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not the Son, shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideta on him.
0. 4. Why do we pray for forgiveness? Cannot we make amends for our sins, and be freed from their guile, without pare: don ? * A. No, all that we can ever do, or suffer, can never expiate the guilt of the least fin; Pfalin xlix. 7, 8. None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him ; (for the 'redemption of their foul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever.) 1 Sam. ii. 25. If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him : bůt if a man fin against the Lord, who shall intreat for him? 'Q. 5. Does God then freely, and out of mere grace, forgive
A. Yes, without any respect had to any thing we can do, or be ; Ifa. xlii. 25. I, even I am he that blotteth out thy tranígressions for mine own fake, and will not remember thy sins. Rom ix. 15. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will kiave compassion on whom I will have compassion. Ver. 18. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.. .
Q. 6. How doth God forgive fins ?
A. (1.) Universally, all fins ; Exod. xxxiv. 6, 7. And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, the Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious,' long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, "keeping mercy for thousands ; forgiving iniquity, and tranfgreffion, and fin. “Jer. xxxiii. 8. And I will cleanle' them from all their iniquity, whereby they have finned against me: 'And I'will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have finnéd, and whereby they have transgressed against me. Hosea xiv. 2. Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously. "(2.) Completely, and perfectly ; Isa. xliii. 25. I, even I am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own fake, and will not remember thy sins.' Psalm ciii. 12. As far as the east is from the weft, so far hath' he removed our transgrestions from us. Mic. vii. i 9. He will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt east all our fins into the depths of the sea. Ifa. Xxxviii. 15. For thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back. (3.) Everlastingly; Jer. xxxi. 34. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their in no more. Heb. viii. 12. And their fins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
Q. 7. But doth not God punish them afterward, whom he . mas justified and forgiven ?
A. No, not with a proper and vindictive punishment; but
he brings evils upon them for their fins, as a father chastises his · child'; and other forts of afflictions for their spiritual good : He may be angry, as a Father, with those he has pardoned, but never hate them as a condemning Judge; Psalm lxxxix. 28. My mercy will Į keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. Ver, 34. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. ,
Q. 8. How can God be faid freely to pardon all our fins, when we pray it may be done for Christ's fake; does not that imply that Christ has satisfied God for our fins, and deserved
our remiffion? ... A. Yes, it does so ; for the Lord Christ, by his life and
death, did fatisfy divine justice, and did merit our forgiveness : But if he did so, we did not fo; our fins cost him dear, but their pardon coft us nothing ; our pardon is perfectly free to us, though due to Christ, for God gave Christ freely for us; God accepts of his merits, and applies them to us freely; Rom. jii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ.”
O. 9. But is there nothing required from us as the conditiØn of pardon ? and if so, how can it be absolutely free?
A. There are required repentance from sin, and faith in the Lord Chrift; Luke xiii. 3. But except ye repent, ye fhall all likewise perish ; John iii. ult. And he that believeth not the Son, shall not see life ; but the wrath of God abideth on him. 'This is required from us towards our pardon, but yet it is free, (1.) Because God freely ordains thus to pardon. (2.) Because both these are the free gifts of God; Acts xi. 18. Then hath God alfo to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. Eph. i. 8. For by grace are ye fayed, through faith ; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God. : Q. 10. When then are our sins forgiven ?
A. Juft upon our closạre with Christ by faith, in that very moment ; Rom. y. I. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus..
Q. 11. Why do we pray in the answer, for the forgiveness. of all our fins ? · A. Because if the leaft guilt should ren.ain upon us, it would exclude us from God's favour, and lodge us in everlasting .. burnings ; Rom. vi. ult. For the wages of fin is death.
8. 12. What are the privileges and blessings that accompany pardon ?
Wits. And such but ye are justified. With an inea
A. Justification is accompanied with adoption ; John i. 122 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. With the Spirit and principle of all grace and holiness ;, 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you ; but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. With an infallible title to eternal glory; John iii. 16. That whosoever believeth in him lhould not perish, but have everlasting life ; Rom. viii. 30. Whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Q.13. How may we know that we are pardoned and justified ?
A. Ordinarily, by our fanctification, by our loathing of fin, our contempt of the world, our valuing of Christ, our love and thankfulness to God, doc. 1 Cor. vi. 11. But ye are fanctified. Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me from the body of this death ? Gal. vi. 14. By whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. i Pet. ii. 7. Unto you therefore which believe, he is precious. Luke vii. 47. Her fins, which are many, are forgiven; for the loved much.
Q. 14 What is meant by (our ?] Is it only such fins as we, have personally and actually committed ?
A. No, but also Adam's fin, which is ours by imputation ; Rom. v. 19. By one man's disobedience, many were made finners. And original lin, which is ours by inhesion ; Psalm li. 5. Behold, I was (hapen iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive !ne. And other mens fins, which we have made ours, by exciting them to them, not hindering of them, silence at them, and other ways; 2 Sam. xii y. Thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast sain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.' 1 lim. V. 22. Neither be partaker of other mens fins.
Q. 15. Wherefore are fins called debts ?
A. Because they are a non-payment of God's dues, a nonperformance of our duty ; which makes us liable to the arrest of death, and to the prison of hell.
Q. 16. Why do we plead our own forgiveness of others ?
encouragement to ourselves to beg pardon ; seeing such evil, envious, and malignant persons, are enabled to forgive others, much more may we hope the good and gracious God will for give us : or, as a condition, without which we can have no pardon, and with which we shall; Matth. vi. 14. For if ye
forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
8. 17. How do others trespass against us ?
A. When they injure us, either in our persons, or names, or families, or estates, or souls, doc. i Sam. ii. 25. If one man fin against another, the judge shall judge him ; but if a man fin against the Lord, who shall intreat for him ? " Q. 18. Can we forgive our neighbour freely, fully, and perfectly, as God doth forgive us ?
A. We cannot.
Q. 19. What then is the meaning of God's forgiving us, as we forgive others ?
A. Not as to the quantity and perfection of forgiveness, but as to the fincerity and quality thereof; Matth. xviii. ult. So likewife shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
Q. 20. Are we always bound to manifeft outwardly our love and forgiveness to all our enemies, and to behave ourselves towards them as friends ?
A. No, if we have experienced them to be treacherous and false, and see no change, we are not bound to trust them; if they be, and remain, wicked and profane, we must not associate with them; Pfal. xxvi. 5. I have hated the congregation of evil doers, and will not fit with the wicked. Ver. 4. I have not fat with vain persons, neither will I go in with diffemblers.
Q. 21. What then must we do to fuch?
A. We must heartily forgive them all their injuries, we must love them with the love of benevolence, pray for them, and be ready and willing to do them all good, both of body and soul; Matth. v. 44, 45. But I say unto you, Love your enemies; bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you and perfecute you. That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven ; for he maketh his fun to rise on the evil, and on the good, and fendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
Q. 22. If we forgive others, shall we be forgiven our felves?
A. We shall, if out of obedience to God, and love to Christ, we do it.
Q. 23. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. That except our fins be forgiven, we are lost and undone creatures, and therefore we must never be contented, till we are pardoned.
Q. 24. What is a second inference ?
Fathimiy times levehay not unto tmmation, Maróg the Lord
A. That God is a God of love, goodness, and pardon feeing he will not pardon us, if we do not pardon others; but will, if we do so.
Q. 25. What is a third inference? .
A. That if we live in hatred when we pray the Lord's pras. er, we pray for our own damnation; Matth. xviii. 22. Jesus faith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times, but until feventy times seven. Ver. 35. So likewite shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not e very one his brother their trespafles.
Of Gods leading us into temptation. Quest. 106. Hat do we pray for in the sixth petition!
A. In the sixth petition, which is, [And lead us not into temptation ; but deliver us from evil :] quie pray, that God would either keep us from being tempted to fin, or fupport and deliver us when we are tempted.
Q. 1. Why is this petition joined to the formter with the copulative and ?
A. Because it will be but little advantage to have former Gns pardoned, and to be left to the power and practice, to the love and trade of fin for the future ; Ezek. xviii. 26. When a righteous man turneth away from his righteousnefs, and committech iniquity, and dieth in them ; for his iniquity that he hath done, shall he die
Q. 2. What is meant by tenptation ?
A. In general, a 'trial or probation of what is in us, or of what we will do. .Q. 3. What is meant hy temptation here?
A. Temptation to fin and wickedness.
A. (1.) Effectually by ourselves, and our own hearts; Jam: i. 14, 15. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own luft, and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, it bringe:h forth fin; and fin, when it is finished, bringech forth death. (2.) Formally, with an intention to draw into Gn; and so we are tempted of the devil ; i Chron. xxi. I. And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Ifrael. Matth. iv. 1, 3. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. And when the Tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. (3.) Innocently, and blamelesly; and fo God is said to tempt; 2 Sám. xxiv. i.