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Prom the European Magazine. 0! that men should put an enemy into their If you would expose both your folly and mouths to steal away their brains.

SAAKSPEARE. your secrets,be a drunkard; and they will All the crimes on earth do not destroy so soon run out while the liquor runs in.

many of the human race, oor alienate 80 If you are plagued with great bodily much property, as DRUNKEXNESS.

* LORD Bacon, strength, be a drunkard ; and it will soon JF you wish to be always thirsty, be a

* be subdued by so powerful an antagonist. 1 drankard; for the oftener and more

* If you would get rid of your money you drink, tbe oftener and more thirsty

without knowing how, be a drunkard;

Y and it will vanish insensibly. you will be. If you seek to prevent your friends

de If you would have no resource when raising you in the world, be a drunkard ; !

. past labour but a workhouse, he a drunkfor that will defeat all their efforts.

' ard; and you will be unable to provide any. If you would effectually counteract your

- If you are determined to expel all doown attempts to do well, be a drunkard ;

1. mestic harmony from your house, be a and you will not be disappointed.

drunkard ; and discord, with all her evil Il you wish to repel the endeavours of train, will soon enter. the whole human race to raise you to char.

If you would be always under strong acter,credit,and prosperity, be a drunkard; w:

1. suspicion, be a drunkard; for,little as you and you will most assuredly triumph.

has think it,all agree that those who steal from If you are determined to be poor, be a

themselves and families will rob others. drunkard; and you will soon be ragged

od If you would be reduced to the neand pennyless.

cessity of shunving your creditors, be a If you would wish to starve your fam

drunkard ; and you will soon have reaily, be a drunkard : for that will con- son to prefer the bye-paths to the public sume the means of their support.

streets. If you would be spunced on byIf you like the amusements of a court knaves, be a drunkard ; and that will of cons

* will of conscience, be a drunkard ; and you make their task easy.

may be often gratified. If you wish to be robbed, be a drunk. If you would be a dead weight on the ard: which will enable the thief to do community, and “ cuniber the ground," it with more safety.

be a drunkurd ; for that will render you If you wish to blunt your seoses, be a useless, helpless, burdensome, and ex. drunkard ; and you will soon be more pensive. stupid than an ass.

If you would be a nuisance, be a If you would become a fool. be a drunkard ; for the approach of a drunkdrunkard ; and you will soon lose your

or ard is like that of a dunghill. understanding.

If you would be odious to your famIf you wish to incapacitate Vourself ily and friends, be a drunkard ; and you from rational intercourse, he a drunkard; W

rd. will soon be more than disagreeable. for that will render you wholly unfit for it. If you would be a pest to society, be If you wish all your prospects in life a

lifa a drunkard ; and you will be avoided 10 be clouded, be a drunkard; and they

ev as infectious. will soon be dark enough.

If you dread reformation of your If you would destrov vour body, be a faults, be a drunkard ; and you will be drunkard ; as druokenness is the mother impervious to all admonition. of disease.

If you would smash windows, break If you mean to ruin your soul, be a the peace, get your hones broken, tumdrunkard ; that you inay be excluded ble under carts and horses, and be locked from Heaven.

up in watch-houses, be a druñkard ; and If you are resolved on suicide, be a it will be strange if you do not succeed. drunkard ; that being a sure mode of Finally, if you are determined to be destruction.

utterly destroyed, in estate, body, and

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soul, be a drunkard ; and you will soon er, who drinks to other's good health, know that it is impossible to adopt a and robs himself of his own. more effectual means to accomplish Fly druokenness, whose vile incontinence your-END.

Takes both away the reason and the sense, DRUNKENNEssexpels reason-drowns Till with Circæan cups thy mind possest, the memory-defaces beauty--diminish- Leaves to be man, and wbolly turns a beast. es strength-inflames the blood-causes Think, while thou swallow'st the capacious

bowl, internal, external, and incurable wounds

Thou let'st in seas to wreck and drown the is a witch to the senses, a devil to soul**** the soul, a thief to the purse--the beg- ***Quite leave this vice, and turn pot to't gar's companion, a wife's woe, and chil- Un

Upon presumption of a stronger brain : dren's sorrow-makes a strong man For he that holds more wine than others can, weak, and a wise man a fool. He is I rather count a hogshead than a man. worse than a beast, and is a self-murder

RANDOLPR.

VARIETIES:
CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

From the Monthly Magazine. (We are reminded of the literary pleasures of with three different plums. In the reigo our youth in the appearance of a third volume of Mr. d Israeli's Curiosities of Litera. O lizabeth, Edward Grindal, altertur-. 'We remember no work, since their wards archbishop of Canterbury, refirst appearance, that has gratified our pal- turning from exile, transported here the ate in an equal degree. They did not consist of sirloin and plum-pudding, but they medicinal plant of the Tamerisk : the first presented a feast of sweetmeats and delicae oranges appear to have been brought incies, derived from all seasous and countries, to e which were capable of gratifying a literary

to Eogland by one of the Carew family ;

Lugland oy one epicure. The present solume sparkles less for a century after, they still flourished with that vivacity of manner, which, in his at the family seat at Beddington, in former works, has sometimes been ascribed to the author as a fault in this feature he Surrey. The cherry orchards of Kent seems to have corrected hiinsell, while, in were first planted about Sittingbourne, his discrimination of subjects, he has been by a gardener of Henry VIII.: and the quite as happy as in his former volumes. His entire table of contents is, in truth, a currant bush was transported when our list of curiosities, and no book ever answer. commerce with the Island of Zante was ed better to its pretensions. The Historical first anonud in the same reign Essay on

Tó Sir first opened in the same reign. Pantomimical Characters, on

To Sir Charles the First and his Queen, and on Walter Rawleigh, we have not been Licensers of the Prrss, are peculiarly pleas- indebted solely for the luxury of the ing and original ; tbe Anecdotes of Audley the Miser, of Felto", and of Tea and Coffee, tobacco plant, but for that. infinitely are rare and curious; and the defences of useful root, which forms a part of our Defoe, and of the partizans of Mary Stuart, daily meal, and often the entire meal of are just and generous ; while every article is marked by the good taste of its criticisins, the poor man---the potatoe, which de

5 selection, and by the served to have been called a Rawleigh, purity and elegance of its style. Mr. d'Israel has had many imitators, and he must Dir Anthony Alsurey us plantea cabo

use Sir Anthony Ashley first planted cabexpect to see many otbers, but he will have bages in this coentry, and a cabbage at few rivals in this walk of literature.

his feet appears on his monument. Sir That we have not over-praised the labours of

Mr. D'Israeli will be evident from the fol. Richard Weston Grst brought clover grass lowing extracts. ]

into England from Flanders, in 1645; EXOTIC FLOWERS AND FRUITS. and the figs planted by Cardinal Pole at THE great number of our exotic flow. Lambeth, so far back as the reign of I ers and fruits were carefully trans- Henry VIII. are said by Gough to be ported into this country by many of our still remaining there; nor is this surtravelled nobility and gentry; some prising, for Spilman, who set up the first names have been casually preserved. paper-mill in England, at Dartford, in The learned Linacre first brought, on bis 1590, is said to have brought over in his return from Italy, the damask-rose ; and portinanteau che two first lime-tree3, Thomas Lord Cromwell, in the reign of which he planted here, and which are Henry VIII. enriched our fruit-gardens still growing, and worth seeing. The

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first mulberry-trees in this country are hints to the mature state, to which only Dow standing at Sion-house.

the genius of De Foe could have wrought The very names of many of our vege- it. Captain Burney, in the fourth voltable kingdom indicate their locality: ume of his “ voyages and discoveries to from the majestic Cedar of Lebanon, the South Sea," has arranged the evito the small cos-lettuce, which came dence in the clearest manner, and finally from the isle of Cos; the cherries from settled a point hitherto obscure and unCerasuntis, a city of Pontus; the peach, certain. I have little to add ; but, as or Persicum, or mala Persica, Persican the origin of this universal book is not apples, from Persia; the Pistachio, or likely to be sought for in Captain BurPsittacia, is the Syrian word for that ney's valuable volumes of voyages, here out. The chesput, or Chalaigne, in it may not be out of its place. French, and Casiagna in Italian, from The adventures of Selkirk are well Castagna, a town of Magnesia. Our knowd; he was found on the desert plums coming chiefly from Syria and island of Juan Fernandez, where he had Damascus, the damson, or Damascene formerly been left, by Woodes Rogers plum, gives us a recollection of its distant and Edward Cooke, who in 1712 puborigin.

lished their voyages, and told the extraSome lines at the close 'of Peacham's ordinary history of Crusoe's prototype, emblems give an idea of an English fruit- witb all those curious and minute pargarden in 1612. He mentions that ticulars which Selkirk had freely commucherries were not long known, and gives nicated to them. This narrative of it-.. an origin to the name of Filbert. : self is extremely interesting; and has « The Persian peach, and fruitful quince;

been given entire hy Captain Borney; it And there the forward almond grew,

may also be found in the Biographia BriWith cherries known no long time since ;

tannica. The winter warden, orchard's pride;

. In this artless narrative we may disThe philibert that loves the vale,

cover more than the embryo of Robinson And red queeg-apple, so envide

Crusoe. The first appearance of SelOf school-boies, passing by the pale.” kirk, “a man clothed in goats' skins, who

looked more wild than the first owners of ROBINSON CRUSOE.

them.” The two huts he had built, the ROBINSON Crusoe, the favourite of one to dress his victuals, the other to the learned and the unlearned, of the sleep in ; bis contrivance to get fire by youth and the adult; the book that was rubbing two pieces of pimento wood toto constitute the library of Rousseau's gether : his distress for the want of bread Emilius, owes its secret charm to its and salt till he came to relish his meat being a new representation of human na- withont either; bis wearing out his shoes, ture, yet drawn from an existing state : till he grew so accustomed to be without this picture of self-education, self-in- them, that he could not for a long time quiry, self-happiness, is scarcely a fiction, afterwards, on his return home, use them although it includes all the magic of ro- without inconvenience; his bedstead of mance; and is not a mere narrative of his own contriving, and his bed of goattruth, since it displays all the forcible ge- skins; when his gun-powder failed, his nius of one of the most original minds teaching hiinself by continual exercise to our literature can boast. The history of run as swiftly as the goats; his falling the work is therefore interesting. It was from a precipice in catching hold of a treated in the author's time as a mere idle goat, stunned and bruised, till, coming to romance, for the philosophy was not his senses, he found the goat dead under discovered in the story; after his death him ; his taming kids to divert himself it was considered to have been pillaged by dancing with them and his cats ; his froin the papers of Alexander Selkirk, converting a nail into a needle; bis confided to the author ; and the honour, sewing his goat-skins with little thongs as well as the genius, of De Foe, were of the same; and, when his knife was alike questioned.

worn to the back, contriving to make The entire history of this work of ge- blades out of some iron-hoops. His nius may not be traced, from the first solacing himself in this solitude by sing

Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

(VOL. 2.

ing psalms, and preserving a social feeling political warfare, condemned to suffer in his fervent prayers. And the habi- imprisonment, and at length struck by a tation which Selkirk had raised, to reach fit of apoplexy, this unhappy and unpros. which, they followed him, “with diffi- perous-man of genius on his recovery was culty climbing up and creeping down reduced to a comparative state of solimany rocks, till they came at last to a tude. To his injured feelings and lonely pleasant spot of ground, full of grass and contemplations, Selkirk in bis desert isle, of trees, where stood his two buts, and and Steele's vivitying hint, often occurred; his numerous tame goats shewed his and to all these we perhaps owe the iosolitary retreat ;" and, finally, his in-structive and delightful tale, which shows difference to return to a world, from man what he can do for himself, and which his feelings had been so perfectly what the fortitude of piety does for man. weaned.–Such were the first rude Even the personage of Friday is not a materials of a new situation in human mere coinage of his brain ; a Mosquitonature; an European in a primeval state, Indian described by Dampier was the with the habits or mind of a savage. prototype. Robinson Crusoe was not

The year after this account was pub- given to the world till 1719; seven years lished, Selkirk and his adventures at- after the publication of Selkirk's Adventracted the notice of Steele; who was tures. Selkirk could have no claim on pot likely to pass unobserved a man and De Foe; for he had oply supplied the a story so strange and so new. In his man of genius with that which lies open paper of “the Englishman," Dec. 1713, to all; and which no one bad, or perbaps he communicates further particulars of could have, converted into the wonderful Selkirk. Steele became acquainted with story we possess but Do Foe himself. him; he says, that “ he could discern Had De Foe not written Robinson that he had been much separated from Crusoe, the name and story of Selkirk company, from his aspect and gesture. had been passed over like others of the There was a strong but cheerful serious- same sort; yet Selkirk has the merit of ness in his looks, and a certain disregard having detailed his own history, in a to the ordinary things about him, as if manoer so interesting as to have attracted he had been sunk in thought. The man the notice of Steele, aid to have inspired frequently bewailed his return to the the genius of De Foe. . world, which could not, he said, with all After this, the originality of Robinson its enjoyments, restore him to the tran- Crusoe wil no longer be suspected ; and quillity of his solitude." Steele adds the idle tale which Dr. Beuttie has reanother curious change in this wild man, peated of Selkirk having supplied the which occurred some time after he had materials of his story to De Foe, from seen him. “ Though I had frequently which our author borrowed his work, conversed with him, after a few months and published for bis owo profit, will be absence, he met me in the street, and, finally put to rest. This is due to the though he spoke to me, I could not re. injured honour and the genius of De Foe. collect that I had scen him. Familiar

Further extracts in our next. converse in this town had taken off the loneliness of his aspect, and quite altered

From the New Monthly Magazine, the air of his face.' De Foe could not NEW PUBLICATIONS IN JULY, 1817, WITH fail of being struck by these interesting

CRITICAL REMARKS. . particulars of the character of Selkirk; France. By Lady Morgan. but probably it was another observation,

other observation The fair author of this interesting work is :

already so well known by her publications, of Steele, which threw the germ of that we cannot help thinking she would have Robinson Crusoe into the mind of De acted wisely in soppressing the eballition of

her resentment against some of the reviewers

"y for the asperity with which they treated her to hear him, , as he was a man of sense, early productions. This would have been the give an account of the different revolu- more advisable, as we fear there are some

things in the present performance wbich will

that long soll. furnish ample scope for still severer criticism, tude.

Our satisfaction, however, at the treat which The work of De Foe, however, was

this ingenious Jady has spread before us, will

furnish a ready apology for much of that Bo sudden ebullition; long engaged in egotism and superstitious conceit which she

1221

vol. 2.] Morgan's “ France"--Coleridge's Life-Hazlitt on Shakspeare.

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kas displayed while doing the honours of the then by abrupt transitions to Southey and table. The variety of anecdote here exhibited, Cowley, to Wordsworth a

at in and the characteristic sketches of manners and the endless maze we forget our company, the opinions, cannot but prove higbly amusing to subjects on which we have been engaged, and every class of readers, whether acquainted are as glad to escape from the literary life with France or not; though we should have and opinions of Mr.' Coleridge, as we would been much better pleased bad Lady Morgan to the light of day from the darkened cell of a told wbat she saw rather than what she felt, religious enthusiast whose visions and propheand had been content with giving us the result cies have rendered confinement necessary for of her own observations, instead of weakening himself and society. them by adding the designing reports of others.

EDUCATION. We have been induced to make this remark, pot from any wish to undervalue a work which

Rachel : a Tale. is on many accounts rich in statistical intel. We were at a loss under what head to class ligence and entertaining description, but solely this excellent little piece ; and had some from a desire to reoder the useful inatter which thoughts at first of giving it a place under the it contains more substantially beneficial. The head of romance; but upon second consideraperformance is divided into eight books and tion the book appeared to be too good for such four appendices; the former by Lady Morgan an allotment, and not well knowing how to and the latter by her husband. The first book announce it, we have mentioned it bere as adexbibits a view of the peasantry of France be- mirably calculated for female education. The fore and since the Revolution, with much story is simple, but forcibly instructive, and upon domestic manners, rural economy, and exbibits, with great life, the contrast between incidental subjects. The second and third affected sentiment and the sensibility of nature. books are devoted to a more general view of There are also many valuable remarks scattersociety, with a larger portiou of politics than ed throughout on the necessity of cultivating the we could bave wished. The three next books art of pleasing, no less than of adhering firmly are devoted to Paris; the seventh to the French to the simplicity and candour of truth. theatre ; and the last to eminent and literary

MISCELLANEOUS, characters, among whom the principal is La baracters, among whom the princinatia

Characters of Shakspeare's Plays. By Fayette, who appears to be a prime favourite with the author. The Appendices by Sir William Hazlitt. Charles Morgan are on the state of law,finance, We have long since been disgusted with the medicine, and political opinion in France, commentators and illustrators of Shakspeare, upoo all wbich subjects much diligent inquiry who continue, however, to swarm in abuyhas been employed, in a spirit of strict can- dance every season, as if there was something dour with the obvious view of practical utility. new to be said upon the genius of that immortal BIOGRAPHY.

bard. The volume before us is a fresh offspring

of vanity, and exhibits no other novelty than Biographia Literaria; or Biographical

profaneness, of which we shall give an instance Sketches of my Literary Life and Opin- in what the critic says of the wit of Falstaff :--ions. By S. T. Coleridge, esq.

“He carves out his jokes as he would a capon

or a haunch of venison, where there is cut and Self biography is a very delicate undertaking, and few instances can be meutioned

come again ; and pours out upon them the oil a of gladness. His tongue drops fatness, and in

fi wherein it has yielded satisfaction. The late the chambers of his brain it shows of meat and Gilbert Wakefield, of learned but irascible drink. He keeps up perpetual holiday, and memory, gave a sad example of the vanity of

open house, and we live with him in a round human wisdom, and Mr. Cumberland who was invitations to arm and dozen." not a wbit less irritable, published a memoir Poor Shakspeare! When will thy spirit be of himself in a much better spirit. After all, suffered to rest from the exorcising torture of however, the very act of drawing public at criticixo! To our readers, however, we owe tention to the private history of a man's own

perhaps an apology for this extract, in which temper and studies savours so much of that

it would be difficult to shew whether the self-importance, happily ridicnled in the Me- blas

blasphemy or the stupidity be most prevalent. inoirs of P. P. clerk of this Parish," we are Intl

In bis preface the author abuses Dr. Johnson sorry to see this practice taken up by any per- * son of extensive knowledge and approved

as an ignoramus, who had neither genius nor

taste; but who measured every subject by a principles. Bat genius and madness are very two fout rule, or counted it upon ten fingers. nearly allied, and of the tenuity of the parti. From the passage we have sclected, and many tion the present volumes exbibit, we think, a others

others, we migbt with more reason infer, that melancholy illustration. Here and there some the calumnia:or of the great moralist has no amusement and information will be found ; hiver sense than that which is attracted by bat the whole that is valuable is intermiogled in

ble is intermingled the charins of a full flask, or a rump and with such a cloudiness of metaphysical jargon dozen in the mystical language of the Platonists and schoolinen, of Kant aud Jacob Bekmen, as to

Louis XVIII, and a Husbandman of lose the good effect which it might have pro- Gallarden, or a Narrative of the Extradaced had it been presented with more simpli. ordinary Circumstanceg which have city. One chapter upon the misfortune of making authorship a profession is worth all occurred respecting the Predictions of the resi ; but it is too short, and appears to Thomas Ignatius Martin : his Examdisadvantage annid

sitions on poetry

my ination before the Bishop of Versailles and the abstractions of the human intellect; the associations of ideas, and the progress of and the Ministers of Police, &c.: and the doctrine of inaterialism. We are whirled finally, his interview with the King. about in such rapid confusion from Aristotle Our readers, no doubt. are already well acto Hobbes, from Thomas Aquinas to Hume, ou

hume, quainted with the story of the apparition of K Vol. 9. ATHEN EUM.

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