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PART III.-BOTANY. Hebrew terms for Vegetable Substances

52 CHAPTER 1.-STRUCTURE AND PHYSIOLOGY OF VEGETABLES,

AND THEIR USES.
Vegetable and Animal Life-Structure of Vegetables, Pro-

pagation of Plants—Peculiarities in the vegetable king-
dom-Agriculture and Pasturage among the Israelites
-Climate and Soil—Tillage, etc. - Harvest and Corn-
grinding — Cultivation of the Vine — The Vintage
Fruitsulness of the land — Botanical objects mentioned
in the Bible.

55

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CHAPTER II.-GRAIN, HERBS, REEDS, ETC.

80

CHAPTER III.-AROMATIC PLANTS AND SHRUBS.
Camphire-Aloes—Myrtle—Lily-Hyssop-Juniper.

83

CHAPTER IV.-TREES.
Scriptural Names-Sacred Groves.-Fruit TREES:-- Apple

or Citron-Almond-Fig-Sycomore-Palm-Olive-
Pomegranate-Vine-Mulberry. — AROMATIC TREES:
-Cedar-Balsam-Cypress—Rose.— Woody TREES:
-Oak or Terebinthus-Fir. — DOUBTFUL TREES:-
Mustard-Shittah-Box--Gourd-Heath

89

PART IV.-ZOOLOGY.
INTRODUCTION.-Defective Knowledge of the Subject-

Systematic Division of Moses—Animals mentioned in
the Bible

123

CHAPTER 1.- DOMESTICATED ANIMALS.
The Elephant—The Camel — The Horse—The Ass—The

Mule -The Ox—The Sheep—The Goat- The Satyr-
The Hog

129
CHAPTER II.-FEROCIOUS Wild Beasts.
The Lion—The Leopard—The Wolf—The Hyæna- The
Jackal - The Wild Boar- The Bear

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CHAPTER III.-WILD INOFFENSIVE ANIMALS.
The Wild Ass—The Rock Goat–The Antelope – The Hart

and the Hind- The Hare- The Coney-The Mouse-
The Bat

157

CHAPTER IV.-DUBIOUS ANIMALS.
The Behemoth—The Leviathan—The Unicorn .

· 180

CHAPTER V.-BIRDS.

Structure and Sagacity of Birds- Names and Divisions of

Birds.-AIR BIRDS:—The Eagle— The Raven- The Dove.—LAND BIRDS:-The Ostrich-The PeacockThe Owl - The Partridge — The Quail. — WATER BIRDS:- The Crane- The Stork-The Pelican

189

CAAPTER VI.-FISHES.
Biblical Appellations—Tyrian trade in Fish-Large quan-

tities in the Sea of Galilee.

211

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CHAPTER VII.-REPTILES.
Biblical Designations – Mistakes in the English Bible -
Ferret-Frog-Gecko.

213

CHAPTER VIII.-SERPENTS.
Biblical name characteristic of the species-- Adoration of

Serpents - Various kinds - Biblical illustrations -
Charming of Serpents — Symbolic use of Serpents—
Fiery Serpents

. 215

CHAPTER IX.- INSECTS.
Their Rank in animated Nature-Multiplicity and variety

-Wondrous structure of Insects—The Honey Bee-
The Ant-The Locust—The Caterpillar

225

SCRIPTURE DIFFICULTIES, REAL AND

IMAGINARY.

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CHAPTER I.-THE EXISTENCE OF DIFFICULTIES.
Difficulties in the biblical text —Analogous difficulties in

the natural world — Necessarily existent in both-
Science arrayed against Revelation-False attempts to
evade Scripture Difficulties–Services rendered by bib-
lical criticism-Additional light constantly thrown on
the sacred text Scripture Difficulties not irrecon-
cilable with Divine Inspiration-Faith and trust in
the Bible necessary

233 CHAPTER II.-THE SOURCES AND CHARACTER OF DIFFI

CULTIES.
The Subjects and objects of divine revelation-Sources of

the difficulties existent in the Text-Enumeration of
these- How to treat them

244

CHAPTER III.-UNFAIR TREATMENT OF DIFFICULTIES.
Want of candour in opponents of the Bible—How to deal

with them-The external evidences of revelation in-
dependent of all difficulties -- Unity of Nature and
Revelation-Deistical requirements for evidences of
Revelation – The Divine economy in dealing with
mankind

254

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CAAPTER IV.-IMAGINARY DIFFICULTIES IN RELATION TO

SCIENCE AND Fact. Attacks on the Pentateuch as the opening of divine revela

tion-False representations of its character—The German Neologists followed by the English RationalistsBishop Colenso's view of the Pentateuchal BooksFalse views in which his infidelity takes its rise Proofs of the divine character of the Mosaic writings

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-Scientific truths and popular language. GENESIS
AND GEOLOGY: Alleged contradictions between Gen. i.
and ii.-Refutation of the allegation-Astronomy and
the Bible-Light and the measurement of time—The
Firmament, or luminiferous ether-Light and Dark.
ness—The Lights in the firmament

260

.

CHAPTER V.- IMAGINARY DIFFICULTIES IN RELATION TO

NUMBERS.
Biblical account of the Exodus excepted to - Institution

and celebration of the Passover- Alleged number of the
people not antagonistic to natural science or probabi-
lity-Colenso’s blunderings-Support of the Israelites’
flocks and herds in the Wilderness-Miraculous cha-
racter of the Israelitish history-Other alleged difficul-,
ties in the account of the Exodus-Colenso's rashness
as a critic—The arming of the Israelites at the Exode
-Number of the first-born males — Numbers of the
tribe of Dan-Chronology of the Pentateuch-Age of
the Patriarchs

286

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CHAPTER VI.-IMAGINARY DIFFICULTIES IN RELATION TO

MORALITY.
Unfounded Assumptions-Peculiarity of the Israelitish

Theocracy Tests of Morality - Spoiling of the
Egyptians—War on the Midianites-Reasons for the
treatment of the Midianites Extirpation of the
Canaanites – Colenso's difficulties - Plagues, Earth-
quakes, Famines, etc.—Hebrew Slavery

324 CAAPTER VII.-SUMMARY AND RECAPITULATION. Historico-Scientific Argument for the truth of the Biblical

narratives :- Geology, Physiology, Ethnology, Geo-
graphy-Reserve of the written revelation analogous
to that of the material Creation - Man's duty and
privilege-Recapitulation

347

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E X A MINATION OF SCRIPTURE

DIFFICULTIES.

THE PENTATEUCH.

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AUTHENTICITY AND GENUINENESS OF THE PENTATEUCH 353 THE BOOK OF GENESIS

. 362 THE BOOK OF Exodus .

. 370 THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS

410 THE BOOK OF NUMBERS

419 THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY

428

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