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Ere midnight's frown and morning's smile, ere

thon and peace may meet.

The cloud-shadows of midnight possess their own

repose, For the weary winds are silent, or the moon is

in the deep; Somo respite to its turbulence unresting ocean

kitows; Whatever moves, or toils, or grieves, bath its

appointed sleep. 'Thou in the grave shalt rest-yet till the phantoms

fee Which that house and heath and garden made

dear to thee erewhile, Thy remembrance, and repentance, and deep

musings, are not free From the music of two voices, and the light of

one sweet smile.


Tue cold earth slept below,
Above the cold sky shone,

And all around
With a chilling sound,

From caves of ice and fields of snow,
The breath of night like death did flow

Beneath the sinking moon.

The wintry hedge was black,
The green grass was not seen,

The birds did rest

On the bare thorn's breast,
Whose roots, beside the pathway track,
Had bound their folds o'er many a crack

Which the frost had made between.

Chine eyes glowed in the glare
Of the moon's dying light;

As a fen-fire's beam

On a sluggish stream Gleams dimly—so the moon shone there, And it yellowed the strings of thy tangled hair,

That shook in the wind of night.

The moon made thy lips pale, beloved ;
The wind made thy bosom chill ;

The night did shed

On thy dear head
Its frozen dew, and thou didst lie
Where the bitter breath of the naked sky

Might visit thee at will.

November, 1815.




I UATED thee, fallen tyrant! I did groan
To think that a most unambitious slave,
Like thou, shouldst dance and revel on the grave
Of Liberty. Thou mightest have built thy throne
Where it had stood even now : thou didst prefer
A frail and bloody pomp, which time has swept
In fragments towards oblivion. Massacre,
For this I prayed, would on thy sleep have crept,
Treason and Slavery, Rapine, Fear, and Lust,
And stified thee, their minister. I know
Too late, since thou and France are in the dust,
That Virtue owns a more eternal foe
Than force or fraud : old Custom, legal Crime,
And bloody Faith, the foulest birth of time.



The remainder of Shelley's Poems will be arranged in the order in which they were written. Of course, mistakes will occur in placing some of the shorter ones; for, as I have said, many of these were thrown aside, and I never saw them till I had the misery of looking over his writings, after the hand that traced them was dust; and some were in the hands of others, and I never saw them till now. The subjects of the poems are often to me an unerring guide; but on other occasions, I can only guess, by finding them in the pages of the same manuscript book that contains poems with the date of whose composition I am fully conversant. In the present arrangemeut all his poetical translations will be placed together at the end of the third volume.

The loss of his early papers prevents my being able to give any of the poetry of his boyhood. Of the few I give as early poems, the greater part were published with “Alastor;" some of them were written previously, some at the kame period. The poem beginning, “0, there are spirits in the air," was addressed in idea to Coleridge, whom he never knew; and at whose character he could only guess imperfectly, through his writings, and accounts he heard of bim from some who knew him well. He regarded his change of opinions as rather an act of will than conviction, and believed that in his inner heart he would be haunted by what Shelley considered the better and holier aspirations of his youth. The summer evening that suggested to him the

poem written in the churchyard of Lechlade, occurred dur. ing his voyage up the Thames, in the autumn of 1815. He had been advised by a physician to live as much as possible in the open air; and a fortnight of a bright warm July was spent in tracing the Thames to its source. He never spent a season more tranquilly than the summer of 1815. He had just recovered from a severe pulmonary attack; the weathor was warm and pleasant. He lived near Windsor Forest, and his life was spent under its shades, or on the water; meditating subjects for verse. Hitherto, he had chiefly aimed a: extending his political doctrines; and attempted so to do by appeals, in prose essays, to the people, exhorting them to claim their rights; but he had now begun to feel that the time for action was not ripe in England, and that the pen was the only instrument wherewith to prepare the way for better things.

In the scanty journals kept during those years, I find a record of the books that Shelley read during several years. During the years of 1814 and 1815, the list is extensive. It includes in Greek; Homer, Hesiod, Theocritus—the histories of Thucydides and Herodotus, and Diogenes Laertius. In Latin; Petronius, Suetonius, some of the works of Cicero, a large proportion of those of Seneca and Livy. In English; Milton's Poems, Wordsworth's Excursion, Southey's Madoc and Thalnba, Locke on the Human Understanding, Bacon's Novum Organum. In Italian; Ariosto, Tasso, and Alfieri. In French, the Rêveries d'un Solitaire of Rousseau. To those may be added several modern books of travels. He road few novels.

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