tint his feebler beams bestow ; I gin with the Introductory Stanza, as Till dropp'd at last on ocean's reddening

breast, affording a fair specimen of the author's He sinks in glory to this nightly rest.--poetical talents:

Greece, it was thus thy car of mental light “ 'Tis eve---and o'er famed Helles' winding

Sank to the sable sbades of endless night. spray

Again that sun will glad the morrow's sky--Fast sběds the Delphic god bis parting ray ;--- Again his beam will gild the vault on high--Tinged with the last receding gleams of light, But ne'er shall Science, bursting from her In radiant splendour glows each pige-capt

tomb, height;

Pierce the dark woof of Ignorance's gloom--And sinking slow, on Gargara's dizzy brow,* Oh! ne'er again shall Genius' vivid ray

* " Gargara is the loftiest of the Idæan chain of Chase night's dim mists and gild the glowing mountains." Sec Clarke.

day

we

VOL. 2.7

Osman.

455

Soon Cor

guitar

“ All is the night's---and if perchance one start The Tale itself is short and very traDiffuse its radiance, brightly from afar, gical; and in some parts the reader will 'Tis but to dress in more appalling dye perceive lines that will remind him of The sable clouds that veil the nether sky.

having read Lord Byron. The Hero

13 and Heroine are thus described : breeze Wafts the rich fragrance of the orange trees ; « Osman his name---bis aged sire bad stood. And every passing zephyr on his wings

First in the field when Wide ran with A thousand varied odours sweetly brings.

blood-And now night gently waves her pinions grey, 'Twas he the rallying Horsetail first unfurl'd, And all is hush'd--save where the ocean spray And from his throne the rebel traitor burl'd;--Foams on the shore---or where some light And now, when time his boary hue had shed Hails the mild beam of Hesper's Westering

O’er bis blanch'd beard---and silver'd o'er his

head, star.

He sought, retiring from life's busy stage, “ Oft let me rove at eve along this shore,

His native vales, in peace to end his age--Where, Greece, thy wisest.-bravest---roved

Such was old Assad.--- Oft to Hassan's dome before ; Or, seated on some parted hero's mound,

Whilst yet bis youth was in its earliest bloom, Weepo'er the fetters of this far-famed ground;

Young Osman came--at first, as children may,

To seek some sharer in their sportive play ; Think o'er the glories of its days gone by,

But soon the star that beam'd from Leila's eye Aod pay the tribute of a classic sigh.

Awoke his soul to livelier ecstacy; Who can forget, that in this mouldering grave

And oft when cares ran high would be repair Rest the cold ashes of the Pythian brave ?"

To her, to meet that rest he could not find elsePursuing the idea in the Introduction

where. to Canto III, the Poet adds,

“ His heart was form'd in Virtue's fairest

mould,

No dross was temper'd with its purest gold; “ Fall’n clime! but oh! how lovely in thy Unsallied from the band that gave it birth,

fall! How fair thy scenes, though turban'd lords en- Scarce caught his soul one stain of viler earth.thrall.

His was that heart, which, form'd in Nature's Where'er we turn, the feasting eye surveys

pride, Scenes that defy the tongue of human praise. Laugh'd with the gay, and sigh’d with those Mountains abore---rocks, sands, and waves be- Though love still bade his youthful pulse beat

that sigh’d, low;

high, Vales, shores, and plaids, in wildest beauty Flush''er his cheek, or glitter'd in his eye;

glow. The moss-grown turret, and the mouldering Yet never shrank be from the battle fire.--fane,

Keen was his blade, and dreaded was his ire. Io sacred fragments strew the classic plains His name was fear'd op every hostile shore, And tell, though now decay'd and dimly seen, Blese’d by his own, what wouldst thou, CbrisThat here the shrine, the home of gods, hath tian, more? been!

" • Achaia's plains with loveliest nymphs aBut they have vanish’d---at the rifled shrine

bound, Pours forth in floods no more the hallow'd wine, And there the sweetest dark-eyed maids are But there the baleful night-weeds widely found: spread,

So sang the Teian Bard of old :---his straia And the sad nettle waves her trembling head. Might wake once more--his reed be heard a The dome of sculptured beauty echoes now No Pæans' choral hymn--no warrior's pow.

Could his dim eye in rapture scan the grace com

That beam'd and thrill'd the soul from Leila's There all is silence---save the nightly shriek 1

face. Of the lone bird of evening's tuneless beak.' She was as fair and lovely as the ray The living statue, and the breathing bust, That gilds the rain-clouds of an April day; Moulder alike into neglected dust.

Yet pure and spotless as the limpid ware Oh! who can marvel if the classic tear That, glittering, sparkles in the mountain cave. Bedew each rude and shapeles fragment here? It was as though some Honri, kinilly given, Who but must mourn o'er this polluted scene i To teach and smooth the arduous path 10 Who but must weep o'er what the past bath heaven, been ?"

Had come from high---to prove how sweet the

kiss +" In the scanty list of those who have done honour That waits the Moslem in the bowers of bliss." to Modern Greece, the names of Psalida and Coray of Riga, and of Canzani, claim a distingnished place.

Osman, who They are, if I may be allowed the expression, the scine “Oft had long'd to roam o'er climes antilla that flash along the gloom, or perhaps the few

known,' faint embers which still survive, to tell us where the • Widin was the usurped capital of the celebrated Batne of glory and of scicuoe was kiudled."

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