Imágenes de páginas

482 The Atmosphere--Sir Wm. Herschell on the E.xtent of the Universe. (VOL2

the same effects, by spreading about two quarts Hill, near Liverpool. This lady, at her sole of it on a large dish and putting it in an ex- expence, supports a Sunday school of about 6 hausted receiver, when it will freeze nearly boys and 40 girls at Cockerham, and a similar a pint of water in a few minutes; the latter establishment at Maghull, seven miles from being in a pot of porous čarthenware. Liverpool. She has likewise a daily school

The fact itself is valuable not only to con- and a resident teacher anoexed to ber estate fectioners and private families at home, but at Edge Hill, where from 40 to 50 poor girls also the residents in the hottest climes. The are prepared for their entrance into life ; and absorbent powder recovers all its qualities, when at the age of 14, she interests herself in after operation, if dried in the sun, or before procuring them situations. a fire.


M. Theodore de Sausare has published the thinks he has discovered in light a power of result of a number of experiments to determine extracting their caloric from bodies, and that the relative proportion of carbonic acid in the by this theory he can make light serve for atmosphere during summer and winter. His obtaining every species of congelation. It method was to fill a large glass globe with the is to this action that the formation of ice and air to be examined, and to put into it a hail is attributed. Some German Journals quantity of barytes water. The carbonic acid think that Werturner's experiments are prein the air was determined by the quantity of paring a revolution in Physics and Chemistry. carbonate of barytes formed. In winter LOAVES, BAKED 1700 YEARS AGO. 10,000 parts of air in volume gave a mean of ITALY.--- In the ruins of Herculaneum there 4,79 parts of carbonic acid gas in 10,000 meas- bave lately been found loaves which were urrs of air. In summer 10,000 measures of air baked under the reign of Titas, and which gave a mean of 7,13 parts of carbonic acid gas still bear the baker's mark, indicating the in 10,000 measures of air.

quality of the flour, which was probably preNEEDLE-WORK BY MACHINES.

scribed by regulation of the police. There A Tyrolian has lately invented at Vienna have also been found utensils of bronze, a machine for Needle-work, by which it is which, instead of being tinned like ours, are said every kind of sewing may be executed well silvered. The ancients doubtless prewith the utmost precision. The Emperor of ferred this method as more wholesome and Austria has granted a patent to the inventor. more durable. Should these mechanical perfections make

EXTENT OF THE UNIVERSE. much farther advancement, every thing in the Considerable light, without a pun, bas been world will shortly be executed by machines. thrown on that subject, by some recent obser

THE ELEPHANT'S TRIP TO THE FAIR. vations of Sir W. Herschell upon the stars, The elephant formerly in the menagerie of read to the Royal Society. The idea which the king of Wirtemburg, and since purchased be reasons upon is the probability that the by a private individual, recently made a whim- light emitted by any star, in its effect upon sical escapade on his way from Dresden to the the human eye, is inversely as the square at fair of Leipsic. About day-break, he suc- its distance, when compared with other ceeded in removing the beams that confined heavenly bodies. Upon this principle he has him within his moving prison, walked off drawn up a formula for the purpose of comunobserved by his keeper, and quietly took parison; and, if the assured principle is the road to Pirna, whilst the poor keeper and correct, it thence follows, what the distance of his caravan took that of Leipsic. Some peasant the smallest star visible to the naked eye is

women on their way to the market of Dresden, twelve times greater than that of a star of the A

observing the enormous animal moving towards first magnitude. them,and having never before seen an elephant, But that is a trifle, when we consider his

ran off' in great consternation, abandoning their further observations upon the milky-way, the СІ

carts with provisions of various kinds for the stars of which it is composed, being at least

market. The elephant came up, and comforta- 900 times farther distant than stars of the first А bly regaled himself with a plenteous break- magnitude in the Heavens. The human mind

fast of eggs, bread, butter, &c. which he selec. is lost in wonder and bewildered by such a ted with great taste, and even some economy; calculation; yet what is that when we reflect for, whilst he devoured, be took care to com- that the whole of Creation, visible to us, is but mit no waste. The keeper soon discovered his as a mote in a suu-beam, when compared los: ; came back out of temper and out of with the existing universe! breath, and easily induced the elephant to re

INDUSTRY. turn with him for the purpose of edifying the A Cornish Newspaper relates the following good people at the fair of Leipsic.

praise worthy example of persevering industry,

and of the benefit of attaching small pieces of The following receipt will produce barm: ground to cottages:---Peter Skewes resides at ---infuse malt, and boil it as for beer; in the Blackwater, in the parish of St. Agnes ; he mean time, soak isinglass, separated to fibres, holds a sınall tenement consistivg of about an in small beer. Proportion the quantity of acre and three quarters of land, the soil of each, of one ounce of isiniglass to two quarts of which is naturally sterile. This is divided inbees: this would suffice for a bogshead of boil. to two nearly equal plots. One of these he ed wort, and you may diminishi, or increase plants with potatoes, and the other he olis to your preparation accordingly. After soaking wheat; and so on alternately, every year one five minutes, set the beer and isinglass on the of bis litle fields producing potatoes, ambient the fire, stirring till it almost boils: turn it into a other wheat. By proper attention in the coldish that will allow beating it up with a syl- tivation, be has, on an average, 80 Cornish Jabub-whisk, to the consistence of yeast, and, bushels of potatoes, and nine of wbeat, each when almost cold, put it to the wort,

He keeps two donkeys which graze FEMALE BENEVOLENCE.

ou tbe neighbouring common during the painA Correspondent of the Lancaster Gacetle mer, and are partly fed on the straw of lr* e holds np to the imitation of the opulent, the wheat in the winter ; with these he carries

benevolent example of bliss Mason, of Edge coult, &c. for his neighbours, and collects ma



VOL. 2.] Cruelty-Firmness of a HighlanderCocoa Oil-Sugar, &c.



nure for his ground. The refuse potatoes, &c. pain deadened. I am at all times anxious to enable him to feed a pig, which, with fish pur- authenticate instances of fortitude under bodily chased in season, affords all that is required for anguish---the most ennobling and decisive food, in addition to the produce of his fields proof of the superiority a fiuman soul can and little garden. In this way has Peter maintain over its earthly tenement; and have Skewes passed the last seven years, and sup- therefore beeu anxious to vindicate the resoported a wife and a family, now consisting of lation of Artemas Shutack. six children, not only without parish aid, but A very singular proof of manly firmness was with a degree of comfort and independence of displayed by a Highland gentleman last June: which there are not many examples in his situ- --He underwent the dreadful operation for ation in life ;---he never wants the means of the stone without uttering a complaint; and, satisfying any demands that are made upon him, when laid in bed, requested the doctor's leave whether for parochial assessments, or for sup- to sing his favourite Gaelic hunting song, Tbe plying the wants of his family.

patient was past seventy years of age when be CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

underwent the operation, and in six weeks was A master butcher, of Ipswich, named Beard, angling at a rivulet pear his house. Let the for a wager of 101. undertook to ride his hack scoffers at immorality consider how invaluable pey mare, 14 hands high, from Ipswich to Lon- is the hope of a better life!

B. G. don, and back again, a distance of 133 miles, in 19 hours! The barbarous owner, who weigh At the suggestion of Mr. Hoblyn, of Sloane ed 10 stone, started from Ipswich at six o'clock Street, a quantity of cocoa-nut oil has recentin the evening; he reached London at two in ly been introduced in this country from the the morning, rested about two hours, and ar- Island of Ceylon. It has been ascertained that rived in sight of Ipswich, and within half a this oil may be very advantageously employmile of his own house, twenty five minutes ed as a substitute for spermaceti oil, as it is within the time allowed, when the poor ani- considerably cheaper, 'burns with a clear, mal fell exhausted and soon expired. The fol- bright flame, and is free from smell or smoke. lowing lines were printed and stuck up in va- It will be found useful also in the manufacture rious parts of the town of Ipswich the same of soap, candles, and the firer articles of per. evening :--

fumery, and is likely to become a source of A man of kindness to his beast is kind;

great revenue in Ceylon, and of great imporBut brutal actions shew a brutal mind :

tance to this country. Soap made with it costs Remember, He who made thee, made the brute;

about ten per cent. more than tallow soap. Who gave thee speech and reason, form’d him mute;

POISON OF VIPERS. He can't complain; but God's all-seeing eye

Professor Mangili has made soine experi

ments with a view to clear up the question Beholds thy cruelty; he hears his cry. He was designed thy servant, not thy drudge ;

respecting the danger or innocence of the poi

son of vipers when introduced immediately But know-that his Creator is thy Judge!

into the stomach. Young blackbirds were ENCOURAGEMENT TO POPULATION.

made to swallow the venom of three, four, The corporation of Norwich bave voted a five, and six vipers. For about an hour they piece of plate, value 25 guineas, to Dr. Righy appeared languid and heavy, but then recovand his lady, as a memento of the birth at ered their usual vivacity. One of the assistone time of their four children: the event is ants convinced by these experiments, swallowto be recorded in the city books, and inscribed ed the poison of four large vipers without bewith the names of the children on the plate.--- ing in the least affected ; and the venom of seDr. Rigby is a great grandfather, and proba- ven large vipers was taken by one pigeon, and bly never

before were born, at one birth, three that of ten by another, with impunity. From great uncles and a great aunt---such being the other experiments the Professor has demorrelationship between the abovementioned strated the error of Fontana's assertion, that parties and the infant son of John Baw tree, the dry poison does not preserve its venomous esq. of Colchester.

properties longer than nine months, and proves,

that when kept with proper care, it may retain Mr. Blaikie, agricultural steward to Mr. them many years. Coke, of Holkham, has written a letter on the subject of road-making, in which, after ably

The Empire of Russia has been threatened discussing the merits of concave and convex during the present season with an invasion, in roads, and strongly recommending the inclined which the forces altho' not so formidable as plane in their formation, he maintains that those employed in the invasion by Bonaparte, three loads of riddled gravel will be more are not less numerous and daring. In the cirefficacious in repairing roads than six loads of cle of Mostock immense quantities of grassunriddled, consequently, half the carriage hoppers, and in the envirous of the city of Bowould be saved by using the former.

bro immense swarms of worms destroyed vegetation. Their number increased like locusts,

every means to destroy them was attempted To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. without success; at length a solemo procession Sir---The narrative from Batavia, New York, was made and boly water sprinkled. The next relative to Artemas Shutack having separated day a cloud of ravens and other birds arrived, his foot from the ancle, to extricate himself who ate up all the worms in a few days! from the risk of expiring suspended from a

EXPERIMENTS WITH SUGAR. tree, where the foot had been imprisoned, has M. Majendie lately fed a dog upon sugar been by many treated as fabulous--as excess and distilled water. "In about a fortnighi it of pain would probably suspend the functious became lean : on the twenty-first day an ulcer of nature, or loss of blood wholly exhaust appeared in the centre of the correa of each them. But medical gentlemen, who have eye, which gradually increased, penetrated served with the peninsular army, have given it the cornea, and the humours of the eye ran as their opinion, that, by firmly tying å hand- out: the leanness continually increa-ed, the kerchief or any ligature round the leg, a great animal lo t its strength, and died on the thirtyhemorrhage would be prevented, and sense of second day. second and third





484 Improvements in London-Dr.Jung-Stilling-Suffocation byCharcoal. (vol.2 likewise upon sugar and water, shared a similar “When yet may I trace through my highfavour'd ratt, fate. Two dogs fed upon olive oil and water“ 'That mim,in its progress,with splendour keps pret, died on the thirty-sixth day, with precisely " And view some fair fane, in whose shades they may the saine phenomena, except the ulceration in yoke the cornea. Several dogs were fed with gum “ The’ivy of Science with Commerce's oak ? and water : their fate was precisely the same. Heav'n heard and assented; and Thames, on his banks, A dog fed on butler died on the thirty-sixth Soon márk'd a new impulse, a mental vibration. day, with precisely the same phenomena. From these experiinents it is obvious, that noue And hand join'd with hand, to lay firm its foundation,

“ Rise! Rise! aweful Mavsion!" pervaded all ranks of these articles are capable of nourishing dogs; and bence we may infer, that they are Lo! Carrington calls !-courts, colleges, halls, incapable of nourishing man.

With rival rejoicings salute the new walls,

And bless the fair pile where young Genius may poke The length of stonework, within the abut. The ivy of Science with Commerce's oak. ments, is, from one river bank to the other, o! Pride of the City that governs the world! 1240 feet, whose harmonizing straight line, Thus honour'd at birth as befits thy high station; running parallel with the river, or water-line through it, gives it that simple elegance and wide, wide spread thy fame, where'er sail is mfaria, grandeur which is not equalled by any work Enduring as Time, o'er the bounds of creation. of this description in Europe. The length, or While Virtue shall please, or sweet Solare give east, gentle incline of plane from St. George's Fields, Or Britain triumphant, command earth and stas; to obtain the summit of the Bridge, is 1250 feet May age after age, in thy haunts, learn to yoke, and carried on partly by a mound of earth and The ivy of Science with Commerce's oak. brick arches. "The length, from the North shore, from the abutment to the Strand, is

The length of this noble building, so credita400 feet; the road principally carried over on ble in all respects to Mr. W. BROOKS, the brick arches, and almost directly level with Architect, is to be 108 feet, exclusive of the the former.' The total length of the Bridge, wings, each of which extends 16 feet. The with its approaches, from the Strand to St. ground floor contains an entrance-hall, der George's Fields, is 2890 feet. The span of the rated with columns and pilasters, and commenine stone arches over the river, all of which nicates with a news-room, and pamphlet-room, are of equal dimensions, is 120 feet each. The in front, and a committee-room, clerk's office, width of the Bridge, within the balastrades, is &c, behind. In a projecting building, at the 42 feet, divided on each side by a footway of end of the entrance-hall, is the great staircase, 7 feet, leaving the carriage road 28 feet. The leading to a library 97 feet long and 42 wide, number of brick, or dry arches, on the South with a gallery on each side, and lighted bya shore, is 40 ; and on the North, or Strand side, double range of windows. An entrance of the is 16. So that the total number of arches first landiug of the great staircase leads into a which have been carried over, for the com- hexagon vestibule, immediately communicatpletion of this grand work, is 65. The whole ing with the theatre or lecture room, 63 feet of the exterior of the Bridge is executed with by 44. Private staircases communicate with durable Cornish moor-stone.

the librarian's apartments, additional library, THE COLLEGE OF THE LONDON INSTITUTION.

observatory, &c. &c. (With an Engraving.)

DR. JUNG-STILLING. This literary Institution was established

A death is announced in a Swiss Journal, about ten years since, somewhat on the plan with the following character of the deceased : of the Royal Institution, but adapted to the

Dr. Jung-Stilling was celebrated throughout accommodation of the City, and the east end Germany for his numerous writings and his piof London. The spirit of the managers soon ety which in course of time degenerated into raised it to distinction by their liberal pur- illuminism. In his youth, he followed the trade chases of valuable books; and its library has, of a tailor, and afterwards that of a teacher : in consequence, been long known as one of he then became successively a physician, a the most valuable in the metropolis. The same moralist, a religious writer, a journalist, a po public spirit deterinined the managers to erect litical economist, a visionary, a naturalist, and a building worthy of their library, and of the an excellent oculist. He successfully cared, honours which literature ought to enjoy in by surgical operation, two bundred poor per this great uietropolis; and, accordingly, they ple who were afficted with cataracts. He availed themselves of the removal of Beth- firmly believed in the existence of Ghosts, and lem Hospital, and of the projected im- wrote a book, in which he seriously explained provements in Lower Moorfields, and fixed his doctrine. In his Journal, the Grey Man, upon that site for an erection. It is so

he prophesied that the Antichrist would applaced, that, when a projected new street is pear within the forty years of the present eenfinished from Moorfields to the Mansion-house, tury. His works bave been much read ia Gerthat structure will fill the eye at one end, and many, because he wrote with simplicity and this building at the other. The foundation of interest, and possessed the great art of acconthe splendid and classical edifice of the new modating his style to all classes of society. college was laid November 1815 in the Amphitheatre, Moorfields, on the spacious plot of from a large grave-stone lately erected in the ground, which has been purchased of the City Churchyard of St. Nicholas, Warwick : for the purpose.

“ Beneath this stone, in oge grave, lie interThe following song was suog at the dinner red the remains of OLIVER Newer, aged 38, given on this occasion.

Jate a private in the Warwick-shire Miintia To the pow'rs that above rule the nations below,

of Rebecca his wife, aged 42; and of JAMES

their only child, aged 19, who were all suffon The Queen of all Cities thus pour'd forth her spirit:- cated in the night of Nov. 19, 1815, by the "O! crown'd with all honour that Fame can bestow, fumes of burning coal, which they had incauti"Wealth, Freedom, firin courage, and Virtue's brigha ously placed, on retiring to rest, in their scrit,

chamber, This monuwent to the memory of a


vor.2.] Necrology.-Duke of Northumberland Messier, the Astronomer. 485


brave Associate in Arms is erected by a few of horsemen attended the Bannerols and Banners. bis military comrades, in testimony of their Eight mourning coaches, with 6 horses and 4 high respect for bis character as a good soldier, pages to each, followed by the Duke's carand an honest man; and with the ardent hope riage, and 28 carriages, mostly with 6 horses, of holding forth, in the awful death of three the servants wearing mourning, proceeded to unfortunate sufferers, a salutary caution to the St. Nicholas's Chapel where the interment living. Reader ! if ignorant, be instructed ;-- took place in the family vault. if instructed, be warned, by the melancholy

CHARLES MESSIER. event recorded on this stone : and use your ut This celebrated astronomer, a member of most endeavours to inform your fellow-crea- most of the great academies of Europe, a memtures that the sure and dreadful consequence ber of the French Lustitute and of the Board of breathing contaminated air, arising from of Longitude, died at Paris in April last at ttre burniog fuel in contined apartments, is instan- age of 87 years. He was born at Badopvilliers taneous suffocation,

in Lorraine, and having early devoted hiinself

to the study of astronomy, became the pupil July 10,1817, died at Northumberland House, and confident of the celebrated Delisle. When in his 75th year, his Grace Hugh, Duke of the return of Halley's famous comet was exNorthumberland, Far) and Baron Percy, Ba- pected, all the astronoiners of Paris looked up ron Warkworth, Lucy, Poyntings, Fitzpayne, for its discovery to Delisle, who had read to &c. His Grace carly adopted the military pro- them a memoir on the most proper means for fession, and served under Prince Ferdinand of facilitating that important observation. DeBrunswick in the Seven Years war. On the lisle committed the business to his pupil, who commencement of hostilities between the mo- soon verified the correctness of the prediction. ther country and her colonies, he was sent to This good fortune, the result of long and tediAmerica, where he co:nmanded at the battle ous time, might have obtained great credit for of Lexingtom in 1775, and essentially contrib- a young man, ani have in time opened for him uted, in November of the following year, to the doors of the Academy. From a weakness, the reduction of Fort Washington near New- however, unworthy a man of science, MesYork. Soon after his return to England this sier's master wished to reserve for himself the Nobleman was fixed upon as a fit person to be honour of having confirined the return and perplaced at the bead of the commission appoint- fected the theory of the comet. He accordinged to negociate with the Colonies; but this ly commanded secresy, and refused to shew service he is said to have declived, because the the observations of his pupil, till the astronomministers refused his application for one of the ers, having received information from another blue ribands which then happened to be va- quarter, were able to dispense with that assistcant. After this be for some time represent- ance, which two months before they would ed the city of Westininster, in Parliament, till, have gratefully accepted. Some portion of the on the demise of his father in 1786, he succeed- censure incurred by the master fell upon the ed to the family honours and estates. His too-compliant pupil, whose observations, which Grace bas not since been actively engaged in for want of an object of comparison could not public affairs. His time and aitention have possess the same accuracy, or inspire the same been chietly employed in continuing and com- confidence, were long rejected.' M. Messiec. pleting the improvements begun by his father was not discouraged'; he became only the in the princely mansions of Northumberland more assiduous in watching the movements of House, Sion House, and Alnwick Castle in the heavenly bodies. Almost all the comets Northumberland, where, on his extensive do- that appeared during the succeeding years mains, upwaris of a million of timber and were discovered by him alone, and each of other trees were annually planted for many these discoveries procured him admission into successive years. The large income of his some foreign academy. Two astronomical vaGrace, estimated at not less than £140,000. st. cancies having taken place in the French Acaper annum, was expended in these useful pur- demy, Messier and Cassini were admitted on suits, and in keeping up the antient feudal the same day in 1770, as Lalande and Legentil splendour in the castle of the Percies. During were in 1758. the late war with France he raised, from among Accustomed to pass whole nights in observhis tenantry, a corps of 1500 inen, under the ing eclipses of every kind, in seeking comets denomination of the Percy Yeomanry, the and describing nebulæ ; employing all his days whole being clothed, appointed, paid and in following the spots on the sun, or making maintained by himself; government finding charts of his numerous observations, Messier arins and accoutrements alone. To his tenants could never be induced to quit this rather nar. he was a most excellent landlord. One custom row circle, alledging that the field of science which he introduced among them was that of was sufficiently extensive for the astronomers providing for the industrious of every large to share its different parts, which would thus farm, kry giving them a coitage and ten acres be but the better cultivated. Moderate in his of land. In ready money bis Grace was for desires and in his ambition, and connected by may years considered the most wealthy man the closest friendship with the President Sain England, wbicli he often employed in rescu- ron, who entrusted him with his most valuable ing industrious faini!ies from ruin. His estates instruments, Messier had no occasion for were let at los. per acre less than any in the wealth. The revolution deprived him of all same county. His Grace was perhaps long the bis resources at once; the first retrenchment only nobleman in England who kept up the took from him the moderate salary attached to ancient feudal splendor---his castle, the public his place of astronomer to the navy; his friend days, the Perey Yeomanry,commanded 'hy his Saron, the last chief president of the parliason Lord Percy, all denoted this; and he was ment of Paris, fell beneath the revolutionary usually met by 2 or 3000 of the inhabitants of ase; and Messier, in order to be able to prothe city on going to his residence.

secute his labours,

was necessitated to go every At the Duke's funeral bis numerous domes morning to one of his colleagues to replenish tics were in new mouroing, the hearse was the lamp that had served him in his nocturnal drawn by six beautiful black horses, ornamen- observations. The storm was fortunately but ted with plumes, escutcheons, &c. Forty transient. Ashamed of the excesses into wbich


486 Learned Lady.-- Biographical Sketch of the late Colonel Mellish. [SOL ? it had been led, the Convention shewed more rament so ardent, as made it impossible for Jiberality to the sciences. Messier found in him ever " to conne-in second.” the Institute and at the Board of Longitude a He distinguished himself upon the Turi; comfort and independence to which he had and the best trainers have deciared that ibey been a stranger, and which he enjoyed undis- never knew a man who so accurately kors turbed till the end of his life. Aftersixty years the powers, the qualities, and capabilities of devoted to his profession he became blind like the racer, the exact weights he could carty, Erastothenes, Galileo, and D. Cassini. and the precise distances he could rab, so well

One of his colleagues, the celebrated La- as Col. Mellish. lande, has formed a constellation in honour of But it was not on the Turf alone he thas him--the only one that yet bears the name of eminently distinguished himself; he was, in an astronomer. But indepeudently of this his day, one of the best Whips of the time; do homage paid by friendship, the name of Mes- man drove four-in-hand with more skill and sier will last as long as the science, as long as les labour than he did; and to display that the catalogue of the comets in which his name skill, he often selected very difficult horses to bas been so frequently and so honourably io- drive, satisfied if they were goers. As a rider scribed. The world is indebted to him for the he was equally eminent; he had the art of discovery of nineteen comets from 1758 to making a horse do more than other riders; and 1800. few astronomers more profoundly stu- be accustomed them like himself---" to go at died, or were better acquainted with the hea- every thing." But at this period, it was not vens than Messier; his name and his labours one line of expence that swallowed up his proare conspicuous in the Memoirs of the Acade- perty. The high-bred racer, when winning my of Sciences since 1752, the Connoissance des every thing on the turf, is then satisfied : be is Temps, the Ephemerides of Vienna, the Phi- not at the same time a hunter, a hack, or a losophical Transactions, the Memoirs of the carriage borse. But Col. Mellish would be Academy of Sciences of Berlin, and other col. every thing at once; he was “ at all in the lections. He edited in association with the riog;" till, by deep. play, by racing, and eslearned Pingré, the Voyage of the Marquis of pences of every kind, and in every place, be Courtenvaux, Paris, 1768, 4to.

made it necessary to have his estate sold, to sa

tisfy the demands which were made upon bia. At Bologna, to the great regret of her fel Col. Mellish was at this time in the Prioce low-citizens, in her 58th year, the illustrious Regent's owu regiment, the 10th Hussars: and female. Madame Clotilde Tambroni, pupil of shortly afterwards Gep. Sir Rowland FergeDon Manuel A ponte. Profoundly versed in son appointed him his aid-de-camp, and with the study of Grecian literature, she was placed him he went to the Peninsula war. A circunin her youth by the Pontifical Government stance somewhat whimsical happened at this among the Professors of the Universityof Bo- period. Previous to the battle of Vimeira, as logna, a place which she has always mains the General Officers were dining together, one tained. A monument is to be erected to her of them observed to Sir Rowland Ferguson, memory.

that if the thing were not impossible, he COL. MELLISH.

should have declared, from the similitude, he Every life contains some useful precept, and had left that gentleman a week or two apo in every human circumstance has its moral. This the Cockpit at York, and engaged in the main purpose cannot fail to be fullilled in contem- there---his name Mr. Mellish."--" The very plating the life of Colonel Mellish. Very few same," replied Sir Rowland, “ he is now my persons in England have filled a larger space aid-de-canp; and I think you will say, whed in the public notice than the above gentleman; you have the opportunity of knowing more of and it was not confined to one class or to an him, a better officer will not be found."---Tre other, but every part of society had known, Duke of Wellington declared a better ajil-de. seen, or heard of Colonel Mellish. There were camp than Col. Mellish he had never observed. few things which he had not attempied, and - After remaining some time with the armies nearly as few in which he kad pot eminently abroad, Col. Mellish returned home, and after succeeded. To him the words of the Roman that period engaged no more in military daties. Orator miglit well have been applied :

llaving married one of the daughters of the Nihil erat quod non teligil : et quod tetigit, Marchioness of Lansdowne, who hrought bim non ornavit.'

a very handsome fortune, his circains:ances beCol. Mellish was the son of Mr. Mellish, of came easy, and he was enailed to indulge in Blythe, near Doncaster, in Yorkshire, from those rural pursuits wirich appear early and whom he inherited the large mansion and es- late to have been congenial with his dispositate around it, situated at the village of tion. He had very capital greyhounds, which, Blythe. At an early age Col. Mellish was sent during his absence abroad, had been neglected to a public school, where the ardevey of his or forgotten ; but on his return, from his perfect temper, and the uncontroulable nature of his knowledge in the crossing of breeds, he estabmind, were found very difficult for a master to lished a stud of greyhounds equal to any man. manage. His abilities, however, were such, Asa breeder of cattle of the improved kints, that he had acquired a sufficient acquaintance he displayed very uncommon judgnent; and, with the classichs to qualify him for any line short as the time was that was given bim for he might have chosen to adopt, and which he bringing them to perfection, he had done so afterwards evinced in the different pursuits most coinpletely. At most of the great cattle which he followed. He became an officer in shows in the North he had carried off the prizes, the 11th regiment of Light Dragoons, from and sold some of his sort at as high prices which he afterwards removed into lle Prince's ever were known. In fact, in every thing her owo regiment, the 10th Hussars.

undertook, he had a nice and discriminating Shortly after this period, Col. Mellish came taste, an unwearied diligence in research, and into the full command of his property, before a resolution to obtain whatever he saw was the attainment of years and discretion had en- excellent in its kind. In addition to this, he abled him to manage it. Nature, however, was free from prejudice, that great enemy of semed to have qualitied him for taking a lead knowledge; and was of all men the most ready in every thing, and to have given him a tempe- t allow in others what was really good.

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